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I. E. Rouse Memorial Library 
William Carey College 

Hatliesburg, Mississippi 



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THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY 



OF 



CHARLES H. SPURGEON 



COMPILED FROM 

HIS DIARY, LETTERS, AND RECORDS 



BY 

HIS WIFE 

AND 

HIS PRIVATE SECRETARY 



'TV/,? laiv of truth was in his mouth, and iniquity was not found in his lips ; he walked with 
Me in peace and equity, and did turn many away from iniquity T — malachi ii. 6 



VOL. IV. 1 878-1 892 



CURTS & JENNINGS 

CINCINNATI CHICAGO ST. LOUIS 

1900 



'^ 






N^7/7. 



CONTENTS OF VOL IV. 



Chaptl.^ 

LXXXIII. Father's FuRLOUcn, and how I Shared it... 

LXXXIV. A Double Silver Wedding 

LXXXV. Enquirers and Converts ... 

LXXXVI. „ „ „ {Continued) 

LXXXVII. "Westwood" 

LXXXVlil. A TvncAL Week's Work 
LXXXIX „ „ „ (ContinuiHi) 

XC. Letters on Private and Pubdic Affairs, 1856 — 1890 
XCL ,, ,, .. ,> >. (Continued) 

XCIL Mr. Sturgeon's Opinions on Subjects of General Interest 

XCIIL Appreciative Correspondents, 1855 — 1890 

XCIV. ,, ,, (Continued) 

XC^^. In the Sunny South ... - 

XCVI. „ „ „ (Contimied) 

XCVII. Unabated Affection between Pastor and People 

XCVI II. Jubilee Joys 

XCIX. The " Down-grade " Controversy, from Mr. Spurgeon's 
Standpoint ... 

C. Mr. Spurgeon as a Literary Man ... 
CI ., ,, ,, ,, .. (Contimied) 

CII. ,, „ „ ., „ (Concluded) 

CIII. The Growth of the Institutions, 1878 — 1892 

CIV. My Last Letters from Mentone 

CV. The Long Illness 

CVI. The Last Three Months at Mentone ;— and Afterwards 
General Index to Vols. I. — IV. 



Page 
I 

15 
27 
37 
49 
63 
11 
93 
107 
121 

139 

169 
196 
214 

22 '\ 

^-n 

253 
265 

287 

305 
320 

353 
365 
379 



ILLUSTRATIONS IN VOL. IV. 



Arbour in Dr. Bennet's Garden, Mentone... 

Drawing in the Net at Mentone 

An Ancient Olive Tree, Mentone 

Gorbio, near Mentone ... 

Castle and Fountain at Roquebrune. near Mentone 

Dolce Acqua, Italy 

Palazzo Orengo, La Mortola, Italy... 

Entrance to Mr. Hanbury's Garden, La Mortola 

Mentone Architecture ... 

The Tunnel through the Red Rocks, Mentone ... 

Silver Wedding Portraits 

" Westwood " Gates, Lodge, and Driv 

A Peep across the Lake 

The Well in the Garden 

Summerhouse, and Bowls on the Law 

The House as Viewed from the Lawn 

The Boat on the Lake... 

The Fernery 

"Punch" and "Gyp" 

C. H. Spurgeon and his Private Secretary in the Study at 

Ready to Start for the Tabernacle 

The Lower Platform, Metropolitan Tabernacle, Arran 

Prayer-meeting 
A Favourite Retreat ... 
Out of the World 

The Right Hon. the Earl of Shaftesbury, k.g 
The Library, Regent's Park College 



GED 



Westwood 



"OR THE 



ILLUSTRATIOXS IN VOL. IV. 



Silhouettes of Celebrities 

A Jubilee Reverie ... 

Entrance to Dr. Bennet's Garden, Mentone 

U.S.S. "Alabama" in Villefranche Harbour 

The Mentone Group, 1880 

Saracenic Tower in Dr. Bennet's Garden ... 

Italian Guard-house, near Mentone ... 

The Chalet des Rosiers and Cypress Walk, Mentone .. 

A Pretty Peep, Mentone 

The Gorbio Valley, near Mentone ... 

The Garden of Hotel d' Italie, Mentone ... 

An Olive Garden in the South of P"rance 

The Casino and Gardens, Monte Carlo 

Laguet, or Laghetto, near Mentone 

In the Garden of Hotel Beau Rivage, Mentone... 

In the Garden of Villa les Grottes, Mentone ... 

C. H. Spurgeon at Mentone, 1886 ... 

J. W. Harrald at Mentone, 1886 

"Dr. Hanna's Lions," Mentone 

Copy of Marble Slab and Inscription on Jubilee House 

Portrait and Autograph of Mrs. C. H. Spurgeon 

Portrait and Autograph of C. H. Spurgeon 

Dr. Gill's Chair... 

The C. H. Spurgeon Memorial, Stockwell Orphanage .. 

The Study at " Westwood " (second view) ... 

C. H. Spurgeon in his Study ... 

The Library at "Westwood" (second view) 

Mrs. Spurgeon's Book Fund Room on " Packin'g-day " .. 

The Empty Chair in the Small Conservatory 

A Corner of "The Den." Showing some of Mr. Spurgeon's Puritans 

C. H. Spurgeon and the Titles of some of his Works, 1884 .. 

Bird's-eye View of the Stockwell Orphanage 



Page 
185 
189 
199 
198 
196 
201 
202 
203 
204 
205 
208 
21 I 
212 
213 
214 

220 
221 
222 
238 
244 

245 
262 
279 
287 
289 
290 

293 
294 

295 
307 
320 



ILLUSTRATIONS IN VOL. IV. 



vu. 



'•The Hawthorns," Clapham Road ... 

The Boys' Plav-hall, Stockwell Orphanage 

C. H. Spurgeon and Group of Orphan Boys 

The Four Tutors ok the Pastors' College 

C. H. Spurgeon and Ministers at Coli ege Conference, 

Ships in Mentone Harijour 

Palm Trees in Garden of Hotel Beau Rivage, Mentone 

Ventimiglia, Italy 

Mr. Spurgeon's Favourite Walk at Mentone 

The Scotch Presbyterian Church, Mentone 

C. H. Spurgeon Preaching in the Tabernacle, 1891 

C. H. Spurgeon's Last Words at the Tabernacle, June 

The Surrey Gardens Memorial Hall 

Miss E. H. Thorne 

The Sitting-room at Mentone... 

The Sitting-room at Mentone (second view) 

Mr. Spurgeon's "Cosy Corner" at Mentone 

The Old Town, Mentone, from the Breakwater 

The Fountain on the Turbie Road, near Mentone 

View from the Fountain on the Turbie Road 

Mr. Spurgeon's Bedroom at Mentone, after his Rfmo\'al 

The Funeral Cortege at Mentone Railway Station 

The Olive Casket under the Palm Branches in the Tai 

The Olive Casket in the Tomb at Norwood Cemetery 

C. H. Spurgeon's Monument at Norwood Cemetery 





Page 





322 


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326 




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Zl^ 


1888 ... 


zzz 




341 




344 




346 




• 350 




351 




355 


7. I89I 


• 356 




357 




. 363 


. 


• 364 




• 366 




• 367 




• 368 




369 




37c 




• 11^- 




Zl 3 


bernacle 


374 




oil 




^ 31^ 



C. H. SPURGEON'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY, 



CHAPTER LXXXIIL 



Jfatljtt's JfuiiDugij, antr jjoto B SljartiJ it 

By Pastor Thomas Spurgeon. 

The text which for years has been our consolation is that wliich saith, " I liave chosen thee in the 
furnace of affliction." Happy enough is the man who is chosen of God ; he may not ask a question as 
to when or where. Yet we could wish it were otherwise in our case, and that zi;al and fervour were 
not restrained and hampered by being yoked to painful infirmities of the flesh. We could do more, and 
we think we may add, without self-confidence, we would do more, if we were not laid prostrate at the 
very moment when our work requires our presence. However, unto the Lord be the arrangement of 
our health or disease, our life or our death ; but while we live, we will leave no stone unturned for the 
increase of His glorious Kingdom in the earth. Every interval of relief shall be laid out in His service. 
The time is short, it must therefore be spent all the more economically ; the work is great, the Lord 
must be trusted the more simply. 

During the Pastor's illness, the pulpit at the Tabernacle has been five times occupied by Mr. 
Thomas Spurgeon, and once by Mr. Charles; and it has been a delight of no ordinary kind for both of 
the sick parents to hear on all hands the highly-favourable judgments of God's people as to the present 
usefulness, and ultimate eminence, of their sons. Godly parents should be encouraged by our 
experience to pray for and expect the salvation of their offspring.— C. H. S., in "Notes" in " The S-toord 
and the Trowel" before leaving for the furlough described in this chapter. 

Let me describe certain Baptists in this hotel, (i) A father and son;— the father, rather lame; 
the son, very attentive to the father; in fact, a model; father improving as to health, but nothing to 
boast of. [These were, of course, the dear writer himself and "Son Tom." — S. S.] (2) An old man- 
servant with a grey beard, — an odd customer, 
commonly called "Old George." (3) Mrs. Godwin, 
^(^^ fe^/'-i; —^''^ \ ' _■ '"-'^ i'' daughter of Dr. Acworth, of Kawdon, and wife to 

'""" -^5 .'"i'-^r.^i'i* '' ' the son of Dr. Godwin, of the same place. With 

her are two daughters, once pupils of Miss Drans- 
field, excellent ladies. (4) An old round-faced 
Dutchman, a Mennonite, with his daughter, 
another Mennonite ;— haters of baby-baptism, and 
very glad to see Mynheer Spuurjeoon !— C. H. S., 
in letter written home during the furlough. 




OTHER WORSE, RETURN, was the sad, 
brief message that hurried me home from 
AustraHa in 187S. How joyful was the 
discovery, on arriving at Plymouth, that the 
crisis of her illness was past ! But, alas ! 

ARBOUR IN DR. BENNET'S GARDEN, MENTONE. ^|^g | ^g^j. f^^J^gj. ^qqj^ fgU gi^J- . ^^^ ^^\-^^^ 

■'vith helping- to nurse him at home, and attempting to take his place at the 

A 4 



2 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

Tabernacle, it really looked as if it was on his account, rather than on mother's, 
that Providence had led me back. This surmise was further strengthened when, 
much to my surprise, it was proposed that I should accompany the convalescent 
to Mentone. 

It might be thought that I should have jumped at such a privilege ; but, if the 
truth is told, I must admit that I was by no means keen on going. Perhaps I was a 
little weary of travelling ; may be, I wanted to get at some permanent employment ; 
perchance, I was loth to leave my mother, still so sorely sick. I fancy, too, that I 
had pardonable fears that I could not provide for my father such companionship as 
he deserved and desired. I had yet to learn how easy it was to please him. As it 
happened, I had not been a week with him ere I could write, " What a good father 
he is, to be sure ! I loved him much although away from him, and now my affection 
will increase by being with him." So, indeed, it did. Three months at Mentone, 
under the varying experiences of earnest work and happy recreation, of growing 
health and sad relapse, of fair and stormy weather, gave me an insight into his 
character such as I could not have gained in any other way. Many a time, since 
then, have the memories of that sojourn in the sunny South, with the dear man of 
God, been an inspiration to me. 

I am not sure that, after the lapse of twenty years, I could have ventured to 
recite the story of that memorable visit, had not the letters that I wrote home been 
fortunately preserved. Dear mother has treasured them all these years, and they 
have greatly refreshed my memory. I only wish I had written more than these thirty 
missives ; and that, in them, I had spoken more in detail of the sayings and doings 
of my beloved parent during those glad and golden days. Perhaps, the better way 
is to rejoice that I wrote so much. We were supposed to take it in turn to 
correspond with home. Father called my part of the work my book, and gave me 
" full permission to write fifty thousand sheets." How little either of us dreamed 
what a purpose these notes would eventually serve ! 

Of our journey to the land of sunshine, little need be said. The dear invalid 
began to improve directly we started. He seemed better at Folkestone, and better 
still at Paris, Even the long night-journey to Marseilles did not unduly tire him. 
Ere we left the gay capital, " we had knelt in prayer, asking for peace and pleasure 
on our way ; and, at the very start, we had an answer in the shape of a pleasing 
interview with a converted Jew who was acting as Cook's agent. He spoke very 
earnesdy about the blessed Book, and his dear Saviour Jesus Christ. On the 
journey, father amused us for some time with arithmetical puzzles, in which, of 
course, he had the best of it." The night was bitterly cold, — our breath froze on the 
carriage windows, — yet the sick preacher took no harm. " Our prayers were 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 3 

answered most g-raciously ; we had journeying mercies rich and rare." I should have 
said that our party consisted of father and son, IMr. Joseph Passmore, — that kindest 
and most genial of travelling companions, — and "Old George," or, as I find I used 
to style him, " Father Christmas." 

A brief halt at Marseilles was helpful, but the rest of ihe journey proved slow 
and wearisome. How shall I speak of the joy with which the Pastor hailed his 
chosen resting-place ? What though the weather was so unfavourable, for a while,, 
that he had constantly to say, "This is not Mentone," the very sight of the hills, and 
the olives, and the sea, revived his spirit. He knew that, when the sun did shine on 
them, they would be surpassingly lovely. The closing days of January were " as 
fine as fine could be," so, though the limbs were not yet strong, it was possible to get 
to Dr. Bennet's garden, or to watch the fishermen draw in their seine, and even to 




DRAWING IN THE NET AT MENTONE. 



saunter up one or other of the charming valleys. But progress was all too slow, and 
an alarming relapse supervened. It was a black Thursday when I had to send word 
home, " Dear father's right foot is wrong, and he is fearful that it will get worse." 
On the first of March, the most that could be said was, " Where the path was pretty 
level, he managed well enough alone, but every now and then he had to lean upon 
my shoulder." There was gladder tidings a week later, "All is full of mercy with us. 
Dear father still continues to improve, though his knees are certainly not hurrying to 
fulness of strength." However, he gradually rallied. Great was my grief that the 
closing week was stormy and dismal. I had so hoped that he could be in the healing 
sunshine "just to receive the finishing touches." On the fourth of April, I had the 
joy of recording, " Father pronounces himself better than ever this morning." That 
was the last bulletin. 



4 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRArHY. 

I was particularly struck with the welcome accorded by all to the great preacher. 
It was hardly the sort of welcome usual in such cases. There was no undue 
familiarity in it, but it was hearty, spontaneous, and, I might even say, affectionate. 
Everybody was delighted to see him. The foreigners, who called him " Meester 
Sparegen," vied with Englishmen in assuring him of their joy at his return. He had 
a genial smile and a cheery word for all. The Hotel de la Paix was still more 
peaceful when he became its guest. Old acquaintances, and ministers of the gospel, 
had a specially hearty reception from him. Even the clergyman, who claimed to be 
" a friend of more than twenty years' standing, because," said he, " I have been 
cribbing from you all that time," was favoured with quite a large slice of attention. 
Most to his mind, however, were the King's three mighty men, George Miiller, John 
Bost, and Hudson Taylor. In the company of these kindred spirits, he literally 
revelled. Was I not honoured to be an onlooker ? 

Family worship was a delightful item of each day's doings. It was, of course, 
usually conducted by C. H. S., but he sometimes asked others to take part. His 
unstudied comments, and his marvellous prayers, were an inspiration indeed. I did 
not wonder that requests were received for a share in this privilege. I find, in my 
journal, the following interesting enury for March 3 : — "We had two fresh arrivals to 
morning prayers. Strangers to father, they had requested, through the waiter, 
admission to our worship, so a stately mother and a tall daughter from Belgrave 
Square were made right welcome." 

It was often directly after breakfast that the work had to be seen to ; for it must 
be known that C. H. Spurgeon's holidays were by no means altogether devoted to 
so-called pleasure-taking. He lound his truest delight in active service. Sometimes, 
if the truth must be told, it appeared to all of us that he rested insufficiently. There 
were those ceaseless letters ; — how they worried me, for he would answer them 
himself, when I wanted him to be by the sea, or under the olives ! How he loved 
the olive trees, chiefly because they told him of his Lord and of Gethsemane ! 

I confess that I begrudged him the time he spent in corresponding with all save 
dear mother and the Tabernacle Church. This is how I wrote at the time 
concerning- this matter: — "As to his other letters, I wish folk would not bother 
him with nonsensical epistles, I must admit that it does not seem any great 
labour to him to answer them ; still, the time would be far better spent in the 
sunshine ; but what can't be cured must be endured." I think I understand 
better, by this time, why he answered almost everyone. He knew so well the 
power of letter-writing. He knew also how glad the recipients would be, and 
what life-long friends he would secure. Quite recently, a venerable saint, in his 
eighty-ninth year, sent me, "just to look at," a letter he had received from dear father 



C. H. SrURGEON'S AUTOBIOGRAniY. 



at Mentone. It was in answer to a message of gratitude for a sermon in The 
Christian Herald, and ran like this : — 

" My Dear Brother, 

" I thank you for your word of good cheer. It is a great joy to be the 

means of comfort to an aged beHever. You will very likely get home before I shall, 

but tell them I am coming as fast as the gout will let me. The Lord will not leave 

you now that hoary hairs have come, but will now carry you in His bosom. Peace 

be unto you ! 

" Yours heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 
Who can tell the joy that brief, bright, brotherly note brought the octogenarian, who, 
after all, was not the first to " eet home " ? 




AN ANCIENT OLIVE TREE, MENTONE. 

But there was other work to be done. The weekly sermon had to be revised, 
and the magazine edited. Here is a striking holiday item : — " He is very busy with 
the magazine, and fears he cannot write to you to-day." Moreover, there was 
generally some book on the stocks, and since he who would write books must read 
them, — a maxim which obtained even with so original a thinker as he was, — it is 



6 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY, 

written in my diary : — "We have beguiled many of our hours by reading, and father 
has been culHng flowers of thought to be arranged in fragrant nosegays by-and-by." 
The only mishap on our journey to Mentone was the temporary loss of a bag full of 
books ; but a more serious loss than that seemed scarcely possible to the author and 
devourer of books. He was as a workman bereft of his tools. He was in terrible 
distress, and refused to be comforted till the satchel was forthcoming. " Great was 
the Pastor's joy on finding his peculiar treasure." 

With very special delight I recall the fact that I, too, was set to work, and that 
I had the President of the Pastors' College as my private tutor. Let me give a few 
quotations which will sufficiently indicate the curriculum of the Mentone branch of 
that Institution : — " I read Chapter 1. of a French history from which father 
questioned me afterwards, I then stuck to Hodge till dinner-time, and by to-morrow 
I hope to get into real working order. It is very good of dear father to interest 
him.self so in my welfare. I shall do my very best to prevent him ever regretting it." 
" Father and son worked at history and Hodge. The driest matter btcrsts into a 
blaze zvheji C. H. S. puts some of his fire to it." " Father is now on a sofa, at an 
open window, inspecting a primer of political economy, prior to my study of it. I 
wonder if this College course 'extraordinary will admit me to the Conference ; I 
greatly hope so." " I have just completed an examination in history, and am, as 
usual, top of the class. A still more interesting way of studying French history was 
introduced yesterday. Father borrowed Carlyle's French Revolution, and read 
it to us!" There follows a hint that Mr. Passmore seemed to appreciate this 
method of instruction (even) more than Hodge. But, oh, it was glorious to hear 
C. H. Spurgeon read Carlyle ! 

Every day, when the weather favoured, and health permitted, we had an outing 
of some sort. It often consisted only of a drive up one of the valleys, and a stroll 
back ; but we generally took our lunch, and " Old George " was sorely tried because 
there was no spot sufficiently level for his cloth, and no centre-piece more elegant 
than an orange ; but these were trifies which oui" sharpened appetites scorned. 
How the dear Pastor gloried in the freedom of these rambles ! The spring flowers 
and the trap-door spiders, no less than the towering hills and dashing rills, filled his 
soul with prayer, and praise, and poetry. The prayer and praise constantly found 
expression, and once at least the poetry overflowed. " We lunched beneath the fir 
trees. Meanwhile, the birds were singing to us. No wonder, then, that the poetic 
fire burst forth, and C. H. S. gave vent to his delight in extempore rhyme. It 
should be perhaps explained that we had been reading Cowper together before the 
meal." 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 




GORBIO, NEAR JIEKTONE. 



Five times we went up the Gorbio valley, and declared that "fifty times would 




CASTLE AND FOUNTAIN AT ROQUEBRUNE, NEAR MENTONE. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



hardly tire us of the lovely place." Longer, but scarcely more enjoyable expeditions 
were made to Bordighera, — " the place where the sun seems always shining ; " — to 
Nice, and ^lonaco, and Roquebrune, and Ventimiglia, and Dolce Acqua. 




pyngDt, 1S&4, by Harper & Brothert. 



DOLCE ACQUA, ITALY. 



Cap Martin was a favourite spot. As soon as the weather cleared, the cheery 
voice rang out, "Son Tom, I propose a drive to Cap Martin." I thereupon heartily 
seconded the resolution, and the friends (for others had joined us by this time,) 
carried it unanimously. After a breezy drive, " we clambered over the rocks, and 
watched the pale green coursers foam toward the shore, and dash themselves in 
spray about us. We were a jolly party altogether, and who will say that dear father 
was not the jolliest of all 1 " 

Sometimes, quite an excursion party was organized, "personally conducted" by 
C. H. S. Thus we read, in the chronicles of our visit: — "We had a splendid trip, 
the day before yesterday, to Ventimiglia, — a whole party of us, in two carriages. 



C. H. SPURGEON'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



Father was guide, of course, and interested us greatly with his graphic descriptions 
of the amphitheatre and the cathedral. You know how much more one can learn 
when he is at hand to pc'nt it out." 




PALAZZO ORENGO, LA MORTOLA, ITALY. 

I am tempted to quote largely from the report of a visit to the charming- 
residence of Mr. Thomas Hanbury. As it was fully enjoyed by him whose time of 
rest I am endeavouring to picture, I cannot pass it by in silence. " March 23, '79. — 
The morning was wet and cold ; but, suddenly, the wind changed, and the sun tried 
to struggle through the clouds. We were wondering if we might hope for a drive in 
the afternoon, when Mr. H anbury's carriage was announced to be in waiting to 
convey us to the Palazzo Orengo. Mr. H. had noticed the change before we did, 
and was more confident of favourable weather ; so he kindly sent for us, with a 



lO 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



promise to return us when we wished. The prospect of a charming ride, and a 
lovely stroll in an earthly paradise, (to say nothing of a rechercM lunch,) was eagerly 
jumped at. 

" From the magnificent gateway on the high road, we walked by an easy 
decline toward the mansion. At every turn, — nay, at every step, — there was some- 
thing to admire and marvel at. The walks are spread with tiny blue beach stones. 




ENTRANCE TO MR. HANBURY S GARDEN, LA iMORTOLA. 



SO that, though the plants and shrubs were overflowing with crystal tOKCns of the 
recent rain, we went over the garden dryshod. Mr. H. was our guide, and 
descanted concerning aloes, and agaves, and eucalypti, and the rare and curious 
plants which he had gathered from every quarter. I saw quite a number ot my 
Australian friends, — she-oak, wattle, gum, etc." I well remember that dear father 
was specially delighted with the wonderful show of anemones. Thousands of these 
bright flowers, of every hue, s.prang from the fresh green grass, — a fallen rainbow, 
surely ! An aloe, too, pleased him greatly. Much to its owner's regret, it was 



C. H. SPURGEON'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



I I 



beginning to flower. It was the finest in the garden, and Mr. H. knew only too well 
that its effort still further to beautify itself must end in death. 

But Dr. Bennet's garden was our chief resort, — "a veritable paradise on the 
side of a rocky steep." How many times it was visited, I cannot tell. It was near 
at hand, and no special invitation was necessary. Father loved to look on the town 
from this view-point, and desired me to sketch the scene.* It was not the first 
time mv pencil had been at his service ; and great was my joy to transfer to my 
sketch-book the scenes which particularly interested him, such as some queer 
specimens of architecture in the old town, the tunnel-pierced cliff with the Italian 




MENTONE ARCHITECTURE. 



* This view is not reproduced here, as an illustration of " Mentone, as seen from Dr. Bennet's garden," was given in 
Vol. ni., but the other scenes mentioned by Pastor Thomas Spurgeon have been prepared from his sketches, together with 
the illustration at the beginning of the chapter. 



12 



C. H. SPURGEON'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 




"SsS^^a^M^^^sfiiK- 



THE TUNNEL THROUGH THE RED ROCKS, MENTONE. 



guard-house on its brow, the ruined castle and running fountain at Roquebrune 
(see page 7), or a specially gnarled and twisted olive tree (see page 5). Never had 
aspiring artist a more indulgent patron. 



After dinner, there was generally an adjournment to the smoking-room, where 
father chatted freely with the other visitors at the hotel, who were by no means loth 
to exchange sentiments with the distinguished preacher. And he could discourse on 
almost any theme. How pleased he was to meet an aged Mennonite Baptist there ! 
An Alsatian baron, who had translated some of the sermons, and had come all the 
way from Cannes to see him, was received, one evening, with due ceremony, in his 
private sitting-room. 

Will anyone be surprised to hear that, on one occasion, Mr. Sp'urgeon witnessed 
a conjuring performance ? "We were entertained at a ' brillante stance de viagie' 
given by ' Le Professeur PTCstidigitateur, B. Marchelli.' The performance was very 
good for that of a strolling conjuror. Dear father seemed to enjoy it mightily, 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



13 



especially when the Professor produced a turtle-dove from ' Old George's ' pocket in 
first-rate style." Almost every evening-, we had some reading of a light description, — 
The Ingoldsby Legends being a favourite work. It was my privilege, also, to add to 
the paternal merriment by reading certain humorous sketches of my Australian 
experiences, sometimes amid a shower of newspapers and other missiles. 

We enjoyed our Sundays thoroughly. The Presbyterian Church was not then 
built, so we worshipped in a room of Mrs. Dudgeon's villa. Dr. Hanna and others 
preached, and our Pastor was often an interested listener. He always had unstinted 
praise for a sermon which exalted Jesus, and proclaimed His dyino- love. "That 
was a very sweet sermon," he used to say when such a discourse had been delivered. 
How delighted he was to hear George Muller on " Patient waiting upon God." 
Especially did he rejoice in the man behind the message. The preacher came to 
our communion service, and closed it with prayer. I remember that, after asking 
great things for my beloved parents, he prayed very earnestly for "the dear son in 
Australia." I had great pleasure in informing him that I was the son in Australia ; 
and oh ! how warmly did he grasp my hand, — the dear old man ! Little did we 
dream then that, nine years after, he would help to marry me in New Zealand. 

Perhaps I may venture to add, concerning our Sundays, that it was my joyful 
privilege to conduct several services. On one occasion, the Pastor of the Metro- 
politan Tabernacle occupied a seat under the verandah. I told him, afterwards, how 
fortunate it was that I did not happen to address "outsiders." I cannot forget the 
loving encouragement he gave me. Not less did I prize the lenient criticisms and 
valuable hints as to style and delivery. I may be pardoned, too, for treasuring the 
memory of how, during this happy holiday, he conceived the idea of having me ever 
with him, and of instituting a Sunday afternoon service that I might conduct. But 
the Master willed it otherwise. 

We had a whole day with George Muller in Dr. Bennet's garden, and I am able 
to copy from my letter of the following date this striking testimony as to the 
advantage of such fellowship : — " Dear father declares himself far better able to 
'trust and not be afraid' through intercourse with Mr. Muller." The stimulus to 
faith was greatly needed then. How well God times His aid ! In the same epistle, 
after recording our sorrow at mother's continued illness, these words occur : — 
"Another source of anxiety is the lack of funds for the Colportage Association. 
This matter also we have believingly commended to the God of all grace, who will 
surely not let His servants want. Dear father has been in many straits before, and 
has always been delivered. In this trouble also the Lord will befriend him, — for 
what is ^700 to Him '^. " 



14 C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

For Pastor John Bost, director of the Asylums of La Force, C. H. Spurgeon 
consented to preside at a pubHc meeting. Besides being deeply interested in his 
work among the epileptics, father was greatly taken with the man himself. The 
Encrlishman and the Frenchman had somethino' in common, for Pastor Bost was 
brimful of humour, and withal somewhat stout. He himself said, " Mr. Mliller is a 
great man, John Bost is a big man." The meeting was a grand success. " Both 
speakers mingled plenty of fun with their addresses ; and I, for one, was laughing 
and crying alternately all the time. ' The dear epileptics ' were most effectively 
pleaded for." 

This sketch of C. H. Spurgeon at Mentone would hardly be complete if it did 
not tell how amused he was by the Carnival procession. I call to mind how 
interested he was in the various devices, and how heartily he laughed at the 
grotesque ones. He was specially pleased with a company mounted upon donkeys, 
and representing candlesticks. The men's bodies were the candles, their heads the 
flames, and on their spears they held extinguishers. I almost wond«er that the group 
did not figure afterwards in Sej^)Hons in Candles. 

As soon as a measure of health returned, the eager worker looked longingly 
towards home. His head nurse declared that he was not fit to go back, but the 
patient was impatient to be in harness again. Here is the official bulletin for 
March 17 : — " He seems, to my mind, hardly strong enough to undertake the 
thousand duties of his gigantic work ; but he will not hear of staying longer, and has 
already engaged a sleeping-car." Urgent representations from the Tabernacle, that 
he should remain away till thoroughly restored, came to hand ; but an extra week 
was all that the combined efforts could secure. He was as a greyhound in the leash 
till he was back at his post. 

And what a home-coming it was ! Nightingale Lane then heard sweeter music 
than ever Philomel produced, — the music of loving welcome to dear ones mingled 
with fervent gratitude to God. And when the blessed ministry at the Tabernacle 
was resumed, there rose to Heaven a doxology, loud as the voice of many waters, 
from a church and congregation that loved their Pastor almost as well as he loved 
them. 

What a welcome he must have had, thirteen years later, when from the same 
sunny land he went home to God 1 



CHAPTER LXXXIV. 



a JBoubU Silbcr Simtbbtnni. 

It was right and seemly that, at the close of this period of twenty-five years, some testimonial 
should be offered to the Pastor. The like has been worthily done in other instances ; and brethren have 
accepted a sum of money, which they well deserved, ard which theyhave very properly laid aside as a 
provision for their families. In our case, it did not appear to us at all fitting that the offering should 
come into our own purse ; our conscience and heart revolted from the idea. We could, without sin, have 
accepted the gift for our own need ; but it seemed not to be right. We have been so much more in the 
hands of God than most, — so much less an agent, and so much more an instrument, that we could not 
claim a grain of credit. Moreover, the dear and honoured brethren and sisters in Christ, who have 
surrounded us these many years, have really themselves done the bulk of the work ; and God forbid that 
we should monopolize honour which belongs to all the saints ! Let the offering come, by all means ; but 
let it return to the source from whence it came. There are many poor in the church, — far more than 
friends at a distance would imagine ; — many of the most godly poor, " widows indeed," and partakers of 
the poverty of Christ. To aid the church in its holy duty of remembering the poor, which is the nearest 
approach to remembering Christ Himself, seemed to us to be the highest use of money. The testimonial 
will, therefore, go to support the aged sisters in the Almshouses, and thus it will actually relieve the 
funds of the church which are appropriated to the weekly relief of the necessitous. May the Lord 
Jesus accept this cup of cold water, which is offered in His Name ! We see the Lord's servants fetching 
for us water from the well of Bethlehem which is by the gate ; and as we behold tliem cheerfully and 
generously setting it at our feet, we thank them, — thank them with tears in our eyes, — but we feel that 
we must not drink thereof; it must be poured out before the Lord. So let it be. O Lord, accept it! 
— C. H. S., in ^'■The Sword and the T}Owcl," January, 1S79. 

FTER the furlough described in the previous chapter, the first great 
historical event was the celebration of Mr. Spurgeon's pastoral 
silver wedding, — the commemoration of the completion of the 
twenty-fifth year of his ministry in London. It was felt, by many 
of his friends, that so notable a period of Christian service should 
not be allowed to pass without due recognition, and many of them 
desired to avail themselves of the opportunity to present to their Pastor a testimonial 
of their loving esteem. As soon as the matter was mentioned to him, he resolutely 
refused to receive any personal presentation ; but, feeling that the church's gratitude 
to God for all the blessing vouchsafed during that memorable quarter of a century 
ought to find suitable expression, he suggested that efforts should be made to help 
the one portion of the work which had been a source of some anxiety to him, and 
might be more so in the future. 

At the annual church-meeting, in January, 1878, the question assumed definite 
shape, as will be seen from Mr. Spurgeon's own account of the proceedings : — "'It 
was proposed, and heartily carried by all, that the deacons should consider how best 
to celebrate the Pastor's silver wedding when the twenty-fifth year should close, if 
God should spare the senior Pastor to that time. Mr. Spurgeon then reminded the 
church that its heaviest burden was the Almshouses, which, having been scantily 




1 6 C. H, SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

endowed for six aged sisters, now accommodated seventeen, and made a heavy drain 
on the communion fund. It appeared, from the balance-sheet, that the alms given 
away to the poor annually exceeded ^i,ooo; and, from the great number of the 
poor members, it had been needful for the Pastor to find ^120, and for other friends 
to o-ive privately in order to balance the account. This was principally due to the 
large item for support of almswomen ; and Mr. Spurgeon said that, if friends would 
make an effort to raise about ^5,000, this part of the church work would be put 
into proper shape, and he should regard it as a fit way of celebrating the anticipated 
event. He remarked that it was comparatively easy to carry the load noii), but that 
he should not like to leave such a heavy burden for his successor. Should he 
himself be suddenly called away, the church might find it no great cause for blessing 
Mr. Spurgeon's administration if it found that houses had been built for the aged 
widows to starve in, but that their daily bread had been forgotten. He considered 
that the good ship was in trim condition from stem to stern with this exception, and 
he would like to see the matter done, and done well. From the enthusiasm of the 
meetino-, there is little doubt that, by many hands, the needful amount will be 
brought in on or before January, 1879." 

By that date, far more than the sum mentioned had been received. About half 
the amount was realized by a bazaar, for the Pastor had not then seen, as he did in 
later years, the evils necessarily associated with that method of raising money for 
the Lord's cause. The presentation had to be postponed, for a time, as Mr. 
Spuroeon was away at Mentone, seeking rest and restoration ; but, at last. 
May 20, 1879, was fixed for the joyous event. It was preceded by special sermons 
on the Sabbath, in the course of which the following historical and autobiographical 
references were made by the preacher : — ■ 

" Under the present pastorate, we are like mariners in mid-ocean, distant 
twenty-five leagues, or rather years, from the place of our departure, and making all 
sail for the further shore. As to any service we may expect personally to render, 
we are certainly in the midst of the years, if not near to their end. In the course of 
nature, we could not expect that more than another twenty-five years of service 
could be compassed by us, nor are we so foolish as to reckon even upon that : we 
have, at any rate, come to middle life in our church-relationship, now that we 
celebrate our silver wedding. Brethren, there is about ' the midst of the years ' a 
certain special danger, and this led the prophet, as it shall lead us at this time, to 
pray, in the words which I have selected for my text, ' O Lord, revive Thy work in 
the midst of the years, in the midst of the years make known.' Youth has its perils, 
but these are past ; age has its infirmities, but these we have not yet reached ; it is 
ours then to pray against the dangers which are present with us ' in the midst of the 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 17 

years.' The middle passage of life with us as individuals, and with us as a church, 
is crowded with peculiar perils. 

"There is a certain spur and stimulus of novelty about religious movements 
which in a few years is worn out. I well recollect when we were called ' a nine days' 
wonder,' and our critics prophesied that our work would speedily collapse. Such 
excitement had been seen before, and had passed away ; and this would be one 
among other bubbles of the hour. The nine days have lasted considerably lono- ; — 
may nine such days follow them, in God's infinite mercy ! Now, whatever 
detractors might say, we know that there was then a life, an energy, a freshness 
about everything which was done by us as a church which we could hardly expect 
to continue with us for all these years. From an admirable fervour, many cool 
down to a dangerous chill. This is to be bemoaned where it has occurred, and it is 
to be feared where as yet it has not happened, for such is the natural tendency of 
things. Beloved brethren, I have prayed to God that, when what is called the 
esp7dt de corps is gone from us, the Esprit de Dieu may still abide with us ; that, 
when the spirit which grows out of our association with each other declines, we may 
be sustained by the Spirit which unites us all to the Lord Jesus. 

" This very house of prayer has been to sdme of you a quiet resting-place. 
You have been more at home here than when you have been at home. 1 will 
be bound to say that you recollect more happy times that you have had here than 
anywhere else, and these have put out of your memory the sad records of your 
hard battling in the world, even for a livelihood. I know that many of you live 
by your Sabbaths. You step over the intervening space from Lord's-day to Lord's- 
day, as if the Lord had made a ladder of Sabbaths for you to climb to Heaven by ; 
and you have been fed, as well as rested, in God's house. I know you have, for he 
who deals out the meat has had his own portion ; and when he is fed, he knows that 
others have like appetites, and need like food, and know when they get it. You 
have clapped your hands for very joy when redeeming grace and dying love have 
been the theme, and infinite, sovereign, changeless mercy has been the subject of 
discourse. 

"Well now, by every happy Sabbath you have had, my brethren; by every 
holy Monday evening prayer-meeting ; by every occasion on which God has met 
with you in any of the rooms of this building, when a few of you, at early mornino-, 
or late in the evening, have gathered together for prayer ; by every time in which the 
realization of Jesu's love has charmed your soul up to Heaven's gate, bless and 
magnify His Name, who has crowned the years with His goodness. There had 
been no food for us if the Lord had not given us manna from Heaven. There had 
been no comfortable rest for us if He had not breathed peace upon us. There had 

been no coming in of new converts, nor going out with rapturous joy of the perfected 

B 4 



1 8 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

ones up to the seats above, if the Lord had not been with us ; and, therefore, to 
Him be all the praise. 

" I do not suppose that any strangers here will understand this matter. It may 
even be that they will judge that we are indulging in self-gratulation under a thin 
disguise ; but this evil we must endure for once. You, my brothers and sisters, who 
have been together these many years, comprehend what is meant ; and you know 
that it is not within the compass of an angel's tongue to express the gratitude which 
many of us feel who, for these five-and-twenty years, have been banded together in 
closest and heartiest Christian brotherhood in the service of our Lord and Master. 
Strangers cannot guess how happy has been our fellowship, or how true our love. 
Eternity alone shall reveal the multitude of mercies with which God has visited us 
by means of our association in this church ; it is to some of us friend, nurse, mother, 
home, all in one. During all these years, the Lord has been pleased, in infinite 
mercy, to prepare men's hearts to listen to the Word. It was not possible, they said, 
that great places could be filled with crowds to hear the old-fashioned gospel. The 
pulpit had lost its power, — so unbelievers told us ; and yet, no sooner did we begin 
to preach in simple strains the gospel of Christ, than the people flew as a cloud, and 
as doves to their windows. And what listening there was at New Park Street, 
where we scarcely had air enough to breathe ! And when we got into the larger 
place, what attention was manifest ! What power seemed to go with every word 
that was spoken ; I say it, though I was the preacher ; for it was not I, but the 
grace ot God which was with me. There were, stricken down among us, some 
of the most unlikely ones. There were brought into the church, and added to God's 
people, some of those who had wandered far away from the path of truth and 
righteousness ; and these, by their penitent love, quickened our life, and increased 
our zeal. The Lord gave the people more and more a willingness to hear, and 
there was no pause either in the flowing stream of hearers, or in the incoming of 
converts. The Holy Spirit came down like showers which saturate the soil till the 
clods are ready for the breaking ; and then it was not long before, on the right and 
on the left, we heard the cry, ' What must we do to be saved ? ' We were busy 
enough, in those days, in seeing converts ; and, thank God, we have been so ever 
since. We had some among us who gave themselves up to watch for the souls of 
men, and we have a goodly number of such helpers now, perhaps more than ever we 
had ; and, thank God, these found and still find many souls to watch over. Still the 
arrows fly, and still the smitten cry out for help, and ask that they may be guided to 
the great healing Lord. Blessed be God's Name for this ! He went with us all 
those early days, and gave us sheaves even at the first sowing, so that we began 
with mercy ; and He has been with us even until now, till our life has become one 
long harvest-home. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY, 19 

" I am bound to acknowledge, with deep thankfulness, that, during these 
twenty-five years, the Word has been given me to speak when the time has come 
for preaching. It may look to you a small thing that I should be able to come 
before you in due time ; but it will not seem so to my brethren in the ministry who 
recollect that, for twenty-five years, my sermons have been printed as they have 
been delivered. It must be an easy thing to go and buy discourses at si.xpence or a 
shilling each, ready lithographed, and read them off, as hirelings do ; but to speak 
your heart out every time, and yet to have something tresh to say for twenty-five 
years, is no child's play. Who shall do it unless he cries unto God for help ? I 
read, but the other day, a newspaper criticism upon myself, in which the writer 
expressed his wonder that a man should keep on year after year with so few themes, 
and such a narrow groove to travel in ; but, my brethren, it is not so, our themes are 
infinite for number and fulness. Every text of Scripture is boundless in its meaning ; 
we could preach from the Bible throughout eternity, and not exhaust it. The groove 
narrow ? The thoughts of God narrow ? The Word of the Lord narrow ? They 
who say so do not know it, for His commandment is exceeding broad. Had we to 
speak of politics or philosophy, we should have run dry long ago ; but when we 
have to preach the Saviour's everlasting love, the theme is always fresh, always new. 
The incarnate God, the atoning blood, the risen Lord, the coming glory, these are 
subjects which defy exhaustion. W^hen I recollect how, as a boy, I stood among 
you, and feebly began to preach Jesus Christ, and how these twenty-five years, 
without dissension, ay, without the dream of dissension, in perfect love compacted 
as one man, you have gone on from one work of God to another, and have never 
halted, hesitated, or drawn back, I must and will bless and magnify Him who hath 
crowned these years with His goodness. 

" Now I come to my closing point. It is this, — the crowning blessing is 
confessed to be of God. Some churches have one crown, and some another ; our 
crown, under God, has been this, — the poor have the gospel preached unto them, 
souls are saved, and Christ is glorified. O my beloved church, hold fast that thou 
hast, that no man take this crown away from thee ! As for me, by God's help, the 
first and last thing that I long for is to bring men to Christ. I care nothing about 
fine language, or about the pretty speculations of prophecy, or a hundred dainty 
things ; but to break the heart and bind it up, to lay hold on a sheep of Christ and 
bring it back into the fold, is the one thing I would live for. You also are of the 
same mind, are you not ? Well, we have had this crowning blessing that, as nearly 
as I can estimate, since I came amongst you, more than nine thousand persons have 
joined this church. If they were all alive now, or all with us now, what a 
company they would be ! I find that, during these twenty-five years, there have 
gone from us, to the upper realms, about eight hundred who had named the Name 



20 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

of Jesus. Professing their faith in Christ, Hving in His fear, dying in the faith, they 
gave us no cause to doubt their sincerity ; and, therefore, we may not question their 
eternal safety. Many of them gave us, in Hfe and in death, all the tokens we could 
ask for of their being in Christ ; and, therefore, we sorrow not as those that are 
without hope. Why, when I think of them, — many of them my sons and dauo-hters 
in the faith, — now before the throne, they fill me with solemn exultation ! Do you 
not see them in their white robes .-^ Eight hundred souls redeemed by blood! 
These are only those whom we knew of, and had enrolled on our church-books. 
How many more there may have been converted, who never joined our earthly 
fellowship, but, nevertheless, have gone home, I cannot tell. There probably have 
been more than those whose names we know, if we consider the wide area over 
which the printed sermons circulate. They are gathering home one by one, but 
they make a goodly company. Our name is Gad, for *a troop cometh.' Happy 
shall we be to overtake those who have outmarched us, and entered into the 
Promised Land before us. Let us remember them, and by faith join our hands with 
theirs. Flash a thought to unite the broken family, for we are not far from them, 
nor are they far from us, since we are one in Christ." 

Monday evening. May 19, was mainly devoted to praising the Lord for His 
goodness to both Pastor and people during the whole period of their union ; but, 
before the meeting closed, Mr. Spurgeon gave an address, as he felt that there 
would not be time, the following evening, for him to say all that he wanted. Among 
other things, he said : — " I have, as you must imagine, felt the deepest emotion, at 
the end of these twenty-five years of your affectionate co-operation ; and especially 
an emotion, which I shall not attempt to express, of grateful affection to you all for 
the noble testimonial which you have raised to commemorate the event. I felt sure 
that you would take up the plan of providing for our aged sisters as soon as it 
was proposed to you by the deacons ; but I did not think that you could give 
me such a testimonial as you have prepared. The net sum which is to be 
handed to me is, I am informed, ^6,238, (afterwards increased to ^6,476 9s.,) the 
spontaneous giving — the universal giving — the delighted giving of the entire church 
and congregation. Everyone has seemed jealous of being excluded ; so all, both 
rich and poor, young and old, have pressed forward with their gifts. I certainly 
could not have imagined that you would so largely exceed the amount needed for 
the Almshouses ; and yet, when I remember your many other loving and generous 
acts, I cannot be surprised at anything. It is just like you ; your conduct to me is 
all of a piece, and may God bless you for it ! I was ill all the while you were doing 
this great deed of love, and I could not rise from my bed ; but, each day, I had 
tidings of some sort about you, and your words and acts of love ; and I hardly knew 



C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 2 1 

how to bear. it. It lifted me out of despondency, but it cast me down with exceeding 
gratitude. I scarcely like to speak upon the subject, because it has been a rule with 
me not to take a text which I could not hope to grasp. Little boats are safest while 
they keep in sight of shore. This subject is one of those upon which the more said 
the better, and yet it remains better than all that can be said. I condense my 
sermon into a sentence, and that sentence is a prayer, — May the God, whom I serve, 
bless you all a thousandfold for this token of your love and kindness towards me, 
which I know you have rendered for Christ's sake ! " 

On Tuesday evening. May 20, the Tabernacle was crowded in every part for 
the meeting at which the testimonial was to be presented. After prayer and praise, 
Mr. B. VV. Carr read along but interesting historical paper, entitled, "A Grateful 
Retrospect," summarizing the church's progress during Mr. Spurgeon's ministry ; 
Dr. Charles Stanford followed with a choice composition upon " The Baptist 
Churches, twenty-five years ago and now ; " a few brief addresses were delivered ; 
and then, as a pleasant interlude before the presentation was made by Mr. W'illiam 
Olney, the Pastor said : — " Before we go to the business of the evening, we will 
sing our Tabernacle National Anthem, that glorious hymn, — 

"'Grace, 'tis a charming sound,' — 

to the tune ' Cranbrook ', which a critic has called 'execrable.' I am such a heretic 
as to like ' Cranbrook ' ; and if you will only sing it as we generally do, we will 
make some of these heathen here to-night like it. The way of singing now (con- 
tinued Mr. Spurgeon, in affected tones to imitate the parties to whom he alluded) 
is, ' Let us sing to the praise and glory of God, and rattle through it as fast as 
possible, with, never a fugue or a repeat, and get it over and done, for we are 
sick to death of it.' In truth, I think some of the much-admired modern tunes 
might be very well represented under the following story : — ' I hope you enjoyed 
our music this morning,' said a gentleman of the High Church to a Presbyterian 
hiend who was staying with him. 'Well, I cannot say that I admire your form 
of service at all ; I like things much better as we have them in the old kirk.' 
' No .'* But you are, after all, a gentleman of musical taste ; did you not very 
much enjoy that introit?' 'I really don't know which it was.' 'But you must 
have been pleased with that anthem,' repeated the High Churchman. ' I don't 
know, I can't say much in its favour,' was the reply. 'Well, there was one very 
remarkable tune; didn't you notice it?' 'Oh!' was the response, 'I didn't think 
much of it.' 'Well, now, I am very sorry, because that is a very ancient tune, 
used by the early Church very often ; indeed, I believe it was sung in the 
catacombs. I have even heard that this wonderful piece of music came from 
the Jews, and was no doubt chanted in the liturgical service of the Temple ; for 



22 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

vou know the worship of the ancient Temple was Hturgical, and not your bare 
Presbyterian form at all. There appears to be scarcely any doubt that the tune 
we had this morning was originally sung by David himself when he played on 
his harp.' ' Dear me,' said the Presbyterian, ' I never heard that before, but it 
throws great light upon Scripture. I never could make out why Saul threw a 
ja\-elin at David ; but if that was the tune which he sang when he played his 
harp before the king, I can understand Saul's ferocity, and justify it, too.' 
' Cranbrook ' is not the tune that was sung by David, but it is a good deal 
better than anything David ever sang ; the tune is more musical, and the hymn 
has more gospel in it than was known under the law." 

" Grace, 'tis a charming sound," 

was then sung, to the tune "Cranbrook", as only a Tabernacle audience of six 
thousand people could sing it. Then followed the presentation of the testimonial. 
The principal portions ot Mr. Olney's address, and of Mr. Spurgeon's reply, 
were published in Vol. II., Chapter XLIV., and therefore need not be repeated 
here ; but the record of that memorable meeting may be closed with the Pastor's 
allusions to his people's affection and his own resolve : — " I can only use over 
again the simile I have employed before. In the crystallizing of sugar, to make 
sugar candy, strings are stretched across the vessel in which the syrup is boiled ; 
upon these strings, the sugar crystallizes. You are the sugar ; the Divine life 
supplies the fire which melts your hearts ; and I am the thread around which 
you crystallize. So be it still ! But your love is to me an amazement ; I am 
the most astonished person among you ; I do not comprehend it ; it seems a 
romance to me. What I have done, I shall do still ; namely, love you with all 
my heart, and love my Lord as His grace enables me. I mean to go on preaching- 
Jesus, and His gospel ; and you may be sure that I shall not preach anything 
else, for with me it is Christ or nothing. I am sold up, and my stock-in-trade 
is gone if Jesus Christ is gone. He is the sum of my ministry, my All-in-all." 

A pleasing sequel to the presentation was thus noted at the time by Mr. 
Spurgeon : — " The testimonial which celebrated our twenty-five years of pastoral 
work was presented on Tuesday, May 20, and there and then dedicated to the Lord. 
On the following Thursday evening, we commenced a new period in our church 
history ; and it is a singularly pleasing coincidence that, at the church-meeting held 
on that evening, no less than thirty-seven candidates came before the church, and 
confessed their faith in Christ, — the largest number that we have ever received at 
one church-meeting. This was the more remarkable as it happened entirely without 
arrangement on the part of the Pastor or anyone else. We regard it as 'a token for 
good,' and look for 'greater things than these.' " 



C. H, SPURGEON'S AUTOBIOGRAPHYo 



23 




SILVER WEDDING PORTRAITS. 



Only a brief mention of our personal silver wedding- is necessary. There 
was some intention of holding- a special meeting- at the Tabernacle, to congratulate 
the Pastor and his wife, on Monday, January 10, iSSi, — two days after the actual 
date ; but, unhappily, Mr. Spurgeon was laid aside at the time, so that idea 
had to be abandoned, although we were both very sympathetically remembered 
in the supplications of those who were assembled, that evening, in the much- 
loved house of prayer. Ultimately, the commemoration took the form of a 
private gathering" of friends, at "Westwood," on Wednesday, February 2. It was 
characteristic of my beloved's devotion to his Lord's service, and of the intimate 
union existing between himself and his church-officers, that such an event in our 
family history should have been celebrated in connection with a meeting- oi' the 
deacons at our home. I might not have remembered that circumstance had I not 



24 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

been favoured with the loan of one of the invitations issued by the dear Pastor, 
a facsimile of which is here reproduced. I am not aware that he ever signed 







another letter with our united initials, and the date on which this one was written 
gives it now a specially tender interest. I have no very vivid recollections gf the 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. . 25 

evening's proceedings ; but I know that Mr. William Olney and Mr. Carr, as the 
spokesmen on behalf of their brother-deacons, made most sympathetic references to 
both the parents and their twin-sons, and that, after the interchange of many cheering 
reminiscences, and a time of holy fellowship, the whole household joined us for 
family worship, which was conducted by Mr. Spurgeon with his usual fervour and 
Impressiveness. 

Among my dear husband's papers, I find a letter, relating to this happy season, 
from his old Cambridge friend, Mr. J. S. Watts, of whom frequent mention was made 
in Vol. I. of the Autobiography. This epistle so sweetly links the beginning of our 
wedded life with the twenty-filth anniversary of our marriage, that it appears to me 
to deserve a place in this chapter. 

" Regent Street, 

"Cambridge, 

" January 8, iSSi. 
" My Dear Friend, 

" My mind reverts to the month of January, twenty-five years ago, when 
a certain newly-married juvenile Pastor and his wiie came to me for a tew days, and 
solaced themselves in their mutual love for each other at my house. 

" Many things have happened since that time ; but their faithfulness and their 
affection for each other have not been impaired ; and now that they are about to 
celebrate their silver wedding, I ask permission to remind them of those early days, 
and to add my hearty congratulations at this auspicious period, 

" May the 8th of January, 1881, ring in a strain of joyful music over the strings 
of the past, assuring them that 'golden days' are yet to come, even before they 
'walk the golden streets.' So prays, — 

"Their old friend and well-wisher, 

"J. S. Watts." 

Another loving letter, written at that period by Dr. W. Morley Punshon, is also 

worthy of preservation here : — 

" Tranby, 

" Bri.xton Rise, S.W., 

"Jan., iSSi. 

" My Dear Sir and Brother, 

" The papers tell us that the 8th inst. will be a memorable day to you ; 

and, amid hosts of greeting friends, my wife and I (than whom you have none truer, 

thouoh our love can rarely exhibit itself but in wishful thought and prayer,) would 

fain express our good wishes in a line. 



26 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

" We trust there is good foundation for the rumour, which has lately reached 
us, of great and permanent improvement in Mrs. Spurgeon's health ; and we pray 
that, it it be the Lord's will, you may be continued to each other in happy fellowship 
until the ' silvern ' shall have become ' golden ' by the lapse of years. 

"Like most of God's anointed, it seems as if you are to be 'made meet by 
consecrated pain.' May the Refiner sit always by the furnace ! You knozv that the 
fire will never be kindled a whit too fiercely, nor burn a moment too long. 

"There are many, whom you know not, who thank God, in these times of 
rebuke, for your fidelity to the old gospel, and who watch you with solicitude 
and prayer. 

"Wishing, for Mrs. Spurgeon and yourself, happiness, and the blessedness 
which is better, — the Lord's unutterable peace,' long and useful lives, and the 
' abundant entrance ' at last, 1 am, in my wife's name and my own, 

"Yours very aftectionately, 

"W. MORLEY PUNSHON." 

" Rev. Chas. H. Spurgeon." 

Three months later, when Dr. Punshon was "called home," Mr. Spurgeon 
gratefully referred to this letter, and sought to comfort the bereaved family in 
their season of sorrow. 



CHAPTER LXXXV. 



<Knqutitrs mxti Conbn;ts. 



There are gentlemen, in England, who can afford to drive a coach and four from town to town 
and carry nobody, performing their journeys for their own amusement ; but I am not able or willing to 
do anything of that kind. Unless I can have my coach loaded with passengers to Heaven, I would 
sooner it was never started, and had rather that my team stopped in the stable. We must carry some 
souls to Heaven, for our call is from above and our time is too precious to throw away on mere pretence 
of doing good. We cannot play at preaching ; we preach for eternity. We cannot feel satisfied merely 
to deliver sermons to senseless throngs, or to the most attentive crowds. Whatever smiles may greet 
us as we start, and whatever salutation may welcome us at our close, we are not content unless Jesus 
works salvation by us. Our desire is that grace should be magnified, and that sinners should be saved. 
They used to jeer at the Tabernacle in Moorfields, and the one in Tottenham Court Road, and call them 
Mr. Whitefield's soul-traps ;— a very excellent name for a place of worship ; such may this Tabernacle 
ever be! — C. H. S., in a sermon preached August 19, 1877, a night when the Tabernacle was free to all comers, 
the regular congregation having vacated their seats. 

I am sure that, if a minister wants conversions, he must identify himself with his people. There 
are persons, nowadays, who make a difficulty about Moses praying for Israel, " If Thou wilt torgive their 

sin ; and if not, blot me, I pray Thee, out of Thy book which Thou hast written ;" and they raise 

questions about Paul being willing to be separated from Christ for his brethren, his kinsmen according 
to the flesh. Oh, but there is no difficulty in the matter if you once get to feel such an intense love for 
the souls of men that you would, as it were, pawn your own salvation, and count it Httle if you might 
but bring the people to the .Saviour's feet ! A man who has never felt that willingness does not yet 
know the true throb of a pastor's heart ; he has not been ordained to be a shepherd if he would not lay 
down his life for the flock, if it were necessary. — C. H. S., in a sermon preached at the Tabernacle, 
August 23, 1883. 

He who has spoken the Word with power to the heart bears to him who has heard it the relation- 
ship of a father to a son. There are many, in this place, to whom I stand in this most hallowed 
connection. You recognize it, I know, and I desire to express my intense and fervent love to the many 
of you who have been born unto God by the preaching of the W^ord here. I do not know of anything 
that has more greatly comforted me, during the last week or two. in the time of sharp contention tor the 
faith, than the reception of so many letters, from persons of whom I have never before heard, saying, 
"You do not know me, but you are my spiritual father; and now, at such a time of trial as this is to you, 
I must write and send you a word of good cheer." It is always a cause of thankfulness to me when my 
testimony is blessed to the conversion of a seeking soul ; but when I think of the hundreds, and the 
thousands, — ay, I am not exaggerating when I say thousands of converts, — whom I have met with here 
on earth, and the many more, at present unknown to me, whom I hope to meet with either here or in 
Heaven, I do rejoice, yea, and I will rejoice ; and I cannot help expressing my great love to all those 
who have been brought to the Saviour by the words which I have preached and published,— C. H. S., 
in a sermon delivered at the Tabernacle, November 6, 1887. 

N one of the sermons preached in connection with his pastoral 
silver wedding, Mr. Spurgeon called attention to the tact that, 
during his twenty-five years' ministry in London, more than nine 
thousand persons had joined the church ; while, probably, an equal 
or still larger number had been converted through hearing or 
reading his sermons, although they had not become members at 
the Tabernacle. The previous volumes of the Autobiography have contained many 




28 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

references to these converts, and records of the means blessed to their salvation ; 
but it appears necessary to devote two chapters in the present volume to the same 
subject in ordei- adequately to set forth this most important part of the dear Pastor's 
service, and to show how abundantly the favour of God rested upon it from its 
commencement to its close. It is a cause for devout thankfulness that, in a great 
measure, a similar blessing still accompanies his published words, both in our own 
tongue, and in many of the languages into which they have been translated. The 
first part of the following narrative is given in Mr. Spurgeon's own words ; the 
latter portion consists of the instances of usefulness which various friends have 
described ; and, to make the chapters as varied and as complete as possible, there 
are included in them several specimens of the beloved soul-winner's methods of 
dealing with anxious enquirers and sinners seeking the Saviour. The cases of 
blessing here recorded are selected from the whole of his London ministry ; and 
are, therefore, all the more representative of the continued usefulness ot his work 
for the Lord during the long period from 1853 to 1892. 

There are some passages of Scripture which have been more abundantly 
blessed to the conversion of souls than others have ; they may be called salvation 
texts. We may not be able to discover how it is, or why it is ; but, certainly, it is 
the fact that some chosen verses have been more used of God than any others in 
His Word to bring men to the cross of Christ. They are not more inspired than 
other parts of the Bible ; but I suppose they are more noticeable, from their 
position, or from their peculiar phraseology they are more adapted to catch the eye 
of the reader, and are more suitable to a widely prevailing spiritual condition. All 
the stars in the heavens shine very brightly, but only a few catch the eye of the 
mariner, and direct his course ; the reason is this, that those few stars, from their 
peculiar grouping, are more readily distinguished, and the eye easily fixes upon 
them. So I suppose it is with those passages of God's Word which especially 
attract attention, and direct the sinner to the cross of Christ. One of the chief of 
those texts is Isaiah xliii. 25 : " I, even I, am He that blotteth out thy trans- 
gressions for Mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins." I have proved it to 
be a most useful one ; for, out of the thousands of persons who have come to me to 
narrate their conversion and religious experience, I have found a very large 
proportion who have traced the Divine change which has been wrought in their 
hearts to the hearing of this precious declaration of sovereign mercy, and the 
application of it with power to their souls by the Holy Spirit. 

Some who come to see me, with the view of joining the church, cannot say 
much, and they think that I shall be very dissatisfied with them because they make 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 29 

a great muddle of their narrative ; but the people with whom I am least satisfied are 
those who reel off their yarn by the yard ; they have it all ready to repeat, and 
everything is arranged as prettily as possible. As I listen to it, I know that 
someone has told them what to say, and they have learned it all lor me to hear. 
I like far better the testimony that I have to pick out in little bits, but which I 
know comes fresh from the heart of the trembling convert. Sometimes, it costs 
the poor soul a tear or a real good cry, and I have to go round about in all manner 
of ways to get hold of the story at all ; but that shows that it is true, and that the man 
never borrowed it. I like to hear the experience of a believer, when he comes 
straight out of the world, and out of the ways of sin, to confess his faith in Christ. 
He does not know anything about the terms that Christian people use, he has not 
learned our phrases ; and it is a great delight to hear it all fresh and new. Yet it is 
always the same story in all the essential parts of it. However strangely he may 
narrate it. It tallies with that of others in the main points. Take the experience of 
a Christian man who has been brought up in the sanctuary from his childhood, and 
extract the pith and marrow of it. Now take the experience of a man who has been 
a horse-raeer, a drunkard, a swearer, but who has been truly converted, and extract 
the essence of that. Talk to a peer of the realm who has become an heir of the 
Kingdom of Heaven, and take the substance of his experience. Now speak to a 
chimney-sweep who has been brought to the Lord, and get the gist of his 
experience ; put them all side by side, and you will not know one from the other. 
There are always the same essential marks, — death, birth, life, food, — Christ in the 
death, the birth, the life, the food, — repentance, faith, joy,- the work of the Spirit of 
God. But it is very sweet to hear the story told in the many difterent ways in which 
the converts tell it. The true child of grace is ever the same in heart, although the 
outward appearance may continually vary. 

Among the many thousands of souls who have been brought to know the Lord 
under my instrumentality, I have often noticed that a considerable proportion of 
these, and of the best members of our church, too, were won to the Saviour, not by 
legal terrors, but by gentler means. Sitting, on one occasion, to see enquirers, I 
should think that there were as many as twelve out of the twenty-three whose 
convictions of sin were not distinctly marked with the terrors of the law. I asked an 
excellent young woman, " What was the first thought that set you really seeking the 
Saviour? '•' " Oh, sir ! " she replied, " it was Christ's lovely character that first made 
me long to be His disciple. I saw how kind, how good, how disinterested, how 
self-sacrificing He was, and that made me feel how difterent I was. I thought, 'Oh ! 
I am not like Jesus !' and that sent me to my room, and I began to pray, and so I 
came to trust in Him." " The first religious impression I ever had," said another, 



30 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

" that set me seekino- the Saviour, was this ; a young companion of mine fell into sin, 
and I knew that I was likely to do the same if I was not kept by someone stronger 
than m)self I therefore sought the Lord, not so much at first on account of 
past transgression, but because I was afraid of some great future sin. God visited 
me, and I then felt conviction of sin, and was brought to Christ?." Singularly 
enough, too, I have met with scores of persons who have trusted in Christ, and then 
have mourned their sins more afterwards than they did before they believed. Their 
convictions have been more terrible after they have known their interest in Christ 
than they were at first. They have seen the enormity of the evil alter they have 
escaped from it ; they have been plucked out of the miry clay, and their feet set 
upon the rock ; and then, afterwards, they have seen more fully the depth of that 
horrible pit out of which they have been snatched. It is not true that all who are 
saved suffer such convictions and terrors as some of us had to endure ; there are very 
many who are drawn with the cords of a man and the bands of love. There are 
some who, like Lydia, have their hearts opened, not by the crowbar of conviction, 
but by the picklock of Divine grace. Sweetly drawn, almost silently enchanted by 
the loveliness of Jesus, they say, " Draw me, we will run after Thee." 

A young woman came to me, one day, after a service, to ask me whether I 
really meant what I said when I declared that he that believed in Jesus Christ was 
saved there and then. "Yes," I replied ; and I gave her the Scriptural warrant for 
the statement. " Why ! " she exclaimed^ " my grandfather told me that, when 
he found religion, it took him six months, and they had nearly to put him into a 
lunatic asylum, he was in such a dreadful state of mind." " Well, well," I answered, 
" that sometimes happens ; but that distress of his did not save him. That was 
simply his conscience and Satan together keeping him away from Christ. When he 
was saved, it was not by his deep feelings ; it was by his believing in Jesus Christ." 
I then went on to set the Saviour before her as our sole ground ot hope in 
opposition to inward feelings. " I see it," she said ; and I rejoiced as I noticed the 
bright light that passed over her face, a flash of heavenly sunshine which I have 
often seen on the countenances of those who have believed in Jesus Christ, when 
peace fills the soul even to the brim, and lights up the countenance with a minor 
transfiguration. Scores of times, when I have been talking with those who have 
been utterly bowed down beneath sin's burden, they have looked as though they 
were qualifying for an asylum through inward grief; but as soon as they have 
caught this thought, " Christ stood as the Substitute for me ; and if I trust in Him, I 
have the proof that He did so, and I am clear," their faces have been lit up as with 
the very glory of Heaven. 

Some persons have come to me for spiritual guidance because they have been 
misled by others. One lady, who called upon me, said that she had not heard me- 



C. I-I. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 3 1 

preach, but she had been reading- my sermons, and God had been pleased to bless 
them to her, not only to her conviction, but to her conversion. She went to 
the clergyman of the parish, full of joy at having found the Saviour, and began to 
tell him of her gladness, and how she rejoiced that all her sins were blotted out. 
He stopped her, and said, " My good woman, that is all a delusion ; you have 
no right to believe that your sins are pardoned, till you have led several years of 
piety and devotion." She went away sad, and she came to ask me if what the 
clergyman said was true ; and when I quoted that verse, — 

" The moment a sinner believes, 
And trusts in his crucified God, 
His pardon at once he receives. 
Redemption in full through His blood ;" — 

"Oh!" she said, "I see it clearly now;" and when I went on to tell her that 
many, who had believed in Christ, had been black sinners one moment, and 
white as snow the next, by casting themselves simply on Christ, they had instantly 
found peace, she could not but take to her heart the precious promises of Christ, 
and, believing in Jesus, being justified by faith, she had the peace of God that 
passeth all understanding, and she went away rejoicing in Jesus. 

I was going to preach in the country, on one occasion ; and before I went, 
I received a letter from a young man who wrote : — " Dear Sir, — When you come 
to this town, do preach a sermon that will fit me ; for I have heard it said that we 
must all think ourselves to be the wickedest people in the world, or else we 
cannot be saved. I try to think so, but I cannot, because I have not been the 
wickedest. I want to be saved, but I do not know how to repent enough." Of 
course, I told him that God does not require every man to think himself the 
wickedest in the world, because that would sometimes be to think a falsehood, 
for there are some men who are not so sinful as others are. What God requires, 
is, that a man should say, " I know more of myself than I do of other people ; 
and from what I see of myself, not merely of my actions, but of my heart, I do 
think there can be few worse than I am. They may be more wicked openly • 
but, then, I have had more light, more privileges, more opportunities, more 
warnings, and therefore I am, in my own opinion at least, more guilty than they 
are." Some friends have really made an obstacle out of the very thing for 
which they ought to have been most grateful. An excellent and amiable young 
woman, when converted to God, said to me, "You know, sir, I used almost to 
wish that I was one of those very bad sinners whom you so often invited to come 
to Jesus, because I thought then I should feel my need more ; that was my 
difficulty, I could not feel my need of Christ." It is a pity that any should 
make a hindrance of this matter ; yet they do, and others make a difficulty for the 
opposite reason ; they say, " Oh ! we could trust Christ if we had been kept from sin." 



32 C. H. SPUKGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

The fact is, that unbeHeving souls will not trust Christ whichever way they have 
lived ; for, from some quarter or other, they will find cause for doubting ; but, 
when the Lord the Spirit gives them faith, big sinners will trust Christ quite as 
readily as those who have not been great offenders openly ; and those who have 
been preserved frorn open sin will trust Him as joyfully as the vilest transgressors. 

We have had, in the Tabernacle, many very remarkable instances of how God 
does still bless the outcasts and the very chief of sinners. There was a man, known 
in the village where he lived by the name of Satan, because of his being so 
thoroughly depraved. He was a sailor, and as another seaman in that place had been 
the means of the conversion of all the sailors in a vessel belonging to the port, this 
man desired to sail with him to try and beat his religion out of him. He did his 
best, — or rather, his worst, — but he signally failed ; and when the ship came to 
London, the Christian man asked the ungodly one whether he would come to 
the Tabernacle. He did not mind coming to hear me, for, as it happened, I was 
brought up near the place where he lived. This "Satan" came, on the Lord's-day 
morning when the text was upon soul-murder; and, by the Holy Spirit's gracious 
application of the Word to his heart, he sat, and sobbed, and cried under the 
sermon at such a rate that he could only say, " People are noticing me, I had 
better go out ; " but his companion would not let him go Out ; and, from that day 
forth, he became a new creature in Christ Jesu.s, and he is living and walking in 
the truth, an earnest believer, singularly clear in his doctrinal knowledge, and doing- 
all that he can for the spread of the Kingdom of Christ. 

On another occasion, on a Lord's-day morning, I preached upon the words 
of the leper, who said to Jesus, " Lord, if Thou wilt. Thou canst make me clean." 
On the following Thursday morning, I received this letter : — " Dear Sir,- — I feel 
so happy to tell you that the Lord has pardoned a poor outcast of society. I got 
into your place, in a crowd, hoping nobody would see me. 1 had been out all 
night, and was miserable. While you were preaching about the leper, my whole 
life of sin rose up before me. I saw myself worse than the leper, cast away by 
everybody ; there is not a sin I was not guilty of. As you went on, I looked 
straight away to Jesus. A gracious answer came, ' Thy sins, which are many, are 
forgiven.' I never heard any more of your sermon, I felt such joy to think that 
Jesus died even for a poor harlot. Long ere you get this letter, I trust to be on 
the way to my dear home I ran away from. Do please pray for me that I may 
be kept by God's almighty power. I can never thank you enough for bringing 
me to Jesus." If it had not been for that -sentence about going home, I might 
have had some doubt concerning her conversion ; but when a fallen girl goes home 
to her father and mother, it is a sure case. This letter gave me great joy ; to see 
souls saved, is Heaven to me. 



C. II. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. T,;^ 

Not only has there been a great variety in the converts during my ministry, but 
the means blessed to their conversion have been very varied/"' One brother, when he 
came to join the church, told us that, as an ungodly stranger, he was going into 
Exeter Hall just as I gave out Charles Wesley's hymn, beginning — 

" Jesu, lover of my soul." 

He said to himself, " Does Jesus really love me ? Then, why should I live in 
enmity to Him ? " There and then, he turned unto the Lord ; and, not long after, 
he came boldly out, and confessed his faith in Christ, and sought to do all he could 
to lead others to the Saviour. 

I remember one friend coming to me, and saying, very earnestly, " I should 
like, sir, to take a seat in the Tabernacle." I answered, " Well, do so, by all manner 
of means ; I am very glad when people do so." " But," said he, " I may not come 
up to what you expect of me, for I have heard that, if I take a sitting here, you will 
expect me to be converted, and I cannot guarantee that." " No," I replied, " I do 
not want you to guarantee it ; I do not mean the word expect in that sense at all ; 
but I do hope that it will be so." " Oh ! " exclaimed he, " and so do I ; I am going 
to take a sitting with that very view." And it was so ; of course, it was so. When 
the man wished it, God accepted the wish, and heard the prayer, and he was brought 
to Christ, and joined the church. 

One brother, when he was giving his testimony before being baptized, said : — 
"The first time I came to hear Mr. Spurgeon in the Tabernacle, if you had asked 
me about myself, I should have told you that I was as religious a man as ever lived 
in Newington, and as good a man, certainly, as ever formed part of any congre- 
gation ; but all this was reversed when I heard the gospel that day. I came out of 
the building with every feather plucked out of me. I felt myself the most wretched 
sinner who could be on the face of the earth, and I said, ' I will never go to hear 
that man again, for he has altogether spoiled me.' But that was the best thing which 
could have happened to me ; I was made to look away from myself, and all that I 
could do, to God, 'and to His omnipotent grace, and to understand that I must pass 
under my Creator's hand again, or I could never se?i His face with joy. I learned 
to loathe my own righteousness as filthy rags, fit only for the fire, and then I sought 
to be robed in the perfect righteousness of Christ." 

Another man, who came to join with us in church-fellowship, owed his con- 
version, indirectly, to a Jew. He was on an omnibus going by the Tabernacle, one 



* Among the interesting instances of blessing which Mr. Spurgeon did not himself record, was the following, which was 
reported by a friend : — " Mr. Spurgeon went to preach at a prominent chapel, and, after taking tea at the deacon's house, he 
walked down to the place of worship under the guidance of the son of the household. ' Do you love my Master ? ' was the 
question which, in his clear, manly way, the Pastor put to his young companion. Before replying, he stopped in the street, 
and, looking his questioner straight in the face, said, ' Mr. Spurgeon, I have walked down to this chapel with the ministers for 
several years, and not one of them ever asked me such a question before.' That faithful word was the beginning of a new 
life; and, seeking God, he found pardon and peace through Christ." 

c 4 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



Sunday, and a crowd was standing- outside, as usual, waiting for the doors to be 
opened. The person sitting next to him was a well-known Jew. "Ah!" said the 
man, "that humbug always attracts the people." The Jew turned round to him, and 
enquired, "Would not you like to see such a crowd as that round your shop? I 
should welcome them at my place of business. I have ridden past here these 
twenty-eight years, and have always seen just such a crowd as that waiting to get in. 
Now, if your shop had been crowded thus for twenty-eight years, and anybody said 
that you did not sell a good article, what would you reply ? You would probably 
answer that those people were good judges, and that, if you had not supplied goods 
that were satisfactory, they would not have kept on coming. Now, I am a Jew, yet 
I am inclined to go in, and listen to what Mr. Spurgeon has to -say, because I see 
these crowds of people going to hear him." The man who had at first made the 
offensive remark was greatly impressed by his companion's observation, -and in 
telling us how it affected him, he said, " I discovered that I had been buying the 
wrong article, and I thought the Jew had spoken very sensibly, so I resolved to go, 
and see and hear for myself." He came, examined the article that was offered for 
sale, and bought it on the gospel terms, "without money and without price." 

One Sabbath evening, while preaching in the Tabernacle, I felt moved to say : — 
" Dear mother, if you have never talked with your daughter about her soul, do it 
this very night. ' But,' you reply, ' when I get home, she will be in bed.' If so, then 
wake her up, but do talk and pray with her to-night ; and then let her fall asleep 
again ; begin at once this holy service if you have neglected it until now." One 
good woman, who was present, went straight home, and did exactly what I had said ; 
she woke her daughter up, and began speaking to her about the Saviour. The dear 
girl said, " Oh, mother ! I am glad you have spoken to me about Jesus ; for 
months, I have been wishing you would do so." It was not long before the 
mother brought her daughter to see me about joining the church, and then told me 
how the blessing had come to her. 

On various occasions, the Lord has set His seal upon a very simple request that 
I made to my congregation. I asked those who were present, after they reached . 
their homes, to spend a litde time quiedy and alone, and then, when they had 
honestly considered their condition in the sight of God, to take a pencil and paper, 
and to write one of two words. If they felt that they were not believers in the Lord 
Jesus Christ, I asked them to write the word Condemned ; but if they were trusting 
to Him alone for salvation, to put on the paper the word Forgiven. Several friends 
were brought to decision for Christ in that way ; amongst them was one young man 
who, at first, wrote the word Condemned ; but, as he looked at it, his tears began to 
flow, and his heart began to break ; and, before long, he fled to Christ, put the paper 
in the fire, took another piece, wrote on it the word Forgiven, and soon came to tell 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 35 

me the good news, and to ask that he might be admitted to church-fellowship. In 
another case, a man went home, and told his wife that he was o-oino- to write the 
word Condemned ; she pleaded with him in vain, for he took the pencil, and was 
just about to make the letter C ; but his little daughter, a Christian girl, cauoht hold 
of his hand, and said, "No, father, you shall not write it;" and by the united 
entreaties of his wife and child, the man was brought to the Saviour, and afterwards 
became a member with them at the Tabernacle. 

My experience goes to show that there have been persons converted to God by 
doctrines that some might have thought altogether unlikely to produce that result. 
1 have known the doctrine of the resurrection to bring sinners to Christ ; I have 
heard of scores brought to the Saviour by a discourse upon election, — the very sort of 
people who, as far as I can see, would never have been reached if that truth had not 
happened to be an angular doctrine that just struck their heart in the right place, 
and fitted into the crevices of their nature. I have often preached a terrible sermon 
upon the law, and afterwards found that sinners had been comforted by it. God 
frequently blesses the Word in the very opposite manner to that In which I thought 
it would be blessed, and He brings very, very many, to know their state by nature 
by doctrines which I should have thought would rather have comforted believers 
than awakened the unconverted. I am constantly driven back to the oreat founda- 
tion truth of Divine Sovereignty, and am made to realize that, In grace as well as In 
providence, — 

"God moves in a mysterious way. 
His wonders to perform." 

I was talking, one day, with an aged minister ; and I noticed that he put his hand 
into his waistcoat pocket, and brought out a letter that was well-nigh worn to pieces. 
As he unfolded It, he exclaimed, "God Almighty bless you, sir! God Almicrhty 
bless you, sir! " I said, "Thank you, my dear sir, for that blessing, but what makes 
you give it to me?" The good man replied, " I had a son, who I thought would 
be the stay of my old age ; but he disgraced himself, and ran away from home, 
and I could not tell where he had gone, only that he said he was goino- to America." 
When the minister had told me so much of his story, he bade me read the letter 
which ran thus: — "Dear Father, — I am here in x"\,merlca : I have found a situation, 
and God has prospered me. I write to ask your forgiveness for the many wronos 
that I have done you, and the grief I have caused you ; and to tell vou that 
blessed be God, I have found the Saviour. I have joined the church here, and 
hope to spend my life in the Redeemer's service. This great change happened 
thus. I did not sail for America on the day I expected to start ; and, havino- a 
leisure hour, I went down to the Tabernacle to see what It was like, and there 



36 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

God met with me. In his sermon, Mr. Spurgeon said, ' Perhaps there is a runaway 
son here. The Lord call him by His grace!' And He did call me." "Now," 
said the minister, as he folded up the letter, and put it into his pocket again, " this 
son of mine is dead, and he has gone to Heaven ; and I love you, and shall 
continue to do so as long as I live, because you were the means of bringing him 
to Christ." It is very difficult to say which ot us was the more happy as we rejoiced 
together over the wanderer who had thus been brought to the Lord. 

On another occasion, a lad, who was just going to sea, came to the Tabernacle, 
and was converted ; and, a few hours after, was in Heaven. He wrote to tell his 
parents that he had found the Saviour ; and, just as they were reading his letter, 
they received news that the vessel in which he sailed had been in collision, and 
that he was drowned. 

Two enquiring ones came to me in my vestry. They had been hearing the 
gospel from me for only a short season, but they had been deeply impressed by 
it. They expressed their regret that they were about to remove far away, but 
they added their gratitude that they had heard me at all. I was cheered by their 
kind thanks, but felt anxious that a more effectual M'ork should be wrought in them, 
and therefore I asked them, " Have you in very deed believed in the Lord Jesus 
Christ ? Are you saved ? " One of them replied, " I have been trying hard to 
believe." I have often heard this statement, but I will never let it go by me 
unchallenged. "No," I said, "that will not do. Did you ever tell your father 
that you tried to believe him ? " After I had dwelt awhile upon the matter, they 
admitted that such language would have been 'an insult to their father. I then 
set the gospel very plainly before them in as simple language as I could, and I 
beo-aed them to believe Jesus, who is more worthy of faith than the best of fathers. 
One of them replied, " I cannot realize it ; I cannot realize that I am saved." Then 
I went on to say, "God bears testimony to His Son, that whosoever trusts in the 
Lord Jesus Christ is saved. Will you make Him a liar now, or will you believe 
His Word?" While I thus spoke, one of them started as if astonished, and 
she startled us all as she cried, "Oh, sir, I see it all ; I am saved ! Do bless Jesus 
for me ; He has shown me the way, and He has saved me. I see it all." The 
esteemed sister who had brought these friends to me knelt down with them while, 
with all our hearts, we blessed and magnified the Lord for a soul bi-ought into 
the light. The other young woman, however, could not see the gospel as her 
companion had done, though I feel sure she will do so ; but it seemed strange that, 
both hearing the same words, one should come out into clear light, and the other 
should remain in the o'loom. 



CHAPTER LXXXVI. 



dfnquims anb Conbtrts (Continued). 




if,|iHEN talking with anxious enquirers, I am often amazed at the 
ingenuity with which they resist the entrance of the truth into 
their hearts. I do not think I have ever been so much astonished 
at the invention of locomotive engines, electric telegraphs, or any 
other feats of human mechanisnii, as I ha\-e been at the marvellous 
aptitude of simple people in finding out reasons why they should 
not believe in the Lord Jesus Christ. After I have proved to them to a 
demonstration that it is the most reasonable and fitting thing in the world tor 
them to trust themselves with Christ, they ask, "How is this to be done?" or, 
" How is that to be accomplished?" and they argue, first one way, and then another, 
all against their own best interests. Often, I go patiently through the whole process 
again and again ; and even when that has been done, there comes another objection. 
I have tracked these people to their holes as diligendy as if I had been a fox-hunter, 
and I have tried to unearth them from their hiding-places ; but I find that they can 
often burrow faster than I can follow them. Oh, the " ifs " and " buts " they put; 
the "perhaps," and " peradventure," and " I don't feel this," and " I don't feel that"! 
Oh, that wicked questioning of Christ ! While talking with them, endeavouring to 
comfort them, and I hope not unsuccessfully, I am often led to realize more deeply 
than before, in my own mind, what an awful crime it is to doubt God, to doubt 
Him who speaks from above, to doubt Him who hung bleeding on the tree. 



Sitting, one day, to see enquirers, a young Dutchman came into the room. He 
had crossed from Flushing, and desired to tell me his difficulties of soul. He began, 
" Sir, I cannot trust in Christ." My answer was, "Why not? What has He done 
that you should speak so ill of Him ? I have trusted everything in His hands, and 
I believe Him to be quite trustworthy. What do you know against His character?" 

" Indeed, sir, I know nothing against Him, and I am ashamed that I have so 
spoken, for I believe the Lord Jesus to be worthy of all confidence. That was not 
what I meant. May I trust Him to save me?" 

" Of course you may, for you are commanded to do so by the gospel, which 
says, ' Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved.' You are warned 
against not believing by the words, ' He that believeth not shall be damned.' " 



38 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

" I may, then, trust Christ ; but does He promise to save all who trust Him ? " 

"Certainly. I have already quoted to you the promise of the gospel. It is 
also written, ' Whosoever shall call upon the Name of the Lord shall be saved.' If 
Jesus does not save you upon your trusting Him, you will be the first He ever 
cast out." 

" Ah, sir, I see it ! Why did I not see it before ? I trust, and Jesus saves me. 
I am well repaid for coming from Flushing." 

I prayed with him, and he went his way trembling for joy. 

A lady came to me, alter a service in the Tabernacle, and asked me to pray 
for her. She had been before to speak to me about her soul, so I said to her, on 
the second occasion, " I told you very plainly the way of salvation, namely, that 
you are to trust yourself in Christ's hands, relying on His atoning sacrifice. Have 
you done that?" She answered, "No," and then asked me whether I would pray 
for her. I said, " No, certainly I will not." She looked at me with astonishment, 
and again asked, "Will you not pray for me?" "No," I replied, "I have nothing 
for which to pray for you. 1 have set the way of salvation before you so simply 
that, if you will not walk in it, you will be lost ; but if you trust Christ now, you 
will be saved. I have nothing further to say to you ; but, in God's Name, to set 
before you life or death." Still she pleaded, " Do pray for me ! " " No," I 
answered, "would you have me ask God to shape His gospel so as to let you 
in as an exception? I do not see why He should. His plan of salvation is the 
only one that ever has been or ever will be of any avail ; and if you will not trust 
to it, I am not going to ask God anything, for I do not see what else is wanted 
from Him. I put this question plainly to you, 'Will you believe in the Lord Jesus 
Christ?'" I certainly was somewhat surprised when the sister said, very 
deliberately, "If it be so, then, that salvation will come to me by believing, I 
do believe what the Script\ire says concerning Christ ; and, moreover, I feel that I 
can trust myself with Him, because He is God, and He has offered a sufficient 
sacrifice for my sins; and I do trust myself to Him just now; and I feel such a 
strange peace stealing over me at this very moment. I have trusted Him, and I am 
certain that I am saved;" and, in an instant, she said to me, "Good evening, sir; 
there are other people waiting to see you," and away she went, like a common-sense 
woman as she was ; and she has often told me, since, how glad she was that I 
refused to pray for her, and so brought her to the decision to trust Christ tor herself, 
and thus to receive the assurance of her salvation. 

There is a great contrast between the way in which different converts begin 
their new life. I have sometimes thouoht that, if a man does not become a 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 39 

high-class Christian during- the first three months after his conversion, he probably 
never will. I have noticed some people who have commenced their Christian career 
in a very feeble fashion. I hope they so began that they were really saved ; but, 
still, they started doubting and fearing, and they kept on in the same style till they 
went to Heaven. "Ah, sir!" said one to me once, "'either all the world has 
altered, or else I have, for people I once delighted in I am now afraid of. The 
things that once made me glad now make me unhappy, and those that I thouoht 
melancholy are now the very things in which I find my highest joy." I am always 
thankful when our friends get a very decided conversion, because, though I am not 
going to say a word against those who come to Christ very gradually, yet their 
experience is rather cloudy. No doubt they are just as safe as others, but they lack 
a good deal of comfort afterwards ; and, sometimes, persons who are very readily 
converted, and who have no very deep sense of sin, are more apt to play with evil 
than others are who have had a clearer sight of its enormity. Some beoin by 
serving the Lord stingily, not giving Him their whole hearts ; or they commence 
coldly, and so they n>.;ver get hot with zeal all their lives. I am glad when a youncr 
convert is red-hot, or even white-hot ; I like to see him too full of zeal, if that is 
possible ; because, when he cools down, he will come just to the right temperature 
if he is too hot at first : but, if he is cool at the beginning, what will he come to 
by-and-by? There are no labourers for the Master who are so useful as those 
who begin to serve Him while they are young. Sometimes. God converts men 
in middle life, or even in old age, and uses them in His service ; but, still, 1 
venture to assert that Church history will show that the most useful servants of 
Christ were those who were caught early, and who from their youth up bore 
testimony to the gospel of Jesus. In the case of some old people, who have 
been professors of religion for years, but who have done next to nothinor for 
Christ, I find it very difificult ever to stir them up at all When I do cret a 
saddle on them, they are very restive creatures, like a horse that has never been 
broken in ; but if I break then> in while they are colts, they get used to their 
work, it becomes a delight to them, and thev would not be happy unless they had 
something to do for the Lord Jesus. 1 remember having a considerable share 
ot sneers, and rebuke-s not a few, from some who thought themselves very wise men, 
because I began preaching at the age of sixteen. I was recommended to tarry at 
Jericho till my beard had grown, and a great many other pieces of advice were oiven 
to me ; but I have never regretted that I was a " boy-preacher " of the Word ; and if 
I could have my time over again, I would like to do just the same as I did then. 

I have been delighted as I have noticed the earnest efforts of many of my 
church-members in seeking to bring sinners to the Tabernacle to hear the gospel. 



40 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

Two of our brethren, both working-men, — one of whom has been a famous runner, 
and who has won prizes in many running-matches, — are accustomed, as they say, to 
hunt in couples for souls. Their usual method is for one to go on one side of the 
street, and his friend on the other, on the Lord's-day morning, in those parts of 
London where Sabbath trading is carried on to the greatest extent. One morning, 
one of them was giving a tract to a person as the other was crossing over to join 
him. to communicate with him on some subject. As the second friend met the man 
who had received the tract, he heard him say. with an oath, "What is the use of 
giving me this tract .^ I shall be in hell in an hour ! " He said to his fellow- 
labourer, on reaching him, "Did you hear what that man said?" . "No," he 
answered, "I did not notice ; what was it ? " "He appeared very wild, and talked 
of being in hell in an hour ; he is either insane, or he is intending to commit 
suicide." " Do you think so ? Then we will be after him." They followed him, and 
the second one, on coming up to the man, said to him, "What did \ou say when you 
took that tract?" "That's no concern of yours," he answered, "mind your own 
business." "Oh ! " was the reply, " but it is my business, for, if I heard aright, you 
said that you would be in hell in an hour." "Yes, I did say so ; this world is worse 
than hell, and I'll be out of it in an hour." " No, you won't," said our friend, " for I 
mean to stick by you ; and I won't leave you for an hour, go where you maw" 

The poor creature then succumbed, and the godly men took him into a coftee- 
shop, and gave him a good breakfast. The man felt less like committing suicide 
after that meal. Our friends knew that the best gospel sermon would not be likely 
to benefit a man who was starving : he had tasted nothing for three days, and had 
walked the streets all the night. Hence, our brethren wisely felt that they must first 
feed his hungry body: and after that, they brought him to the Tabernacle. When 
the service was over, their poor patient looked a little more hopeful, and the soul- 
doctors thought it best to repeat the dose of solid nutriment. They took him 
to a house where they were accustomed to dine, in a humble way, and he shared 
their meal. He went to one of the Bible-classes in the afternoon ; and, in the 
evening, they brought him again to the Tabernacle, and it pleased God to touch the 
poor man's heart, and bring him to a knowledge of himself and his Saviour. Then 
he became communicative, and it appeared that he had left his wife for four or five 
months, and had been living a life of dissipation, sin, and poverty. He gave the 
name and address of his wife, in the North of England ; she was written to, and his 
fare was paid home ; and, after he had gone back, a letter came from the good 
woman, saying that she had been a member with the Wesleyan Methodists, and had 
been long praying for her husband, who had been an awful reprobate, and had at last 
run away from home. Then she thought it was all over with him ; but God 'had 
designs of love towards him, and now he had sat down at the Lord's table with her. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 4I 

She did not know what to say, her heart was so full of (gratitude to God, and to the 
dear friends who had been the means (jf brin^ino- her husband to the Saviour. 

At another time, a man came to join the church ; and, according to our usual 
custom, he was asked how he had become converted, when he told us the following" 
story. He said : — " I was employed in driving a horse and van ; I never thought of 
going to any place of worship, and I do not think anybody ever said a word to me 
about God or Christ until one day when I was crossing over London Bridge when, 
suddenly, a man jumped up, and climbed into the back of my cart. I took my whip 
to lash him oft, but he said, ' Hold hard, mate, I've got a message for you.' This was 
a very curious thing to me, and I asked, ' What is it ? ' 'I will tell you, but I may 
as well sit in front.' So he sat down beside me. Then I asked him, 'What is your 
messaoe ? ' ' It is a messaoe front God to vour soul.' I cursed and swore at him ; 
but that made no difference to him. He said, 'You are the very man I was after. 
I knew you were a swearing man, tor it was that tirst attracted my attention to you, 
and I am sure my message is for you.' I said to him then, ' What have you to say ? 
Come, cut it short.' He did cut it short, and he put it pretty straight, too. He told 
me what would become of my soul if I died a swearer, and he talked to me about 
the world to come. Then he told me that there was a Saviour tor sinners, and that, 
if I trusted Him, I should be saved. Before he left me, he made me promise that I 
would go to hear you, sir. .So I promised, and as I always boasted that I kept 
my word, I came to hear you, though I was precious sorry that I had pre)mised 
to do so. I never got up so early on a Sunday morning betore ; and when the man 
saw me at the gate, he took me in, and gave me his seat, and stood himselt all the 
service, which I thought was very kind on his part. After the sermon, he asked me, 
'Did you like it?' I replied, 'No, I did not; that is not the sort of thing that 
I care, about ; I don't believe in religion,' 'Ah ! but you will,' the man said ; and he 
and I parted company at the gate, and I hoped I should never meet him again. 

" I did not see him for some weeks ; but, one day, as I was walking down the 
Blacktriars Road, I saw him coming along, so I slipped round the first corner, and 
began to run to avoid him ; but, soon, I heard somebody running alter me, and he 
came up to me, and said, ' Well, mate, how are you ? ' ' All right.' ' Are you going 
on any better ? ' he asked. I did not give him any answer, and then he told me 
that he had made up his mind that I should be a Christian one day, and that he 
never meant to let me alone till that came to pass. I believe he would have gone 
into my house with me ; but, as my wife and I were Ibnd of drink, there was only a 
little furniture in it, and I did not wish him to come in, and see the miserable place, 
so, to get rid of him, I proposed to go and hear Mr. .Spurgeon on the next Sunday. 
I kept my promise ; and, now, I am happy to say that I do not need anybod)- to 



42 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

induce me to go to the Tabernacle. I have been here six months, I have found the 
Saviour for m)seU", and I have got four of our men to come down to hear the gospel 
with me." 

Perhaps, next to the joy of actual conversions, the rescue of those who have 
long been in dense spiritual darkness has given me the greatest delight. Many of 
God's people are perplexed with questions concerning their interest in Christ, or they 
are afflicted with deep depression of spirit out of which only the Lord Himself can 
lift them up. I have tried, upon some of the sorely-troubled ones, all the promises 
of the Bible which 1 could remember. I have reminded them of the person of 
Christ, and of His consequent power ; of the sufferings ot Christ, and of His conse- 
quent ability to cleanse from sin ; but I have many times had this answer given 
to me, " When God shutteth up, who can deliver.^" and I have been very often made 
to feel that, as Pastor, / could not quench the fiery darts of the wicked one for 
other people, and that I could not break in pieces the sword of the enemy, for 
others, or even for myself Yet I have been very happy when the Lord has enabled 
me to be the means of cheering any desponding or even despairing soul. One day, 
as 1 came out of the pulpit, there met me a brother-minister, and he said, "Sir, I 
cannot tell you all the particulars now, but I will write to-morrow ; my wife is set at 
liberty." Afterwards, he wrote to tell me how she had been in despair, and what 
sorrow she had suffered, and what a grief it had been to him ; but while I preached 
upon the words, " Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great 
recompence of reward," she was brought out of bondage. Oh, how I praised and 
blessed God, and thought that I would like to preach day and night if I might but 
be the channel of such blessing" again and again ! 

Another case which I remember was that of a man of excellent character, well 
beloved by his family, and esteemed by his neighbours, who was for twenty years 
enveloped in unutterable gloom. He ceased to attend the house of God, because he 
said it was of no use ; and although always ready to help in every good work, yet he 
had an abiding conviction upon him that, personally, he had no part nor lot in the 
matter, and never could have. The more anyone talked to him about the things of 
God, the worse he became ; even prayer seemed but to excite him to more fearful 
despondency. In the providence of God, I was called to preach the Word in his 
neighbourhood ; he was induced to attend, and, by the Holy Spirit's blessing on the 
sermon, he obtained a joyful liberty. After twenty years of anguish and unrest, he 
ended his weary roamings at the foot of the cross, to the amazement of his neigh- 
bours, the joy of his household, and the glory of God. Nor did his peace of mind 
subside ; for, until the Lord gave him a happy admission into eternal rest, he 
remained a vigorous believer, trusting and not being afraid. 



C. II. SPURGEOW S AUTOBIOGRAPHY, 43 

Probably the most notable instance of the uplifting- of a soul from the deepest 
despair was the one which was thus related by Mr. Spurgeon, at a Monday evening 
prayer-meeting ac the Tabernacle, as an illustration of the personal preparation 
which a soul-winner may have to go through before the Lord uses him to certain 
individuals : — 

Some years ago, I was the subject of fearful depression of spirit. Various 
troublous events had happened to me ; I was also unwell, and my heart sank within 
me. Out of the depths I was forced to cry unto the Lord. Just before I went away 
to Mentone for rest, I suffered greatly in body, but far more in soul, for my spirit 
was overwhelmeci. Under this pressure, I preached a sermon from the words, 
"My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?" I was as much qualified to 
preach from that te.xt as ever I expect to be ; indeed, I hope that few of my 
brethren could have entered so deeply into those heart-breaking words. I felt to 
the full of my measure the horror of a soul forsaken of God. Now, that was not 
a desirable experience, I tremble at the bare idea of passing again through that 
eclipse of soul ; I pray that I may never suffer in that fashion again unless the same 
result should hang upon it. 

That night, after the service, there came into my vestry a man who was as nearly 
insane as he could be to be out of an as\lum. His eyes seemed ready to start from 
his head, and he said that he should utterly have despaired if he had not heard that 
discourse, which had made him feel that there was one man alive who understood his 
feelings, and could describe his experience. I talked with him, and tried to encourage 
him, and asked him to come again on the Monday night, when I should have 
a little more time to speak with him. I saw the brother again, and I told him that I 
thought he was a hopeful patient, and 1 was glad that the word had been so suited 
to his case. Apparently, he put aside the comfort which I presented for his 
acceptance, and yet I had the consciousness upon me that the precious truth which 
he had heard was at work upon his mind, and that the storm of his soul would soon 
subside into a deep calm. 

Now hear the sequel. Last night, of all the times in the year, when, strange to 
say, I was preaching from the words, " The Almighty hath vexed my soul," after the 
service, in walked this self-same brother who had called on me five years before. 
This time, he looked as different as noonday from midnight, or as life from death. 
I said to him, " I am glad to see you, for I have often thought about you, and 
wondered whether you were brought into perfect peace." I told you that I went 
to Mentone, and my patient also went into the country, so that we had not met for 
five years. To my enquiries, this brother replied, "Yes, you said I was a hopeful 
patient, and I am sure you will be glad to know that I have walked in the sunlight 
from that day till now. Everything is changed and altered with me." Dear friends, 



44 ' C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

as soon as I saw my poor despairing patient the first time, I blessed God that my 
fearful experience had prepared me to sympathize with him and guide him ; but last 
night, when I saw him perlectly restored, my heart overflowed with gratitude to God 
tor my former sorrowful feelings. I would go into the deeps a hundred times to 
cheer a downcast spirit : it is good for me to have been afflicted that I might know 
how to speak a word in season to one that is weary. 

Many remarkable instances of blessing upon Mr. Spurgeon's sermons were 
never reported to him while he was here. The following pleasing testimony came 
to Mrs. Spurgeon on the first anniversary of his home-going : — 

" More than thirty-nine years ago," the writer said, " when he was a youth of 
nineteen, and I a child of ten, I heard him preach a never-to-be-forgotten sermon, 
which was like an echo upon earth of the ' new song' in Heaven. I was in great 
distress of soul at the time, and had just given myself up as a hopeless backslider, 
when he came to our little chapel, and preached this lovely sermon. The te.xt was, 
'And they sang a new song.' Vividh^ as though it only happened yesterday, do I 
recall every part of that service, and the heavenly smile lighting up his dear young 
face, as, looking round into our pew, he seemed to single me out, and said, ' Have 
yoti learned the key-note of that new song .-^ I'll tell you in a whisper what it is, 'tis 
Jesus ! only Jesus.' And then he went on ringing ' those charming bells' of 'free 
grace and dying love' till my poor heart was lifted up into joy, and peace, and full 
assurance, which, through all the ups and downs of thirty-nine years of spiritual life, 
I have never quite lost. From that day, till the hour he left this world for his native 
Land, it has been my joy to watch, with the profoundest sympathy and love, his 
wonderful and beautiful life, — to weep over his sorrows, to rejoice in his joys, and to 
pray for him in all the trials he endured with such Christlike gentleness and patience. 
None have greater reason than 1 to say, tVom the very heart, ' Bless God for dear 
Mr. Spurgeon ! ' The weekl\- sermon is, next to the Word of God, my meat and my 
drink ; each one seems more precious than the last. I have given away as many as 
I could ; and one, entitled, ' Christ's Hospital,' (No. 2,260,) is such an exquisite 
jewel, such a gem of the first water, that I should like to place it in the hands of 
every human being on the globe. 

" I have often wished to tell your dear one all this ; but now, in your dark days, 
I feel I must tfell you. Mav ' the consolations of God ' indeed abound towards you ! " 

Pastor E. A. Tydeman, one of " our own men," thus relates how a sermon by 
Mr, Spurgeon was the means of preserving from suicide one who had long been in 
terrible distress of mind : — " Some years ago, in a village on the South Coast, I met 
an elderly man, who gave me the following account of the only time he ever heard 



C. IT. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 45 

our dear President. He said : — ' It was in the year 1861, and I was in great anxiety. 
My business was failing, we had trouble in the family, and, worse than all, I had 
allowed my triads to estrange my heart from God. I had from childhood been an 
attendant upon the means of grace, and for many years I was a member of a Baptist 
church ; but I had gradually become a " backslider in heart," and now, when these 
outward troubles came upon me, it appeared to me that the Lord had cast me away 
from His presence, and taken His Holy Spirit from me, till I said, with Israel's 
first king, "God is departed from me, and answereth me no more." My wife — a 
godly woman, — did her best to rouse me from my despondency, but to no purpose ; 
and I went from bad to worse, forsaking the house of God, and the companionship 
of His people, till I seemed to have lost all hope, and almost all desire for the 
knowledge of the ways of the Lord. Then I seemed to hear the evil one say, 
" Curse God, and die." Yes, what better course could I take ? If I must be 
damned, why not meet my fate at once ? I went down to the shore, for I lived not 
far from the sea ; but the thought that my body would probably be washed up where 
I was so well known, deterred me. 

"'Then came the suggestion, why not go to London, where I should be a 
stranger, and end my life there ? So, going home, — it was a Saturday, and the 
week's work was done, — I got ready for the journey, and telling my wife that I should 
not be home till Monday, I took train and went to town ; and, all that evening, I 
wandered from street to street in utter wretchedness, and when it was dark, I went 
down to the riverside ; but, at every available spot, I found someone standing about, 
who seemed to be watching me, so I gave up the idea tor that night. I found a 
lodging somewhere in the neighbourhood of Kennington Lane, intending to carry 
out my purpose on the Sunday, when the wharves and lanes would be more lonely. 
It was long before I could sleep, and I was late in rising the next morning. After I 
had eaten my breakfast, I went out, and asking the way to London Bridge, turned 
my steps in that direction, the load at my heart heavier than ever, yet with no 
relenting in my determination to end my wretched life. Wandering disconsolately 
along, I came to a spot where a crowd was waiting, outside a large building, which I 
must have passed the night before without noticing it. I found, on enquiry, that the 
place was none other than " Spurgeon's Tabernacle," — as my informant styled it. 
Scarcely realizing what I did, I joined the people waiting on the steps, and, when the 
doors were opened, found myself hurried forward by the press, till I had reached the 
uppermost landing. Once fairly inside, it seemed as though every seat was 
occupied ; but, after a while, I secured a place at the back of a recess in the top 
gallery. 

" 'There was a hush as the minister came to the front of the platform, and said, 
" Let us pray," but the prayer did not touch me, for he was evidendy on the mount 



46 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

with God, and I was in the deeps of despair. After the prayer, a hymn was sung ; 
but,' though all around me were singing, I could not ; and I remained in the same 
state all through the reading, the singing, and the prayer which followed, for my 
heart was still unmoved, unless it was to a deeper depth of darkness. Then came 
the text. Psalm xxxv. 3 ; and if I live to be a hundred years old, I shall never forget 
the thrill which passed through me as Mr. Spurgeon read these words, "Say unto 
my soul, I am thy salvation," and then, coming forward to the front rail, he looked 
up at me, and said, " Say unto Jiiy soul, I am thy salvation," and if ever God's voice 
was heard on earth by human ear, it was heard by me that morning. The first 
time, for many a weary week, a gleam of hope came to my soul, and I sat and drank 
in the message, as a thirsty pilgrim in a desert land might drink at Elim. As the 
sermon ad\^anced, and various phases of soul-conflict were depicted, I trembled with 
emotion, till I could sit no longer ; it was fortunate that I was in front of no one, for 
there I stood during the rest of the service, with eyes intent, and, for aught I know, 
with mouth wide open, too ; and when once, during the sermon, the preacher looked 
up at me, and spoke of one " standing far away in the gallery," * I thought that I 
must have, shouted. Long before the close of the discourse, my handkerchief was 
wet with tears, but they were tears of joy ; and when the end came, I made straight 
for the door, saying to those before me, " Let me out. or I shall knock somebody 
down ! " " Are you out of your mind } " said one. " No, thank God ! ' I answered, 
" not out of it, but in it for the first time for many a long day ; " and so I passed out 
into the street, and for hours, oblivious of everyone and everythmg around me, I 
wandered up and down with a heart as full of joy and praise as it could hold ; and 
from then till now, I have never lost the assurance that God is my salvation.' " 

Another of " our own men," Pastor W. E. Rice, reports the following- 
remarkable case of conversion, which was related to him by a Congregational 
minister in Australia :— " Some years ago, a father, living in a country town, 
apprenticed his son to a London silversmith. For a time, all seemed to be going 
well : but, one day, he received a letter to say that the lad had robbed his master. 
With a sad heart, he hastened to town only to find, alas ! that it was but too true. 
The indentures were cancelled, and the boy left his situation in disgrace. As the 
father and son were walking through the crowded streets of the City, the lad 
suddenly darted away, and disappeared. The police searched for him in vam, and 
the poor man had to return alone to tell the sad news to his broken-hearted wife. 

"Years passed, and nothing was heard of the prodigal son, One Sabbath 
evening, the parents stayed home from the service ; and, while sitting quiedy reading 



* In the published sermon, No. 384, this expression appears :—" Though you are standing far away in the gallery, you, 
say, ' Ah ! that is my character.' " 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 47 

God's Word, they were unusually constrained to pray for their lost boy ; and they 
knelt down together, and asked that he might be arrested in his sinful career, and 
brought back to the old home. Presently, the servant came back from the service 
she had attended, and her master enquired as to the sermon she had heard. 
' Oh, sir ! ' she said, ' I have not heard a word of the sermon ; I could do nothing but 
pray for Master Harry.' 

"That night, some men M'ere passing the Metropolitan Tabernacle, on their 
way to break into the shop ot a certain silversmith in London, when one said to 
another, ' Harry, just run up the steps, and see the time.' He did so, opened the 
door, and stood in the aisle. Mr. Spurgeon was preaching about the dying thief; 
and, seeming to point direct at Harry, said, in those ringing, well-remembered tones, 
'If there is a thief here to-night, Jesus Christ can save him.'' The arrow hit the 
mark. Harry went back to his garret to pray ; and, in a week's time, there was a 
knock at the door of the old home in that country town. The father opened it, 
stood face to tace with his long-lost son : and then followed the old story of the 
prodigal's return, — tears, confession, forgiveness, welcome, restoration, joy." 

Mr. Cheyne Brady has thus recorded the means used by God for the conviction 
and conversion of a man who had previously lived a terribly dissolute life : — "After 
some years spent in the service of sin, he set his heart on a change of residence. 
A house likely to suit him being pointed out, he went to the proprietor, and asked 
for the key. The landlord offered to accompany him, and show him the house : but 
he declined, saying he preferred going over it by himself Having examined the 
lower part of the dwelling, he proceeded upstairs, and ascended to the attic. As he 
entered, he saw something scratched on the wind<^w-pane, and approached nearer 
in order to read it. These words, traced with a diamond, met his gaze : — 

" ' Prepare to Meet tiiv God.' 

" He staggered, and, for the first time in his life, he trembled before his Maker. 
The Spirit of; God met him there alone. He stood riveted to the spot ; and, in the 
agony of his soul, he cried out, ' Lord, have mercy upon me ! Lord, save me ! ' At 
length, he got out of the house ; but the solemn message followed him, ' Prepare 
to meet thy God.' He lost all pleasure in his fox-hunting, and became utterly 
miserable. He tried to drown serious thought amongst his evil companions, but 
those warning words haunted him wherever he went. 

" Several days passed thus, when his eye caught a notice that, in a certain 
village, sixteen miles off, Mr. Spurgeon was to preach that evening. He said to 
himself, ' Pll eo and hear that man.' He ordered his horse, and rode the sixteen 
miles, that he might listen to something which, perchance, would give his wounded 
spirit relief. The text was, ' Come unto Me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, 



48 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

and I will give you rest ; ' and, in the course of the sermon, Mr. Spurgeon made an 
earnest personal appeal, which was blessed by the Holy Spirit to the conscience- 
stricken sinner, who, there and then, believed in the Lord Jesus, and left the chapel 
a new man in Christ." 

Rev. D. A. Doudney, Hatford Rectory, Faringdon, has recalled a remarkable 
incident, which was related to him by Mr. Spurgeon : — " He told me that, many 
years ago, a well-dressed man, with a very proud and conceited manner, came to see 
him in his vestry with a view to joining the church at the Tabernacle. The man 
said, ' I purpose giving seven thousand pounds to any object connected with your 
congregation, or in which you are interested, but it is on the condition that you accept 
me as one of your members.' Mr. Spurgeon told him that he could not receive him 
into the church unless he felt sure that he was a converted man, and he asked him 
several searching questions. To all these enquiries, the man gave very unsatisfactory 
replies ; and, consequently, Mr. Spurgeon said that, although he was extremely 
sorry, he could not see his way to accept him whilst he was in his present spiritual 
state. The man was astounded. ' What ! ' he exclaimed, ' do you mean to tell me 
that you will not receive me with seven thousand pounds, — seven thousand pounds?' 
' No,' said Mr. Spurgeon, ' nor if you oflered me se\'enty times seven thousand 
pounds.' The man went away in a rage. 

" Mr. Spurgeon told me that, just then, money was greatly needed in connection 
with some of his undertakings, and seven thousand pounds would have been a most 
welcome gift ; but he clearly felt that his visitor was not in a satisfactory spiritual 
condition, and that, therefore, he could not conscientiously accept him. Shortly 
afterwards, the man was admitted into another congregation, the minister of which 
was not so scrupulous ; but, some years later, the same individual came again into 
Mr. Spurgeon's vestry, and it was at once evident that he was greatly altered. No 
self-conceit was apparent in him then, but deep humility. He did not allude to a 
gift of seven thousand pounds, or. indeed, to any gift; but. after asking Mr. 
Spurgeon whether he remembered him and his rejection, he said that he had reason 
to thank God, with all his heart, for the treatment he then received, because it was 
the means of leading him to look within, to consider what his state was before God, 
to discover his many deficiencies ; and, eventually, it resulted in his being enabled to 
rejoice that he had been made a new creature in Christ Jesus. A few questions and 
answers confirmed his statement, and then Mr. Spurgeon had the pleasure of 
willingly accepting him. He was for some years a useful member of the church at 
the Tabernacle ; and, at length, he passed away in the full faith of the gospel." 



CHAPTER LXXXVII. 



''OTcstoooi:i;' 




We have often been advised to rise from Nightingale Lane to higher ground, to escape a portion 
of the fogs and damps which hang almost always over our smoky city. In the good providence of God, 
we have been led to do so, and we are now upon the Southern heights. We did not seek out the place, 
but it came into our hands in a very remarkable manner, and we were bound to accept it. We have left 
the room which has been so long our study, and the delightful garden where we were wont to walk and 
meditate. Not without many a regret have we transferred our nest from our dear old home to the Hill 
of Beulah. 

What a type of our departure out of this world is a removal from an abode in which we have lived 
tor years! Many thoughts have thronged our mind while we have been on the wing from the spot 
where we have dwelt tor more than twenty years.— C. H. S., in "Spm-geons Illustrated Almanack" 
for i8Sl. 

iONCERNING the removal from "Helensburgh House" to "West- 
wood," Mr. Spurgeon often said: — "I did not arrange it myself; 
the Lord just put a spade underneath me, and transplanted me to 
Norwood." The change came to pass in the following way. In 
the year 1880, a great trouble arose through what was intended 
to be only a joy and a help. Mrs. Tyson, who had long been a 
generous donor to all the Tabernacle Institutions, made a will by which she meant 
to leave to the College and Orphanage the greater part of her estate, subject to the 
payment of certain annuities to a number of aged pensioners upon her bounty. The 
kind testatrix appointed, as her executors, Mr. Spurgeon and a clerical friend, 
explaining that she did so on purpose to ensure that there should be no question 
about the carrying out of her intentions ; but, unhappily, the bequests included her 
real as well as personal property, and therefore came within the scope of the Law 
of Mortmain. The whole affair was complicated in so many ways that the 
executors Avere obliged to arrange with the Trustees of the College and Orphanage 
to institute a friendly suit in the Court of Chancery in order to have an authoritative 
decision upon the points about which there was uncertainty. This involved a heavy 
addition to the dear Pastor's work, and necessitated many journeys to " White 
Lodge," Biggin Hill, Upper Norwood, where Mrs. Tyson had lived. 

After the executors had paid one of their periodical visits, Mr. Spurgeon 
suggested that, before returning home, they should drive as far as the front of the 
Crystal Palace. Proceeding along Beulah Hill, the notice of a house and estate for 
sale caught his eye as he passed a gateway which was afterwards to become very 
familiar to him. He had long felt the need of removing to higher ground, and to a 
more secluded spot than the once rural Nightingale Lane had become, and he had 

D 4 



50 



C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY, 



been makino; enquiries in various directions ; but, so far, he had not heard of any 
place which was sufficiently near the Tabernacle, and, at the same time, fairly clear 
of the smoke and fog of London. On reaching the Palace, the return journey was 
commenced; and, soon, the carriage was back in Beulah Hill, and nearing the gate 
where the board had been seen. Bidding the coachman stop, the Pastor asked his 
secretary to find out what the notice said. It appeared that cards to view the 
property were required ; but, on asking at the house, permission was at once given 
for Mr. Spurgeon to see all he wished, and then, for the first time, he passed down 
the drive, and beheld his future home. 




"WESrWOOD" GATES, LODGE, AND DRIVE. 



C. II. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 5 1 

As soon as he caught sight of " Westvvood," he exclaimed, "Oh, that place is 
far too grand for me ! " and, after a very brief inspection, he left without having 
any anticipation of becoming its owner. So completely did he give up all 
thought of living there, that he did not even send anyone to the sale ; but, a few 
days afterwards, he received a note telling him that the reserve price had not been 
reached, and asking if he would make an offer for the estate. Then came what 
Mr. Spurgeon always regarded as the providential interposition of God in the matter. 
That very day, the builder, whom he always employed for all work needed at 
" Helensburgh House," called to enquire if he wanted to sell his home ; because, if 
so, one of his neighbours wished to buy it as a residence for his son-in-law who was 
returning from abroad. The Pastor then mentioned the house he had seen at 
Norwood, and added, "If I could get for this place anything like what is needed to 
purchase the other, I should be glad to make the e.xchange." A consultation was 
held as to the price to be asked, a sum was stated, and duly reported to the 
neighbour, who at once said, " I should not think of offering Mr. Spurgeon any less, 
for I am sure he would only fi.x a fair value ; I will give you a deposit to seal the 
bargain." The builder soon returned with the message and cheque ; but Mr. 
Spurgeon said, " I must wait to see if I can buy ' Westwood,' or I shall be out of 
house and home." He drove again to Beulah Hill, found that he could, without 
difficulty, meet the difference in the price of the two places, and, within a few hours, 
the old home was sold, and the new one secured, as he always believed, by Divine 
arrangement. 

The incoming residents at " Helensburgh House " desired to have some 
permanent memorial of their predecessor's occupancy of the house, so Mr. Spurgeon 
wrote the following inscription, and had it engraved, and fixed underneath the large 
painted window at the end of the study : — 

"Farewell, fair room, I leave thee to a friend: 
Peace dwell with him and all his kin! 
May angels evermore th.e house defend ! 
Their Lord hath often been within." 

In August, the removal took place, and in the next number of The Sword and 
the Trowel, the Editor wrote: — "Simple as the matter of change of residence may 
be, it has sufficed to create all sorts of stories, among which is the statement that 
'Mr. Spurgeoiis people have given him a house.' My ever-generous friends would 
give me whatever was needful ; but, as I had only to sell one house and buy 
another, there was no necessity for their doing so. Having once accepted a noble 
presentation from them, and having there and then handed it over to the Alms- 
houses, it would by no means be according- to my mind to receive a second public 
testimonial. One friend who heard of my change of residence right generously sent 
help towards the expense of removal ; but, beyond this, it is entirely my own 



52 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY, 



concern, and a matter about which I should have said nothing if it had not been for 
this gossip." 

Though Mr. Spurgeon had described " Westwood " as being far too grand for 
him, he was very vexed when an American visitor pubHshed a grossly-exaggerated 
account of " its park, and meadows, and lakes, and streams, and statuary, and stables," 
which were supposed to rival those of the Queen at Windsor Castle! It would be 
difticult to find the "park", for the whole estate comprised less than nine acres, — 
three of which were leasehold ; — and the numerous "lakes and streams" which the 
imaginative D.D. fancied that he saw, were all contained in the modest piece of 
water across which the prettiest view of the house can be obtained. 




A PEEP ACROSS THE LAKE. 



H. SrURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



53 



Mr. Spurgeon hoped that one effect of his removal to " Westwood " would be 
that he might enjoy better health than he had at Clapham ; he even cherished the 
notion that the change would be so beneficial that he would not need to go to Mentone 
in the winter. But overwork exacted the same penalties in the new home as in the 
old one. For a time, the hydropathic appliances at the Beulah Spa seemed to 
afford relief; but, by-and-by, they also failed, and the Pastor, in his own expressive 
way, said that he had resolved to go to Heaven as the Israelites crossed the Jordan, 
dryshod. The friendly connection with the hydropathic establishment was, however, 
still maintained, for its proprietor was permitted to have a pipe running from his 
house to the well in Mr. Spurgeon's garden, so that any of the guests who desired 




THE WELL IN THE GARDEN. 



to drink the Beulah Spa water might have a supply of it. The prospectus, issued 
at the time that "Westwood" was offered for sale, contained a very elaborate 
description of the virtues of the water, and its medicinal value as compared with 
that of other springs in England and on the Continent ; but Mr. Spurgeon never 
concerned himself much about it, though he occasionally drank it himself, and gave 
others the opportunity of following his example. 

Apart from its private uses, perhaps " Westwood " was never more thoroughly 
utilized than on the occasions when tutors and students gathered there, to spend a 
long and delightful day with their beloved President.* The rosary was the usual 

* This happy custom has been continued annually by Mrs. C. H. Spurgeon. 



54 



C. H. SPURGEON'S AUTOBIOGRArHY. 



place of meeting- ; and here, after partaking of refreshments, a brief devotional 
service was held, followed by the introduction of the new students. The name of 
;nearly every one of them, or something about his previous calling, or the place from 
.which he had come, furnished material for that ready wit with which Mr. Spurgeon 
brightened all parts of his service ; and the freshmen were always warned that the 
festive proceedings of the opening day were not to be regarded as representative 
of the rest of their College career, which must be one of real hard work, so 
that they might derive all possible benefit from the season of preparation for the 
ministrv. 




SUMMERHOUSE, AN'D BOWLS "N 



As the brethren dispersed to their various forms of recreation, a number of them 
always chose the Puritan game of bowls ; and in the summerhouse overlooking the 
lawn, the President and tutors watched them, and, at the same time, talked over any 
matters on which they might need to consult. Thus, on one occasion, a brother 
was called from his plav to receive a commission to. go to the Falkland Islands; 
another was summoned to eo to the mission-field ; while to others was entrusted 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



55 



the honour of reviving some decaying church in an English village, or starting a 
new one amidst the dense population of London or some provincial town. 



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^^91 




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THE HOUSE AS VIEWED FROM THE LAWN. 



The top of the round tower, visible from the lawn, is the place from which a 
wide extent of country can be seen ; and many of the students, in days past, sought 
and secured permission to "view the landscape o'er." The grand stand at Epsom 
is plainly discernible from the grounds ; but, from the greater height, the tower on 
Leith Hill, and, in a peculiarly favourable state of the atmosphere, Windsor Castle 
also, can be descried. 

The steps leading down to the lawn often formed a convenient rallying-point 
for the evening meeting, though sometimes the brethren were grouped around 
the upper summerhouse. Far away across Thornton Heath rolled the great volume 
of sound as the male choir of eighty to a hundred voices sang the sweet songs of 
Zion, of which the College anthem — " Hallelujah for the Cross ! " — was certain to be 
one. The words spoken by the Pres'ident, at those gatherings, are gratefully 
remembered by brethren now labouring for the Lord in various parts of the world. 



56 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRArHY. 



During the day, informal meetings were held under " The Question Oak," 
which gained that name because, beneath its widely-spreading branches, Mr. 
Spurgeon allowed the students to put to him any enquiry that they pleased, and he 
answered them all without a moment's hesitation, and often interspersed his replies 
with the narration of striking incidents in his own experience, such as those recorded 
in Vol. III., pages 192 — 6. 

The lake is not likely to be forgotten by some of the Pastors' College brethren 
who are now in the ministry. On the first visit of the students to " Westwood," the 
President told them to go wherever they pleased, and to explore the whole place. 
It was not very long before some of them discovered that there was a boat on 




THE BOAT ON THE LAKE. 



the lake, and not many minutes more before the boat and all its crew had gone down 
into the mud ! 

Happily, the coachman's cottage was close by, so it became a place of 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiograpiiy. 57 

refuge for the shipwrecked collegians, who received the sympathetic attentions of 
their brethren while their garments were being restored to a wearable condition ; 
and they were themselves temporarily clothed from the wardrobe of Mr. Spurgeon 
and the coachman. As the students were not so stout as the former, nor so tall as 
the latter, they were not very comfortable in their borrowed raiment ; but, later in 
the day, they appeared in their proper garb, and the President then turned the 
adventure to practical account by warning them to keep clear of the muddy waters 
of doubt, and not to trust themselves off tcTra firma unless they were sure of the 
trustworthiness of their boat and the skill of the oarsman. 

In addition to the students of the Pastors' College, many other visitors have, 
from time to time, been welcomed at "Westwood." On one occasion, a party of 
.American friends, who had been worshipping at the Tabernacle on the Sabbath, 
asked Mr. Thomas Cook, of Leicester, by whom they were being " personally 
conducted " through London, to seek permission for them to see the preacher at his 
home. This was readily accorded ; and one of their number. Dr. J. G. Walker, 
wrote, after Mr. Spurgeon's home-going, a long and interesting account of their 
reception. The following extract will convey a good idea of the impressions made 
upon the Transatlantic visitors that day, and also on many others who, at different 
times, saw the dear Pastor in his own house and garden :-^ 

"Turning into the open gateway, a short drive along the thickly-shaded 
carriage-way brings us to the house itself, now and ever to be known by the familiar 
name of 'Westwood.' Mr. Spurgeon is at the carriage before we alight, and gives 
us such a cordial greeting that we immediately feel at home ourselves. We spend a 
few moments, in the rosary, in further social intercourse. Then, with cheerful, 
though somewhat laboured, steps, our genial host leads us along the grass-bordered 
walks around the house, down a winding pathway sheltered by overhanging trees, 
over a little rustic bridge, and along the edge of a miniature lake ; then out upon a 
sloping stretch of open ground, from the summit of which the ' Westwood ' dwelling- 
sends down its sunny glances, and beyond which the widening expanse of a 
picturesque English landscape suggests to heart and voice alike the familiar 
melody 'Sweet Beulah Land.' 

"At every step, we find ourselves drawn closer and closer to the man himself, 
as, with unaffected simplicity, and with easy, brilliant, entertaining conversation, he 
makes the moments pass too quickly by. Recalling these glimpses of the social 
and domestic life of the great preacher, leads me to indicate a few of the impressions 
that are most tenderly cherished. I was especially struck with his love of nature. 
He lived in loving acquaintance with his beautiful surroundings. He seemed to be 
on terms of closest intimacy with every leaf, and plant, and flower ; and, without 



58 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

question, this may very largely account for his own marked naturalness in speech 
and movement, both in the pulpit and out of it. Like the leaves, and plants, and 
flowers, he loved to be just what God made him. > 

" ' Come into my picture gallery,' said he, ' and let me show you some pictures 
painted by God Himself.' Again we found ourselves at the entrance to the rosary, 
where our attention was directed to certain openings which had been made in the 
dense foliage. Placing us in the proper positions before these open spaces, he 
invited us to look through them ; and, as we did so, we found ourselves gazing upon 
natural pictures that were all the more beautiful because they enabled us, as well 
as the owner of the gallery, to 'look through nature up to nature's God.' In all 
these methods of expression, there was not the least show of affectation, or any 
assumption of sanctimoniousness. The entire conduct and conversation of the 
man, both in his private walks and public ways, breathed out the fervour and the 
frankness of a soul who knows and loves God, and who lives and communes with 
his Saviour." 

A visitor at " VVestwood," who professed to have come from the United States, 
was 'received by Mr. Spurgeon with considerable cordiality because he announced 
himself as "Captain Beecher, . the son of Henry Ward Beecher." He was 
conducted through the grounds, and had the special attractions of the place pointed 
out to him ; ■ and he, on his part, managed very well to sustain the 7'o/e he had 
assumed until, just before leaving, he said, "Oh, Mr. Spurgeon! excuse me for 
making such a request, but could you change a cheque for me ? Unfortunately, I 
waited until after the bank was closed, and I want some money very particularly 
to-night." The dear Pastor's suspicions were at once aroused, and he said, with 
pardonable severity, "I do not think you ought to make such a request to me. If 
you are really Mr. Beecher's son, you must be able, through the American consul, 
or some friend, to get your cheque cashed, without coming to a complete stranger ; " 
and, foiled in his attempt, the young- man departed. A few days afterwards, a 
gentleman was murdered in a carriage on the Brighton railway ; and when the 
portrait of the criminal, Lefroy, was published in the papers, Mr. Spurgeon 
immediately recognized the features of his recent visitor, though he never under- 
stood the reason for the man's strange call at " Westwood." 

One place to which " Westwood " visitors were sure to be taken was the 
fernery ; and among the many treasures to which their attention was directed, the 
mother-fern was never forgotten, and most of them received from the dear owner, as 
living mementos of their visit, some of the baby-ferns growing on the parent-plant. 
At one of the Tabernacle prayer-meetings, Mr. Spurgeon gave an address upon the 



C. II. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



59 



mother-fern, in which he urged his hearers to seek to be spiritually what it was 
naturally, and, by the grace of God, to be the means of reproducing themselves in 
their converts, in whom the same blessed process might be repeated by the eftectual 
working of the Holy Spirit. 




THE FERNERY. 



At one time, bees were kept at " Westwood," and Mr. Spurgeon was intensely 
interested in watching them whenever he had a few minutes to spare, or any 
visitors who could explain their various movements. The scientific lecturer at 
the Pastors' College, at that period, was Professor Frank Cheshire, — a. great 
authority on bees and bee-culture ; and he was delighted to place his wide 
knowledge of the subject at the dear President's disposal. One day, he brought 
with him a Ligurian queen, which he had procured on purpose to add to the value 
of the Pastor's busy bees, and he was delighted to see how quickly her majesty 
made herself at home among her English subjects. 

After a while, Mr. Spurgeon noticed that the little creatures appeared to have 
to fly so far afield, to "gather honey all the day," that they seemed quite tired out 



6o " C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

when they reached the hives, or fell exhausted before they could get back to their 
homes. There was also much difficulty in keeping them alive through the winter ; 
so he, reluctantly, parted with them. Before he did so, however, he had one 
experience, connected with them, which he never forgot. On a calm summer's 
evenincr, he was standing to watch them, when, without giving him any warning, 
hundreds of them settled on his clothes, and began crawling all over him. He 
rushed upstairs, stripped off all his garments, threw them quickly out of the 
bedroom window, and, marvellous to relate, he escaped without a single sting. 

One Monday morning, not long after removing to " Westwood," the whole 
household was in a state of consternation because there had been a burglary during 
the night. On the Sabbath evening, a service had been h-eld in the study, and a 
small window had been opened for ventilation. It was not noticed at the time for 
lockino- up, so it remained open, and made it a comparatively easy matter for a thief 
to enter. He did not get much for his pains, and his principal plunder almost led to 
his arrest. Mr. John B. Gough had given to Mr. Spurgeon a valuable stick as a 
token of his affection ; this was amongst the burglar's booty, and, after hammering 
out of shape the gold with which it was adorned, he offered it for sale at a 
pawnbroker's in the Borough. It was possible still to read the name, C. H. 
Spuro-eon, in the precious metal, so an assistant was despatched for the police ; 
but, before they arrived, the man decamped, and was not seen again. 

Annoying as the incident was, the Pastor always said that he was decidedly a 
o-ainer by the transaction. With the amount he received for the battered gold, he 
bought some books which were of more use to him than the handsome stick would 
ever have been. Then the Trustees of the Orphanage felt that, as he was the 
Treasurer of the various Institutions, and often had money, and documents of value, 
belonging to them, in his possession, he ought to have a safe in which to keep them, 
so they presented one to him. The burglar had thrown down, in the study, a 
number of lighted matches, and the- loose papers in various parts of the room were 
set on fire, so that a great conflagration might easily have resulted, if the Lord had 
not graciously prevented such a calamity. Thankfulness for this providential escape 
was followed by the recollection that, since the transfer of the property from the 
former owner, the premises had not been insured, so that the loss, in case of fire, 
would have been serious. That neglect was speedily remedied ; and, by means of 
electric bells, and other arrangements, special protection was provided for the future. 

News of the burglary was published, in various papers, with considerable 
exaggeration ; and, perhaps as the result of the publicity thus given, Mr. Spurgeon 
received a letter, purporting to have been written by the thief; and it bore so many 
marks of being a genuine epistle that it was really believed that it came from the 



C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRArHY. ' 6l 

man himself. Among other things, he said that he didn't know it was "the 
hortiings' Spurgin " who hved there, for he would not have robbed him, and he put 
the very pertinent question, " Why don't you shut your windows and keep a dog?" 
From that time, dates the entry to " Westwood " of "Punch" — the pug concerning 
whom his master testified that he knew more than any dog ever ought to know ! 





"punch" and "gyp." 

One Thursday evening, when preaching at the Tabernacle, Mr. Spurgeon 
introduced his canine friend into the sermon, and turned to good account his 
pugnacious propensities : — " I think that I have heard preachers who have seemed 
to me to bring out a doctrine on purpose to fight over it. I hcive a dog, that has a 
rug in which he sleeps ; and when I go home to-night, he will bring it out, and 
shake it before me, — -not that he particularly cares for his rug, bnX. because he knows 
that I shall say, ' I'll have it,' and then he will bark at me, and in his language say, 
' No, you won't.' There are some people who fetch out the doctrines of grace just 
in that way. I can see them trotting along with the doctrine of election just in 
order that some Arminian brother may dispute with them about it, and that then 
they may bark at him. Do not act so, beloved." 

In many of his letters from Mentone, Mr. Spurgeon mentioned his dog ; a few 
extracts will show how fond he was of the intelligent creature : — ■" I wonder whether 
Punchie thinks of his master. When we drove from the station here, a certain 
doggie barked at the horses in true Punchistic style, and reminded me of my old 
friend. . . . Punchie sending me his love pleased me very much. Poor doggie, 
pat him for me, and give him a tit-bit for my sake. ... I dreamed of old Punch ; 
I hope the poor dog is better. . . . Kind memories to all, including Punch, 
How is he getting on '^ I rejoice that his lite is prolonged, and hope he will live til! 
my return. May his afflictions be a blessing to him in the sweetening of his 
temper! . . . Tell Punchie, ' Master is coming !' " 

" Punchie," on his part, was very much attached to his dear owner, except wher? 



62 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

Mr. Spurgeon had the gout, and then the old dog would not go near the poor 
sufferer. The faithful friend in the time of affliction was "Punch's" son, "Gyp." 
He was not as wise as his father ; indeed, he was often called a stupid creature, and 
his master made a telling illustration out of his folly in barking at thunder. The 
paragraph may fittingly end the present chapter, for it shows how Mr. Spurgeon 
employed in his Lord's service even the slightest incidents that occurred in his 
own home. 

On that occasion, he wrote : — " The first time our young dog heard the 
thurider, it startled him. He leaped up, gazed around in anger, and then began to 
bark at the disturber of his peace. When the next crash came, he grew furious, 
and flew round the room, seeking to tear in pieces the intruder who dared thus to 
defy him. It was an odd scene. The yelping of a dog pitted against the artillery 
of heaven ! Poor foolish creature, to think that his bark could silence the thunder- 
clap, or intimidate the tempest! What was he like? His imitators are not far to 
seek. Among us, at this particular juncture, there are men of an exceedingly 
doggish breed, who go about howling at their Maker. They endeavour to bark 
the Almighty out of existence, to silence the voice of His gospel, and to let Him 
know that their rest is not to be disturbed by His warnings. We need not par- 
ticularize ; the creatures are often heard, and are very fond of public note, even 
when it takes an unfriendly form. Let them alone. They present a pitiful spectacle. 
We could smile at them if we did not feel much more compelled to weep. The 
elements of a tragedy are wrapt up in this comedy. To-day, they defy their Maker ; 
but, to-morrow, they may be crushed beneath His righteous indignation. At any 
rate, the idea of fearing them must never occur to us ; their loudest noise is vocalized 
folly ; their malice is impotent, their fury is mere fume. ' He that sitteth in the 
heavens shall laugh : the Lord shall have them in derision,'" 



CHAPTER LXXXVIII. 



a €vm\ WittKs mo± 

Preaching at the Tabernacle, on the text, "Jesus therefore, being wearied with His journey, sat 
thus on the well," Mr. Spurgeon said; — "It seems rather singular, but it is worthy of notice, tliat our 
Lord appears to have been more tired than His disciples were, for they had gone away into the city to 
buy meat ; I suppose that He might have gone with them if He had not been more fatigued than they 
were. He was quite worn out, and thoroughly spent; and so, while they went into Sychar to purchase 
provisions, He sat down on the well. I take it that, in all probability, the reason is this,— He had 
mental weariness associated with His bodily fatigue ; and when the two things come together, they 
make a man wearied indeed. I know that there are some who fancy that, to think and to care for 
others, to preach and to teach, is not much of work. Well, my dear brother, I can assure you that you 
may keep on working much longer with your arm than you can with your brain; and I am speaking 
from experience when 1 say that careful thought, and great anxiety to do good, bring much- wear and 
tear with them to a man's whole constitution. And if the life is taken out of anyone in two ways at 
once, — -by fatigue of body, and by fatigue of mind, too, — then you will see that such a man will necessarily 
be the first to give way. 

"But my Lord, though He is very weary, has at last spied out the person for whom He is waiting 
and watching. Here she comes ; and now His heart seems to beat more quickly. His eye is brighter 
than usual, He is not half so fatigued as He was. You may have seen the faint and tired hunter suddenly 
grow strong when, at last, he spies on the crag the chamois he lias come to seek ; or the fisherman 
standing wearily in the stream, holding his rod, and ready to go home to his long-needed meal, but, at 
last, the salmon begins to pull away at his line, now how strong a man he is ! He will go on for an hour 
at that work, and he will not want to eat or drink. The whole of his being is in the fishing. So was it 
w'ith my blessed Master. That woman was coming, and Christ was 'all there,' as we say. He was 
ready to speak the right word, — a word in season to one who was weary, — to speak the word of 
admonition, or of comfort, or of invitation; and He is 'all here' at this moment. I thought, when I 
stood here to-night to speak to you, ' I am constantly coming to the Tabernacle to talk to this great 
throng,' and something seemed to say to me, 'You ought to be glad to have such an opportunity.' I 
thought, ' Y'es, and I am glad ; and I will at my very best preach Christ to them as long as this tongue 
can move, for it is a delightful privilege to be allowed to tell men about my Master's pardoning love.' 
But, oh, if He were here in bodily presence, He would do it so much better than any of us can, for His 
heart is so much more full of love than our poor hearts are ! " 

ANY people have wondered how it was possible for Mr. Spurgeon 
to do all the work that he was able to perform, for so many years, 
with such happy results. He had efficient helpers in various 
departments of his service, and he was always ready to render to 
them their full meed of praise. Yet, with all the assistance upon 
which he could rely, there still remained for the chief worker a 
vast amount of toil which he could not delegate to anyone. He was a splendid 
organizer, and he could find employment suited to the capacity of many individuals 
with greatly varied qualifications ; and vvhile he could keep them all busily occupied, 
he was himself so quick in all his labour that he would probably do single-haiided 
as much as all of them combined could accomplish. 

The following description of a typical week's work will afford at least a glimpse 
of the way in which the dear Pastor spent a considerable portion of his time, and 




6_|. C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

it will also indicate some of the methods adopted by him in discharging the heavy 
responsibilities which devolved upon him. In such an active and far-reaching life 
as his was, no one Week in the year could be quite like the rest, nor indeed did the 
occupations of any two days exactly resemble one another ; but the particulars 
here given will supply all that needs to be known about a fairly representative 
week's work. 

The week must consist of seven days, for the Day of Rest was, in many 
respects, the beloved preacher's busiest time ; and, although he often tried hard 
to get a Sabbath for himself on the Wednesday, the ever-increasing and not always 
reasonable requests for services, all over the kingdom, frequently encroached upon 
the brief period of relaxation to which he was rightfully entitled, and which the 
claims of health imperatively demanded. He was, perhaps, all the more willing to 
take a loner holiday in the winter because he had toiled so strenuously and almost 
continuously through all the other months of the year ; though it must also be 
recorded that, during his seasons of rest, he probably did as much as most men do 
when in full work. The sermon had to be issued every week, and the magazine 
every month, material for the Almanacks had to be arranged, there were always some 
new books in course of preparation, many letters followed the absent minister wherever 
he mioht ^o, and the care of his own church and many others, and the many forms 
of holy service in which he was interested, left all too little leisure for the weary 
brain and the oft-suffering body. But if his holiday was a time of toil, what must 
have been the pressure when, for weeks and months at a stretch, it was almost 
literally " all work and no play " .'' 

In describing a typical week's work, a beginning can most appropriately be made 
with an account of the preparation for the hallowed engagements of the Sabbath. 
Up to six o'clock, every Saturday evening, visitors were welcomed at " Westwood," 
the dear master doing the honours of the garden in such a way that many, with 
whom he thus walked and talked, treasure the memory of their visit as a very 
precious thing. At the tea-table, the conversation was bright, witty, and always 
interesting ; and after the meal was over, an adjournment was made to the study for 
family worship, and it was at these seasons that my beloved's prayers were remarkable 
for their tender childlikeness, their spiritual pathos, and their intense devotion. 
He seemed to come as near to God as a litde child to a loving father, and we were 
often moved to tears as he talked thus face to face with his Lord. At six o'clock, 
every visitor left, for Mr. Spurgeon would often playfully say, " Now, dear friends, I 
must bid you ' Good-bye,' and turn you out of this study ; you know what a number 
of chickens I have to scratch for, and I want to give them a good meal to-morrow." 
So, with a hearty " God bless you ! " he shook hands with them, and shut himself in 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPH\. 65 

to companionship with his God. Th-e inmates of the house went quietly about their 
several duties, and a holy silence seemed to brood over the place. What familiar 
intercourse with the Saviour he so greatly loved, was then vouchsafed to him, we can 
never know, for, even while I write, I hear a whisper, "The place whereon thou 
standest is holy ground." No human ear ever heard the mighty pleadings with 
God, for himself, and his people, which rose from his study on those solemn 
evenings ; no mortal eyes ever beheld him as he' wrestled with the Angel of the 
covenant until he prevailed, and came back from his brook Jabbok with the message 
he was to deliver in his Master's Name. His grandest and most fruitful sermons 
were those which cost him most soul-travail and spiritual anguish ; — not in their 
preparation or arrangement, but in his own overwhelming sense of accountability to 
God for the souls to whom he had to preach the gospel of salvation by faith in 
Jesus Christ. Though he had the gift of utterance above many, preaching was to 
him no lip^ht or tritlinor task; his whole . heart was absorbed in it, all his spiritual 
force was engaged in it, all the intellectual power, with which God had so richly 
endowed him, was pressed into this glorious service, and then laid humbly and 
thankfully at the feet of his Lord and Saviour, to be used and blessed by Him 
according to His gracious will and purpose. 

Sometimes, but not often, he would leave the study for a few moments, to seek 
me, and say, with a troubled tone in his dear voice, " Wifey, what shall I do.'* God 
has not given me my text yet." I would comfort him as well as I could ; and, after 
a little talk, he would return to his work, and wait and watch for the Word to be 
given. It was, to me, a cause for peculiar thankfulness when I was able to 
suggest to him a passage from which he could preach ; and, afterwards, in referring 
to the sermon, he seemed so pleased to say, "You gave me that text."' 

Many years ago, on a Friday evening in Conference week, a number of the 
ministers met at " Westwood," as was usual with them, to talk over the doings of 
the past days, and to enjoy a chat with the President in his own home. During the 
evening, it was suggested that each one should explain his method of procedure in 
the most important matter of sermon-making ; and the idea found great favour with 
the little company. Many of the brethren responded, and told, more or less inter- 
estingly, their manner of preparation ; but it was evident that all awaited with 
impatience the moment when "the dear Governor" should speak, and reveal to them 
the secrets of his Saturday nights' work. Very eager were the faces turned to him 
as he sat, blissfully happy in his easy chair, the strain of the week over, and in full 
enjoyment of the free and holy fellowship which obtained on such occasions. I 
cannot recall his very words, but the purport of them was something like this : — 
" Brethren, it is not easy for me to tell you precisely how I make my sermons. All 



66 



H. SrURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



throuo-h the week I am on the look-out for material that I can use on the Sabbath ; 
but the actual work of arranging it, is, necessarily, left until Saturday evening, for 
every other moment is fully occupied in the Lord's service. I have often said that 
mv crreatest difficulty is to fix my mind upon the particular texts which are to be the 
subjects of discourse on the following day * ; or, to speak more correcdy, to 
know what topics the Holy Spirit would have me bring before the congregation. 
As soon as any passage of Scripture really grips my heart and soul, I concentrate 
my whole attention upon it, look at the precise meaning ot the original, closely 
examine the context so as to see the special aspect of the text in its surroundings, 
and roughly jot down all the thoughts that occur to me concerning the subject, 
leaving to a later period the orderly marshalling of them for presentation to my 
hearers. 

" When I have reached this point, I am often stopped by an obstacle which 
is only a trouble to those of us whose sermons are regularly printed. I turn to my 




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FACSIMILE OF INSCRIPTION IN MR. SPURGEON'S STUDY BIBLE. 

own Bible, which contains a complete record of all my published discourses ; and. 



* Mr. Spurgeon has referred to this matter at length, in Vol. I., pages 206 and 207. 



C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



67 




68 . c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

looking at those I have preached upon the text, I find, perhaps, that the general run 
of thought is so similar to that which I have marked out, that I have to abandon 
the subject, and seek another. Happily, a text of Scripture is like a diamond with 
many facets, which sparkles and flashes whichever way it is held, so that, although I 
may have, already printed, several sermons upon a particular passage, there is still a 
fresh setting possible for the priceless gem, and I can go forward with m.y work. I 
like next to see what others have to say about my text ; and, as a rule, my 
experience is that, if its teaching is perfectly plain, the commentators, to a man, 
explain it at great length, whereas, with equal unanimity, they studiously avoid or 
evade the verses which Peter might have described as ' things hard to be under- 
stood.' I am very much obliged to them for leaving me so many nuts to crack ; but 
I should have been just as grateful if they had made more use of their own 
theological teeth or nut-crackers. However, among the many who have written 
upon the Word, I generally find some who can at least help to throw a side light 
upon it ; and when I have arrived at that part of my preparation, I am glad to call 
my dear wife to my assistance. She reads to me until I get a clear idea of the 
whole subject ; and, gradually, I am guided to the best form of outline, which I copy 
out, on a half-sheet of notepaper, for use in the pulpit. This relates only to the 
morning sermon ; for the evening, I am usually content if I can decide upon the 
text, and have a general notion of the lessons to be drawn from it, leaving to 
the Lord's-day afternoon the final arrangement of divisions, sub-diA-isions, and 
illustrations." 

This is, as nearly as I can recollect, the dear preacher's own explanation of his 
mode of preparing his discourses ; and when I have called my readers' attention to 
the accompanying facsimile of the rough notes and jottings made by him on one 
of those memorable Saturday evenings, I may resume my own portion of the narra- 
tive. "Will you come and help me to-night, wifey ? " he would say, as if I were 
doing him a favour, thouoh the service was one which an ano-el mio-ht have coveted. 
I always found, when I went into the study, an easy chair drawn up to the table, by 
his side, and a big heap of books piled one upon the other, and opened at the place 
where he desired me to read. With those old volumes around him, he was like a 
honey-bee amid the flowers ; he seemed to know how to extract and carry oft the 
sweet spoils from the most unpromising-looking tome among them.. His ac- 
quaintance with them was so familiar and complete, that he could at once place his 
hand on any author who had written upon the portion of Scripture which was 
engaging his attention ; and I was, in this pleasant fashion, introduced to many of the 
Puritan and other divines whom, otherwise, I might not have known. These seasons 
were of such special delight to me that I gave a brief account of them in my book, 



C. H. SrURGEON's AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 69 









^ct€\. 



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FACSIMILE CF MR. SPURGEO.n'S NOTES IN PREPARING A SERMON ON LUKE II. lO— 12. 



70 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

Ten Years of My Life ; and, as the description then came fresh from my heart, and 
warm with the joy of sacred fellowship, I prefer to transcribe it here, rather than 
trust to my memory for details : — 

" For some time, it has been the dear Pastor's custom, as soon as the text for 
the Lord's-day morning service has been given him by the Master, to call me into 
the study, and permit me to read the various Commentaries on the subject-matter in 
hand. Never was occupation more delightful, instructive, and spiritually helpful ; 
my heart has burned within me, as the meaning of some passage of God's Word has 
been opened up, and the hidden stores of wisdom and knowledge have been 
revealed ; or when the marrow and fatness of a precious promise or doctrine have 
been spread like a dainty banquet before my longing eyes. Shall I ever forget 
those solemn evenings when the sufferings of the Lord Jesus were the theme of 
tearful meditation ;— when, with 'love and grief our hearts dividing,' we followed 
Him throughout the night on which He was betrayed, weeping, like the daughters 
of Jerusalem, and saying, 'There was never sorrow like unto His sorrow ;' — or the 
more rapturous time when the topic for the morrow was to be, ' the exceeding riches 
of His grace,' and-,jwe were fairly bewildered by the inexhaustible treasures of love 
and mercy to be found in that fair ' land of Havilah. where there is gold ' ? Gracious 
hours are those thus spent, and unspeakably precious to my soul ; for, while the 
servant of the Lord is reaping the corn of the Kingdom for the longing multitude 
who expect to be fed by his hand, I can glean between the sheaves, and gather the 
' handfuls of purpose ' which are let fall so lovingly. 

" There come delightful pauses in my reading, when the book is laid down, and 
I listen to the dear voice of my beloved as he explains what I cannot understand, or 
unfolds meanings which I fail to see, often condensing into a few clear, choice 
sentences whole pages of those discursive old divines in whom he delights, and 
pressing from the gathered thoughts all the richest nectar of their hidden sweetness. 
Thus, a poor prisoner hd^s the first sip of the 'wines on the lees, well-refined,' — the 
first morsel from the loaves with which the thousands are to be fed and refreshed on 
the morrow. How shall I sufficiently thank God for this drink of the brook by the 
way, this ' holy place ' within my home where the Lord deigns to meet with me, and 
draw out my heart in adoration and worship ? " 

Lord's-day morning. — Mr. Spurgeon always set a good example to his people 
by being early at the sanctuary. He usually reached the Tabernacle at least half an 
hour before the time for commencing the service. During that interval, he attended 
to any matters that were of special urgency, selected the hymns that were to be sung, 
and arranged with the precentor the tunes best adapted to them ; and the remaining 
minutes were spent in prayer with all the deacons and elders who were not already 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 7 1 

on duty elsewhere. The dear preacher himself greatly valued that season of 
devotion, and his sermons contain many references to the petitions presented by the 
brethren in his vestry before joining in the public worship of the great congregation. 
During the thirty years that he preached in the beautiful building he had so largely 
helped to erect, there was practically no difference in the size of his audience, for the 
Tabernacle was always crowded, though sometimes the number of friends unable 
to gain admission, when the outer gates were closed, was larger than on other 
occasions. Punctually at eleven o'clock, Mr. Spurgeon was seen descending the 
steps leading to the platform, followed by the long train of office-bearers, and, after 
a brief pause for silent supplication, the service began. There is no necessity to 
describe in detail even one of those memorable assemblies. In the course of his 
long ministry, many hundreds of thousands of persons, from all parts of the globe, 
heard him proclaim that gospel which became to multitudes of them the power of 
God unto salvation ; while, happily, by means of the printed sermons, the messages 
he delivered continue to reach an ever-widening circle of read^-rs, not only in our 
own land and language, but in other climes and in the man) strange tongues into 
which the precious discourses have been and still are being translated. 

Mr. Spurgeon himself often said that the pulpit was his throne, and that, 
when preaching, he envied no monarch in all the world, nor felt the slightest desire 
to exchange places with any man upon the face of the earth. Yet was there, even 
to him, an inner shrine — the very holy of holies, — which was more sacred still. 
Many times he has testified that, when leading the great congregation in prayer, he 
has been so rapt in adoration, and so completely absorbed in the supplication or 
thanksgiving he has been presenting, that he has quite forgotten all his 
surroundings, and has felt even a measure ot regret, upon closing his petition, and 
opening his eyes, to find that he was still in the fiesh, in the company of men of like 
passions with himself, instead of being in the immediate presence of the Most High, 
sharing in the higher worship of the holy angels and the spirits of just men made 
perfect. Mr. D. L. Moody must have been very deeply in sympathy with Mr. 
Spurgeon upon this matter, for he declared that, greatly as he had been blessed 
every time he heard the Pastor preach, he had been even more impressed as he had 
heard him pray. Other notable servants of Christ have borne a similar testimony. 

The service being ended,; — if it was the second Sabbath in the month, the 
Pastor joined the large company of communicants who usually filled the spacious 
lecture-hall ; and there, around the table of their Lord, another half-hour of 
hallowed Christian fellowship was enjoyed, completing and consummating the 
blessing received in the public assembly. To many of the most earnest workers 
of the Tabernacle Church, the morning was the only time when they could meet 



72 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

with their brethren and sisters in Christ in their own house of prayer ; for the after- 
noon and evening- were devoted to Sunday-school and mission work, open-air 
preaching, or the many forms of Christian service in which they were engaged. 
The Pastor constantly referred to this happy arrangement ; and urged others of the 
members to adopt the same method of both getting good and doing good, as it would 
help to develop their own gifts and graces, and it would also make the more room . 
for the unconverted who desired to come to hear the Word at night. 

Each Sabbath, except the second, the ordinance of the Lord's supper was 
observed at the close of the evening service, — the first Lord's-day evening in each 
month being the time for the great communion in the Tabernacle, when the area and 
the larger part of the first gallery were reserved for communicants, and many 
hundreds of spectators were able to remain in other parts of the building. It was a 
most impressive scene, — sublime in its simplicity, — and those who have ever taken 
part in it can never forget it. Mr. Spurgeon had long held and taught that the 
apostolic precedents all appeared to indicate that the celebration of the sacred supper 
should take place each Lord's-day, and, therefore, whether at home or abroad, he 
always attended the communion every Sabbath if it was possible, and he often bore 
his willing witness that the frequent participation in the holy feast increased rather 
than diminished its value as a constant reminder of Him who said to His disciples, 
" This do in remembrance of Me." 

On every Sabbath morning in the month, except the second, there was usually 
a long procession of friends from the country, or from foreign lands, waiting tor just 
a shake of the hand and a hearty greeting from the Pastor ; and it was interesting to 
notice how quickly he recognized those whom he had seen before, even if years had 
elapsed since they last met. All through the summer season, some hundreds of 
visitors from the United States helped, at each service, to swell the contingents trom 
other parts ; and most of them afterwards sought to secure a personal interview with 
the great preacher to whom they had been listening. Among them were usually 
some of the most noted of the American ministers of various denominations, to whom 
a hearty invitation was given to take part in the evening service, or the prayer- 
meeting the next night. Mr. Spurgeon loved to quote what one of these brethren 
said to him: — "Well, Brother Spurgeon, I was here tea years ago, and heard you 
preach, and I find that you have not altered your doctrine in the least. You stand 
to-day exacdy where you stood then." "Yes," replied the Pastor, " and if you come 
again in another ten years, you will, by the grace of God, find me still preaching the 
very same gospel, unless the Lord has, in the meantime, called me home." Among 
the very special friends, from across the Atlantic, were such divines as Dr. John 
Hall, Dr. W. M. Taylor, Dr. Cuyler, Dr. Armitage, Dr. MacArthur, Dr. Lorimer, 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. J T, 

and Dr. H. L. Wayland ; and they were sure to be invited to call, during the 
week, at the Pastor's home, and some of them had the still grreater delieht of 
spending a quiet day with him in the country, when that rare privilege was possible. 
Others, at mutually-convenient times, visited the Orphanage, and the rest of the 
Institutions, under his guidance, and thus they heard from his own lips the charming 
story of how the Lord had led him and blessed him in connection with all the 
different branches of his service. 

The informal reception being over at last, the Pastor was able to leave, — unless, 
as not seldom happened, some poor trembling soul was waiting in the hope of having 
a word or two of cheer and direction from him, or one of the earnest workers, 
always on the watch 'for anxious enquirers, came forward, with radiant face, bringing 
one or another who had sought and found the Saviour either during or since the 
service. While Mr. Spurgeon was residing at " Helensburgh House," he was able to 
return home to dinner on the Lord's-day ; but, after removing to " Westwood," he 
soon found that the distance was too great, so he remained for the afternoon within 
easy reach of the Tabernacle, with friends who were only too glad to minister in any 
way to the comfort and refreshing of the one who had been so greatly blessed to 
them. Sometimes, there was a sick member whom the Pastor felt that he must visit 
after dinner ; otherwise, he had an hour or so of rest and Christian conversation 
before retiring, at about four o'clock, for the preparation of his evening discourse. 
Some, who were very little children then, can probably remember the injunction 
given to them on such occasions, "You must be very quiet, for Mr. Spurgeon is 
getting his sermon." Ere he was summoned to tea. as a rule, the brief notes which 
he was going to use in the pulpit were duly arranged. The evening sermon was 
usually shorter than the one delivered in the morning, and somewhat more 
evangelistic, in order to be specially adapted to the larger number of casual 
worshippers who might then be present. Yet, often, that order was changed ; and 
the morning discourse more nearly resembled an earnest evangelist's address, while 
the sermon in the evening was a closely-reasoned exposition of the doctrines ot 
grace, which again and again led to the conversion of more sinners than did some ot 
the appeals directly addressed to them, and which seemed as if they must reach the 
hearers' hearts. 

For some years, once a quarter, the Tabernacle was thrown open, on the Lord's- 
day evening, to anybody who liked to come, the members of the church and 
congregation being asked to stay away for that night. It is not many preachers who 
could make such an experiment, but it was crowned with abundant success from the 
first. Mr. Spurgeon said, afterwards, that his regular hearers had so loyally 
complied with his request that they should worship elsewhere for that one occasion^ 



74 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

that, in addition to the seat-stewards and other workers who were present, he 
could not recognize half-a-dozen persons in the whole assembly of five or six 
thousand people. The discourses delivered to such a promiscuous audience 
were, naturally, evangelistic, and many were brought to the Lord through these 
special services. 

Before the evening worship, on ordinary Sabbaths, the Pastor often saw an 
enquirer, or a candidate for church-fellowship, who found it difficult to get to the 
Tabernacle during the week ; and, after preaching, except on communion nights, 
however weary he might be, he was never too tired to point a poor sinner to the 
Saviour, and to act the part of the true shepherd of souls to those who were seeking 
entrance into the fold. By the time he reached his home, he had certainly "earned 
a night's repose ; " yet his day's labour was not always finished even then ; for, if he 
was going to preach, a long way in the country, on the morrow, he was obliged to 
start at once revising the report of the discourse which he had delivered in the 
morning. That, however, was quite an exceptional arrangement; and, as a general 
rule, his first work, every Monday, was the revision of the Lord's-day morning's 
sermon. 

This was always a labour of love, yet it was a labour ; and it is not surprising 
that, during a very severe illness, when his friends induced him to see an eminent 
phy3ician, the doctor urged and almost ordered him to abandon this heavy task so 
soon after the great strain of the Sabbath services. But the Pastor knew that, 
to delay the publication even for a week, would materially aftect the circulation ; and 
he also said that, if he was to continue his eifts to the Lord's cause on the scale 
to which he had been accustomed, he must keep all his literary work up to the 
highest mark, and he could not bear the thought of lessening the help that he saw 
to be required in so many different directions. He used also playfully to say that 
the earth itself would cease to revolve if the sermon did not come out every 
Thursday morning ; and, in advising the students occasionally to follow his early 
example, and to write out their discourses in full, — but not to read or recite them, — 
he told them that the revision of his sermons for the press gave him all the benefits 
that other preachers might derive from writing theirs. 

As soon as the messenger brought the reporter's manuscript, Mr. Spurgeon 
glanced at the number of folios, — to see whether the discourse was longer or shorter 
than usual, so that he might judge whether he had to lengthen or to reduce it 
in order that it might, when printed, fill the requisite space, — twelve octavo pages ; — 
and at once began revising it. T\\q. facsimile, on the opposite page, will show how 
carefully and thoroughly this part of his work was done ; it will also have, to many 
readers, a peculiarly pathetic interest from the fact that it formed part of the last 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



75 









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HuLyw ---{^^^y^-i. ,JL<L^ ^aA^ ^^JU^^ N- ^^e-tJi^ 

(See Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit, No, 2, 241,. page 57.) 
FACSIMILE OF MR. SPURGEONS REVISION OF SERMON MANUSCRIPT. 



76 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

sermon he ever corrected, and that, while writing- in it about the glories of Heaven, 
he was describing what he was himself to witness on the very day that the discourse 
was to be read, — the never-to-be-forgotten January 31, 1892. 

After Mr. Spurgeon had made the alterations which he deemed advisable, Mr. 
Keys, who sat on his left-hand in the study, was entrusted with the duty of verifying 
quotations, and seeing that the punctuation and other minor matters were all in 
order. Then, when about a third of the manuscript was ready, the' messenger 
started off with it to the printers, returning for a second supply, and sometimes even 
for a third if the work of revision was at all delayed, 

(As this chapter mentions the reporting of Mr. Spurgeon's sermons, it may be of 
interest to insert what Mr. T. A. Reed said of him in his lecture on " Speaking and 
Speakers from a Shorthand Writer's Point of View:" — "When a speaker has a 
distinct articulation combined with a clear strong voice, the reporter who has to 
follow him is in Elysium ; — that is, if the utterance is not too rapid, or the style of 
composition too difficult. The combination, however, is rare. It has a very striking 
example in Mr. Spurgeon, who, without apparent effort, makes himself distinctly 
heard at the farthest end of the Metropolitan Tabernacle. To a clear, ringing, 
musical voice, he adds an almost perfect articulation. Canon Liddon is another 
illustration of the kind of elocution I have been speaking of. Preaching under the 
dome of St. Paul's, his voice, clear and rich, penetrates the most distant aisles of the 
great cathedral, where the tones ot an ordinary speaker would die away unheard, 
save as faint reverberations. Canon Farrar also has an excellent voice, but it is 
not so melodious as either Mr. Spurgeon's or Canon Liddon's. . . . 

"The average rate of public speaking is about 120 words a minute. Some 
speakers vary greatly in their speech, not only on different occasions, but in the 
course of the same speech. I have, tor example, a memorandum of a sermon by 
Mr. Spurgeon, showing that, during the first ten minutes, he spoke at the rate of 
123 words a minute ; the second ten minutes, 132 ; the third ten minutes, 128 ; the 
fourth ten minutes, 155 ; and the remaining nine minutes, 162 ; giving an average of 
about 140 words a minute. Another sermon shows an average of 125 words a 
minute, — namely, the first ten minutes, 119; the second ten minutes, 118; the third 
ten minutes, 139 ; and the remaining sixteen minutes, 126. Taking the average of a 
number of sermons, his rate may be reckoned to be nearly 140 words a minute.") 



CHAPTER LXXXIX, 



a CgpiCHl Wind's WinXk (Continued). 

HERE was a little breathing-space for the busy toiler after the boy 
was sent away with the first portion of the sermon manuscript ; but, 
usually, other work at once claimed the Pastor's attention. On his 
right-hand, as represented in the view here given, his private 
secretary, Mr. J. W. Harrald, had been busy opening the morning's 
letters, and arranging those that required immediate answers. It 
there were any that he knew would be specially cheering, they were always placed 





C. H. SPURGEON AND HIS PRIVATE SECRETARY IN THE STUDV AT "WESTWOOD.' 



yS c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

where they would at once catch the eye of "the dear Governor. ' This was always 
the case with large and unexpected donations for the Lord's work under his care, — 
such as a cheque for /500, which came as a substantial token of a father's gratitude 
for Mr. Spurgeon's efforts to be the means of blessing to the gentleman's son 
at Mentone. Sometimes, there were anonymous letters, — complaining, or abusive, 
or even blasphemous, — and it was with peculiar satisfaction that they were prevented 
from ever wounding the beloved servant of the Lord for whom they were intended 
by those who wrote them. The Pastor occasionally dictated replies to a few of the 
letters before continuing his sermon-revising ; but, more often, with his own hand,, 
he wrote the answers in full, for he never spared himself if he could give greater 
pleasure to others. In later years, as the number of donors to the various 
Institutions increased so rapidly, he was obliged to have a set of receipts litho- 
o-raphed in facsimile; but, even when using these, he added a few words which 
crready enhanced their value in the opinion of those who received them. He found 
it necessary also to have a considerable variety of lithographed letters prepared,, 
ready to send to applicants for admission to the College and Orphanage, or persons, 
seekino- situations, asking him to read manuscripts, or to write the Prefaces for new 
books, or to do any of the thousand and one things by which so many people sought 
to steal away his precious moments, and at the same time to augment the revenue 
of the Post Office. 

It was usually far into the afternoon before the last folio of the sermon was 
reached, and the messenger was able to start with it to the printing-office. Then 
there were more letters to be answered, possibly books to be reviewed, magazine 
proofs to be read, or other literary work to be advanced to the next stage ; and it 
was with the utmost difficulty that even a few minutes could be secured for a quiet 
walk in the lovely garden that, all day long, seemed to be inviting the ceaseless 
worker to come and admire its many charms. He could hear the voice of duty 
callino- him in another direction, and soon it was time to get ready to start for the 
Tabernacle. 

The clock in the illustration opposite shows that, when the photograph was 
taken, the Pastor had arranged to be at Newington at half-past five, either meeting 
the elders, and considering with them the very important matters relating, to the 
church's spiritual state which specially came under their notice, or presiding at the 
first part of a church-meeting, which often lasted throughout the whole evening, 
and was mainly occupied with the delightful business of receiving new members. 
As seven o'clock approached, he left the meeting in the charge of his brother, or 
one of the deacons or elders, that he might be at liberty to begin the prayer- 
meeting at the appointed hour. Sometimes, if he had engagements which would 
prevent him from being at the Tabernacle on Tuesday or Wednesday, he would get 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



79 



his sermon-revision completed before, dinner, and, directly afterwards, go up to see 
enquirers and candidates, — a congenial but exhausting form of service which often 
continued right up to the hour ot prayer. 




READY TO START FOR THE TABERNACLE. 



On certain special Mondays in the year, the annual meetings of some of the 
smaller Societies were held, and on those occasions Mr. Spurgeon was at the 
lecture-hall in time to give out the "grace before tea." His presence was greatly 
prized by the earnest and energetic sisters who carried on the various works ot 
charity and beneficence ; and they were much encouraged by his hearty words of 
cheer, and by the financial help which always accompanied them. It was really 
surprising to notice, year after year, how much he varied his addresses at these 
gatherings, for the audience mainly consisted of the same persons each time. The 
three principal Societies were the Poor Ministers' Clothing Society, the Ladies' 
Maternal Society, and the Ladies' Benevolent Society, — or, as they were sometimes 
humorously described, the big box Society, the little box Society, and the Christmas 



So 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



box Society, only that the bounty of the third was bestowed all the year round, as 
well as at Christmas time, when there was an extra manifestation of generosity. 
The clear Pastor found a constant theme for merriment in the Reports presented at 
these meetings. At one time, the ladies recorded that so many " cases " had been 
relieved ; and when he pointed out objections to that term, they substituted 
"objects" with no better success; but the climax was reached when it was 
announced. that so many "sheets, blankets, pillow-cases, and othei^ garments" had 
been given away during the year ! Such harmless fun brightened up the 
proceedings that might otherwise have become monotonous, and it was perhaps 
indulged in on purpose to show the good sisters how to associate as much cheerful- 
ness as possible with work that must often have sorely depressed their spirits as they 
heard of the poverty among ministers of the gospel and other tried children of God. 




THE LOWER PLATFORM METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, ARRANGED I-OR THE PRAYER-MEETING. 



A little before seven o'clock, the happy season of talk was brought to a close, a 
brief prayer for a blessing on the work and workers followed, and then the whole 
company ascended to the Tabernacle for the prayer-meetmg. All who are tamiliar 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. ' 8 1 

with Mr. Spurgeon's writings, know that he regarded the prayer-meeting as the 
thermometer of the church ; and, judging by that test, the spiritual temperature of the 
large community under his charge stood very high. Not that he could ever induce 
all the members to be regularly present on the Monday night ; but, for many years, 
the numbers attending filled a large portion of the area and first gallery, and the 
world-wide testimony was that the meeting was altogether unique, the only one that 
at all approached it being Pastor Archibald G. Brown's Saturday night prayer- 
meeting at' the East London Tabernacle. Nor was it remarkable simply for its size, 
but the whole spirit of the gathering made it a source of peculiar helpfulness to all 
who were in constant attendance, while occasional visitors carried away with them 
even to distant lands influences and impulses which they never wished to lose or to 
forget. Many years ago, Mr. Spurgeon gave, in The Szvord and the Trowel, 
detailed reports of these hallowed evenings, in the hope that the record might be 
useful in awakening new interest in what he always regarded as the most important 
meeting of the week. He often said that it was not surprising if churches did 
not prosper, when they regarded the prayer-meeting as of so little value that one 
evening in the week was made to suffice for a feeble combination of service and 
prayer-meeting. 

The gatherings at the Tabernacle on Monday nights were constantly varied. 
Usually, some of " our own men " labouring in the country or abroad were present, 
and took part, while missionaries going out to China, or North Africa, or other parts 
■of the foreign field, or returning home -on furlough, helped to add to the spiritual 
profit of the proceedings. The Pastor always gave one or more brief addresses, 
and never allowed the interest to flag; and, all too soon, half-past eight arrived, and 
the meeting had to be concluded, for many of the workers had other prayer- 
meetings or services following closely upon that one. ' - ' 

Mr. Spurgeon's day's work was not yet complete, for various visitors were 
waiting for an interview ; and, with them, some candidates or enquirers needed and 
secured a few precious minutes, — the conversation and prayer at such times being 
something to be remembered with gratitude as long as they lived. On some 
Monday nights, an extra service was squeezed in ; and, leaving the Tabernacle a 
little before eight o'clock, the Pastor preached at Christ Church, Upton Chapel, 
Walworth Road Chapel, or some other neighbouring place of worship ; or spoke at 
some special local gathering, such as a meeting at the Newington Vestry Hall on 
behalf of the Hospital Sunday Fund. When, at last, he was really en route for 
home, his first question was, — " Has the sermon come?" and the second, — "What 
is the length of it?" If the reply was, "Just right," it was joyfully received, for the 
labour of adding or cutting out any made the task of revising the proof still more 
arduous ; and, if a distant preaching engagement had to be fulfilled the next day, 

F 6 



82 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

the revision was obliged to be completed that night, or very early in the morning. 
On one occasion, when the London Baptist Association Committee met at "West- 
wood " for breakfast and business, it transpired that their host had taken time by 
the forelock, and begun his day's work at four o'clock. 

Ordinarily, the correction of the proof of the sermon was completed by about 
eleven o'clock on Tuesday morning, leaving a couple of hours for replying to letters, 
and attending to the most pressing literary work. When there were only four 
Thursdays in the month, an extra sermon was required to make the usual number 
for the monthly part, and that entailed heavy labour. The discourses available for 
this purpose were the shorter ones delivered on the Sabbath and Thursday 
evenings ; and, as a rule, ' two or three pages had to be added to them. The 
facsimile on the opposite page is a good example of the method adopted in 
lengthening the sermon which had been set up from the reporter's transcript, 
unrevised, and it is specially suitable to the present volume as it contains a striking 
passage in the dear preacher's autobiography. 

Tuesday afternoon, with rare excep-tions, was devoted to the truly pastoral and 
important work of seeing candidates and enquirers at the T^ibernacle ; and in no 
part of his service was Mr. Spurgeon more happy and more completely at home. 
On reaching his vestry, at three o'clock, he always found some of his elders already 
at their post ; and usually they had, by that time, conversed with the first arrivals, 
and given them the cards which were to introduce them to the Pastor. If* he 
was satisfied with the person's own testimony, he put the name of the friend 
upon the list of those to be proposed for church-fellowship, and indicated the 
elder or deacon to be appointed as visitor, to make the necessary enquiries before 
the applicant could be admitted to baptism and membership. In the course of 
three or four hours, twenty, thirty, or even forty individuals were thus seen ; and 
anyone who has had much experience in such service knows how exhausting it 
is. Sometimes, the number was smaller, or it was made up with those who 
came about other matters. These were seen by Mr. Harrald, or the elders ; and 
interviews with the Pastor were arranged if they were deemed advisable. At five 
o'clock, a brief interval was secured for tea ; and, during that half-hour, the Pastor 
compared notes with his helpers concerning those with whom he had conversed, 
and related specially interesting incidents which some of the candidates had 
described to him. Then he returned to the happy task, and kept on as long 
as any were waiting ; and, often, as the crowning of his day's labour, he went 
down to the lecture-hall, to preside at the annual meeting of one or other of the 
Tabernacle Societies, such as the Sunday-school, the Almshouses Day-schools> 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



83 








,1/ Ji 






~ti&^ ffisLj^ 



Td of Uie Lord 'j 



TP no ttoHere. They/carried a burden. Ttoee 
uamej^ t ho Lo jd a ai ^ enl t&e«^_dare no^ 







L^ 









prophets of old \ 

ho^fifeiti speak in Q^r ^^ — - ^...^^ 

with their ^©#ic They havo a burden to f!arq[^— " The rrurden < 
.e word-ef^tfie Lord," I am often astounded at liie^TTfty^an^whjch 
ho profess t©'oe the servants of Qod make U^ht of ^eir wortr- 
I tead of oft©'*lio said, " I got on very weU for a year or two in my 
pulpit, for my great, uncle had left me a large store of majiuscripts, 
rV&a-d ^0ffi." The Lord have mercy on h-ia g^^ty soul' < Aiiother^ 
to get on well with his preaching_becau8e he .piiys so^uch, a 
to 4fik_bookseller, and is^upplied ~wTtt>QH?gula]k/nanuscnpt V tn f^^^ 

i /I have seen the things/ What must God", fhinlr of sit&h \ '^ 

-us these 'f Sat^n the old umes, those whom Ood sent didnotX •J'- . 

rrow their messages They had their message dirtwtly from God \'^,^ / jt^^-" d^-—-* A*— ^ 

himself, and that message was weighty— so weighty that they called y^ ^--^^.^^^ ^rCl^ -C < «5^^ 

it " the burden of the Lord " He that does not find hie ministry a ]^\/^ /_-,v3/^ ^ ^-^--'^L. 
'borden now wiU hnd it a burden hereafter which will sink him lower *^ yl "^ * -^-•s-.^^^-'^ ^ ^ y^ ^ 

than the lowest hell. A ministry that uever burdens the heartland ^^ 
the conscience in this Ufe.will be like a millstone about 1 
5n the world to come Thi/ servants of God mean busine 

not talk for talkmg's sake, Thev are not sent into the world to~tickie .,^ ^ /^ ».«--.^ 
men's ear«. nor to- -ffi:alre a display Of eiocution^ *^ They have a some- "^ ^ ' / / /■_ ^^ 

• thing to say l^ - -t-sses upon ihem^l^they must sayit. They lawwi^- ^ ^* ^J\ ^*y «^yi— -^^^-y/ 

,-Airlnward hre, and the» must g**4rvent \ 
the Lord IS as tire -lo^pir booes, consuming 1 
tht servants of God, The servants of God 
J»« g i ^th » hunlpn to rf t . hn 1 i n wiy ^ | 

something t 

It 13 not froth itiid 

and pretty things, 

' iL ever th?re 

the 



n^Qk 
*vj^ey d(K 
Id toTickie/^ - 





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y 



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th. 

_ - -~y ^ -^ .,^ ^rtiage, _ 

^Tid QT&wry, and all thati^^&ere is^weigKt" 
' were men m this world whc ought to speak 
men U»^ speak tor Gody j^fttklT there ly nothmg 
aay,>hen <>od never cOuimiSbioned t ji r o^ If thf 
— *y'ea, if their measagf be not of th^-tfr&t a,n' 
whv >N,La^ tttfi nam I nf < Iwii^ a*" "fl^py profe^ 









ruLmflrrUy a 
th at i j ic- bo2>*HW '"^tHe burde 
Jt-tfiV^^u ni/( let me be 



'*erv 
burd 



Qts, yho.are. 




pijTtajice/? 
last impuH^nce,-V^^. 
D th 
■^urTtKe true fservant of (iod has no light W' 
ne that baaanah^g to L-arry, but hi 
f the word of the Li^d ' " 
nderstood at thp beginning God's 
with his word, ^cheHru^Uy carry 

t for all the^ world. ~"-Sometim 
ght,-to 
el-ves, 

could gTViJ_ 

thi8^-dp>^V"But~lireDTfEjnt of Jonah, and what happ 
--when he ran awaj-to-T-atatu^ , and/whales ur*:' scarcer now than-tfeo3L__4 
were then, and 1 do oot a oeni . inclinedTo~rinrth»t~piak-._ *^ 1 stick to ^ 

my business, and keep to the message of^Twrd ; fur one might not +»«-. 
brought to land quite so safely as the runaway prophet was^ God's 
servants would d»t nothing else but bear this bucd+Ha, even- li they- 
o»tt4^ make a change «, Remember hojv Wtlham Carey, speaking 
oneybf his sons says^.^^-Eoor^P^sTias drivelled into an ambassado 
" missiouar}' once, and he was emphjy^d b/ the British 

Government afi an :inihaaHaHorv* ^ lnvt . i > wl i ri i his father thought^ 



I . U* Ij -"-^"^^^.j-^^^ •<? *^'^ ytKl^ know% we get tempted, when thingb do nut go n 

k^ ' J ^ Ll^'^'f^ ^^t^^ ' l^^^^y ^^i" iV ^^«Q &QViH5 of you do not behave youn 

L^.ul'^ -^v-r-'^^, ^^tiuj4a-ggL5 little out of order, I sav to myself, "1 wish-I 







M^' 






■_ J-^t^a «•*-*'*•* — -y^ 



^ : 






promotion^ "-gsof- Felix has drivelled 
It would be a drivelhng down, indeed, from bearing the burden of 
the Lord, if one were to woa? a crowu , nr jE i i a fimt in^a oongtc »l 

The burden which the true preachffl- of God pearsja for God, and 
Christ's behali, and for the aTiilt of o tke r i. He lias a natural 
instinct which makes him care for the souls of others, and his anxiety 
18 that none should penah|''~fciEe~^tbe Christ who longed to save, mo 
does the true Maiachi, or meBsenger of God, go forth with tlus as tua 
happy, joyful, cheerfully-borne burden/^fetyet, «pk_a burden. i< 
i that I .10) ^oiug to speak to-night. Thwrw nifty- tj>* 









uTT 




I'irtig "lit --f Th^ t " 'tKe burden of the 'word of tho.^ 

hy iBjt a burde^':' Well, iirst.^^tCArsE fT is the Wori? 

hat w^^feach is only of man, we may preaeh-as-iie 

nt* "burden • it^ but if this Book be inspired— a 

^nJy Godj-'ifJesus Christ be God incarnate, if there be 

his precious blood — 'then there is a great 



t ik^ wvA-u >i-i«_^ fj *^.^„ 



-jff^' 



-■ 4^ 



i-'^^dLa-t^ 



x^refch. ' Xt hence "becomes a bupdoo \ .if^nm.r^__^_ — 



Aid, first, If becumea a burden in tlio rec eptionont : f— <l«-iiQl 
think that ajry man mma^^I ever preach the gospel anght until he haa 
had It bpr^ into hw own dOuU " You cannot preach conviction of sin 



FACSIMILE OF CORRECTED PROOF OF LENGTHE^NED SERMON. 



(No. 2,114, pages 613 — 15.) 



84 ' c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

the Evangelists' Association, the Country Mission, the Loan Tract Society, or 
the Spurg-eon's Sermons' Tract Society. He frequently said that the number 
of Institutions, Societies, Missions, and Sunday-schools connected with the 
Tabernacle was so large that it would have been possible to arrang-e for an 
anniversary of one of them every week in the year ! The secretaries or leaders 
of many of these works always secured his presence and help at their meeting's, 
if possible ; and he used to describe the lecture-hall as his happy hunting-ground 
where he found recruits for the College. Among the most successful ministers 
.and missionaries, at home and abroad at the present time, are several who 
tremblingly spoke before him, for the first time, at these week-night gatherings. 
Some of them might scarcely recognize themselves by the description the beloved 
President gave of them then, as he pictured the "fledglings, with their callow wings, 
trying to soar away to the empyrean, but falling down flop into the arena ! " 

Sometimes, instead' of meeting with a few hundreds of friends in the lecture- 
hall, the Pastor presided over many thousands in the Tabernacle. One such 
gathering took place on the night when the Jubilee Singers sang, and, by that 
one effort, the sum of ^220 was added to the funds of the Fisk University ; 
another notable meeting was held when our own black brethren, Johnson and 
Richardson, and their wives, had their farewell before proceeding to Africa, " the 
land of their fathers ; " — and an equally memorable occasion was the evening 
when Mr. John B. Cough gave one of his marvellous oratorical displays on 
behalf of the Pastors' College, and, in recognition of his kindness, the Pastor 
presented to him a complete set of his sermons. At other times, Mr. Spurgeon 
was not the chairman of the meeting ; but he helped to contribute to the success 
of the proceedings by delivering an earnest address in aid of the Primitive 
Methodist Missionary Society, the Liberation Society, or some other great 
public movement for which the Tabernacle had been lent, and for which his 
personal advocacy was also desired. 

Wednesday was the only possible time available as a mid-week Sabbath ; and 
whenever it could be secured for rest, its benefits were immediately manifest. 
Each year, on his return from Mentone, Mr. Spurgeon told his secretary to keep 
his diary clear of all engagements on that day ; but, alas ! soon one, and then 
another, and yet others, had to be given up in response to the importunate appeals 
to which the self-sacrificing preacher had not the heart to say, " No," although 
he knew that the inevitable result would be a breakdown in health, and the 
cancelline for a time of all arrangements for extra services. Then, when he 
appeared to have recovered, the same process would be repeated, with an exactly 
similar sequel ; but the requests for sermons, speeches, and lectures poured in 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 85 

upon him even during his worst illnesses, and it always pained him when he felt 
that he must refuse them. 

But there were some red-letter days when, with a cong-enial companion, he 
would go off for a long drive into the country, as described in Vol, III., Chapter 
LXXVI. Yet, even then, before he started in the morning, or after he returned 
at night, he often accomplished what most other people would have considered 
enough for a hard day's work. When there were only two or three hours available 
for a drive, a favourite route was over the Shirley Hills, and through Addington 
Park. The Archbishop of Canterbury kindly sent, each year, a card giving the 
right of free passage through his spacious grounds, and he, on several occasions, 
expressed his wish to have the pleasure of entertaining Mr. Spurgeon at Addington. 
On the acceptance of one invitation to lunch. Dr. Benson greeted his guest very 
heartily, and, pointing to his butler and footman, said, " There are two members 
of your congregation, Mr. Spurgeon. When I am in residence at Lambeth, they 
always go to the Tabernacle. I don't blame them, for I would do the same 
myself if I had the chance. When your coachman gets round to the st-ables, 
he will recognize another Tabernacle attendant ; and I can truly say that they 
are all a credit to the instruction they receive from you." This testimony was 
very pleasing to the dear Pastor, and he was further cheered by hearing of others 
on the estate who were readers of his sermons. The two preachers spent a very 
enjoyable time together ; and, later on, during Mr. Spurgeon's long illness, one 
of the letters which gave him great comfort was written by the Primate. In his 
friendly intercourse with the Tabernacle Pastor, Dr. Benson followed in the 
footsteps of one of his own predecessors, for, during the time that the bill for 
the abolition of church rates was before Parliament, Archbishop Tait frequently 
consulted Mr. Spurgeon upon several of the details of the measure. 

Sometimes, instead of going through Addington Park, Mr. Spurgeon paid 
a visit to the Bishop of Rochester at Selsdon Park. A very intimate friendship 
existed between Bishop Thorold and the Pastor, and they enjoyed many happy 
hours together in the Selsdon home and garden. Usually, each year, as the 
time approached for the preparation of the addresses to be delivered in connection 
with his episcopal visitation, the Bishop invited Mr. Spurgeon to spend a long 
quiet day with him in prayer and conversation upon such matters as would help 
to put him in a right state of heart for the responsible task before him. On several 
occasions, he also visited his friend at " Westwood ; " and the season of spiritual 
fellowship in the study must have been mutually profitable, for, when it was over, 
and the visitor was gone, Mr. Spurgeon always remarked, " Oh, we have had 
such a delightful time of talk and prayer together ! " During the Pastor's great 
illness, the Bishop called more than once to express his deep personal sympathy 



86 c. II. sturgeon's autobiography. 

with the beloved sufferer, and his wife; and he wrote or sent many times to make 

tender, loving enquiries concerning the invalid. 

One letter of Bishop Thorold's, relating to Mr. Spurgeon's visit to him, has a 

very special interest now that both of them have entered into "the glory." When 

the Pastor published Tlie Chtc of the Maze, he sent a copy to his friend, who at 

once wrote : — 

" Selsdon Park, 

" Croydon, 

"Aug.. 31, 1885. 

" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

"Your remarkable book has reached me, with its affectionate inscription, 

which I prize even more. 

" Perhaps, some day, in- the City of our King, we may look back at our stroll 

under the Selsdon elms, and our prayer in the little chapel, and feel them to have 

been an earnest of the glory at hand. 

" Ever your brother in Jesus Christ, 

"A. W. ROFFEN." 

Thursday morning was principally devoted to letter-writing and literary work in 
general. Mr. Spurgeon's position naturally brought him into correspondence with 
vast numbers of people all over the world ; and he willingly wrote those thousands 
of letters which are now of almost priceless value to their possessors. Yet he often 
felt that he could have employed his time to far better purpose. Again and again, 
he sorrowfully said, " I am only a poor clerk, driving the pen hour alter hour ; here 
is another whole morning gone, and nothing done but letters, letters, letters!" 
When reminded of the joy and comfort he was ministering to so many troubled 
hearts by that very drudgery, he agreed that it was work for the Lord as trul}^ as 
the preaching in which he so much more delighted. Still, we often felt that quite an 
unnecessary addition to his already too-heavy load was made by the thoughtless and 
often frivolous communications to which he was expected personally to reply. Per- 
haps someone says, " Then he should not have replied to them." Yes, probably any- 
body but C. H. Spurgeon would have thrown many of them, unanswered, into the 
waste-paper basket ; but his kind heart prompted him ever to minister to the 
pleasure and protit of other people, whatever the cost to himself might be. Yet 
even he sometimes mildly protested against the unreasonableness of his corre- 
spondents, as the accompanying paragraph testifies : — 

" No sooner was it known that I was going to Scotland for rest, than I received 
requests for sermons, not only from a large number of Scotch towns, and from 
places on each of the three lines of railway, but I was entreated just to make a few 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



87 



hours' stay, and preach in North Wales, as also on the Cumberland coast, which, as 
everybody knows, are both on the road to Scotland it you choose to make them so ! 
How many pence I have been fined, in the Ibrm of postage for replies to these 
insanely kind demands, I will not calculate ; but it is rather too absurd. I am told, 
over and over again, that I could stop two hours, and go on by the next train ; and 
this being done at a dozen places, when should I reach Scotland.'* This, too, when 
a man is out lor a holiday ! 

"Alas! the holiday itself had to be postponed for a while, through continued 
ill-health. Now, it may seem a very simple thing to write to these good people, 
and say, 'No;' but it is not so. It pains me to refuse an)'one ; and to decline to 
preach is so contrary to all my heart's promptings, that I had rather be flogged 
than feel compelled to do it." 




A FAVOURITE RETREAT. 



If Mr. Spurgeon's correspondence was not quite as burdensome as usual, or if 
he had literary work that had to be done, — when the weather permitted, he liked to 
retire to this favourite retreat, where the hours fled all too swiftlv as he wrote his 



88 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

comment on the Psalms, or some of the other books that now remain as permanent 
memorials of his studious and industrious life. 

After dinner, the Pastor's definite preparation for the evening service began, 
though the subject had probably been, as he often said, "simmering" in his mind all 
the morning. The Saturday evening process was to a great extent repeated, but 
one of his secretaries had the privilege of looking up anything that might help him 
to get the true meaning of his text. His private study, commonly called "the den," 
became, on such occasions, his place lor secret retirement and prayer ; and very 
joyously he generally came forth, carrying in his hand his brief pulpit-notes ; 
though, at other times, the message he was to deliver only came to him just, in time. 

For many years, Mr. Spurgeon had, on Thursday evening, in the Tabernacle 
lecture-hall, from six o'clock till nearly seven, what he termed "The Pastor's 
prayer-meeting." This was an extra gathering, specially convened for the purpose 
of pleading for a blessing upon the Word he was about to preach ; and most 
refreshing and helpful it always proved both to himself and the people. From 
the New Park Street days, he had made little or no difference between the services 
on the Lord's-day and on week-nights ; and, throughout the whole course of his 
ministry, the Thursday evening worship afforded an opportunity for the attendance 
of many Christian workers of all denominations, who were not able to be present 
on the Sabbath ; and, among them, were numerous Church of England clergymen 
and Nonconformist ministers. At the close, several of these hearers desired a few 
minutes' conversation with the preacher, so that it was late before he could get 
away ; and then, though not weary of his work, he was certainly weary in it. 

On Friday morning, the usual routine of answering correspondence had, to 
some extent, to give way to the President's more urgent work of preparation for 
his talk to the students of the College. He regarded this part of his service as 
so important that he devoted all his powers of heart and mind to it, and it was 
indeed a rich store of mental and spiritual instruction that he carried up, each week, 
to his "school of the prophets." Hundreds of "our own men" have testified that, 
greatly as they profited by the rest of their College curriculum, Mr. Spurgeon's 
Friday afternoon class was tar beyond everything else in its abiding influence upon 
their life and ministry. With such a responsive and appreciative audience, he was 
at his very best ; and both students and ministers have often declared that, not 
even in his most brilliant pulpit utterances, has he ever excelled, or even equalled, 
what it was their delight to hear from his lips in those never-to-be-forgotten days. 
From three till about five o'clock, there was a continuous stream of wit and wisdom, 
counsel and warning, exhortation and doctrine, all converging to the one end of 



c. H. spurgeon's. autobiography. 89 

helping the men before him to become good ministers of Jesus Christ. Then, 
when the class was dismissed, another hour, or more, was unorudoinoly devoted 
to interviews with any of the brethren who desired personally to consult the 
President ; and that this privilege was highly prized was very evident from the 
way in which it was exercised. 

Now and then, the Friday afternoon was made even more memorable by a 
special sermon to the students, at the close of which the Lord's supper was observed, 
the whole service being peculiarly helpful to the spiritual life of the brethren. On 
other occasions, students from Harley House, or Regent's Park, or Cheshunt 
College paid a fraternal visit to Newington ; and, in due course, the Pastors' College 
men returned the visit. At such times, Presidents, tutors, and students vied with 
one another in making their guests feel at home, and in conveying to them all 
possible pleasure and profit. 

Perhaps, between six and seven o'clock, Mr. Spurgeon was free to s'tart for 
home ; but, more likely, there was another anniversary meeting — possibly, of the 
Evening Classes connected with the College, — at which he had promised to preside ; 
or there was some mission-hall, at which he had engaged to preach or speak ; or 
there was a sick or dying member of the church to whom he had sent word 
that he would call on his way back from the College. It was utterly impossible 
for him to make any systematic pastoral visitation of his great flock ; — that work 
was undertaken by the elders ; — but he found many opportunities of visiting his 
members ; and his sermons contain frequent references to the triumphant death- 
bed scenes that he had witnessed. He could not often conduct funeral services, 
yet there were some cases in which he felt bound to make an exception to his 
usual rule, as he did also in the matter of weddings. The Sword and the Trozuel''^ 
has recorded typical instances of how thoroughly, on such occasions, he sorrowed 
with those who wept, and rejoiced with those who were full of happiness. xA.dd 
to all this, the constant interruptions from callers, and the many minor worries 
to which every public man is subject, and readers may well wonder when 
Mr. Spurgeon could find time for reading, and study, and all the work he 
constantly accomplished ! If they had known how much he was continually 
doing, they might have marvelled even more than they did. Surely, there never 
was a busier life than his ; not an atom more of sacred service could have been 
crowded into it. 

Saturday morning was the time for the Pastor and his private secretary to clear 
off, as far as possible, any arrears of work that had been accumulating durino- the 

* See the Volume for 1S94, page 109, " Mr. Spurgeon at a Funeral ; " and page 157, " Mr. Spurgeon at a Wedding." 



90 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

week. The huge pile of letters was again attacked ; various financial matters were 
settled, and cheques despatched to chapel-building ministers or those engaged in 
pioneer and mission work, or needing some special assistance in their labour for the 
Lord. The secretary also then reported the result of interviews with students, and 
various officials and workers in connection with the different Institutions, and 
received instructions as to the replies to be given to their requests, or with regard to 
various matters tending to the general efficiency of the whole work. It was usual, 
often, on that morning, for the President to see some of the applicants for admission 
to the College, or to examine the papers of others, and to dictate the letters 
conveying his decision, or making further enquiries if there was a doubt eithfer with 
regard to acceptance or rejection. Brethren just leaving for the foreign mission field, 
or some other distant sphere of service, were glad of the opportunity of a personal 
farewell, and of the tender, touching prayer, and tokens of practical sympathy, with 
which they were speeded on their way. Then there were magazine articles to be 
written or revised, Almanacks to be prepared, books to be read and reviewed, or sent 
to some of the brethren who helped (and still help) in that department of The 
Sword and the Trowel; and, by the time the gong sounded' for dinner, the Pastor 
was often heard to say, "Well, we have got through a good morning's work, even if 
there is not much to show for it." 

The greater part of the afternoon was spent in the garden, if the weather was 
favourable ; and one of the few luxuries the dear master of " Westwood " enjoyed 
was to stroll down to the most secluded portion of the grounds, and to rest awhile in 
the summerhouse, to which he gave the singularly appropriate title, "Out of the 
world." Here, with his wife, or some choice friend, the precious minutes quickly 
passed ; and, by-and-by, other visitors arrived, for a cheery chat, and a peep at the 
numerous interesting things that were to be seen. It is needless to give the names 
of the many who shared in the delights of those happy afternoons ; most of Mr. 
Spurgeon's special ministerial and other friends and acquaintances were included 
amonost them. One visitor who was always welcome was the good Earl of Shaftes- 
bury. His life also was a very busy one, so he could not often come ; but, every 
now and then, when he was more than usually depressed and troubled by the aspect 
of affairs, religiously and socially, he found it a relief to have a talk with his Baptist 
friend, who largely shared his views concerning the state of the Church in general, 
but who also saw some signs of better and brighter days which the venerable noble- 
man had not perceived. The peer and the Pastor had such stores of good stories 
to tell, that the time rapidly and pleasantly passed, and they parted with the hope of 
meeting again on earth, and with the brighter hope of the reunion in Heaven, where 
there would be no parting for ever. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY 



91 





^ _ , .... '' ,.' ,..-.." '[ ■ " " 


"' ~" 



^//^ ^^-„^^. 



On several occasions, after the Earl had paid a visit to " Westwood," Mr. 
Spurgeon instructed his secretary to insert in the scrapbook, then being compiled, 
a photograph or engraving of his lordship, and he himself briefly recorded the tact 
that his venerable friend had again been to see him. The following page contains a 
reproduction of one of the best of these portraits, — taken by Messrs. Russell and Co. 
when the Earl attained his eightieth year, — with -^ facsi})nle of the inscription written 
on the back of it. On his part, Earl Shaftesbury preserved, in his diary and letters, 
many records of those enjoyable Saturday afternoons. The following entry in his 
diary probably refers to the very visit mentioned by Mr. Spurgeon : — "July 10, 1881. 
— Drove to 'Westwood' to see my friend Spurgeon. He is well, thank God, and 
admirably lodged. His place is lovely. His wife's health, too, is improved by 
change of residence. It is pleasant and encouraging to visit such men, and find 
them still full of perseverance, faith, and joy in the service of our blessed Lord." 




THE RT. HON. THE EARL OF SHAFTESBURY, K.G. 






i^it't-^pC. <^-^-e.-^xiJ\.i-^ Ce.^^p^ <it^ -i-cj^CC ^x-tJ^-t/^^ 



(^^■€-^:^,/U}->'.^L^e^ 



///y 



7 , ^ 




CHAPTER XC. 




Mttx% on l^xiMt anb l^iMt affairs, 1856— 189D. 

In reviewing the Letters of William Cowper, Mr. Spurgeon wrote : — " We cannot write letters now- 
adays, but must be content to send mere notes and memoranda. When letters were reasonably few, 
and cost a shilling each, men had the time to write well, and thought it worth their while to do so. 
Now that the penny post is a public man's sorest trial, the shorter we can make our epistles, the better. 
How we wish some of our correspondents would believe this, especially those young ladies who cross 
their letters ! We never waste a moment in trying to read what people think to be unworthy of a fresh 
sheet of paper ; crossed letters make us cross, and we drop them into the waste-paper basket. By the 
way, what right has a man to expect an answer to a letter if he does not enclose a stamp? It is a dead 
robbery to make some of us spend scores of pounds in a year on postage." 

HE preceding chapter contains so many references to Mr. 
- Spurgeon's correspondence that it may appropriately be followed 
by some specimens of the letters which he wrote at various periods 
during- his long ministry. Many have already been published in 
the previous volumes of this work, where they seemed needful to 
the consecutiveness of the narrative, and others must be reserved 
for later portions of this volume. The present selection is intended to give some 
idea of the extent and variety of the subjects upon which the beloved Pastor's 
correspondents wrote to him, and of the replies which he sent to their communica- 
tions. Some of the letters have already appeared in print ; but most ot them have 
been copied from the originals which have been kindly forwarded by their possessors 
specially with a view to their inclusion in the Autobiography, while others are 
reproduced from the copies of replies which Mr. Spurgeon had himself preserved. 
In classifying the correspondence, a beginning is made with — 

Letters to Personal Friends. 

A gentleman in Glasgow greatly values the original of this note, which was 
written by Mr. Spurgeon the day following that on which he had preached at the 
Surrey Gardens Music Hall for the first time after the great catastrophe ; it was 
addressed to Rev. John Anderson, of Helensburgh, who had sent a generous 
contribution to the Tabernacle Building Fund from himself and his friends : — 

" 3, Bengal Place, 

" New Kent Road, 

" Monday, 24th Nov. (1856.) 
" My Very Dear Friend, 

" I have received your munificent donation, and return you very hearty 
thanks, and beg you to express my gratitude to all those who have contributed. 



94 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

" Yesterday, the Lord was with me mightily ; not a dog moved his tono-ue. 
But, oh, the griefs I have endured ! God has borne me up, or I had been over- 
whelmed. 

" How hell has howled, but how Heaven will triumph ! How is the work in 
Helensburgh } I hope the shout of a King" is with you. 

" Dear wife and I very often talk of our dear Anderson. You are very near to 
our hearts. 

" Our boys are well, so is ' beloved Apphia.' Give our kind regards to all 
friends, and accept our true love yourself. 

" I am, 

" Yours ever, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

The following note, and reply, will serve as specimens of the correspondence 
between Mr. Ruskin and Mr. Spurgeon in the days long past : — 

" Denmark Hill, 

" Camberwell, 

" 25th Nov., 1862. 
" My Dear Friend, 

" I want a chat with you. Is it possible to get it, — quiedy, — and how, 
and where, and when .'* I'll come to you, — or you shall come here, — or whatever 
you like. I am in England only for ten days, — being too much disgusted with your 
goings on — yours as much as everybody else's — to be able to exist among you any 
longer. But I want to say ' Good-bye ' before going to my den in the Alps, 
" Ever with sincerest remembrances to Mrs. Spurgeon, 

" Affectionately yours. 

" J. Ruskin." 

" Clapham, 

"Nov. 26, 1862. 
" My Dear Mr. Ruskin, 

" I thought you had cast me off ; but I perceive that you let me alone 
when all is right, and only look me up when you are getting disgusted with me. 
May that disgust increase if it shall bring me oftener into your company ! 

" I shall be delighted to see you to-morrow, here, at any time from 10 to 12 if 
this will suit you. 

" I wish / had a den in the Alps to go to ; but it is ot no use for me to grow 
surly, for I am compelled to live amongst you sinners, and however disgusted I may 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 95 

get with you all, I must put up with you, for neither Nature nor Providence will 
afford a den for me. 

" Yours ever most truly and affectionately, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Nothing- ever gave Mr. Spurgeon greater delight than the glad tidings that his 
message had been blessed to the salvation of souls, or the strengthening of saints. 
To a friend in Dublin, who sent him such good news, he replied on February i8, 
iS6S :— 

" It cheers me very greatly to know that my sermons are the food of any of 
God's people. For such a joy, I would cheerfully have suffered much ; and, lo ! it 
comes without it. I can bear my willing testimony to the faithfulness of the Lord. 
My sermons are a great drain upon me mentally, but still the springs are not dried. 
In times of great exhaustion, fresh streams bubble up. In pecuniary matters, we 
are often tried ; but never come to want, and we never shall while Jehovah lives." 

Just at that time, the Pastor had the further trial of the very serious illness of 
Mrs. Spurgeon. In answer to a letter informing him that a special prayer-meeting 
had been held at the Baptist Chapel, Thetford, to plead for her recovery, he wrote : — 

" Clapham, 

"Feb. 29, 1868. 
" My Dear Mr. Welton, 

"Thanks a thousand times! Prayers are enriching things; you make 
me wealthy. May you and your people long enjoy prosperity ! 

" Yours ever truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

To an afflicted lady in Bristol, Mr. Spurgeon thus revealed an interesting 
circumstance in connection with the origin of his sermon entitled " Faith's 
Ultimatum " : — 

** Nia-htinofale Lane, 

" Clapham, 

"July 23, 1S75. 
" My Dear Friend, 

"Your kind oift has been unacknowledged because I wanted to write to 
you myself, and my hand has been bad with rheumatic gout so as to make me quite 
an invalid these last two weeks, and keeping me from my preaching most of the 
time. I thank you most heartily, and the more because of your very kind words. 



96 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

May you have daily strength for your great affliction, and may your heart exult more 
and more in the Lord ! Pray for my poor wife, who suffers ever. 

" I think my sermon upon 'Though He slay me, yet will I trust in Him,' will 
be to your mind. It was squeezed out of me by great pain. 

" Yours in much sympathy, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

When arrangements were being made for the sale of the old Devonshire 

Square Chapel, which was so close to Petticoat Lane that " Babel-like sounds, and 

perfumes not at all ambrosial, mingled with the worship, and even other things 

appeared on the scene," Mr. Spurgeon wrote : — - 

" Clapham, 

"Jan. 8. 
" My Dear Sir, 

" I congratulate you on the prospect of an emigration from the worse than 
Egypt of Devonshire Square. Whatever your chapel may have been in ages past, it 
has become of late atmospherically and entomologically horrible ; the din outside, on 
the Lord's-day, in which Jews and Gentiles emulate each other in row-making, fits 
your house to be a den in Babylon rather than a temple upon Zion. That a church 
and congregation should have gathered so long, in such a spot, is a miracle of grace 
on God's part, and of inertness on the part of man. May you get away from the 
rags and the racket, and may you and your friends enjoy prosperity abundantly 1 

" Yours very truly, 

"C. H. Spurgeon." 

The following note was written to the late Henry Richard, Esq., M.P., 
secretary of the Peace Society, in reply to an invitation to speak at the annual 

meeting of that body : — 

" Nightingale Lane, 

" Clapham, 

"April 24. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I really cannot do more. I am sick and sorry and jaded. Let me 

alone. 'A merciful man, etc., .' I would be -sX peace. 

" Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

In December, 1879, when Mr. Spurgeon was very ill at Mentone, he was greatly 
cheered by the receipt of a cablegram, from the New York Baptist Ministers' 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 97 

Conference, containing the following message : — " Prayers. Sympathy. 2 Corin- 
thians i. 2, 7. Potter, Secretary." The telegram was followed by a long loving 
letter ; but, before it arrived, Mr. Spurgeon had already replied thus : — 

" To Rev. D. C. Potter, 

" Secretary, New York Baptist Ministers' Conference, 
" Dear Sir, 

" I thank the Conference very heartily and humbly. I am honoured by 
such a kind deed, and I am not the less comforted. What greater joy can I have 
from my fellow-men than to be remembered by them in the hour of afifliction 
with prayers and sympathies? God bless you, my brethren, and reward you a 
thousandfold for this loving remembrance of one who has no other right to it but 
that which arises out of oneness of heart in our one Lord, one faith, and one 
baptism ! By such brotherly kindness, may all American and English baptized 
churches be welded into a more complete unity, so that fraternal love may abound ! 
May the Lord bless and prosper you among the nation to which you belong, and 
may the truth more and more abundantly prevail with you and with us ! I 
am recovering slowly from a very severe illness, and your telegram has acted both as 
a tonic and as a cordial to me. Again I thank you from the bottom of my heart. 

" Yours most gratefully, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

On April 5, 1881, the annual butchers' festival was held at the Tabernacle. 

Mr. Spurgeon was unable to be present, but he wrote the following letter to 

Mr. Henry Varley, to be read at the meeting : — 

" Westwood, 

"April 5, 1881. 
" Dear Friend, 

" A month ago I was just recovering, and I took five ser\-ices in the 
week with great delight. The immediate result was another illness. This time I 
am weaker, and I have the same work before me. The friends beg me not to 
attempt so much, and my own judgment tells me that they are right. I must 
therefore be away from the butchers' festival, though with great regret. I never 
promised to be there. Someone did for me, and I don't believe in those proxy 
promises. You are a host in yourself. Tell the true blues to be true blue, and 
follow the best of leaders, — namely, the Lord Jesus. May they all be pure and 
upright, so as to be Christians indeed ! They will do well to be moderate in all 
things ; better if they become total abstainers from strong drink ; and best of all if 
they have new hearts and are believers in Jesus. I am sure we shall always be glad 
to find house-room for them so long as you and the master-butchers find the solids 

G4 



98 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography, 

for filling up the empties. I wish every man would get a day's march nearer 
Heaven on this occasion. May God's blessing be with you and all your hearers this 
night ! 

" Yours heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

After Rev. Joseph Cook, of Boston, U.S.A., had been lecturing in the United 
Kingdom tor about six months, qu'^:stions were raised in various quarters concerning 
his orthodoxy. The Earl of Shaftesbury was one of those who were in doubt with 
regard to his theological teaching, but Mr. Spurgeon very earnestly pleaded the 
cause of the eminent lecturer from across the Atlantic. The following is one of two 
letters which he wrote to the venerable Earl upon this matter : — 

" Westwood, 

" Beulah Hill, 

" Upper Norwood, 

"May II, 1881. ' 
" My Dear Friend, 

" I agree with you in heart, and soul, and faith ; and so also does Joseph 

Cook. His expressions may not be clear, but his meaning is identical with our own. 

There is, however, little hope of my leading you to think so, now that Mr. 

has cast his lurid light upon the lecturer's words ; and therefore I will not enter into 

a discussion. 

"Your action is wise, namely, to refrain from endorsing that which you do not 
approve of. But, I pray you, believe that, as I know Mr. Cook, and am as sure of 
his orthodoxy as I am ot my own, I cannot desert him, or, retract the commendations 
which I am sure that he deserves ; but I am none the less one with you. If you 
would only see Mr. Cook, you would form a different estimate of him ; but, anyhow, 
I shall not love or admire you one atom the less whatever you do. 

" I am, perhaps, more lenient than you are because I never was able to be quite 
so guarded a speaker as you are. I think no man speaks so much as you do with 
so few blunders, but impetuous people get into muddles. I quite agree with 
Mr. Foster's estimate of you as certain to have been Premier had you been 
ambitious in that direction, for you very seldom allow your speech to get cloudy, or 
to run over to the other side when emphasizing this ; — but pray do not expect such 
accuracy of us all. 

" Here is a man who, with tears, denies the slightest complicity with 
heterodoxy, and says that he lives and feeds on the old-fashioned truth so dear 
to us ; — well, — I believe what he says, and wish that half the ' orthodox ' were 
as orthodox as he is. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 99 

" The Lord ever bless and sustain you, my dear friend, and spare you to 
us many years to come ! I wish, when these meetings are over, you would come 
and see — 

" Your Lordship's most hearty friend, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

To this letter, Lord Shaftesbury replied as follows : — 

" 24, Grosvenor Square, W., \ 

"May 14, ]88i. 
" My Dear Friend, 

" If Joseph Cook stands high in your esteem, it is, I am confident, 

because you decidedly, and conscientiously believe that he holds, in all truth and 

earnestness, the great vital doctrines of the Christian Faith, — those doctrines 

indispensably necessary to salvation, and which have been the life and rule of your 

ministerial services. In these have been your joy, and your strength. Signal as are 

the talents that God has bestowed upon you, they would, without preaching Christ 

in all His majestic simplicity, have availed you nothing to comfort and instruct the 

hearts of thousands. 

" Such being the case, who would expect you to recede, by one hair's breadth, 
unless you carried your convictions with you? Certainly not I. 

" I am deeply gratified by your kind letter, and all its candid and friendly 
expressions. You must not admit any abatement of your regard and love for me. 
Mine towards you can never be lessened, while you stand up so vigorously, so 
devotedly, so exclusively for our blessed Lord. 

" Ever yours most truly, 

" Shaftesbury." 
" P.S. — I will pay you a visit as soon as possible." 

Mr. Cook was intensely grateful to Mr. Spurgeon for his powerful advocacy, 
even if it did not convince the venerable Earl. It is somewhat singular that, just as 
this chapter is being compiled, it is reported that, in answer to a statement that 
Mr. (now Dr.) Joseph Cook had joined the Spiritualists, he wrote, " Spiritualism is 
Potiphar's wife ; my name is Joseph." His reply seems to indicate that efforts had 
been made to entangle him, but that he had resisted them as successfully as his 
ancient namesake repelled his tempter. 

Mr. Spurgeon was always on very friendly terms with his neighbour, Rev. 
Burman Cassin, M.A., rector of St. George-the-Martyr, Southwark. On the twenty- 
fifth anniversary of Mr. Cassin's ordination, a testimonial was presented to him ; 
and the Pastor, although away from home, wrote concerning it : — 



lOO C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

" Mentone, 

"Dec. 17, 1883. 
" Dear Mr. Olney, 

" I had no idea that the presentation to the Rev. Burman Cassin was 
coming off so soon. Had I been at home, I was to have attended the meeting, for 
he is a brother for whom my heart always has a warm place. I wish him every 
blessinof, and, above all things, abundant grace to win multitudes of souls for Christ 
out of his immense parish. His true piety, his loving manners, and his catholic 
spirit, make me esteem him most highly. Had I been able to attend, I should have 
added ^5 to the testimonial, as a very inadequate but very honest token of my 
affection for him. As I am so far away, please be my substitute, and give the 
amount on my behalf You can trust me till I return. 

" Yours ever heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon.'' 

The following letter greatly interested Mr. Spurgeon : — 

"Christ Church Vicarage, 

" Rotherhithe, 

"August 16, 1884. 

" Mr. Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" I have, for many years, been an admiring reader of your sermons, and 
have often felt that I would write and tell you how useful I have found them 
personally and ministerially. I am specially urged to write to-day for the following 
reason. My mother, a clergyman's widow, died on May 19, this year, at Boston, 
Lincolnshire, aged 87. She used to take your sermons weekly, read them carefully, 
have them bound handsomely at the end of the year, and present the bound volume 
to me, year by year, on my birthday, Aug. 16. 

"The Vol. for 1883 — her last gift — was ready bound, and /have to-day written 

my name in it, as she cannot. Praying that the Lord may give you health and 

strength, continued usefulness, and increasing holiness, and asking your pardon, 

if intrusive, 

" Yours very sincerely, 

" H. C. MiTCHINSON, 

"Vicar of Christ Church, Rotherhithe." 

To this letter, Mr. Spurgeon replied thus : — 

" Westwood, 

"Aug, 19, 1884. 
" Dear Friend, 

"It is a great pleasure to be enabled to give seed to the sower. The 



C. II. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. lOI 

Lord accept my thanks for many such sweet messages as yours to cheer me ! The 
Lord also be with you in all your ministry, and give you an abundant harvest ! 

" I congratulate you upon having a mother in Heaven. Mine .still lingers in 
much suffering ; yours is promoted to felicity. We will follow on. I have paused 
to pray for you. Please do the like for me, tor I need it every day. 

" Yours most heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Several letters of condolence are given in the latter part of the next chapter, 
so one of congratulation may be inserted here. The following cheery note was 
sent to Rev. E. W. Matthews, secretary of the British and Foreign Sailors' Society, 
in May, 1885, in reply to a communication from him announcing the arrival of a 
little daughter, and sending contributions tor the Orphanage from all his children : — 

" Dear Friend, 

" Matthews are so good that there can hardly be too many of them if 
they all turn out to be evangelists. God bless the parents more and more, and 
cause the children to be real blessings to them in later years ! That you should bid 
your children send me a crown each, suggests that I hold a fourfold monarchy in 
your esteem ; but, alas ! I need a Priest and a King more than ever. I rejoice that 
our Lord Jesus is growing more precious to me in that capacity. May these four 
Matthews all be crowned with lovingkindness and tender mercies ! 

" Yours very heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

For many years, on his summer visits to Scotland, Mr. Spurgeon was the guest 
of Mr. James Duncan, at " Benmore," the beautiful mansion depicted in Vol. III., 
page 362. The following letter was written to Mr. Duncan's sister, in reply to one 
from her, mentioning various places and persons known to the Pastor, and saying that, 
as she had heard that he was overworking himself, she advised him to study what 
the sixth commandment required, " all lawful endeavours to preserve our own life ": — 

" Westvvood, 

"Aug. 26, 1SS5. 
" Dear Mrs. Moubray, 

" I heartily thank you for the proverbs, some of which I have used. I 

think I am well acquainted with the book you have culled from ; indeed, I would go 

far to see a proverb-book which I do not know. 

" Happy woman to be sailing over the fair seas, and gazing upon those glorious 

hills ! I tind abundance to do all day, and every day ; but, as the Lord blesses the 

work, I am not able to weary of it. 



I02 C. H. SPURGEON'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

" I saw Mr. Duncan on Sunday, much to my joy. He is, indeed, a kind and 
tender friend, and his sister is lil>:e unto him. God bless both ! 

" I trust Mr. McKercher will get better, and be restored to you. Truly good 
men are scarcer than they used to be. The world has gone after the idols of 
modern thought, and those of us who do not thus wander are esteemed to be ' old 

fogies.' 

" A woman rose in the Tabernacle, last Sunday, just as I entered, and began to 
talk about the sixth commandment ! Of course, I pricked up my ears, and wondered 
whether it was a lady from Strone House ! She did not get far before the attendants 
carried her off. I have not asked her name, but it looks very suspicious. Were 
you up in London last Sunday ? 

" I am studying that commandment, and I begin to think that I must work 
much harder, for fear somebody should be killed, spiritually, by my failure to preach 
in season and out of season. 

" My very kindest regards and heartiest thanks to you. 

" Yours ever gratefully, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Correspondents often asked Mr. Spurgeon to tell them the meaning of difficult 
passages of Scripture. In reply to the enquiry of a generous helper, in Scodand, 
concerning Hebrews vi. 4 — 6, the Pastor wrote :— 

" Westwood, 

"March 15, 1887. 

" Dear Friend, 

" I have always taught that, if the Divine life could entirely die out, there 
would be no second quickening. We can be born again, but not again and again. 
If the salt could lose its savour, it would be a hopeless case. From which I argue 
that, as no believer in Christ is in a hopeless case, no man has utterly lost the life of 
God alter once receiving it. 

" The wilful return to sin would be fatal. 

"In each passage quoted, the evil supposed is also denied. (See Hebrews vi. 9, 
and X. 39.) 

One great means of securing final perseverance is the knowledge that we 
cannot go in and out of Christ at pleasure ; if we could utterly quit Him, there 
could be no possibility of renewal. (Hebrews vi. 4.) Therefore we are bound to 
hold on even to the end. 

" My wonder is how, in the teeth of these texts, Arminians believe that men can 
lose the Divine life and receive it again. No words can be clearer than those which 
describe this as 'impossible.' 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAniY. IO3 

" I have sent a catalogue with sermons marked which may help you. Write 
me whenever you like, only excuse me if I am brief. 

" Yours heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

For several years, Mr. Spurgeon preached the anniversary sermon at Christ 

Church, Westminster Bridge Road, more than once going there for the purpose after 

conducting his own Monday evening prayer-meeting. In 1888, he was too unwell 

to 0-0, so he wrote the following letter to Mr. Newman Hall, who read it at the 

public meeting : — 

" Westwood, 

"July 4, 1888. 

" My Dear Friend, 

" I have only just heard that to-day is your anniversary. I congratulate 
you, and I pray that you may have a right good day. If I had been well enough, I 
would have accepted your invitation, you may be quite sure. I thank you and your 
friends for many kindnesses received by way of help in my hour of sickness. The 
Lord bless yoii who preached, and the people who spared you ! In these days, 
we are two of the old school. Our experience has taught us that, both for 
conversion and edification, the doctrine of Christ crucified is all-sufficient. A 
childlike faith in the atoning sacrifice is the foundation for the purest and noblest of 
characters. As the hammer comes down on the anvil ever with the same ring, so 
will we preach Christ, Christ, Christ, and nothing else but Christ. 

" Our friends leave us for the suburbs, but I trust the Lord will raise up around 
us another generation of faithful men. God bless those attached brethren who stick 
to us, and bear the brunt of the battle with us ! I feel a deep gratitude to all such, 
both at the Tabernacle and at Christ Church. To you I desire continued health and 
joyous communion with God. 

"Yours very heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Dr. H. L. Wayland, of Philadelphia, was frequently in correspondence with 

Mr. and Mrs. Spurgeon. On more than one occasion, he sent contributions for the 

Lord's work under their care. In reply to one of these communications, the Pastor 

wrote : — 

" Westwood, 

" June, 1889. 
" My Dear Friend, 

Your letter to Mrs. Spurgeon has greatly cheered her. . . . She is to 



I04 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

write to the kind donor of the draft, and I am to thank you. Wisdom ordains 
division of labour. My dear wife does not improve in health. I don't think she 
could improve in any other way. 

" I hold on, and stand fast. Despite what your correspondents may tell you, I 
know of a surety that there is an awful twist in the thoughts of the many, and error 
bears the bell. Yet I am not doubtful of the ultimate result. 

" I see that the Lord loves you and yours greatly, for He tries you. These are 
His love-tokens. I have many, and I prize them. Your love is sweet to me. 

" Yours most heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

In August, 1S89, Mr. S. G. Richardson, the Sheffield Master Cuder-elect, sent 
to Mr. Spurgeon, through a mutual friend, a very cordial invitation to attend his 
banquet. This elicited the following answer : — 

" Westwood, 

"August 23, 1889. 
" My Dear Friend, 

" You are most kind, and so is the Master Cutler, but I am so taken up 
with work that I must not leave home. I rejoice in the kindness and courtesy of 
Mr. Richardson, and I beg you to thank him heartily. Really, I am not a man for a 
feast, even if I could come. Our Lord Mayor pressed me to meet the Archbishops 
and Bi-shops at a banquet, but I could not bring my soul to it, — I mean, the banquet. 
I had no objection to the Bishops. Last week, I had tea at the Archbishop's, and 
luncheon with the Bishop of Rochester ; but the banquet was out of my line. I am 
best at work, — my own work. Still, God bless you, and the Master Cutler, and all 

the good folk ! 

" Yours heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

The invitation to tea at the Archbishop's was written by Mrs. Benson, and was 
as follows : — 

"Addington Park, 

"Croydon, 

"Aug. 10, '89. 
" My Dear Sir, 

"We have just come back to Addington, where we shall be for a few 
days before going abroad ; and I am writing to claim your kind promise to come and 
see us here. Might we hope that you will come to afternoon tea on Thursday next 
at 5 o'clock? It will be a great pleasure to see you. I fear Mrs. Spurgeon is not 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. I05 

Strong enough for so long a drive ; otherwise, it would have given us great pleasure 

if she would accompany you. 

" Believe me, 

" My dear sir, 

" Yours very truly, 

" Mary Benson." 
"The Rev. C. H. Spurgeon." 

The day mentioned not being convenient to Mr. Spurgeon, because of the 
Tabernacle service, another afternoon was fixed, and that happened to be in the 
same week in which he had promised to take luncheon with the Bishop of Rochester, 
who wrote, a few days afterwards : — 

" Selsdon Park, 

" Croydon, 

" August 23, 1889. 
" My Dear Friend, 

" I thank you exceedingly for your valued gift. The Salt-cclla7's shall 
have an opportunity of sparkling in my sermons, and I shall begin to read The 
Cheque Book of the. Bank of Faith to-day. 

"You may like to see a very friendly though not a gushing criticism on your 
sermons in The Gziai'dian of last Wednesday, — the leading High Church journal. 

"We all have a most charming impression of your visit. Next time you come, 
I shall try to pick your brains about preaching. 

" Most truly yours, 

"A. W. ROFFEN." 

The following letter — the last one written by Mr. Spurgeon to his old friend, 
Mr. J. S. Watts, of Cambridge, has a specially pathetic interest now : — 

" Westwood, 

" May 29, 1S90. 
" Dear Friend, 

" How are you ? I am myself below par in health ; but exceeding full of 

the Lord's goodness. I have seen sixty-nine candidates for church-fellowship this 

month. Long hours It has cost me to converse with the many, and select these ; 

but it is glorious harvest work. Everything prospers more and more. But I 

get faint at times in body. I must rest more. On June 19, I shall be fifty-six, 

and my years have been such as produce great wear and tear. Yet I shall soon 

pick up again. 

" I shall send you my College Reports for the last two years, that you may see 

how, in temporal supplies, we know no lack. My liberation from questionable 



io6 c. u. spurgeon's autobiography. 

associations has brought around me a host of the Lord's own who have a like 
love to His inspired Word and immutable truth. Divinely has He sustained me, 
and He ivill. Peace be unto you ! 

" Yours ever lovingly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

One of the many loving notes preserved by a former member of the Tabernacle 
Church is interesting because of the Biblical names borne by himself and several of 
his relatives who are mentioned in it : — 

" Westwood, 

" Aug. 30, 1890. 
" Dear Mr. Keevil, 

"What a patriarchal family you are! Here is Joshua sending me a 
letter from Noah, containing news about Enoch, and Job and his girls ! It makes 
me feel proud to be in such ancient company. God bless you all ! 

" I will send Noah a receipt. Like his namesake, he seems to have had enough 
rain. Well, we shall get home. You are a good soul. May the Lord give you the 
double portion, as he did Job I 

" Yours heartily ever, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

While Mr. Spurgeon was ill at Mentone, in December, 1S90, he received a 
letter from his old and faithful friend, Dr. D. A. Doudney, Editor of The Gospel 
Magazine, who said : — " I had such a spirit of holy wrestling at the footstool of 
mercy, on your behalf, in the wakefulness of the past night, that I could but cherish 
the hope that the Lord was giving you relief" In reply, Mr. Spurgeon wrote : — 

'* Mentone, 

" Dec. 5, '90. 
"Venerated Friend, 

" It made my heart leap for joy when I read in your note that you had 
liberty in prayer for me. I am recovering. I can hold the pen, as you see. My 
hand was puffed up, and, in consequence, like all puffed up things, useless ; but 
it is coming to its true form, and I am rallying from the weakness which follows 
great pain. 

"Of a surety, it is well. I praise God with all my heart for the furnace, the 
hammer, and the file. May He bless to you the infirmities of years, and carry you 
ever in His bosom ! 

" Your loving, grateful friend, 

"C. H. Spurgeon." 



CHAPTER XCT. 




Ittttxs m Ipri&att aiib ^Public Mm% {Continued}. 

Letters Concerning Legacies. 

HE following letter, relating" to an estate of the value of ^5,000, 
may be inserted as a specimen of many which Mr. Spurgcon had 
to write, on other occasions, with reference to financial matters 
about which he ought never to have been troubled. In several 
instances, when money was bequeathed to him which he thought 
should have gone to the relatives of the testator or testatrix, he 
paid it over to them without the least hesitation, and it often grieved him that he 
could not do the same with legacies, left to his Institutions, which ought to have 
been given to needy relations. In the case here referred to, he had simply to 
refuse what he regarded as an unjust and unreasonable demand : — 

" Clapham, 

" June 13, 1868. 
" Dear Sir, 

"Although Mr. 's will certainly makes me his residuary legatee 

absolutely, he gave the solicitor to understand that he left the money to me because 
he was sure I should not appropriate it to myself, but would use it for religious and 
charitable purposes. This request he also wrote me, and it was sent by his solicitor. 
The Law of Mortmain prevented him from leaving his money as he desired, there- 
fore he put it in my hands, very much to my discomfort. I shall not, on any 
account, accept a farthing for myself from this estate, but carry out the testator's 
known wish. 

" I do not consider this to be any barrier to my making awards to claimants 
who may have moral claims of a sound character against the estate, for it is not to 
my mind to give to religion or charity till justice has been done. Hence I have, to 
the best of my judgment, with the kind advice of the executors, met each claim, not 
only of a legal, but of a moral kind, and there is now no balance remaining to be 
disposed of, or so small as to be not worth mentioning. There will be no more 
funds available during the existence of two lives ; and, consequently, the claims of 

Mr. and others must wait, even if they can be attended to at any time. 

"The executors do not believe in the claims of Mr. ; but they, as gentlemen, 

would advise me with impartiality, and if you convince them, you convince me ; 



io8 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

only I cannot be expected to disburse money which I have not received, from an 
estate with which personally I have no profitable connection, left by an utter 
stranger. 

" I see no grounds for your severe language towards me ; and as for vour threat 
to publish the matter abroad, so far as I am concerned, I neither court nor fear 
publicity in any of my actions ; and, in this case, if the simple truth be published, it 
will little concern me what the public think of my proceeding. I am the gainer of 
much trouble and annoyance by this unhappy legacy, and nothing more. 

" Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeox." 

" P.S. — Please send future letters on this business to the executors." 

One of many letters, which had to be written at a later period with reference to 
great fortunes said to have been left to Mr. Spurgeon, may also be given : — 

" Westwood, 

" March 26, 18S4. 
*' Dear Sir, 

" In speaking of a supposed large fortune left to me, you very wisely say, 

'If it is so !' Several times, such rumours have gone abroad ; — much smoke from a 

very small fire. In the present case, there may be something ; 'but how little none 

can tell' This rumour brings to me begging letters and requests of the most 

amazing kind ; and, in a measure, stops supplies for my many enterprises, and so 

causes me much trouble. Please, therefore, say in your paper that the laro-e 

fortune is a myth. With many thanks for your kind remarks, 

" I am, 

" Yours in much weakness, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 



Correspondence re Lectures and Sermons in the United States. 

In the year 1873, Mr. Spurgeon, in addressing his church and congregation, 
made the following reference to a proposal which he had received : — 

" I had a letter from a gentleman well known in America, giving me the offer 
of 25,000 dollars for twenty-five lectures. On these terms, the twenty-five nights 
would give me ^5,000, and in a hundred nights I should have ^'20,000. Besides 
this, I should be allowed to lecture for as many more nights as I chose, so that I 
might, in the course of a year, be worth ^40,000, and no doubt the persons who 
undertook the arrangement would earn ten times that amount. What do you 
suppose was my answer to this offer ? I wrote, ' If you were to multiply it a hundred 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



109 



times, and again a hundred times, I should feel it as easy to decline as I do now, 
when I say that I cannot cross the ocean to lecture upon any subject whatever. I 
am a minister of the gospel, and never lectured for money, and do not intend to do 
so now.' " 

Although the refusal was so emphatic, other offers continued to come. In 1876, 
a paragraph appeared in some American papers stating that " The Rev. Mr. 
Spurgeon writes that he will visit the United States in the autumn." This elicited 
the following letter : — 

"Boston, Mass., U.S.A., 

"Rev. C. H. Spurgeon, "June 22, 1876. 

" Dear Sir, 

" Is the above paragraph true ? We have tried so long, and so hard, for 

so many years, to secure you, that we thought it impossible, and long since gave 

up all hope. We are agents (exclusive agents) for all the leading lecturers in 

the country, and do nine-tenths of the lecture business of America, and we are 

responsible for what we offer. We will give you a thousand dollars in gold for 

every lecture you will deliver in America, and pay all your expenses to and from 

your home, and place you under the most popular auspices in this country. Will 

you come ? 

" Yours truly, 

"The Redpath Lyceum Bureau." 

To this communication, Mr. Spurgeon replied : — 

" Clapham, 

" London, 

"July 6, 1876. 
" Gentlemen, 

" I cannot imagine how such a paragraph should appear in your papers, 

except by deliberate invention of a hard-up Editor, for I never had any idea of 

leaving home for America for some time to come. As I said to you before, if I 

could come, I am not a lecturer, nor would I receive money for preaching. 

"Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

In 1878, two other invitations came, the first of which Mr. Spurgeon answered 
thus : — " I have not the slightest idea of visiting America. If ever I should do so, 
I could not preach or lecture for money. Excellent as your services doubtless are 
to those who need them, they could not possibly be needed by me. I should regard 



IIO C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

it as an utter prostitution of any gifts I possess if I were, as a servant of God, to use 
them to make money for myself in the way in which lecturers very properly do." 

The reply to the second request was :^" I am not open to any engagement 
either to lecture or to preach in America. I could not consider your offer for a 
single moment. I have on several occasions given a positive refusal, and can only 
repeat it in the plainest terms. I am not to be hired for any money." 

Another effort was made in 1879, when Major Pond was in England with 
Dr. Talmage, and the former wrote to Mr. Spurgeon, asking for an interview, and 
saying, among other things : — " I want to see the man to whom I would pay the 
compliment to offer fifty thousand dollars for speaking fifty nights in my country, and 
to my countrymen." To this note, Mr. Spurgeon replied : — 

" Nightingale Lane, 
" Balham, 

" Surrey, 

" June 6, 1S79. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I am not at all afraid of anything you could say by way of tempting me 
to preach or lecture for money, for the whole of the United States in bullion would 
not lead me to deliver one such lecture. It would only waste your time and mine 
for you to see me, though I feel sure that you are one of the pleasantest men upon 
the earth. Your good-natured pertinacity is so admirable that I trust you will not 
waste it upon an impossible object ; but be content to have my acknowledgment 
that, if success could have been achieved, you would have achieved it. 

" Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

In 1S83, a syndicate in the United States, without even asking for Mr. Spurgeon's 
opinion or consent, arranged for the transmission, by telegraph, of his Lord's-day 
morning sermons, and their publication on the following day, in a number of papers 
in Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Philadelphia, and St. Louis, having an aggregate 
circulation of a million copies. The experiment was doomed to be a failure, for the 
instructions to the English agents were : — " Cable Spurgeon's Sunday morning 
sermons, omitting the little words.'' The attempt to insert those words in the report- 
received on the other side of the Atlantic produced such a strange result that 
Mr. Spurgeon wrote on the first copy he received : — " Sermon a hash, but pretty 
well considering the hurry and double transmission to New York, and then to 
Cincinnati." In reply to a complaint that the arrangement involved a great increase 
in Sabbath labour, the Pastor wrote : — 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. I I I 

" Westwood, 

"June 8, 1 883. 
" Dear Sir, 

" It is true that my Sunday morning sermons are taken by the United 
States Press Association, and are cabled so as to appear in the papers on Monday 
morning. So far as this occasions Sunday work, I regret it ; but I have no more 
to do with it than you have. I have never been in any way consulted in the matter, 
and so I have not entered into any enquiry as to the labour involved. 

" Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Only a few weeks elapsed before the Pastor was able to write in The bivord 
and the T^-owel : — " The sermons were not long telegraphed to America, so that our 
friends who feared that the Sabbath would be desecrated may feel their minds 
relieved. We are not sorry ; for the sermons which we saw in the American papers 
may have been ours, but they were so battered and disfigured that we would not 
have owned them. In the process of transmission, the eggs were broken, and the 
very life of them was crushed. We much prefer to revise and publish for ourselves ; 
and as these forms of publication"are permanent, their usefulness becomes in the 
long run greater than would come of a wide scattering of faulty reports." 

Four years later, another attempt was made to arrange for the early publication, 

on an extensive scale, of summaries of Mr. Spurgeon's sermons ; but this also failed. 

He was unable even to entertain the proposal made to him in the following letter, 

for he never knew "ten days in advance" what the subject of his discourse would 

be ; otherwise, in this case, there might not have been the same objection as on 

the former occasion as the effort need not have involved any increase of Sunday 

labour : — 

" New York Syndicate Bureau, 

" No. I, William Street, 

" New York, 

" Sept. 20, 1887. 
" Rev. C. H. Spurgeon, 

" Dear Sir, 

" W^e have arrangements about perfected by which we are to publish, 

every Monday morning, in all the large cities of this country, a synopsis of the 

sermons of six of the leading clergymen here. The idea is, to get advance notes of 

the sermons (about ten days in advance), and send them out to our syndicate ol 

newspapers. It is necessary to get the matter so far in advance as we have to reach 

San Francisco. Those we intend publishing are. Rev. Phillips Brooks, of Boston ; 



112 C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

Dr. lohn Hall. New York ; Dr. Talmage, Brooklyn ; Cardinal Gibbons, Baltimore ; 
Rev. John P. Newman, Washington ; and the Most Rev. Archbishop Ryan, 
Philadelphia. 

" While negotiations have been going on, we have received numerous requests 
from our subscribing Editors for a weekly synopsis of your sermon, and thinking 
that there might be an inducement in having your congregation increased into the 
millions, with the corresponding increase in the beneficial influence of your sermons, 
we have thought it wise to approach you on the subject. 

" Could you not cable, at our expense, about ten days in advance, the ideas of 
vour sermon each week ? The e.xact phraseology is not necessary, as the ideas are 
all that are wanted. Cable, say 250 to 300 words. For this courtesy, we would be 

pleased to forward, each week, our cheque at the rate of a year. If you think 

favourably of the matter, kindly cable the one word ' Yes ' to our registered address, 
* Exactness, New York,' and we will write you in regard to any detail that may be 
necessary. Hoping that you will render a favourable decision, 

" We are, 

" Yours very truly, 

" Chas. R. Brown, Editor." 

Any friends from the United States, who had ever worshipped at the Metro- 
politan Tabernacle, and who saw, in The Neiv York Herald, January 9, 1888, the report 
of the service in that building the day before, must have been somewhat surprised 
at what they read. In the course of a long cablegram purporting to have been 
received from the Heralifs London bureau, the correspondent said : — "There were 
fully five thousand in the audience to greet the Tabernacle orator on his return from 
Mentone. He looked remarkably better than when I interviewed him two months 
ago for the Herald on his departure. AfUr a gra^td voluntary from the organ, 
during which the congregation silently studied the countenance of the great Baptist 
preacher, he and the audience standing, they sang Psalm 103, best known in music 
as ' Benedice anima mea.' Then an assistant read the second chapter of the first 
Epistle of John, first giving the revisers' head-notes summarizing the contents of the 
chapter. After the choir, zvhich is of high repute,, had sung a hymn in which there 
zvas a charming contralto solo, Mr. Spurgeon preached from the text : — ' It ye abide 
in Me, and My words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done 
unto you.' — John xv. 7." 

The words printed in italics indicate some of the inaccuracies in these few 
sentences. As there was no "organ" or "choir" at the Tabernacle, so there was 
neither " voluntary " nor " contralto solo." Mr. Spurgeon himself read and 
expounded John xv. i — 8, and also i John ii., so his "assistant" had no opportunity 



C. 11. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. II3 

of "giving the revisers' head-notes." The text was stated correctly, so the 
references to it, and to one of the chapters which were read, must have been 
telegraphed, with the number of the Psalm sung ; but the descriptive matter in 
the "cablegram " must have been inserted by someone who knew nothing about the 
mode of worship adopted at the Metropolitan Tabernacle, however familiar he might 
be with the practices prevailing on the other side of the Atlantic. 



Consolatory Letters. 
Mr. Spurgeon was a true comforter of the suffering and sorrowing ; his 
frequent personal afflictions, added to his own sympathetic disposition, made him 
"a succourer of many." This cheering and helpful note was written to a lady who 

had told him of her many trials : — 

" Westwood, 

" March 9, '81. 
" Dear Friend, 

" You seem to me to be in the night school, — by no means pleasant 

lessons, few holidays, and no cakes and sugar-sticks ; — but a wise Teacher, and a 

guarantee of becoming a well-trained disciple in clue time. This is much better 

than to be pampered with joyous excitements, and to be thereby really weakened in 

faith. How could you honour Christ, by trusting Him as He is revealed in 

Scripture, if you were always having new revelations over and above His Word ? 

Too much sight renders faith impossible. A certain measure of darkness is needful 

for the full exercise of faith. Be of good comfort ; for He who has redeemed you 

will not lose that which has cost Him so much. I hope you will yet recover 

strength. Why, you are only a young girl yet at thirty-seven ! But I know how 

the spirits sink, and one feels as old as Methuselah. The Lord be ever your 

Comforter ! 

" Yours, with much to do, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

One of Mr. Spurgeon's dearest and most intimate friends was Mr. William 

Higgs, the builder of the Tabernacle, and a deacon of the church worshipping there. 

The following extracts from letters to Mrs. Higgs, when her dear husband was 

" called home," will show how fully the Pastor sympathized with her and the whole 

of the bereaved family : — ■ 

"Westwood, 

" January 3, 1883. 
" Dear Friend, 

" How I wish that I could come and join you in your grief, even if I 

H 4 



114 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

could not give you comfort ! But I am too lame to move. Ah, me ! what a blow ! 
We were all afraid of it, but did not think it would come just now. Doubtless it is 
best as it is ; but it is a sharp gash in the heart. He was a dear soul to us all, but 
specially to you. I beg the Lord to bear you up under this the heaviest of all trials. 
, . . All is well with him. There is our comfort. His pains and wearinesses 
are over, and he rests. I will come as soon as I can travel, but this swollen right 
foot holds me like a fetter of iron. 

" Loving sympathy to every one of you. God bless you ! 

" Yours ever heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

" Westwood, 

" January 6, 1883. 
" Dear Mrs. Higgs, 

"L and G have now told me all about our dear one's death. 

The Lord has dealt well with him. I wonder how he lived so long to cheer us all : 
and I feel relieved that he lived no longer, for it would have been great anguish to 
him. He has gone at the right time. The Lord will be your comfort and help. I 
meant to go to you this morning, but I found my foot would not let me go up 
and down steps. It is a double pain to be kept from you and your sorrowing 
family. . . . We shall all meet again. . . . Let us bless God. Can we ^. 

" Your loving friend, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

When Pastor T. W. Medhurst lost a daughter, Mr. Spurgeon wrote to him : — 

"Westwood, 

" May 24, 1884. 
" Dear Friend, 

" May you be sustained under your heavy trial ! Now that you and 
your dear companion are most fully realizing the void which is made in your 
household, may you find living consolations flowing into your hearts ! ' It is 
well,' and faith knows it is so ; and worships the Lord from under the cloud. 
How time has flown ! It seems but the other day that you were married ; and 
now you are an old father, bereaved of a daughter. Dear Caleb Higgs, too, 
is gone home long ago. 

" We shall meet above before long. Till then, in our Lord's business we 

will find solace, and in Himself delight. 

" Yours ever heartily, 

"C. H. Spurgeon." 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. II5 

The following letter was written to an Oxfordshire clergyman, with whom 
Mr. Spurgeon had long been in close personal friendship ; he was always deeply 
interested in the open-air services under the oaks on Mr. Abraham's farm (see 
Vol. III., page 365), and induced all whom he could influence to be present: — 

" West wood, 

"June 12, 1884. 
" Dear Friend, 

"I casually heard from Mr. Abraham that you were ill, but I had no> 

idea that it was a serious matter ; but Mr. Rochfort has kindly given me further 

news. I feel very sad about It, but I am sure you do not. The loss will be 

ours, and Heaven and you will gain. 

" Dear loving brother, you have nothing now to do but to go home ; and 
what a home ! You will be quite at home where all is love, for you have lived 
in that blessed element, and are filled with it. I shall soon come hobbling after 
you, and shall find you out. We are bound to gravitate to each other whether 
here or in glory. We love the same Lord, and the same blessed truth. 

" Mav the everlastino- arms be underneath vou ! I breathe for vou a lovine, 
tender prayer, — ' Lord, comfort Thy dear servant, and when he departs, may it be 
across a dried-up river into the land of living fountains ! ' 

" I am fifty next Thursday, and you are near your Jubilee. In this we are 
alike; but Jesus is the highest joy. Into the Father's hands I commit you, 'until 
the day break, and the shadows flee away.' 

"Your loving brother, 

" C. H. Spurgeon.' 

The good man did not linger long, and in the August number of The Sword 
and the Tj'owel Mr. Spurgeon inserted the following note : — -" Our dear brother. 
Rev. Thomas Curme, vicar of Sandford, Oxon., has passed to his reward. He 
was a sweet Christian, of calm and serene spirit, full of love and humility, yet firm 
as a rock in the doctrine of grace. When the denouncer of Baptismal Regeneration 
was shunned by many of the clergy, one of his brethren asked Mr. Curme, ' How 
can you spend so much time in company with Spurgeon .-^ ' His gentle answer 
was, ' It is more wonderful that he should associate with me than that I should 
meet with him.' His love to us was wonderful, and constituted one of the joys 
of our life. He was beloved of all who knew him, and we were one with him in 
the faith which is in Christ Jesus. He passed away full of years, ripe for his rest." 

When the mother of one of "our own men" was "called home" just after her 
son's recognition service at Luton, Mr. Spurgeon wrote to him from Mentone : — 



Il6 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

" Dear Mr. Feltham, 

"It is a great sorrow to lose such a mother, but also a great joy to 
know it is well with her. She could not have passed away under happier circum- 
stances. She must have been glad to see her son so happily settled, and then 
gladder still to be with her Lord for ever. No lingering sickness, no fierce pain ; 
but gentle dismission, and instant admission into the glory. I envy her as much as 
I dare. The Lord be with you and your beloved, and comfort you to the full ! 

" Your sympathizing friend, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

The "grandmother" so tenderly mentioned in the following letter was, of 

course, the Mrs. Bartlett who so long conducted the large Bible-class at the 

Tabernacle : — 

" Mentone, 

" Dec. 14, '87. 

" Dear Mr. Bartlett, 

" I sorrow with you over the departure of your little Lillie ; but you 
will feel that there is honey with the gall. She was a dear child, ready to take 
her place with the shining ones. Grandmother will receive her as a messenger 
from you. 

" May peace and consolation flow into the heart of yourself and wife ! I send 

you a little cheque to ease the expense. 1 cannot ease your pain ; but there is 

' another Comforter ' who can and will do so. Receive my hearty sympathy. We 

are all going the same way. The little one has outrun us ; we shall catch her 

up soon. 

" Yours very heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon. 

When the wife of Dr. S. O. Habershon was " called home," Mr. Spurgeon 
wrote to Miss Ada R. Habershon : — 

" Westwood, 

"April 30, 1889. 
" Dear Friend, 

" I heard with deep regret of your dear father's loss, — which is your 
mother's gain. I do not wonder that the beloved man is not well. It is a crushing 
stroke, and he has a tender heart. The Lord Himself sustain him ! The Holy 
Ghost Himself has undertaken the office of Comforter because there is such need of 
comfort in the tried family, and because it is such work as only God can do 
effectually. I commend you to the ' other Comforter.' I could not expect to see 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. ' II7 

you at the College supper, but it is very kind of you to write me. You cheer me 
much by the reminder of the use of The Cheque Book to the dying one. God be 
praised ! 

" 1 may send you my Christian love in this hour of sorrow, for I feel great 
sympathy with you and your father, and a hallowed oneness of heart with you in the 
faith of our Lord, and in service for His Name. May a sweet hush fall on your 
hearts ! 

" Yours very truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Miss Habershon thus explains the allusion to Mr. Spurgeon's volume, The 
Cheque Book of the Bank of Faith : — " My dear mother read it daily ; and, during 
her last illness, it was read to her as long as she could bear it. The last portion 
my dear father read to her was on April 8,— she fell asleep on the 13th, — and the 
words were singularly appropriate : — ' If there is no more work for you to do for 
your Master, it cannot distress you that He is about to take you home.'" 

A few months later, Dr. Habershon also received the summons, " Come up 
higher." During his last illness, his daughter wrote to inform Mr. Spurgeon, and he 
replied as follows : — 

" West wood, 

" Aug. 3, 1889. 
" Dear Friend, 

" You are now tried indeed, but all-sufficient grace will bear you throuo-h. 

I desire my tenderest love to your suffering father. If he is now going home, I 

congratulate him upon the vision which will soon burst upon him. If he tarries with 

us a little longer, it will be profitable for you. We have not the pain of choice. It 

is a great mercy that we are not placed in the perplexing dilemma of choosing either 

for ourselves or others, whether we live or die. I pray for you both. May you 

maintain the peace which now rules you, and find it even brightening into joy in the 

Lord's will ! Jesus said to the women at the sepulchre, 'All hail.' All is well. 

" Yours most heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 
Mr. Spurgeon's presence and address at the funeral greatly comforted the 
mourners ; and in thanking him. Miss Habershon consulted him with regard to the 
future, and received the following reply : — 

" Westwood, 

"Sept. 6, 1889. 
" Dear Friend, 

" It would seem to be wise advice which would lead your brother to take 

your father's house. Iii the profession, a measure o{ pi-estige is valuable, and this 



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I20 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

hangs even about the abode of a distinguished man when the name is the same. 
You and your sister will be rightly led, for you look up ; and there is a finger which 
never misleads. 

" It was a great solace to be able to do anything to comfort your heart. Your 
thanks are far more than I deserve ; but I did honestly endeavour to bear a 
testimony which I pray our Lord to impress on some for whom we felt anxious. 

" In these crises of life, the power to sit still is greater than that of activity — 

which frets into restlessness. I commend you to the Good Shepherd. HE will 

direct your path. 

" Yours very heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 



This chapter may be appropriately closed with a brief mention of the manner 
in which Mr. Spurgeon voluntarily increased his correspondence to a very consider- 
able extent, and thereby became the means of untold blessing to many of those to 
whom he wrote. At one of the meetings during the College Conference of 1890, a 
very touching prayer was presented by Dr. Usher, who pleaded with great earnest- 
ness for the salvation of the children of the brethren. The beloved President was 
much moved by the pe.xtion, and the hearty response which it evoked ; and he at 
once offered to write to all the ministers' sons and daughters whose fathers intimated 
their wish for him to do so by sending to him their children's names and ages. Two 
letters were written and lithographed, — one for the older boys and girls, the other 
for the little ones, — the name and date being, in every instance, filled in by 
Mr. Spurgeon himself In this way, many hundreds of young folk, at home and 
abroad, received a direct communication from the dear Pastor, and he had the joy of 
reading a large number of replies testifying to the fact that the Holy Spirit had 
richly blessed the effort to the salvation of the youthful recipients. 

Thoughtful and kind as the whole arrangem.ent was, there remained a finishing 
touch which no one could give so lovingly as our Mr, Great-heart. The litho- 
graphed letter to the elder children contained references to " father and mother " 
which made it scarcely suitable for the " mitherless bairns" whose fathers desired 
them to have a share in the favour of a letter from Mr. Spurgeon. The facsimile, 
on pages 118 and 119, will show how lovingly he read it through, and made the 
necessary alterations to adapt it to the dear girl who received it ; and he did this on 
June 19, his own birthday, when he was overwhelmed with contributions for the 
Orphanage, which all had to be acknowledged before he went up to the Festival 
at Stockwell, at which he was expected to make several speeches. Surely, even he 
could hardly have given a more convincing proof of his delight in imparting pleasure 
to others whatever mi^ht be the cost to himself. 



CHAPTER XCII. 



Ml' SptirscDu's ©pinions on Sxibjccts of (l^tncral Inttrtst. 




HILE the many hundreds of letters and notes written by Mr. 
Spurgeon were being examined with a view to the selection ot 
those inserted in the preceding chapters, it was found that, in several 
of them, he had given expression to his opinions upon subjects 
of permanent public interest. It was decided, therefore, that a 
number oi his epistles concerning religious, political, and social 
matters should be collected in a separate chapter, in order that those who desire to 
know what he said upon these topics may be able to refer to them. The letters are, 
as far as possible, arranged in chronological order, with sub-titles to increase the 
facility of reference to them. 

Infant Salvation. 
Among the many falsehoods which, at different times, were told concerning 
Mr. Spurgeon, one which he naturally repelled with the utmost indignation was the 
statement that he once declared that " there are in hell infants a span long." In 
reply to a correspondent who asked if he had ever said this, he wrote : — 

" Newington, S.E., 

"June 12, 1869. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I have never, at any time in my life, said, believed, or imagined that 

any infant, under any circumstances, would be cast into hell. I have always believed 

in the salvation of all infants, and I intensely detest the opinions which your 

opponent dared to attribute to me. I do not believe that, on this earth, there is a 

single professing Christian holding the damnation of infants ; or, if there be, he must 

be insane, or utterly ignorant of Christianity. I am obliged by this opportunity of 

denying the calumny, although the author of it will probably find no difficulty in 

inventing some other fiction to be affirmed as unblushingly as the present one. He 

who doubts God's Word is naturally much at home in slandering the Lord's ser\'ants. 

"Yours truly, 

" C. H. Sturgeon." 

The question of the salvation of infants is also referred to in the following note, 
which was written to a minister, whose infant child had died, and to whose wife a 



122 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

Christadelphian had expressed the idea that children dying at that age have no 
existence after death : — 

" Clapham, 

" June 8, 1872. 
" Dear Friend, 

"I am just leaving home, and can only write and say, — May th^ Comforter 
fulfil His Divine office in your hearts ! The child is with Jesus. David did not 
think his babe annihilated when he said, ' I shall go to him.' Away with these 
foolish dreams ! The Lord be with you ! 

" Yours in sympathy, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Romanism in the Church of England. 

When Mr. Mackey, the Protestant lecturer, was put in prison, Mr. C. N. 
Newdegate, M P., called upon Mr. Spurgeon, to discuss the various aspects of the 
question, and the anti-Romish agitation in general. After he reached his home, he 
wrote to the Pastor as follows : — 

" 3, Arlington Street, 

" Piccadilly, 

" Sept. 24, 1871. 
" My Dear Sir, 

" I shall consider our conversation as confidential, as I am sure you will, 

since I mentioned individuals and their conversations, which I have no right to 

publish. You will, I am sure, understand this. 

" Yours very sincerely, 

"C. N. Newdegate." 
To this note, Mr. Spurgeon replied thus : — 

" Clapham, 

" Sept. 26. 
" My Dear Sir, 

" Rely upon me. As far as I am concerned, I do not object to your 

repeating any remarks of mine, but I quite see the propriety of your request, and 

will readily comply with it. The imprisonment of Mr. Mackey appears to be a 

breach of all equity. If law permits it, law itself is bad. To check the power of the 

Papacy, and put down its errors, is a work worthy of the efforts of the best of men. 

May you have success in your labours ! So long, however, as the Episcopal 

denomination remains Popish and patronized, your efforts wUl be stultified. 

" Some years ago (such things are rare with us), I lost a member of my church, 



c. H. sturgeon's autobiography. 123 

who is now a Romanist. How was he seduced ? Not by Dr. Manning or 
St. George's Cathedral, but by Mr. Mackonochie and St. Alban's. I have more to 
fear from your Church than from the Pope's hirehngs, for it uses its Evangehcal 
clergy as the first lure to godly people, then its semi-Ritualists, then its full-blown 
Papists, and so on, till men are conducted down to the pit of Popery. 

" Besides, your Church claims a pre-eminence I cannot concede to it, curses me 
roundly in its canons, denies my call to the ministry, shuts the worthiest ot my 
brethren out of its pulpits, and, to crown all, compels me to pay tithes and support 
an establishment which I abhor. Yet I love the true Protestants in your Church 
most heartily, though smarting daily under grievous wrongs, in the infliction of 
which they -axq. pat'ticipes criniinis. 

" Christian charity finds it hard to live where it is demanded on the one side, 
but cannot be returned on the other. While the existence of Protestant Dissenters 
is ignored by the Church, as such, and is treated as a crime in her canons, it is only 
a miracle of grace which enables a Nonconformist to have fellowship with any 
member of the dominant sect. I pray God to remove this monstrous barrier in the 
way of union, and to unite all our hearts in His fear. 

" I am glad to have seen you and am, 

" Yours very heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Bell-ringing at Newington. 

At various times, Mr. Spurgeon was obliged to write to the Newington clergy 
concerning the bell -ringing during services at the Tabernacle. The following was 

one of these communications : — 

" Nightingale Lane, 

" Clapham, 

"July 4. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I beg to call your attention to the great disturbance caused by the 
ringing of a bell, at St. Gabriel's Church, while the congregation at the Tabernacle 
is engaged in prayer. I reminded your predecessor that no right of bell-ringing 
belongs to any but a parish church, and informed him that I really must appeal to 
the law to stop the needless nuisance. He very kindly reduced the evil to the 
minimum, and I no longer objected. I am sure it is far from me to wish to interfere 
with the peculiar habits of my neighbours ; but when many hundreds of persons, 
met to worship God, are disturbed by the clanging of a loud bell, it compels me to 
complain. The hours when we are at worship are at 11 and 6.30 on Sunday, 
and from 7 to 8.30 p.m. on Monday and Thursday. 



124 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

"Wishing to be upon good terms with all in the parish, I trust that you will 
not allow the bell-ringer to disturb us further, but will substitute a few strokes for 
the many which are now given. 

" I am, 

" Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeok." 

Canon Palmer, to whom the above letter was addressed, was one of the 
speakers at the memorial service for Christian workers held in connection with 
Mr. Spurgeon's funeral, and, after reading the note, he said : — 

" I have no copy of my answer, but I think I can remember its effect 
tolerably well. It was that I did not know what the law might order, but I was 
quite sure what the gospel required. It required that my neighbours should not 
be unnecessarily troubled, and I would ofive orders, at once, that the bell-ringfinof 
should be confined to a few strokes, and I had no doubt that the bell-ringer would 
be very much obliged to Mr. Spurgeon for mitigating his labours in that extremely 
hot weather. He wrote me again, immediately : — 

" Dear Sir, 

" I am exceedingly obliged by your prompt and Christian reply. I felt 
it needful to make my protest against the bell-ringing somewhat strong, that I might 
not appear to be asking a favour merely, but claiming a right not to be disturbed. 
Otherwise, the lapse of years gives right to a custom against which no protest 
is entered. This, and no unfriendliness to you, prompted what you considered to 
be a threat. I can only hope that future correspondence may be, on my part, on a 
more pleasant subject, and, on your part, may be in the same generous tone. 

" Yours very heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Annipiilationism. 

During the whole of Mr. Spurgeon's ministry, comparatively few of the 

members of his church embraced erroneous opinions ; but when they did, they 

usually resigned their membership, and united with those who held similar views 

to those which they had adopted. There was at least one individual who did not 

conform to this rule ; and, concerning him, the Pastor wrote as follows to Rev. 

Samuel Minton : — 

" Clapham, 

"July 20. 
" Sir, 

" I am sorry that Mr. — — stultifies his own convictions, and distresses 



c, H. spurc;eon's autobiography. 125 

others, by remaining with a church whose testimony is diametrically opposed to 
his opinions. It seems to me that a Christian man is bound to unite with a church 
where he may consistently hold and promulgate his views ; but he has no excuse 
if he remains with a people to whom his views are obnoxious, and where his 
agitation of his opinions tends to create strife and division. We, as a church at 
the Tabernacle, cultivate fellowship with all the churches of our Lord, although 
differing in many respects from some of them ; but, within our own membership, 
we have a basis of agreement in doctrine and practice, and where a member differs 
from it, it is his duty to remove to some other community where his views are held, 
or else he must expect us to withdraw from him. I have taken no further action 

in the case of Mr. than to request him to find a more congenial fellowship ; 

but if he does not do so, our discipline must take its usual course. No honest 
man can be a member of the church meeting at the Tabernacle, and hold annihila- 
tionist views, for now and in all time past we have borne testimony to the generally- 
received doctrine. 

"Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Voting "as unto the Lord." 
During the General Election of 1880, a gentleman having written to express 
his deep regret that Mr. Spurgeon "should have descended from his high and lofty 
position as a servant of God, and preacher of the everlasting gospel, into the defiled 
arena of party politics," the Pastor replied to him : — 

" Niohtino-ale Lane, 

" Balham, Surrey, 

" Mar. 22, 1S80. 
" Dear Sir, 

"Your letter amuses me, because you are so evidently a rank Tory, 
and so hearty in your political convictions that, in spite of your religious scruples, 
you must needs interfere in politics, and write to me. If there is anything defiling 
in it, you are certainly over head and ears. 

" However, dear sir, I thank you for your kindness in wishing to put me right, 
and I can assure you that I vote as devoutly as I pray, and feel it to be a part of 
my love to God and to my neighbour to try to turn out the Government whom 
your letter would lead me to let alone. 

" You are as wrong as wrong can be in your notion ; but, as it keeps you from 
voting, I shall not try to convert you, for I am morally certain you would vote for 
the Tory candidate. 

" In things Divine, we are probably at one ; and you shall abstain from 



126 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

voting- as zuito the Lord, and I will vote as tmto the Lord, and we will both give 
Him thanks. 

" Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Yet, staunch Liberal and ardent admirer of Mr. Gladstone as he was, Mr. 
Spurgeon was by no means a blind follower of any earthly leader. He protested 
very emphatically against the appointment of the Marquis of Ripon as Viceroy of 
India, and he wrote thus, concerning that and other political questions, in reply to 
a letter from his old Cambridge friend, Mr. J. S. Watts : — 

" Nightingale Lane, 

" June 19, '80. 
" My Dear Friend, 

" Like yourself, I go in for religious equality, but I like things done 
legally, and not in Mr. Gladstone's occasionally despotic way, — by Royal Warrant, 
or by his own will. Alter the Act of Settlement if the nation chooses, but do not 
contravene it. Moreover, I should not allow a Mormonite to be Judge in the 
Divorce Court, nor a Quaker to be Commissioner of Oaths, nor an atheist to be 
Chaplain to the House of Commons ; and, for the same reason, I would not have a 
Roman Catholic, sworn to allegiance to the Pope, to be Viceroy of India. Mr- 
Gladstone said this himself when writing about the Vatican ; but the way in which 
he eats his words, and puts on a new forni so soon as he is in power, does not 
increase my esteem for him. 

" I belong to the party which knows no party. To cheapen beer, to confirm 
the opium curse, to keep in office the shedders of blood, and to put Papists to the 
front, are things I never expected from Mr. Gladstone ; but ' cursed be the man that 
trusteth in man.' Yet I am a Gladstonite despite all this. 

" To turn to a better subject, — the Girls' Orphanage is outdoing all that went 
before. Love-letters pour in to-day. Am I not happy .^ I believe I have ^7,000 
out of ^T 1,000. It comes leaping over mountains and hills. The Lord is a 
glorious Helper. Oh, for more faith in Him ! 

" Yours ever most heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

In order to keep together the letters relating to Mr. Gladstone, another of later 
date is inserted here : — 

Home Rule. 

It is well known that Mr. Spurgeon did not agree with Mr. Gladstone's Home 
Rule proposals, and that many of his own most ardent admirers differed from him 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 12/ 

upon that matter. Among- others, Pastor T. W. Medhurst supported the Liberal 
leader, and, in consequence, some of the' Portsmouth papers represented him as 
having- spoken unkindly of his beloved President. He therefore wrote to 
Mr. Spurgeon, who sent the following reply : — 

" Dear Friend, 

" I did not think your language, as reported, to be disrespectful, nor 
even dreamed that you would be unkind. Speak as strongly as ever you like, and I 
shall not be aggrieved. You are as free as I am ; and 1 am free, and mean to be. 
If others think the bill wise and good, I hope they will do their best to carry it. 
I believe it to be a fatal stab at our common country, and I am bound to oppose it. 
I am as good a Liberal as any man living, and my loving admiration of Mr. 
Gladstone is the same as ever, hearty and deep ; but this bill I conceive to be a 
very serious error. I claim to be under no man's dictation, and to dictate to no 
man. Do not fear to speak through any shrinking on my account. Both sides 
ought to be heard. I shall love you none the less, but all the more, for being- 
plain-spoken. 

" Yours very heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Registrars .\t Nonconformist Weddings. 
The following letter is of special interest now that the proposal referred to in 
it has been embodied in an Act of Parliament : — 

" Westwood, 

"April 9, 1 88 1. 
" Dear Friend, 

" I regard marriage as a civil contract, which ought to be made before a 
magistrate or a registrar. I should be glad to be rid of marrying and burying 
altogether as religious matters, save only where there is a sincere desire for the 
Divine blessing or consolation. In these cases, let the minister hold a service at the 
house or the meeting-house ; but do not make him a State official to register 
marriages, and to be held responsible for all the intricacies of marriage law. 

" I hope Mr. Briggs' proposal will never pass, or anything like it. If it did, 
I could only refuse to marry anybody, for I will not become a registrar. I' 
altogether agree with the reported action of the Liberation Society, and wish for 
the time when all marriages shall be at the registrar's office, and then the godly can 
have such religious service afterwards as they wish. 

" Yours ever heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 



125 c. h. spurgeon s autobiography. 

Vivisection. ' 
At a meeting-, held at West Norwood, under the auspices of the London Anti- 
vivisection Society, the following letter from Mr. Spurgeon was read : — 

"Westwood, 

"July 25, 1881. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I am unable to attend your garden meeting. I wish evermore the 

utmost success to all protests against the inhuman practice of vivisection. It does 

not bear to be thought of. How it must excite the righteous indignation of the 

all-merciful Creator ! It is singularly sad that there should need to be an agitation 

on such a question ; for one would think that the least-enlightened conscience would 

perceive the evil of such cruelty, and that the most-hardened heart would retain 

sufficient humanity to revolt against it. 

" Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Persecution of Jews in Russia. 

Mr. Spurgeon was unable to be present at the meeting held at the Mansion 
House, on February i, 1882, to protest against the persecution of the Jews in 
Russia, but the following letter from him was read by the Lord Mayor : — 

" I am sorry that I am quite precluded by prior engagements irom being at the 
Mansion House to speak against the outrages committed upon the Jews. I am, 
however, relieved by the belief that the heart of England is one in a strong feeling 
of indignation at the inhuman conduct of certain savages in Russia. Every man 
and woman among us feels eloquently on behalf of our fellow-men who are subjected 
to plunder and death, and still more for our sisters, to whom even worse treatment 
has been meted out. Thence you have the less need of speeches and orations. As 
a Christian, I feel that the name of our Redeemer is dishonoured by such conduct on 
the part of His professed followers. As a Nonconformist and a Liberal, believing 
in the equal rights of all men to live in freedom and safety, I must protest against a 
state of things in which the Jew is made an outlaw. Lastly, as a man, I would 
mourn in my inmost soul that any beings in human form should be capable of such 
crimes as those which have made Russia red with Israelitish blood. But what need 
even of these few sentences ? The oppressed are sure of advocates wherever 
Englishmen assemble." 

Gospel Temperance. 
On March 15, 1882, Mr. Spurgeon wrote the letter on the following page, 
to be read at the meeting to which it refers : — 



C. II. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 1 29 

" Dear Friends, 

" I am exceedingly sorry to be absent from this first meeting to form the 
Tabernacle Total Abstinence Society. The worst of it is, that my head is so out 
of order that I cannot even dictate a proper letter. I can only say, ' Try and do all 
the better because I am away.' If the leader is shot down, and his legs are broken, 
the soldiers must give an extra hurrah, and rush on the enemy, I sincerely believe 
that, next to the preaching of the gospel, the most necessary thing to be done in 
England is to induce our people to become total abstainers. I hope this Society 
will do something when it is started. I don't want you to wear a lot of peacocks' 
feathers and putty medals, nor to be always trying to convert the moderate drinkers, 
but to go in for winning the real drunkards, and bringing the poor enslaved 
creatures to the feet of Jesus, who can give them liberty. 1 wish I could say ever 
so many good things, but I cannot, and so will remain, 

" Yours teetotally, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 
When the second anniversary of the Society was celebrated, Mr. Spurgeon 
was aofain ill, but he wrote this letter to be read at the meeting : — 

" Westwood, 

"March 19, 1884. 
" Dear Friends, 

" I have just been saying that I should like to be as strong as a lion ; 
but it has been suggested to me that, then, I might not be so strong as I am now. 
I ani sorry that I happen to be weak when the battle is against strong drink. May 
the speakers to-night make Up for my enforced absence by speaking twice as well as 
possible ! The theme should fire them. ' I hope they will be full of spirit against 
evil spirits, stout against stout, and hale against ale. Let the desolate homes, the 
swollen rates, the crowded goals, the untimely graves, and the terrible destruction of 
souls, all wrought by drunkenness, inspire you with fervour for the cause of 
temperance. Thank God for what has been accomplished ; your year's labour has 
not been in vain in the Lord ; but let this nerve you for larger endeavours. The 
drink must be dried up, — fountain, stream, and pool ; this river of death must cease 
to flow through our land. God's grace will help us. His pity for sinners will move 
Him to aid every loving effort for the salvation of the fallen. 

" I pray for a sevenfold blessing upon the year to come. If I cannot speak to 
men, I can speak with God for them, and I will do so. May our Lord Jesus Christ 
inspire us with a deeper love to perishing sinners ! With my hearty love, 

" I am. Brother Blues, 

" Yours truly, 

"C. H. Spurgeon." 
■" . 14 



130 c. h. spurgeon s autobiography. 

Pigeon-shooting. 

In a letter to Mr. J. T. Markley, of Eastbourne, dated April, 1882, with reference 
to his suo-o-estions in the public prints in favour of the substitution of artificial for 
live birds at shooting contests, Mr. Spurgeon wrote : — " My judgment is heartily 
with you as to the brutality of pigeon-shooting matches. I cannot make out how 
people, who are in other matters kind and gentle, can frequent these butcheries. I 
am still very unwell, and hardly like to think of the woes of this creation. I cannot 
just now do or say anything worth doing or saying, sO I must leave the cause of the 
dumb in the hands of such good pleaders as yourself" 

Disestablishment. 

Mr. Spurgeon promised to be present, if possible, at the Liberation Society's 

meeting at the Tabernacle, on May 3, 1882 ; but, in consequence of ill-health, he 

was not able to be there, so he sent the following letter to Mr. J. Carvell Williams, 

who read it at the meeting : — 

" Westwood, 

"May 3, 1882. 

" Dear Sir, 

" I had always intended to speak to-night if strength were given to me, 
and I am greatly disappointed that I am obliged to be absent. I feel that this 
question of liberating the bride of Christ from her dishonourable association with 
the State arrows upon me in importance the more I love the Lord Jesus. I see the 
political evil of the situation, but the religious criminality is that which most 
oppresses me. 

" Here is a Church of Christ which surrenders itself to the State. Its Bishops 
are appointed by the rules of a worldly kingdom ; and as for itself, it cannot 
wear a ribbon, or leave it off, without Caesar's permission. It is a mercy that some 
few of her sons find this fetter too galling. The mystery is that they should continue 
to wear it when the door to Christian liberty is open. I long to see the piety of 
Episcopalians so elevated that they will hate the present infamous alliance, with all 
its hard bondage. Failing this, may the eyes of statesmen be opened that they may 
cease to intermeddle in a sphere in which they have no vocation ! For members of 
our legislature, as for us all, it is a task difficult enough to enter the strait gate each 
one for himself; and it is a superfluity of naughtiness for these gentlemen to 
attempt to legislate for the Kingdom of Christ, who asks for no help from them. 
More strength to the arm of those true friends of the Church of England who 
would establish her by Disestablishment, and enrich her by Disendowment ! 

" Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon.' 



c. li. spurgeon s autobiography. i31 

Close-communion. 
In the Richmond {U.S.A.) Christian Advocate, May 17, 1883, there appeared 
what the Editor called "a clever, chatty letter" by Mr. Richard Ferguson, who 
represented Mr. Spurgeon as saying that " he would rather be a cannibal than a 
close-communion Baptist." This statement was reported to Mr. Spurgeon, and he 
thereupon wrote : — 

" London, 

" June 20, 1885.- 
" Dear Sir, 

" I am not in the habit of speaking disrespectfully of strict-communion 
Baptists, for I have a full conviction of their conscientiousness. As to saying that 
I would sooner be a cannibal than a close-communion Baptist, I never thought so, 
and certainly never said so. I have not the slightest wish to be one or the other ; 
but I rejoice in being a loving brother to the latter. 

" Yours heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

At various times, Mr. Spurgeon was asked about the genuineness of expressions 
'with reference to close-communion which were attributed to him ; another of his 
replies may suffice to show the general tenor of his letters upon this question. An 
American Presbyterian paper stated, "on the authority of a sainted gentleman," that 
Mr. Spurgeon had said, " I hate a close-communion Baptist as I hate the devil." 
When this paragraph was brought under Mr. Spurgeon's notice, he wrote : — 

" London, 

"March 26, 1884. 
" Dear Sir, 

"I do not know who 'the sainted gentleman' may be, but he did not 
speak the truth if he reported me as saying that I hated a close-communion Baptist 
as I hate the devil. I never even thought of such a thing, and assuredly it is not 
and never was true of me. The ' saint ' must have dreamed it, or have mistaken 
the person. 

"The most unaccountable statements are made by men of known integrity, 
and they can only be accounted for by misunderstanding or forgetfulness. I know 
my own mind and views, and I can say, without reserve, that the expression could 
not have been used by me. As compared with the bulk of English Baptists, I am 
a strict-communionist myself, as my church-fellowship is strictly of the baptized. 

" Yours heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 
" Rev. A. S. Patton." 



132 c. h. spurgeon s autobiography. 

Franchise Reform. 

In reply to an invitation to speak at the Reform Demonstration, in Hyde Park, 
on Julv 21, 1884, Mr. Spurgeon wrote :— " I heartily approve of the measure for 
oivins" the franchise to our country brethren, and I much recrret that the Lords 
should stand in the way of it. It must come as surely as time revolves, and no hurt 
can come of it unless it be from the friction occasioned by the opposition to it. I 
am not able to attend meetings to urge on political reforms ; but whenever topics 
which touch upon the rights of men, righteousness, peace, and so on, come in my 
way, I endeavour to speak as emphatically as I can on the right side. It is part of 
mv religion to desire justice and freedom for all." 

Anglo-Israelism. 
Mr. Spuroeon's opinions on this subject were expressed in the following note 
to a gentleman who was devoting his attention to the work of answering the argu- 
ments brought forward in support of the idea : — 

" Westwood, 

" Sept. 27, 1884. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I wish you every success in your warfare against this silly craze. I 
was at one time rather amused with the delusion, as a freak of human folly; but it 
evidentlv has its moral and spiritual bearings, and must therefore be met and 
exposed. I have not time for this contest, and therefore I am the more pleased to 
see others in the field. 

" Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Open-air Baptisms. 
A newspaper correspondence having arisen concerning the proceedings in 
connection with open-air baptisms at Sheepwash, in Devonshire, Pastor W. T. 
Soper, one of "our own men," wrote to Mr. Spurgeon concerning the matter, and 
his letter elicited the following reply : — 

" Westwood, 

"May 13, 1885. 
" Dear Mr. Soper, 

" I was not present at Sheepwash ; and, consequently, can form no 
opinion as to the behaviour of the villagers after "the baptism was over ; but I 
remember that the same tnings were said, more than thirty years ago, of our public 
baptisms in Cambridgeshire, and I daresay there is as much truth in the representa- 
tions now made as in those of the older time. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 1 33 

"Those who did not wish to see so much of baptism imagined evils which 
existed mainly in their fears. 

" Baptism in the open river is so Scriptural, and, withal, such a public testimony, 
that I hope our friends will never abandon it. The reproach is to be bravely borne ; 
for, if you hide away in the meeting-house, it will follow you there. We are most 
numerous where the orchnance is most known. Next to the Word of God, a 
baptizing service is the best argument tor baptism. 

" Whenever numbers ot people come together, whether for trade, politics, or 
religion, there will always be loose persons to dishonour the occasion ; but we are 
not therefore to abstain from such gatherings. Such an inference would be absurd. 

" God bless and prosper you ! 

" Yours heartily, 

"C. H. Spurgeon." 

Evolution. 
In reply to an enquiry with regard to the evolution theory, Mr. Spurgeon 

wrote : — 

" Westwood, 

"Feb. 8, 1887. 

" Dear Sir, 

"Thanks for your most excellent and courteous letter. I have read a 
good deal on the subject, and have never yet seen a fact, or the tail of a fact, which 
indicated the rise of one species oi animal into another. The theory has been laid 
down, and facts fished up to support it. I believe it to be a monstrous error in 
philosophy, which will be a theme tor ridicule before another twenty years. 

"In theology, its influence would be deadly ; and this is all I care about. On 
the scientific matter, you do well to use your own judgment. 

" The Lord bless you, and lead you into His truth more and more ! 

" Yours heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 
At one of the memorable gatherings under " The Question Oak," a student 
asked Mr. Spurgeon, "Are we justified in receiving Mr. ' Darwin's or any other 
theory of evolution ? " The President's answer was : — " My reply to that enquiry can 
best take the form of another question, — Does Revelation teach us evolution .-^ It 
never has struck me, and it does not strike now, that the theory of evolution can, 
by any process of argument, be reconciled with the inspired record of the Creation. 
You remember how it is distinctly stated, again and again, that the Lord made each 
creature ' after his kind.' So we read, 'And God created great whales, and every 
living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their 



134 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

kind, and every winged fowl after his kind : and God saw that it was good.' And 
again, ' And God said, Let the earth bring forth the hving creature after his kind, 
cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind : and it was so. 
And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and 
every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind : and God saw that it was 
good.' Besides, brethren, I would remind you that, after all these years in which so 
many people have been hunting up and down the world for ' the missing link ' 
between animals and men, among all the monkeys that the wise men have examined, 
they have never discovered one who has rubbed his tail off, and ascended in the 
scale of creation so far as to take his place as the equal of our brothers and sisters of 
the great family of mankind. Mr. Darwin has never been able to find the germs of 
an Archbishop of Canterbury in the body of a tom cat or a billy goat, and I venture 
to prophesy that he will never accomplish such a feat as that. There are abundant 
evidences that one creature inclines towards another in certain respects, for all are 
bound together in a wondrous way which indicates that they are all the product of 
God's creative will ; but what the advocates of evolution appear to forget is, that 
there is nowhere to be discovered an actual chain of growth from one creature to 
another, — there are breaks here and there, and so many missing links that the 
chain cannot be made complete. There are, naturally enough, many resemblances 
between them, because they have all been wrought by the one great master-mind of 
God, yet each one has its own peculiarities. The Books of Scripture are many, yet 
the Book, the Bible, is one ; the waves of the sea are many, yet the sea is one ; and 
the creatures that the Lord has made are many, yet the Creation is one. Look at 
the union between the animal and the bird in the bat or in the flying squirrel ; 
think ot the resemblance between a bird and a fish in the flying fish ; yet, nobody, 
surely, would venture to tell you that a fish ever grew into a bird, or that a bat ever 
became a butterfly or an eagle. No ; they do not get out of their own spheres. 
All the evolutionists in the world cannot ' improve ' a mouse so that it will develop 
into a cat, or evolve a golden eagle out of a barn-door fowl. Even where one 
species very closely resembles another, there is a speciality about each which 
distinguishes it from all others. 

" I do not know, and I do not say, that a person cannot believe in Revelation 
and in evolution, too, lor a man may believe that which is infinitely wise and also 
that which is only asinine. In this evil age, there is apparently nothing that a man 
cannot believe ; he can believe, ex aniino, the whole Prayer-book of the Church of 
England ! It is pretty much the same with other matters ; and, after all, the 
greatest discoveries made by man must be quite babyish to the infinite mind of God. 
He has told us all that we need to know in order that we may become like Himself, 
but He never meant us to know all that He knows." 



c. h. spurgeon s auto.biograpiiy. . 1 35 

Arbitration. 
When the proposed Treaty of Arbitration between Great Britain and the 
United States was under consideration in the year 1887, Mr. Spurgeon wrote, in 
reply to a request for his opinion with regard to it : — " Concerning the substitution 
of arbitration for war, there can surely be no question among" Christian men. I 
rejoice that the two great Protestant nations should seek to lead the way in making 
permanent arrangements for the future settlement of differences in a reasonable 
manner. May they succeed so admirably as to induce others to follow their 
excellent example ! It is surely time that we reasoned like men instead of killing 
like tigers." 

UnFERMENTED COMiMUNION WiNE. 

A question having been raised, in The Christian Coiiinionzvea/th, as to the wine 

used at the communion services at the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Mr. Spurgeon 

wrote to the Editor as follows : — 

" West wood, 

"June 20, 1887. 
" Dear Sir, 

" We use Frank Wright's unfermented wine at the Tabernacle, and have 

never used any other unfermented wine. I am given to understand that some of 

the so-called unfermented wine has in it a considerable amount of alcohol ; but 

Mr. Wright's is the pure juice of the grape. One person advertized his wine as 

used at the Tabernacle though we had never used it even on one occasion. So far 

as we are concerned, we use no wine but that produced by Messrs. Frank Wright, 

Mundy, and Co. 

" Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Grocers' Licences. 
In June, 1887, Mr. Spurgeon gave an address in connection with the Tabernacle 
Total Abstinence Society, in the course of which he said : — " I could tell some 
dreadful stories of respectable Christian men, whom I know, who come home from 
business with heavy hearts because they do not know whether or not their wives 
will be drunk. They have prayed with them, they have wept with them, they have 
forgiven them many times, and yet the grocer's shop has been too much for them. 
Do not talk about the public-house. That thing is straight and above-board, — that 
much I will say for it, — but the grocer's shop is the place that ruins an immense 
number of women. They can get the drink there, and put it down under the name 
of something else ; and I believe there never was a worse move for the temperance 



136 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

of this nation than that which made it easy to buy drink at grocers' shops. I have 
not known a grocer who has not been deteriorated by the sale of it. I do not say 
they have become bad men, but they have not become better men." 

The soHcitor to the Off-Hcences Association wrote to Mr. .Spurgeon, challeno-ino- 
some of his statements, and referring to the Report of the Committee of the House 
of Lords upon the matter ; the following reply was sent to him : — 

" VVestwood, 

"June 30, 1887. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I thank you for your letter. I am always ready to hear the other side, 

and especially when the pleading is so temperate in spirit. I do not intend to enter 

into controversy, but my opinion has not been arrived at without observation. I 

believe myselt to be much better able to form an opinion than those who are 

engaged in the trade. Facts well known to us as ministers cannot be divulo-ed. 

The ease with which drink can be obtained at respectable shops, I believe to be a 

peculiarly evil form of temptation ; but to publish the facts which prove it would be 

as painful as it would be easy. 

"A Committee of the House of Lords can prove nothing; the witnesses are 

silenced by a delicacy which their position demands. 

" Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

The Theatre. 

An actress in America, replying to some ministerial criticisms upon the influence 
of the stage upon religion and morals, made the following statement to an inter- 
viewer : — "Among the best friends I have ever had, have been such eminent divines 
as Henry Ward Beecher, Dr. Chapin, Dr. Talmage, Dr. Swing, Mr. Spurgeon, and 
others ; and I am sure that none of these thought that my profession, riohtly 
followed, carries with it any danger to good morals or religion." 

The minister who had been in controversy with the lady wrote to Mr. Spurgeon, 
enquiring as to the truth of this statement, and he replied thus : — 

" London, 

" January 24, 1S88. 
" Dear Sir, 

" So far as I can charge my memory, I have never before heard of 

Miss . I am decidedly of the opinion that the stage is the enemy of 'good 

morals and religion.' It has not improved this lady's truthfulness if she mentioned 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. I 37 

me as enrolled among her friends. She may be a very excellent person, but I know 
nothing of her. 

" Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeox." 

Mr. Spurgeon's opinions concerning professing Christians going to the theatre 
are well known. Perhaps his most notable utterance upon that subject was evoked 
by the attendance of a large number of clerg)men and ministers at a special 
performance in the Shaftesbury Theatre. Shortly afterwards, in a sermon at the 
Tabernacle, he said: — "The Christian Chmxh of the present day has played the 
harlot beyond any church in any other day. There are no amusements too vile for 
her. Her pastors have filled a theatre of late ; and, by their applause, have set 
their mark of approval upon the labours of play-actors. To this point have we 
come at last, a degradation which was never reached even in Rome's darkest hour ; 
— and if you do not love Christ enough to be indignant about it, the Lord have 
mercy upon you ! " 

Brethren and Brethrenism. 

In May, 1890, a correspondent wrote to ask Mr. Spurgeon some questions 
concerninof Brethren and Brethrenism, and at the same time mentioned the followino- 
incident in connection with one of the Pastor's sermons : — 

" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

"This may interest you. My father-in-law, twenty-five years ago, lived 
in London, and on one occasion went to hear you preach. Your text was Nathan's 
words to David, 'Thou art the man!' He had been exercised as to doing some 
little preaching ; and as you proceeded with your sermon, he thought, ' Well, there 
is nothing for me here.' You went on, however, to picture the Plague of London, 
and asked, 'What would you think of a man who, during the time of the Plague, had 
a specific for it, but kept it in his pocket?' Then, after a pause, and with out- 
stretched finger, you called out, 'Thou art the man ! ' This went right home to my 
father-in-law's heart, and he thought, ' That's for me ! I've.heard enough ! ' From that 
time he began to preach, and has continued to do so ever since, the result being 
blessing to many souls, and much glory to the Name of Jesus. His thought was 
that he had the specific for the plague of sin in his pocket, but that he was failing to 
administer it ; and one of his favourite illustrations of the simplicity of the gospel 
messaoe is the story of your own conversion, under the local preacher's sermon 
upon the text, ' Look unto Me, and be ye saved,' which story I once came across 
in my reading, and showed to him." 



138 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

In reply to the foregoing letter, Mr. Spurgeon wrote : — 

" Westwood, 

" May 9, i! 
" Dear Sir, 

" I cannot say that I have changed my opinion as to Brethren-?^;;/ ; but 
with many Brethren I have always been on most brotherly terms. I don't think I 
am bound to answer your questions about individuals. I believe that I was loved by 
C. S., and that Mr. Kelly regards me in the kindest manner ; and I return the like 
to the memory of the first, and to the other who survives. I am, perhaps, better 
able to sympathize with their separateness nozv than aforetime ; but their ideas of 
the ministry I do not accept. 

"The sermon you mention was not printed. J rejoice that your father-in-law 
was set working through hearing it ; and I pray that we may, each one in his 
appointed way, hold and spread the truth of the gospel of our Lord who cometh 

quickly. 

" Yours very truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Funeral Reform. 
Mr. Spurgeon wrote the following letter to the honorary secretary of the 
Church of England Burial, Funeral, and Mourning Reform Association : — 

• " Westwood, 

" Sept. 1 1, 1890. 

" Dear Sir, ■ 

" I hardly think it can be necessary to say that the expending of money 

on mere show at funerals is absurd, unthrifty, and even cruel. I hope the common 

sense of the people will soon destroy customs which oppress the widow and 

fatherless by demanding of them an expenditure which they cannot afford. To 

bedeck a corpse with vain trappings, is a grim unsuitabihty. Something has been 

done in the rio-ht direction, but I fear your Society has yet to battle with prejudices 

which are hard to overcome ; and when these are conquered, there will speedily 

spring up another host of extravagances. I wish you good success in a reform so 

evidently demanded. 

" Yours truly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 



CHAPTER XCIIL 




apprtctati&c Cormponknts, 18554890. 

LTHOUGH Mr. Spurgeon often found certain portions of his 
correspondence very burdensome, it was by no means all of thai 
character, and it was frequently the medium by which he was 
greatly cheered and encouraged. For many years, not a week, 
passed, and scarcely a day, without tidings reaching him that his 
sermons or other printed works had been blessed to the salvation 
of sinners and the edification and strengthening of believers ; and he was also 
constantly reminded, from all quarters of the globe, that prayer for yet larger 
blessing was continually being presented on his behalf. This assurance was most 
gratefully received by him, and on many occasions he was quite bowed down under 
the weight of loving sympathy thus sent to him from far and near. A selection of 
these letters was given in Vol. III., in the chapter entitled " Blessing on the Printed 
Sermons ; " so communications oi that special character are not inserted in the 
following pages. 

Among the thousands of letters which have had to b^ read in order to decide 
which should be used, there are very many that, for various reasons, cannot be 
included in this work. Some are private documents, never intended to be published ; 
and, of these, a considerable number came from the Archbishops and Bishops of the 
Church of England, and most of them were written concerning individuals who had 
formerly been Baptists, and who were seeking admission into the Establishment, or 
they related to ex-clergymen who were wishing to enter the Baptist ministry. While 
some of each class appeared to be acting conscientiously in the steps they were 
taking, the history of others proved that they were mere adventurers, equally 
worthless to either Church or Dissent. 

Some of Mr. Spurgeon's correspondents completely changed the tone of their 
letters in consequence of his earnest contention for the faith ; but, instead of giving 
specimens of the two kinds of epistles, they are omitted altogether. Contro\ersial 
matters have been, to a large extent, excluded ; otherwise, a chapter or two might 
have been devoted to the correspondence which, at various times, caused con- 
siderable excitement, if nothing more. The details of Mr. Spurgeon's career were 
so constantly proclaimed, with more or less accuracy, to the whole world, that 



I40 



C. H. STURGEONS AUTOBIOGRArHY. 



there is the less need, in this work, to refer to certain topics which are already 
matters of public knowledge. 

The letters to and from Mr. Spurgeon would have been sufficient to fill several 
volumes the size of the present one, and readers will hardly need the assurance that 
it has been no light task to select those which would be fairly representative of 
the Pastor's busy life. Among the numerous interesting communications which he 
preserved, but which are not included in this work, are very hearty invitations to visit 
Victoria, and Canada, and South Africa, — at least partly for rest ; and earnest 
requests to him to take part in various Conferences of Baptists or other bodies of 
believers in Sweden, Norway, Holland, Switzerland, and India; all of Vv'hich had to 
be declined with regret. Space could not be spared for two lengthy letters from 
Dr. R. W. Dale, of Birmingham, and Dr. Leonard Bacon, of New Haven, Con- 
necticut, making preliminary enquiries as to the possibility of Mr. Spurgeon 
delivering the Lyman Beecher lectures at Yale College ; nor was there room for the 
long explanatory epistle in which Dr. J. H. Vincent, of Plainfield, New Jersey, very 
earnestly entreated the Pastor to accept the office of " Dean of the Department of 
Biblical Theology to the Chautauqua School." In these cases also, only a negative 
reply could be returned. 

Applications for articles in American and other religious and secular papers and 
magazines were constandy being received ; they often contained the offer of an 
honorarium, or a draft for the amount which the Editors judged to be adequate ; but, 
almost invariably, they had to be refused, because Mr. Spurgeon's literary labours 
demanded every spare moment which he could devote to them. Most of the 
requests for interviews met with a similar fate, though exceptions were occasionally 
made, and the publication of the conversations which then took place usually 
involved further heavy additions to the Pastor's correspondence. 

For the purpose of making some sort of classification, " Letters from Ministerial 
Brethren " are inserted first. These will show how widespread and intense was the 
esteem in which Mr. Spurgeon was held by ministers of the gospel, both in the 
Church of England and among the various Nonconformist denominations. They 
will also help to cast side lights upon the Pastor's character and work, and so further 
reveal their far-reaching influence and usefulness. " Letters from American and 
Canadian Friends " seemed to be sufficiendy numerous and important to be placed 
in a section by themselves. "Miscellaneous Letters" could scarcely be classified, 
so they are simply arranged in chronological order. The illustrations, on pages 185 
and 189, are specimens of the many instances in which Mr. Spurgeon's portrait 
appeared with those of the principal representative men of the day. 



c. h. spurgeon s autobiography. i4i 

Letters from Ministerial Brethren 
cannot be better commenced than by the insertion of a loving epistle, written by 
Dr. Alexander Fletcher, before Mr. Spurgeon's marriage. He added this postscript, 
and sent it on to the lady mentioned in it, who has carefully treasured it until the 
present time : — " Sweet love, will this please you '^ Yes, it will. Every blessino- on 
you!— C. H. S." 

" Cromer, 

" Norfolk, 

" Nov. 16, 1855. 
" Dear Young Brother, 

"What a delightful, exciting, encouraging meeting we had last Th-ursday 

week in your hallowed sanctuary ! The smile of God abundantly rested upon us. 

It was a little Heaven below. Truly, it zvas good to be there ! 

" I am looking forward, with great interest, to the evening when we hope you 
will preach in Finsbury Chapel. When we travelled together from Writtle, I 
mentioned the evening of the first day of the New Year, namely, Tuesdav, 
January i. If nothing comes in the way, I anticipate an august assembly, God's 
gracious presence, and much good. Due notice will be given, and we hope to 
witness a gathering and showers of blessing never to be forgotten. Favour me with 
a few lines. I return home to-morrow. 

" I need not say how much I was pleased with a certain lady, to whom you 
kindly introduced me. I hope, like yourself, she will acknowledge me as her father. 
She is everything I could wish. May your fellowship on earth be of long diwation, 
and be the sweet prelude of your eternal fellowship beyond the skies ! Amen ! 

"Always yours affectionately, 
"Rev. C. H. Spurgeon." . " i\LEXR. Fletcher." 

In those early days, Mr. Spurgeon did not preserve so many of the letters he 

received as he did in later years, so there is a long interval between the one printed 

above and the following. It appears that the Pastor, and his friend. Rev. Samuel 

Martin, of Westminster Chapel, had both been blessed to a certain individual 

concerning whom a correspondent wrote to Mr. Spurgeon. He passed on the oood 

news to Mr. Martin, who wrote in reply : — 

"19, Belgrave Road, 

" Belgravia, S.W., 

" Dec. 17, 1870. 
" My Dear Friend, 

"Your welcome letter, and the letter of your friend, are in my hand. I 

thank you for your own loving epistle, and I thank you also for permitting me to 



142 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

read the other letter, and for thus making me a sharer of your joy. What is our 
hope, and joy, and crown of rejoicing, if not found in such facts as that which 
' \Y. J. S/ narrates ? Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost ! 

" Whenever you feel moved to cast your net in our waters, know and remember 
that our ship, or shore, or whatever may be needful to carry out the figure perfectly, 
is at your service. A prayerful and praiseful welcome will always be given you. 

" I have requested one of my deacons to leave at your door a volume which I 
beg you to accept. 

"As you read this, ask our Heavenly Father to give me back my power of 
voice, if it be His will, that I may continue to preach His Son, Christ Jesus, with 
whom I feel more closely united by means of every affliction which I suffer. 

" What a large letter I have inflicted upon you ! Forgive the infliction. The 
Lord keep you ! 

"Always yours, 

"Rev. C. H. Spurgeon." "Samuel Martin." 

Mr. Spurgeon was very grieved whenever illness prevented him from fulfilling 
his engagements to preach at the Tabernacle or elsewhere. On one such occasion, 
he received from Mr. Chown the following loving brotherly letter : — 

" 24, Marlborough Hill, 

"St. John's Wood, N.W., 

" May 10, 1876. 
" My Very Dear Friend, 

" I received your secretary's letter, last night, announcing your inability 
to be with us on the 23rd inst. It will be a great disappointment to our friends, but 
we will turn our anticipations into sympathy and prayer. May He, whose love and 
wisdom have permitted the stroke, give the blessing proportioned to the blow ! As 
the chastening hand is laid upon you, may the supporting arm be underneath and 
round about you ! Many have never felt the Lord so near and precious as in the 
furnace ; may this be your happy lot, and the flames be powerless except to keep off 
the enemy, and burn off all bonds ! There are times when our very tears become 
wellsprings of peace and comfort ; may it be thus, beloved friend, with yours ! We 
are all with you in spirit. May God bless you ! 

" Forgive this line or two before leaving for Montacute, where two services 
await me to-day. Again, and evermore, the Lord bless you ! 

" Yours very heartily, 
"Rev. C. H. Spurgeon." ' "J. P. Chown." 

When the Princess Alice steamer sank In the Thames, on September 3, 1878, 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 1 43 

and hundreds of lives were lost, Mr. Spurgeon preached two sermons upon the 
calamity. The following letter refers to the one entitled " Divine. Interpositions " :— 

"Camden House, Dulvvich, S.E., 

" Sept. 26, 1878. 
" Reverend and Dear Sir, 

" This is not the first time that we have exchanged friendly greetings. 
I am now moved to write to you to ask if your sermon on the Thames collision, as 
reported in The Daily Neivs of the 9th inst., is published in extenso ; if so, where 
can I get it ? I am quoting, of course with approval, a passage from it in my next 
Sunday's sermon, and would like to have your exact words, if possible. 

" One sentence, however, of your discourse leads me to offer for your kind 
acceptance my last new volume on The Mystery of Pain, Death, and Sin. You are 
reported to have said : — ' I do not attempt to justify the ways of God to men, but I 
believe they are all for the best.' Well, I, too. devoutly believe they are all for the 
best, but I have attempted to justify them. 

" If you read my book, you must not mind a page here and there sadly jarring 
on your own feelings ; but bravely read straight on, and it is possible you may find 
much to cheer and strengthen your belief in God's great and unfaltering goodness. 

" I sympathized with you very much in your late illness, and am very glad you 
are at work again, and hope many years of noble activity are still before you. 

" Believe me, 

" Most sincerely yours^ 

"Charles Voysey." 

In Vol. II., Chapter L., mention was made of one of Mr. Spurgeon's sermons 

which Dr. Livingstone had carried with him through a great part of the African 

Continent. The following letter, from Dr. W. Garden Blaikie, tells how the 

discourse ultimately came into the Pastor's possession : — 

" 9, Palmerston Road, 

" Edinburgh, 

"April 22, 1879. 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" I hope the publishers of The Catholic Presbyterian send it to you, as 

I requested them to do. I am Editor, and wish to be even more Catholic than 

Presbyterian. I have a proposal to make, and hope you will excuse me. Without 

introduction, it is this. The first vol. of the Life of Dr. Diiff W\\\ be out next month. 

I am going to ask you to write for the said Catholic Presbyterian a notice thereof; 

particulars not needed, — but just yoitr viezv of such a man as Duff, and of foreign 

mission work. I would get you an early copy, you would run over it at a sitting, 



144 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

you would write your first thoughts as they came, you would, in our Journal, secure 
thousands of readers not without influence, you would exemplify and promote union, 
and I think, with God's blessing, you would give a real impulse to foreign missions. 
In the first number of the Journal, I had a noble paper, by David Livingstone, on 
' Missionary Sacrifices.' I wish now to follow it up with a word from you. Do 
not deny this, if you can grant my request. I am trying, with all my might, to 
combine and impel Christian effort in the wisest ways of working for our Lord. 

" Apropos of Livingstone, I may tell you that I am doing something about a 
' Life ' intended to bring out the more spiritual, missionary, and domestic qualities 
of the man. I had in my hands, the other day, one of your sermons, — very yellow, — 
it lay embedded in one of his journals, had probably been all over Africa, and 
had, in Livingstone's neat hand, the simple words written, 'Very good. — D. L.' 
Would you like it .'^ 

" If you do not take to the idea of Duff (although it is the best I can think of), 
tell me, please, if any other presents itself. Your views of our Church organization 
generally would be very valuable. With great respect, 

" Yours very truly, 

" W. G. Blaikie." 

At Mr. Spurgeon's pastoral silver wedding, the celebration of which was 
delayed through his long and serious illness, he was very strongly urged to abstain, 
as far as possible, at least for a year, from all services away from the Tabernacle. 
One of the ministerial brethren, who took an active part in the proceedings on that 
memorable occasion, was Dr. Charles Stanford, and it happened that the Pastor was 
under promise to preach for him at Denmark Place Chapel, Camberwell, a few 
days later. Mr. Spurgeon thought it was extremely kind on his friend's part 
voluntarily to release him from the engagement ; and the way in which he did so 
added to the value of the action, which was probably unique in Mr. Spurgeon's 
history ; lor people were always so anxious to obtain his help, whatever the cost to 
him might be, that we are not aware that anyone else ever wrote to him another 
such letter as this : — 

" 8, North Terrace, 

" Camberwell, 

" May 22, 1879. 

" My Dear Friend, 

" Delighted and most grateful as I should have been to have your service 
in average circumstances, my judgment has always been against allowing you to 
come on the 28th. I only stated the case, and accepted your generous offer because 
my folk were so anxious that I should do so. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. I45 

"Although the bills are out, I have ordered slips, with 'Postponed,' printed in 
red letters, to be pasted over them. It is entirely viy act and deed, not yours ; and 
if any remarks are made, they will be made about me. It is not likely that / 
should be a party to risk doing- yoti, harm ! Now this will be a conspicuous fact, 
which can easily be quoted, and which will, I hope, make you able to decline all 
applications from outside the Tabernacle for the next twelve months. 

" May God bless and prosper you richly, still more and more, in all manner 

of ways ! 

" Affectionately yours, 

" Charles Stanford." 
In a later letter, Dr. Stanford wrote : — " Purely out of love to you, and at a 
great loss and self-denial to myself, have I resigned the privilege of your sermon 
for us to-morrow night. I hardly recollect anything that has cost me so much, or 
that I have been so very, very sorry to give up. When I saw how far from perfect 
recovery you are, and how miraculous your home work is, I felt shocked with a fear 
that I had selfishly taken advantage of your generosity in allowing- you to preach 
for me, especially at the beginning of your new campaign, so setting an e.xample, 
and more especially as, in the circumstances, it looked as if I had some idea of a 
quid pro quo ! I have, however, taken care to make public the fact that it is all my 
own doing, and that you were ready to come to us. 

" An engagement in a little place takes up as much time as in a greater 
building, and if you had preached for us, no doubt you would have been pestered 
by many simikir applications, which, if you had even partially accepted, might have 
worn away your working power, all of which is wanted for your own enormous 
apparatus of service." 

Mr. Spurgeon, on his part, did all he could to compensate for the disappoint- 
ment by sending a contribution for the fund in aid of which he was to have 
preached, and also by presenting some of his books to Dr. Stanford, who wrote, in 
acknowledgment : — 

" My Dear Friend, 

" You stun me. I can only say, in a short sum total, — thank you ! Our 
school people are also much surprised and obliged by the ten pounds. . . . Your 
sermons always quicken me, because they are so full of God's truth, put in your 
own way, and are so all-alive. Nothing ought to have the very soul and essence of 
a man in it so much as a volume of his sermons ; that is another reason why I am 
glad to have some of yours. I have had many sheaves of them, but they are all 
about in the world now, and many have been preached from church pulpits by old 
friends. I have looked into The Treasury, just to see its plan, and form some idea 
•of its materials, and I am sure it is a mine. As to the sermons, I pray that they 

K 4 



146 C. II. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

may help me to a knowledge of the secret I so long to find out. I want to win 
souls, and if it please God, to win them now. I think your list of subjects would 
alone help me. You remind me in your titles of old Thomas Adams. I have 
nearly 4,000 books ; but, till yours came, I think not twenty- five volumes of modern 
sermons were in my library. 

" Affectionately yours, 

"Charles Stanford." 

The following letter from Dr. \V. Morley Punshon is interesting as showing 
how such an eloquent preacher and lecturer shrank from occupying the pulpit at the 
Metropolitan Tabernacle, although deeply attached to the Pastor. He did, however, 
preach there during the time when the Wesleyans were making a special effort to 
clear off the debts from their chapels, and the building was lent to them. 

" Tranby, 

" Brixton Rise, S.W., 

" Oct. 3, 1879. 
" My Dear Sir, 

" My only reason for declining the great honour conveyed to me by 
Mr. Higgs is really my physical inefficiency. I eschew all large places, even in my 
own denomination, of set purpose. I cannot bear the excitement ; and the three 
months' anticipation of a service in the Tabernacle would make me thoroughly ill. 

" I would do much, both to further your holiday, which I trust may tend to 
lengthen a life so precious to all of us who love the Lord, — and to manifest the 
Catholicity, nay, the oneness of our spirit in Christ ; but pray excuse me in this. 

" With much esteem, 

" Believe me, 

" Yours very sincerely, 

"W. MoRLEY Punshon." 

The following letter, from Dr. Culross, needs no explanation: — 

" 22, Lynedoch Street, 

" Glasgow, 

"18 June, 1880. 
" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" Either you have received, or you will immediately receive, a letter from 
D. Anderson, Esq., of Kingillie, near Nairn, and another from Mr. Lee, Free 
Church minister there, aiming to secure a conditional promise from you to preach in 
Nairn, next year, in connection with their new place of worship. I have great 
pleasure in seconding their application. They would endeavour to make your visit 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAniY. 1 47 

as agreeable as possible ; and, if you could spare the time, a week or ten days spent 
there might invigorate you greatly in health. Knowing Mr. Anderson, I am 
confident he would lay himself out for this purpose. Your sermons are circulated in 
great numbers throughout the surrounding district, and a visit from you would be 
welcomed by thousands. I do not think you have ever preached within many miles 
of the place. 

" If it were not that I think a visit to Nairn might refresh and strengthen you, I 
would not write as I do ; but it would be a very different thing from coming to> 
Glasgow. We remember your visit here with gratitude. A young man, who 
unexpectedly was idle on the afternoon you preached, and who ' accidentally ' was 
offered a ticket by a friend who was prevented from attending, went out of curiosity 
to hear you, and was led to the Saviour. I have since baptized him, and received 
him into church-fellowship. Doubtless there are many similar cases of which we do 
not know. I trust you are again restored after your recent attack. 

"With much esteem, 

" Faithfully yours, 

" James Culross." 

Dr. Henry AUon wrote this hearty and cheering letter to Mr. Spurgeon in 
reply to an invitation to speak at the Orphanage Festival : — 

" lo, St. Mary's Road, 

" Canonbury, N., 

"May 31, 1881. 
"My Dear John Ploughman, 

"You do not say at what hour your meeting is, — whether at the first 
watch, or the second watch, or at cockcrowing, — not the last, I hope. I have 
promised the Lord Mayor and my wife, — who is only a woman, though a good one, 
— to dine at the Mansion House at half-past six, on June 22. Now, if your meeting 
is in the afternoon, — -as I think it sometimes is, — I shall deem it a privilege to be at 
it, and with you. 

" I can scarcely admit to myself that your kind and valuable service to us, 
at the opening of our new building, enhances the feeling of obligation to serve you, 
or do anything you may think proper to ask. Your great service to the Master, — 
your simple and unimpaired fidelity to Him, to His truth, and to your brethren, — 
lay us all under obligations to help you in every way that is possible. 

" One could not say this to a young man ; but the years have gone by when 
it can do any injury to say it, or anything but good, to you. For my part, I am very 
covetous of the real love and esteem of my brethren. I think it makes me tender 
and humble more than anything, save the ' Well done ' of the Master. Sometimes 



148 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

we see men injured by a great success, such as your ministry has been ; but God 

has mercifully kept you from this, and I think all your brethren feel that every year 

has wrought an added sanctity and grace, so that their love abounds yet more and 

more to you. There is no service, in my power, that you can ask, that I shall not feel 

it a great gratification to give. I want to take your Sunday service some day when 

you afe unable to preach. 

" Cordially yours, 

" Henry Allon." 

Dr. Allon's wish to take a service at the Tabernacle was duly realized, and 
when he had been once, he had to go again, and Mr. Spurgeon on more than one 
occasion preached for him at Islington. 

Another of the speakers, invited by Mr. Spurgeon to the Orphanage Festival 
of 1 88 1, wrote to him thus heartily accepting the invitation: — 

" II, Clarendon Villas, 

" Barry Road, 

" Peckham Rye, S.E., 

"June 6, 1881. 
" My Dear Sir, 

" I am greatly astonished that you should be aware of my existence ; 
and as to the idea of your catching any flame from me, — I am irresistibly reminded 
of the words, ' I have need to be baptized of Thee, and comest Thou to me ? ' 
Would to God that / could catch something of that flame which has kindled so 
many hearts ! 

" I have an engagement on the 22nd inst., but I must manage to make 
some arrangement by which I can have the happiness of accepting your kind 
invitation to Stockwell. 

"As you are good enough to send me some advertisements of your invaluable 
publications, the principle of Reciprocity (now so strangely popular) requires that 
I should send you the only advertisements I have in hand just now. Of course, 
I do not expect that one, so overwhelmed as you are with gigantic labours, can 
pay us a visit."* 

"With most earnest prayers that God may grant you health and vigour, and 
may make you, for many years to come, a yet more abundant blessing to the 

Universal Church, 

" I am, dear sir, 

"Yours most sincerely, 

" Hugh Price Hughes." 

* Mr Spurgeon did pay his Weslej-an friend a visit at the opening of the West London Mission, when he preached a sermon 
which is remembered by many, with gratitude, to this day. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 1 49 

Mr. Spurgeon was very g-ratified by the receipt of the following letter from 
one of the fathers of the Free Church of Scotland : — 

"St. Bernard's Crescent, 

" Edinburgh, 

"June 20, 1881. 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

"I am a 'retired' minister. In June, 182 1 (60 years ago), I began 
my ministerial work. In August, 1876, I ceased to be in charge of a congre- 
gation. I then became colleague and minister emeritus of the Free North Church, 
Stirling. I am the oldest minister, in point of ordination, in the Free Church 
of Scotland. I am the oldest surviving ex-Moderator of the General Assembly 
of the Free Church. 

"As to my relation to yourself, I have read, I think, everything you have 
published, down to your latest sermon and the latest number of The Szvord and 
the Trowel. I love your writings for their true Puritan ring, for their soundness, 
their liveliness, and thoroughly Evangelical character. I do what I can to com- 
mend you and your great work, believing that, in doing so, I am serving our 
Lord. I am not a Baptist (I have written a little on the other side in my day), 
but I am a lover of all who love the Lord. On this ground, I claim you as a 
brother ; and I will ever pray that the Master may more and more honour you 
by making you an instrument of good. 

"With Christian affection, and sincere goodwill, I remain, 

" Very faithfully yours, 

"Alex. Beith, aged ^t^." 

For several years, when arrangements for the autumnal session of the Baptist 
Union were being made, Mr. Spurgeon was asked, both by the local friends, 
and by the secretary of the Union, to preach in connection with the week's 
proceedings. He fully appreciated the honour thus conferred upon him ; he also 
felt the responsibility of addressing the assembled representatives of the denomi- 
nation, and the hundreds or thousands of other persons who constituted his 
congregation on those occasions ; and the messages he then delivered in various 
parts of the kingdom were among the most powerful utterances that ever fell 
from his lips. Yet, long before he was compelled to withdraw from the Union 
for reasons stated in a later chapter, he strongly urged the responsible officials 
to ask someone else to take the position which had so often been occupied by 
him. It was in reply to one of his letters, to this effect, that the loving epistle, 
printed on the following page, was penned by Rev. W. Sampson, who was then 
secretary of the Union. 



150 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

" Baptist Union, 

" 19, Castle Street, 

" Holborn, E.G., 

"May 24, 1881. 

'' My Dear Friend, 

" To say all that I should like to say, and, indeed, what merely ought 
to be said, would sound so much like flattery, — which you would be as sorry to 
read as I should be to write, — that I scarcely know how to reply to yours of the 
20th inst. The fact is, your position is unique. We all acknowledge and rejoice 
in it, and are thankful to our Father in Heaven that He has raised up such an 
one as you are amongst us. That is simply a fact to be recognized. 

" How you have stood the work, and borne what everyone must feel to be 
far more difficult than the work, the temptation that a position like yours involves, 
has always been to me a wonder. God's grace has indeed been magnified in 
you. To Him be all the praise. 

"You say, 'Do you, yourself, think it right that one man should so per- 
petually have the honour of preaching to the Union?' My only reply is, — 
Were you other than you are, you would not have been so asked ; being what you 
are, we all feel grateful to God when He helps you to speak to us. Depend 
upon it, as long as God gives you strength, the people will feel these great 
gatherings incomplete without you. But the tax on your strength I feel to be 
so great that, after what you have said, I dare not say another word. I wish 
I could have held out some ray of hope to the friends at Portsmouth. Any 
inconvenience that I might be put to in the event of your being unable to 
attend, when the time came, is not to be thought of When we feared, last autumn, 
that you might not be able to be with U3, I wrote to Stowell Brown, asking him if 
he would come prepared to speak, — and willing to speak or be silent, as you were 
able or not. By return of post, came back the kindest letter consenting most 
gladly. Any of your brethren would do the same for you, such is the position you 
have secured in their esteem and love. 

" May the Lord's richest blessing be with you and yours ! 

" Believe me, 

" Yours most sincerely, 

" Wm. Sampson." 

1 88 1 was the year in which the Baptist Union autumnal session was held at 
Portsmouth and Southampton, and the local committees in both places so energeti- 
cally supported Mr. Sampson's plea that, ultimately, Mr. Spurgeon promised to 
preach in each of the towns. On October 26 and 27, he was graciously helped to 
fulfil the engagements, and none who were present are likely to forget the discourses 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



151 



he then delivered. At Southampton, Mr. Spurgeon was the guest of Canon 

VVilberforce, and he and many other Church of England dignitaries were present at 

the service, and they also privately enjoyed much true Christian communion with 

the Pastor, though part of the time they devoted to a very vigorous controversy 

upon Baptismal Regeneration, in which Lord Radstock proved himself to be a most 

doughty champion on the Evangelical side. Early in 1882, Canon Wilberforce 

asked for tickets of admission to the Tabernacle, and, shortly afterwards, wrote to 

Mr. Spurgeon as follows : — 

" The Deanery, 

'' Southampton, 

"Feb. 24, 1882. 
" My Dear Friend, 

" Don't get canonical ; I would not have you anything but what 
you are ! ! 

"We were prevented, at the last moment, from enjoying the privilege of the 
Tabernacle service ; but sent some friends, who very greatly appreciated it. 

"Will you come and see us one day again .'' Would it be possible for you to 
run down on Monday, March 6, and read the Bible to us at our quiet home Bible- 
reading.'' How delighted we should be, and we would take such care of you for 
the night ; or, if absolutely necessary, you could return to London the same evenincr, 
though this would be most disappointing to us. Do come ; it will be no exertion to 
you, as there will not be above twenty persons, and you can help us, and speak to 
us of Him who has so blessedly used you. My wife sends her most kind reo-ards, 
and begs you to come. 

" Ever most sincerely yours, 

" Basil Wilberforce." 

When arrangements were being made for the Baptist Union autumnal session 
to be held in Liverpool, in 1SS2, Rev. Hugh Stovvell Brown wrote: — 

"29, Falkner Square, 

" Liverpool, 

"June 12, '82. 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

"In the name of our churches here, I write to entreat the favour of 
your being with us to preach at the autumnal meetings of the Baptist Union to be 
held in Liverpool in the first week of October. Hoping you are well, I am, with 
best wishes, and with the very earnest desire that you will comply with our request, 

" Yours faithfully, 

" H. Stowell Brown." 



152 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAniY. 

Mr. Spurgeon once more stated the various reasons why he should not always 
be the preacher on these special occasions, and, in reply, Mr. Brown wrote : — 

" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

"We are all as desirous as ever that you should preach at the 
autumnal meeting. I fully appreciate your hesitancy to take so prominent a place, 
and to do so arduous a work, year after year ; but no one else can do it, and upon 
your advent very much depends. I hope that, should you come, we can make a 
handsome collection for your Orphanage. I say this, not as a bribe, — for your 
resources for the needs of your Orphanage are in far better hands than ours, and 
the Lord will not suffer them to fail ; — but I say it as expressive of the love in which 
we hold you, and of our wish to do what we think would be gratifying to you. 

" I must now leave the decision to your own judgment, earnestly hoping that 
you will come, yet very unwilling to impose upon you a work which, for various 
reasons, must be a heavy addition to your many other burdens. 

"Yours faithfully, 

" H. Stowell Brown." 

Again, and for the last time, Mr. Spurgeon yielded to the entreaties of his 
brethren ; the service was another truly memorable one, and the net proceeds for the 
Orphanage amounted to ;^i3i 5s. 6d. 

Rev. Robert Taylor, the Presbyterian minister of Upper Norwood, was one of 
Mr. Spurgeon's very special personal friends. He lived so close to " Westwood " 
that he did not often write to the Pastor, but one of his letters to Mrs. Spurgeon 
has been preserved ; it was written shortly after he had taken part in the Annual 
Festival at the Stockwell Orphanage, June 21, 1882 : — 

" Birchwood, 

" Beulah Hill, 

" Thursday morning. 
" Dear Mrs. Spurgeon, 

" I take the liberty of sending, with this. The Outlook, of this week, 
which has a little article which I wrote on the Orphanage Fete. I don't send it 
because it deserves your attention, or is worthy of the subject ; but just as the heart 
tribute of a neighbour who greatly admires and loves your distinguished husband, 
and who highly prizes the privilege which you and he, in your great kindness, allow 
him of sometimes visiting 'Westwood.' 

" With affectionate greeting to Mr. Spurgeon, I remain, 

" Dear Mrs. Spurgeon, 

" Very faithfully yours, 

" Robert Taylor." 



C. H. SPURGEON'S AUTOBIOGRAniY. 155 

In the autumn of 1882, when arranging the suppHes for the Tabernacle pulpit 
during his absence at Mentone, Mr. Spurgeon sought to secure the services of 
Rev. Charles Garrett, of Liverpool. Though this proved to be impossible, the 
Pastor was greatly cheered by the receipt of the following reply from his eminent 
Wesleyan friend : — 

" Leeds, 

"Oct. 10, 1882. 
" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" Many thanks for your welcome letter, and its kind enclosure. I shall 
treasure both while I live. The fact is, I have long been about the most devoted 
admirer that you have. I have thanked God for giving you to the Church, over 
and over again ; and I always say that the whole Church ought to pray that God 
may preserve and help you. Hence you may imagine how I prize your kind gift. 

"As to occupying the pulpit for you, I would do anything in my power to 
relieve you from either work or anxiety ; but this year I am very heavily taxed. 
Everybody wants me, and all seem to think that, as I am President, they have a 
claim to me. I am here at our Foreign Missionary meetings, and then I go for a 
series of meetings in Scotland. 

"Have you ever preached on the Witness of the Spirit? If not, / zuisk yoic 
would. It is a subject on which many are greatly perplexed. Send it to me whea 
it is published. God bless and keep you ! 

" Yours truly, 

"Charles Garrett." 

The following letter is a specimen of the correspondence between Mr. Spurgeon: 
and Canon Harford, when the latter was one of the Canons Residentiary at West- 
minster Abbey ; he had met the Pastor some time before, and had promised him 
a medallion executed by himself : — , . 

" Dean's Yard, 

"Westminster, 
' "March 6, 1883. 

" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" But for an inhuman amount of work which has kept me chained to 
this Abbey Rock of Westminster, I should be prevented by shame from writing 
this letter, for the litde medallion of the Good Shepherd has been waiting more 
than a year in the hope of being sent to you ! My young page-boy, who will take 
it to ' Westwood ' this morning, knows how earnestly I have been hoping to find 
a free day, in which I could carry it to you myself, and how, day after day, I have 
been hampered with things immediately around me. An hour ago, all was arranged. 



154 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

for our joint pilgrimage to-day, but the receipt of the enclosed note from an excellent 
Christian woman (who, for some months past, has been anxious about the health 
of her old mother to whom she has for years devoted — ^I ought to say, sacrificed 
herself) tells me that, whilst inclination would carry me off to your beautiful Beulah, 
duty directs me to go at once to Bond Street. 

"You must, assuredly, have written some little book, or pamphlet, confirming 
tiie hope and comforting the heart of a believer at such a moment ; and if you would 
kindly give me the name of it, or the numbers or texts of any of your beautiful 
sermons wherein you have dwelt upon the life of the world to come, I shall feel 
greatly obliged, and will get them from Paternoster Row this afternoon. Your 
sojourn on the Mediterranean shore has, I trust, inspired you with new poetry as 
well as a fresh stock of health. 

" Praying that you may long be preserved to benefit and delight the world, 
I remain, always, 

" Revered and loved Pastor, 

" Your sincere admirer and fellow-labourer, 

" Frederick K. Harford." 

Mr. Spurgeon sent two sermons which he hoped might prove suitable ; one of 
them was the discourse delivered shortly after his return from Mentone, and 
entitled, " Supposing Him to be the Gardener." It is one of the choicest of his 
sermons, and has been greatly blessed to mourners and others who have read it. 
Canon Harford's second letter shows how highly he prized it : — 

" Dean's Yard, 

"Westminster, 

"March 7, 1S83. 
" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" But little did I guess, on entering my house last night at 10.30, that 
such a rare and precious feast was prepared for me. Both of those sermons are 
valuable treasures, but the inspired dream at Mentone is one that exceeds in 7cse- 
fuhiess as well as in superb cleverness all the memorable sermons I have read from 
English or from American sources during the last twenty-five years. I ha\-e 
ordered fifty copies to-day, purposing to send the first to the poor mourner whom 
your message is certain to comfort, and another to your genuine admirer, Louisa, 
Lady Ashburton. Some shall go to France, where I hope a translation will be 
made into the language of the country ; and some will go to certain weak brethren 
whom I have been lately called to ' work at ' and endeavour to draw away from 
Agnosticism and so-called Spiritualism. 

" I rejoice to think that you like the general tone of the Good Shepherd 
medallion. There is a proper angle of light for it, which, as you have discovered, 



C. 11. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 155 

ought to come rather from above than from below, and as you so temptingly mention 
Saturday, and 3 p.m., as your g"eneral free day and free hour, I will arrange (d.v.) to 
run down to ' Westwood,' on Saturday next, by a train which will arrive soon 
after 3, in order to enjoy a half-hour's refreshing" converse with the master-poet and 
philosopher whose genius has been such a joy and benefit to England. 

" I must not forget to tell you how one of the most excellent women I ever 
knew — and whose loss I shall ever mourn, — always read your sermons from the 
year 1856, when I was ordained at Croydon, until the year 1868, when she was 
taken away. Meanwhile, before setting" out for a round of work chiefly connected 
with some thirty letters received this morning from India, I send off this scribble 
as a token of affectionate homage from — 

" Yours ever most joyfully and loyally, 

" Frederick K. Harford." 

About a fortnight later. Canon VVilberforce wrote to Mr. Spurgeon : — 

" The Deanery, 

"Southampton, 

" March 20, 1883. 
" My Dear Friend, 

"You MUST — imagine my saying must to an Archbishop like you ! but 

you nuist come, if only for ten minutes, to the Anti-opium meeting in Exeter Hall 

on May 2. I know you have a horrid ' Liberation ' meeting at the Tabernacle that 

night. Come and say a word about liberation from the dominion of a drug ; or 

expect me at the Teibcrnacle with an amendment tied up in blue ribbon ! 

" Seriously, in order that this meeting shall be a success, your presence is 

essential, and mine comparatively immaterial. With most kind remembrances, 

" I am, affectionately yours, 

" Basil VVilberforce." 

The following letter shows that a Nonconformist friend wrote to Mr. Spurgeon, 
in quite a different strain, concerning the same Liberation meeting : — 

" 8, Russell Road, 

" Kensington, W., 

"April 25, 1883. 
" My Dear Friend, 

" I heard to-day, with deep regret, from Newman Hall, that you are 
again in great suffering. I was intending to write and ask if you meant to dine at 
Mr. Allcroft's, on Wednesday next, after the Bible Society meeting, at which you 
and I both have to speak. I was going to say that, although I wanted to attend the 



156 



H. SrURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY, 



Liberation Society meeting in the evening, yet, if you had decided to dine with the 
Primate of all England, I would go, too, just to guard your Nonconformity from the 
perversive suasions of an Archbishop and a Bishop. Imagine their success, — 
brinoincr you over to Mother Church, — surpliced choirs, processions, and incense in 
the Tabernacle, and yourself invested with cope and chasuble ! ! To avert such a 
catastrophe, I thought that I had better go with you ! ! 

" But I am afraid, from what I hear, that you will not be strong enough even to 
speak at Exeter Hall, to say nothing of the dinner afterwards, so I shall go to the 
Liberation Society meeting. 

" But, dear friend, I am half afraid that this nonsense is like vinegar upon nitre 
to you if you are suffering so much. You have one cause for great thankfulness, 
viz., that you, in your gout, do more good than we ordinary creatures can do in our 
very best health. May you find the old promise to Israel fulfilled in your experience, 
' I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak comfortably unto her.' 

" Ever your faithful friend, 

" COLMER B. SVMES." 

In another letter to Mr. Spurgeon, Mr. Colmer Symes wrote : — " I am person- 
ally greatly indebted to you, and I specially want to thank you for all the comfort 
and help which you have given to my late beloved mother during the last fifteen 
years of her suffering, helpless life at Torquay. Although she never saw or heard 
you, she always used to call you her minister. May God still continue to you the 
grace of a simple, consecrated purpose, and the gifts of such a manifold ministry ! " 

The following letter from Dr. J. Guinness Rogers shows what he felt con- 
cerning the enormous strain involved in Mr. Spurgeon's preaching at the 

Tabernacle for so many years : — 

" I, Princes Gardens, 

" Clapham Common, S.W., 

"July 14, 1SS3. 
" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" I have been longing to get across to see you to-day, but am bafifled in 
my endeavours, and so write a line to say how pleased I am to see that you have so 
far recovered from the attack of last Sunday. ' 

"It was a pleasure to be able to help you, and so I faced any dissatisfaction 
with my absence from my own pulpit, which Mr. Charlesworth occupied very 
efficiently. However, all Christian people have such sympathy with you that I have 
no doubt I shall be forgiven even by those most disposed to complain if they do not 
see their own pastor. Your great congregation is an inspiration, but it is also an 
overwhelming responsibility. I do not wonder that continuous labour in the 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. I57 

Tabernacle tells on you, and in ways you may not suspect. I do not envy the man 
who can preach there without having his whole nature strained to the utmost ; and 
that means nervous exhaustion, of all others the most difficult to contend against. 

" May the Lord spare you many years to do a work to which not one in ten 
thousand would be equal ! 

" Yours very faithfully, 

"J. Guinness Rogers." 

In the " Westwood " chapter, mention is made of the Saturday afternoon 
visitors to the Pastor at his home. One friend who was always welcome was 
Mr. John M. Cook, a near neighbour of Mr. Spurgeon's, who constantly urged the 
Pastor to allow him the pleasure of " personally conducting " him and Mrs. Spurgeon 
(or his secretary) up the Nile, free of expense, just as his father, Mr. Thomas Cook, 
had desired the privilege of being Mr. Spurgeon's guide through the Holy Land. It 
never seemed possible to arrange for either trip, so both father and son had to be 
content with an occasional call at " Westwood," sometimes accompanied by special 
friends whose acquaintance the Pastor might wish to make. The following letter 
explains the circumstances under which a meeting was arranged between Mr. 
Spurgeon and Dr. VVelldon, the present Bishop of Calcutta : — 

" Ludgate Circus, 

" Oct. 30, 1883. 
" My Dear Sir, 

" Last night, I was dining at Dulwich, with Mr. VVelldon, the newly- 
appointed head-master of Dulwich College. I met, at his table, my old friend, 
ex- Judge Saunders, from India, who, in conversation, told me that he had the 
pleasure ot introducing to you at the Tabernacle an Indian Nawab, who was 
travelling under our arrangements, and that the Nawab stayed through one of your 
services. Mr. Welldon spoke out very strongly in praise of your work, stated that 
he had been at the Tabernacle several times to hear you, and longed very much for 
an introduction to you. I took upon myself to say that there was nothing easier, and 
that I was quite sure you would be glad to see him. Judge Saunders then 
suggested that I should arrange to have the pleasure of introducing Mr. Welldon to 
you. I explained that Saturday was your general day for receiving friends, and that 
next Saturday would be the only one on which I shall be at home until near 
Christmas. I shall be obliged by a line from you saying whether it will be quite 
convenient for you to see these gentlemen any time after 3 o'clock next Saturday 
afternoon. With kind regards, 

" Yours sincerely, 

"John M. Cook." 



158 c. n. spurgeon's autobiography. 

The appointment was confirmed, and duly kept, and so began a peculiarly- 
intimate friendship. Mr. Welldon, in the course of the interview, told Mr. Spurgeon 
how greatly his grandmother prized the sermons, so the Pastor wrote a note to her, 
and sent it to her grandson, who then gave the following additional particulars 
concerning her : — 

" Dulwich College, S.E., 

"Nov. 5, 1883. 
" My Dear Sir, 

" I am deeply grateful for your kind thought of my grandmother. 

Nothing, I think, could cheer her so much in her last days as this word from you. 

It will perhaps be a little interesting to you to know that, some years ago, when I 

was about to live in Germany, she put into my hands several volumes of your 

sermons, and made me promise to read one every Sunday morning until I came 

home, as she thought, poor dear ! that Senior Classics were sure to be sceptical, and 

ever since then I have been a student of your writings, so that I suppose there are 

few members of the English Church who know them better, or owe more to them 

than I do. 

" I shall, be at home on Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday in the present week, 

and shall be delighted if you can come then, or at any other time, and see the 

College. 

" Believe me, 

" Ever faithfully yours, 

"J. E. C. Welldon." 

Mr. Spurgeon early foretold the elevation of his friend to the episcopate, and 
playfully expressed the hope that, when Mr. Welldon became a Bishop, he would 
not forsake his Baptist brother. But when the expected promotion came, he had 
himself been "promoted to glory." 

Singularly enough, the very day that Mr. John M. Cook's letter reached 
Mr. Spurgeon, he received this note from another neighbour. Dr. William Wright, 
Editorial Superintendent of the British and Foreign Bible Society : — 

" The Avenue, 

" Beulah Hill, 

" Upper Norwood, 

"Oct. 30, 1S83. 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" Sir William Muir and his daughters expressed a strong wish, last 

night, to see you. They are residing for a few weeks on Beulah Hill. I am 

exceedingly unwilling to bore you, but I promised, if an opportunity offered, to 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



159 



introduce them to you. Sir William's wish to see you is no vain curiosity, and 
I think you receive visitors on Saturdays. As you know everything-, you know the 
excellent work Sir William did in India in putting down infanticide, and especially as 
a Christian student of Islamic literature. 

" If you could see us next Saturday, or the following, I should take it as a oreat 
favour. With kindest regards to Mrs. Spurgeon, 

" Yours very truly, 

" Wm. Wright." 

Possibly, because arrangements had been made for the other visitors to call 
that week, Dr. Wright's party was asked to come on the following Saturday, and he 
therefore wrote, on November 9: — " I hope to call to-morrow, about three o'clock, 
with Sir William Muir, Lady Muir, and perhaps their daughters and my wife. 
I hope you will not consider our visit a visitation." 

Having once found his way to " Westwood, ' Dr. Wright often came ; and, as 
the result, he was able to write the remarkable testimony to Mr. Spurgeon's literary 
ability which is given in a later chapter. He was "called home" while the present 
volume was being compiled ; and only a few days before he received the Master's 
message, " Come up higher," he was noticed to be standing at the oate of 
"Westwood," and gazing with peculiar wistfulness down the drive which he had so 
many times traversed on those memorable Saturday afternoons that he had spent 
with his friend in the garden, or among the books which they both so greatly 
loved. 

This chatty note from a very venerable clergyman is interesting because of his 
reminiscences of the young Pastor at New Park Street Chapel, and some of his 
clerical critics ; the service at Finsbury Chapel, mentioned by the writer, is probably 
the one to which Dr. Fletcher was looking forward when he wrote the letter on 
page 141 :— 

" 62, Torrington Square, W.C., 

"Feb. 22, 1884. 
" My Dear Brother, 

" Blessed as you are, in common with all believers, with Divine teachincr, 

and with good temper (which all saints are not), I hope you will pardon me, who 

preached the gospel before you were born, if I ask you, in one of your valuable 

sermons, to say something about Shakespeare, — perhaps the greatest genius in his 

way, who ever lived, — but, certainly, a deadly enemy to gospel truth. His plays are 

getting more and more popular. It is sad to see that even good men are praising 

him in the pulpit. You have talent and taste enough to appreciate his wonderful 

power, and have some gifts in common with him ; but, of course, you know that 



l6o C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

reading his plays, and, much more, attending public performances of them, can but 
pollute the minds of such as do so. 

" In a pastorate of half a century, I have thought it wise to consider suggestions 
made to me (even anonymously), though I do not always agree with them. 

" I often hear you, ahvays with pleasure. I hope, too, with profit. I have for 
years given away your sound and Scriptural sermons every week ; and I tell you, 
what I have told scores and scores of folk, that you are doing more good than any 
man in England except Lord Shaftesbury. 

"I said to two clerical brethren (both since Bishops), in 1855 (I think), 'I am 
going to hear young Spurgeon to-night.' One of them said, 'What! that mounte- 
bank ? ' I heard you in Finsbury Chapel. Before you had got half through your 
prayer, I said to myself, ' This lad is no mountebank.' I heard your sermon, not 
agreeing with a/l of it, but I said, next day, when I saw my brethren at a large 
clerical meeting, ' Spurgeon is no mountebank ; I wish I could preach half as well, 
and I wish as much for most of my brethren.' They were both very popular 
men ; one is sleeping in Jesus, the other is one of our few Evangelical Bishops, and 
a dear friend. 

" I never pass a week without hearing of the good your sermons are doing. A 

dear old friend of mine told me, the other day, that his pious aunt (aged 90) said 

she ' lived upon those blessed sermons.' One of my working people said to me, 

yesterday, ' I like that Spurgeon, I can nnderstand him.' This is one of your best 

features ; you are always intelligible ; — let me add, always good-tempered ; and, best 

of all, always Scriptural. 

"Yours affectionately, 

"R. W. DiBDIN." 

This note came to Mr. Spurgeon, in March, 1884, from Mrs. Weitbrecht : — 

" My son-in-law. Professor Christlieb, of Bonn, is coming to England to hear 
and see Mr. Moody. He is trying to form an evangelistic centre at Bonn, to 
prepare evangelists to go through Germany, to proclaim Christ and His salvation. 

" Professor Christlieb enquires of me if he can also see his brother Spurgeon, 
and I have ventured to tell him that I will write and ask you, and have added that I 
hoped, if your state of health permitted, you would spare him an hour of your 
time. Christlieb (' Chrisfs love') is full of fire, zeal, and Christian love. He has 
often been fed by you, dear sir, and has fed others, through your sermons, though 
he is no common preacher himself. I am sure you will give him a shake of the 
hand, if possible. His time is very short. He brings his eldest son with him ; 
he, like your sons, but younger, is a preacher of the gospel." 

When the appointment was made. Dr. Christlieb wrote : — " It is so kind of you 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



I6l 



to give me a few minutes next Wednesday at 1 1 o'clock. Having to write a history 
of preaching in ah ages and Churches, I want to put some questions to you on 
books written on eminent Baptist preachers." 

Dr. Angus sent to Mr. Spurgeon the accompanying view of the Hbrary of 
Regent's Park College, with the following note : — 




THE LIBRARY, REGENTS PARK COLLEGE. 



, • "C. R. R, 

" Dec. 3, 1884. 
" My Dear Friend, 

"I hope you are not ashamed ot your company; as I am sure they 

are not of you. Marshman, Carey, Ward, Fuller, and Booth are over you ; 

Kinghorn is opposite, — a blessed fellowship. 

" Ask Mrs. Spurgeon if she can find you : with all sympathy and regard, 

"Yours very truly, 

"Joseph Angus." 

For a time, Mr. Spurgeon, and Mr. Lewis, of W^estbourne Grove Chapel, were 

L4 



i62 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

joint-editors of I'he Baptist Magazine, and they were always very intimate and 
devoted personal friends. This appears to have been the last letter received by the 
Pastor from Mr. Lewis : — 

■' Victoria Street, 

" St. Albans, 

"Nov. 3, 1884. 
" My Very Dear Friend, 

" I cannot sufficiently thank you for the loving words you sent me on 

Saturday ; and, best of all, for the assurance of your prayers. I am in a sorry 

plight, so far as the poor frame is concerned ; but blessed with much peace. 

" I need hardly tell you that I have no complacency in anything I have done. 
The faculty of introspection is wonderfully quickened in such circumstances as 
mine ; but 'grace reigns.' I only deplore that every pulse of mine has not beaten 
in accord with the Saviour's will, and every breath exhaled for His glory. May He 
continue to honour and bless and comfort you ! 

"With pleasant memories of past associations, — au rev oh' ! Pray for me still ! 

"Yours lovingly, 

" W. G. Lewis." 

When Mr. Spurgeon was arranging for the supplies at the Tabernacle, during 
his holiday in the early part of 1885, he wrote to ask Rev. Mark Guy Pearse to be 
one of the preachers. In reply, he received the following loving letter :— 

" Grosvenor Villa, 

" Southfield Road, 

"Gotham, 

" Bristol, 

"Dec. 26, 1884. 
" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" I shall count it an honour and a great pleasure to serve you. On 
Feb. 15, I have promised to preach the Sunday-school sermons for our people here, 
and cannot put them off; but I can give you Feb. i. This is the only day I can 
conveniently find in Feb. ; but I can offer you either March 8, 15, or 22. 

" I should much like to comply with your request without any of these 
ungracious buts and ifs. You have made me your debtor long since. There is no 
man living to whom I am more indebted. God bless you, dear Mr. Spurgeon, and 
yours, yet more and more ! 

" Believe me, 

" Always heartily yours, 

" M. Guy Pearse." 



c. H. sturgeon's autobiography. 163 

After the Pastor's home-going, Mr. Pearse related this touching incident con- 
cerning Mr. Spurgeon and himseH", and thus explained the indebtedness mentioned 
in his letter : — 

" Some years ago, I sat with him on the platform at the Tabernacle ; and, 
in an interval during the meeting, I whispered to him, ' When I was a young 
fellow in London, I used to sit right over there, and hear you preach, and you will 
never know how much good you did me.' I cannot forget the bright light that 
came into his face as he turned to me, and said, 'You did?' 'Yes,' I replied, 'and' 
I am so glad to have this chance of telling you of it. You used to wind me up like 
an eight-day clock ; I was bound to go right for a week after hearing you.' He put 
out his hand, and took mine in it, and the tears brimmed to his eyes as he said, 
' God blesg you ! I never knew that.' " 

Mr. Spurgeon's letter on page 130, concerning Disestablishment, will give some 

idea of the nature of his reply to the following communication from Principal 

Rainy : — ■ 

" Edinburgh, 

"May 18, 1885. 
" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

. " We are going to have a public Conference on Disestablishment on the 

evening of Thursday next. It is the opening day of our Assembly; but this 

Conference is not exclusively Free Church. It is called by a District Association 

which looks at the question fully as much on the religious as on the political side. 

"Could you send a letter, however brief, to be read at the meeting? It would 
help us much, — especially with those good people who are afraid of moving anything 
that exists. 

" I was glad to get hold of a good report of your recent speech on the subject. 
If we should feel drawn to make a tract of it, would you license the theft? 

" One does not want to spend too much time on these movements, yet they are 
apt to usurp a great deal. But we have other work in hand as well. There has 
been a good deal of promising religious impression over the country, and especially 
in our University. Even this, however, seems to share a little in the strancre 
tendency of our day to cut loose from definite Theology. 

" Yours ever truly, 

" Robert Rainy." 

Even such a simple matter as an application for tickets for a Tabernacle service 
gave Rev. Henry Simon, of Westminster Chapel, the opportunity of writing the 
brotherly epistle printed on the next page. 



i64 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

" Mervan House, 

" Brixton, S.W., 

"May 28, 1885. 
" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" I have a missionary friend, from Peking, who is very anxious to sit at 
the royal repast which will be spread at the Tabernacle next Sunday night. Being 
rather overgrown, as heights go, he does not care for the abundant entrance at the 
Iront doors, but would, for once, like to enter with the elect saints to whom a less 
abundant entrance is granted. He looked in such a way that I said I would try to 
get him a ticket, but where to apply I do not know except it be at headquarters. 

" I should have been glad of this, or any other excuse, for calling on you, 
having a very pleasant and vivid recollection of a walk and talk with you in your 
garden some years ago ; but I have conscience enough left to be satisfied to look at 
you in the far distance, and to thank God that you are strong enough again to speak 
to the great congregation. With Christian love, 

" I am, dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

"Yours in the best of bonds, 

" Henry Simon." 

While staying at Mr. Duncan's, at " BenmorS," in the summer ot 1885, 

Mr. Spurgeon received the following intimation concerning a notable sermon which 

he had delivered not long before ; he gladly gave the desired permission : — 

" 19, Ardbeg Road, 

" Rothesay, 

"30th July, 1885. 
" My Dear Rev. Sir, 

" For many years, I have perused your weekly sermons with great 

benefit to body and soul. I now trouble you to say that I purpose delivering your 

admirable discourse on ' Coming Judgment of the Secrets of Men,' with your 

permission, in the oldest Episcopal Church in Scotland. If you veto this, I will hold 

fire. I mean to give it verbatim ; the only lack will be the voice of the living author. 

" Were it in my power, you should have the first vacant mitre in honour and 

appreciation of your singular gifts. Pardon this obtrusion on the rest which you so 

much need for your unwearied tax of strength, and believe me to be, 

"Yours most truly in Christ, 

"J. F. S. Gordon, D.D., 
" St. Andrew's Episcopal Church, Glasgow." 

In 1886, Mr. Spurgeon preached, in Great Queen Street Chapel, the annual 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. "165 

sermon for the Wesleyan Missionary Society. It was one of the most remar_.able 
discourses that he ever delivered, and it has been rendered specially memorable 
because of the large number of missionaries who have gone out to the foreign field in 
response to the powerful pleas he then urged upon all professing Christians. The 
text was Matthew xxviii. 18 — 20, and the title, "Our Omnipotent Leader." This 
letter, from a Wesleyan minister in Paris, expresses what many felt concerning it : — 

" II, Avenue Flachat, 

" Asnieres, 
"Seine, 

" France, 

" June 17, 1886. 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" I purpose taking you for the subject of my monthly lecture at the 
'Salle des Conferences,' Boulevard des Capucines. I feel that I cannot take this 
liberty with your name, person, and ministry, without at least informing you of what 
I purpose doing. You will understand at once that my object is to speak of Christ 
to a Parisian audience that will be attracted by the subject of the lecture. 

" Wesley says, in his ' Notes to a Helper,' that a Methodist preacher must have 
all his wits about him. Methodist preachers have not the monopoly of shrewdness ; 
but I venture to think that, if I am equal to the occasion, I shall have followed out 
Mr. Wesley's injunction. 

" I thanked you, from a very full heart, in the vestry of Great Queen Street 
Chapel, for your sermon on behalf of our Missionary Society ; I thanked you for it 
in Exeter Hall, and it would have done your heart good to have heard the response 
of our people to what I said ; and now I seize this opportunity of thanking you 
again. I shall never have done thanking you for words of cheer that have helped 
me in the fight. I feel more than thankful ; I am grateful. Precious spices 
become incense when set on fire ; so thanks, kindled by love, become gratitude. 

" May I ask you to present my most respectful salutations to dear Mrs. 

Spurgeon ? 

" Thankfully and sincerely yours, 

" D. A. DE MOUILPIED." 

Such letters as the following always gave Mr. Spurgeon real pleasure : — 

' Chaplain's House, 

" Tower of London, 

" 20th January, 1S88. 
" Dear Sir, 

" May I ask you to be so kind as to let me have two seats in the 



l66 C. H, SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

Metropolitan Tabernacle on Sunday evening next, for myself and sister? It is a 
o-ood many years since I was there, — at one time regularly, with my mother, whom 
you well knew. Although now a clergyman of the Church of England, and 
therefore quite out of sympathy with your views of that body, I must express, what 
I have always felt, the deepest respect for your transparent sincerity, and a hearty 
admiration of your splendid God-given powers of clear convicting and also 
comforting gospel preaching. I am what would be termed a High Churchman ; 
but, believe me, I am not alone in, above all, loving and uttering God's simple 
c^ospel, only believing in ceremony and externals as relative goods, means to an end. 
" I have often, as a boy, shaken you by the hand, and should feel honoured by 
a chance of meeting you again. May God preserve you many years, though you 
rhetorically tear my Church to ribbons ! 

" Ever yours faithfully, 

" E. C. Aylwin Foster." 

On March 6, 1888, Mr. Spurgeon preached at Wimbledon; and, the following 
morning, he received this loving letter from Rev. E. \V. Moore, M.A., the vicar of 
Emmanuel Church : — 

" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" At the risk of being troublesome, I must write just a few lines to thank 
you for the faithful testimony to a faithful Christ you gave us this afternoon. I 
hastened back to the vestry (after seeing a friend — Mrs. Seton-Karr, sister to your 
friend the late Mrs. Dudgeon, of Mentone, out of the crowd,) to have the pleasure of 
a shake of the hand, but you had gone. I should have liked to tell you, though you 
need no telling from me, how great and general is the sympathy felt for you here as 
everywhere by all who cleave to Christ the Head, for your brave and fearless stand 
for our Lord and Master. Thank you for preaching to-day a risen, glorious, 
triumphant, unchangeable Saviour. He is the same as ever. He still baptizes with 
the Holy Ghost and with fire ; and if He be for us, who can be against us ? 

" Thank you for all the help you have often given me by the printed page. If 
it can be said of any man that he does not know what a great work he is doing, it 
may be said in a special sense of yourself You will never know here how 
many souls you have gathered, and how many preachers you have strengthened. 
God bless and preserve you to us all for many years ! 

" Affectionately yours, 

" E. W. Moore." 

The following note, from a clergyiTian of quite another school, was received in 
August, 1888:— 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 1 67 

" Queen's House, 

" Cheyne Walk, 

" Chelsea. 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" I and two of my children hope for the privilege of hearing you next 
Sunday night, if there is any chance of getting seats. It is very seldom, in London, 
I am out of my own pulpit ; and when I am, I do not like to miss the opportunity of 
hearing the greatest living preacher. 

" Yours faithfully, 

"H. R. Haweis." 

This letter was written by one of the Evangelical clergymen who resented 

Mr. Spurgeon's " Baptismal Regeneration " sermon, but who afterwards became 

one of the Pastor's heartiest admirers ; the receipt of the letter gave great joy to 

Mr. Spurgeon : — 

" Christ Church Vicarage, 

" Worthing, 

" 27th Feb., 1890. 
" My Dear Brother, 

" I don't know how it is, but I feel prompted to ask your acceptance of 
the enclosed New Year address, which, I rather think, will find an echo in your 
own heart. 

" I remember once, when I was in Southwark, feeling constrained to differ from 
you as to the interpretation of our Baptismal Services. Since that time, the 
progress of error in the Church visible has been so alarming and continuous, that 
all who really love the Truth seem to be under a very special obligation to manifest 
substantial and brotherly unity ; and I cannot deny myself the pleasure of saying 
how much I thank God for the firmness and consistency with which you have 
maintained and propagated the precious doctrines of the grace of God in a 
Rationalistic and Ritualistic age. 

" Believe me, 

, ■ '• Yours very faithfully, 

" Francis Cruse." 

When Mr. Spurgeon learned that the Jews of the present day substitute a dry 
shank-bone. tor the Paschal lamb, he was so struck with the spiritual significance of 
the fact, that he delivered a discourse upon the subject, and entitled it, " The Shank- 
bone Sermon ; or. True Believers and their Helpers." On the following page is 
one of the many letters he received concerning it. 



i68 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

" 164, Richmond Road, 

"Dalston, N.E., 

"54/90. 
" Dear Mr Spurgeon, 

" I enclose a cutting from to-day's Star, which corroborates in a remark- 
able manner the ' shank-bone ' illustration you so happily used at Victoria Park the 
other day. It is indeed a pity that Jews and half-Christians are content with a bone 
when they are offered the Lamb. 

"You are making a noble stand for the truth, and there are thousands of 
ministers and others who heartily and daily say, ' God bless Mr. Spurgeon ! ' 

" Personally, I may say that I owe you more than I can ever tell. If you 
only knew half, yo7i would never sit 'under the juniper tree,' for your life and 
words are an inspii-ation to the faithful in every land. 

"Wishing you continued Divine favours, I remain, 

"Yours very heartily, 

"W. Justin Evans." 

These appreciative letters from ministerial brethren may be fidy closed with 
the following fraternal epistle from Prebendary Stephenson : — 

" Lympsham Manor, 

"Weston-super-Mare, 

"July 8, 1S90. 
" My Dear Brother Spurgeon, 

" I quite agree with you that occasional pain and sickness are good for 
us preachers of Christ's gospel. I thought sympathetically of you, yesterday, when 
I ached all over, after four services on the Lord's-day before. 

" My heart has been drawn towards you in admiring love for many years, and 
never more so than when I heard you on the Bible Society platform last May, when 
you gave abundant evidence that the bough, pruned by the hand of 'the Husband- 
man,' had not been ' purged in vain.' 

"We may not belong to the same regiment of the great army, but our Captain 
is the same ! Go on, my beloved brother, as you have done for so many years 
past, to proclaim the magnificent glory of grace, and thus to gather trophies for 
the cross. ' Tabernacles ' shift and vanish, but ' Temples not mc.d^ with hands ' are 
'eternal in the Heavens ' ! 

"God bless you, mine honoured friend ! This is Cardiplionia, from — 
" Your loving brother and servant in Christ, 

"J. H. Stephenson, 
" Treasurer of Wells Cathedral." 



CHAPTER XCIV. 




N accordance with the intimation in the introduction to the previous 
chapter, the second sub-division of communications from Mr. 
Spurgeon's correspondents is to consist of — 

Letters from American and Canadian Friends. 
Of these, the first in order of time are those written by Mr. D. L. 
Moody, and they may fidy begin the series because of the mutual esteem and love 
which he and Mr. Spurgeon cherished for each other. In reply to a letter from the 
Pastor, inviting him to preach at the Tabernacle, Mr. Moody wrote : — 

" 12, Lynedoch Place. 

" Glasgow, 

" March 17, '74- 
" Dear Spurgeon, 

" Many thanks for your kind note. I am in hopes that you will be led 
by the Spirit to preach to young men on Sunday next. Enclosed I send you a 
circular that a minister here is sending out in the hope that it will stir up some 
interest in Britain. 

" In regard to my coming to your Tabernacle, I consider it a great honour to 
be invited ; and, in fact, I should consider it an honour to black your boots ; but to 
preach to your people would be out of the question. If they will not turn to God 
under your preaching, ' neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the 

dead.' 

" Yours, with much love, 

" D. L. Moody." 

The following year, Mr. Spurgeon helped Mr. Moody in his London mission ; 
this grateful epistle shows how highly his services were appreciated : — 

" 17, Highbury Crescent, 

" Islington, 

" May 8, '75. 
" Dear Spurgeon, 

" Ten thousand thanks for your help last night. You gave us a great 
lift. I wish you would give us every night you can for the next sixty days. There 



I^O C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

are so few men who can draw on a week-night, and I want to keep up the meetings 

in the East End and West at the same time ; it is hard on me to have to speak 

twice the same evening, and yet I shall have to do it next week, for I cannot get 

anyone for the West End. Do all you can for the work, and we shall see blessed 

results. 

" Yours in haste, 

" D. L. Moody." 

Another letter, written some years later, shows that, while Mr. Moody still held 
Mr. Spurgeon in just as high esteem as before, he consented to preach at the 
Tabernacle one Sabbath during the Pastor's absence at Mentone : — 

" Newcastle, 

"Oct. II, '8i. 

" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

"Yours of the 9th is to hand, and in reply let me say that I am thankful 
for your very kind note. It quite touched my heart. I have for years thought 
more of you than of any other man preaching the gospel on this earth ; and, to tell 
you the truth, I shrink from standing in your place. I do not know of a church in 
all the land that I shrink from as I do from yours ; — not but what your people are 
in sympathy with the gospel that I try to preach, but you can do it so much better 
than I can. 

" I thank you for inviting me, and (d.v.) I will be with your good people 
Nov. 20. Will you want Mr. Sankey, or will your own precentor have charge? 
Either will suit me. 

" Remember me to your good wife, and accept of my thanks for your letter of 

cheer. 

" Yours truly, 

" D. L. Moody." 

One of the many letters which Mr. Spurgeon received from Mr. Moody's 
singing companion will show in what loving esteem he held the Pastor : — 

" Gwydyr House, 

" Brixton Rise, S.W., 

" Nov. 8, '86. 
" ' Dearly Beloved,' 

" Many thanks for the precious Word you gave us yesterday."* It was 
indeed most refreshing to my soul. 

" Is it not a beautiful thought that our Lord's disciples always called Him, or 
spoke of Him, as the Son of God, while He was down here on earth, and that He 

* The subject of the sermon was " Our Ascended Lord;" it evidently suggested the remarks in Mr. Sankey 's letter. 



C. M. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. I71 

always spoke of Himself as the Son of man ; but that, when He went up to Heaven, 
John saw Him there, and then spoke of Him, or called Him, the Son of Man? 
John, no doubt, wanted to hold on to Him, even as a brother. 

" I will try to see you again at the Tabernacle before I sail on the i8th ; I 
love you very much. God bless you and yours ! 

" Ira D. Sankey." 

Another very dear friend from the United States was Mr. John B. Gough, who 
lectured at the Tabernacle several times during his stay in England in 1879. By 
his own request, his last lecture on that tour was given in aid of the Pastors' 
College. In writing to Mr. Spurgeon concerning the subject of his discourse, and 
the arrangements in connection with it, Mr. Gough also made this special reference 
to the visit he had recendy paid to the Pastor at Nightingale Lane : — 

" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" My hands are very tender, through rheumatism, so that I write with 
difficulty, but I very much wish to send a line or two to you. I am very glad that 
my last lecture in London is to be under your direction. . . . 

" I have purposed writing to you to express our delight at meeting you and 
Mrs. Spurgeon at your own home, but have been prevented hitherto. We shall not 
forget that visit ; it did us both good like a medicine. It is very refreshing to meet 
a man who knows what he believes, and speaks it, and lives it. And we have often 
spoken of you, and dear Mrs. Spurgeon, from whom we learned lessons of patience, 
trust, and faith, that we hope we shall never unlearn ; but if I should tell you how 
fully you captured our hearts, and how sincerely we love you both, it might appear 
unseemly. Yet it would be the expression of thousands of hearts that beat with 
gratitude and affection for you and yours. I would like to speak to you of your 
sermon on ' Forgiveness,' but your time is precious. May God bless you more and 
more abundantly ! Give our kindest regards to Mrs. Spurgeon and your sons. 

"Trusting to meet you, and to hear you, on my next Sabbath in London, 

September 28th, 

. •' I am, 

" Most truly yours, 

" John B. Gough." 

Dr. H. L. Wayland, of Philadelphia, was another of the Pastor's very intimate 
friends. During his visit to England, in 1881, they spent much time together; and, 
on his return home, he wrote a long letter, a portion of which is printed on the 
next page. 



172 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

" 1420, Chestnut Street, 

" Philadelphia, 

"July 19, iSSi. 
" ]\Iy Dear Mr. and Mrs. Spurgeon, 

" (or will you not allow me to say,) 

" My Very Dear Friends, 
" You hardly need to be reminded of the vivid manner in which you, and the 
Tabernacle, and your charming" home, live in my memory. 1 have taken the liberty 
to send to you some numbers of our paper in which I have endeavoured, for the 
pleasure of our readers as well as for my own relief, to express some of the 
impressions made on me while on the other side ; but it is slow work, it takes two 
or three weeks to record what I saw in a few days. 

" My visit to England has made everything in English history, both past and 
recent, unspeakably more real to me. When now I read of the Parliament and 
Mr. Gladstone, or of the Tabernacle and its Pastor, or when I read one of the 
Tabernacle sermons, all is living before me. I wonder what is that peculiar quality 
of some voices that makes them apparently audible to us long after we have heard 
them with the outer ear. 

"I do not forget how busy you both are ; but I venture on the remark that a 
line, however brief, would confer sincere pleasure on your American cousin and 
brother. I trust that it will please the dear Lord to spare you both until we meet 
again ; and that you may continue to live in your two noble sons ; and not less that 
the Pastor and President may live long in successive generations of pupils ; and that 
the angel of the Book P'und may be permitted for many years to diffuse light and 
happiness, not only in her own home, but in many homes where there is little light 
save that which she sheds. I can only hope that you, my dear friends, remember 
your visitor with a tithe of the interest and pleasure with which he recalls both 
of you. 

•' Most truly and affectionately your friend and brother, 

" H. L. Wavland." 

Dr. T. L. Cuyler, of Brooklyn, always tried to spend an afternoon at 
"Westwood" whenever he was in London. One of his many loving letters will 
prove how he prized the privilege : — 

''2>?>7, Strand, 

" London, 

"July 25, 1881. 
" My Dear Brother, 

" I cannot refrain from telling you that, among all the enjoyments of my 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. ' IJT^ 

five months' tour, nothing has given me such so/id satisfaction as my visit to your 
beautiful home on Saturday last. The sweet savour of that visit will abide with me 
for many days. 

" It was a renewed joy to me to grasp again the hand of the minister of Christ 
who has been permitted, by tongue and pen, to proclaim the Word of life to more 
souls than any man since the days of the apostles. 

" Please to present my cordial regards to your beloved ' Help' (who ' answereth 
to you again,' — but only in love). 

" I write this at the National Temperance League office, whither all my letters 
are sent. 

" With grateful affection, 

" Yours to the core, 

"Theodore L. Cuyler." 

The writer of the following grateful letter was a very special Canadian friend, 

who was baptized at the Tabernacle : — 

" Montreal, 

" 14th Oct., 1881. 
" Beloved Mr. Spurgeon, 

" A feeling of incredulity took possession of me when I opened and read 

your note. I thought it simply impossible that it could be from your very own 

pen. What a man you are ! I thought George Miiller wonderful when I came in 

contact with him ; but, really, the riches of God's grace, and the boundless capacity 

of these poor human souls and hearts when filled with His grace, are, if possible, 

still more magnified in you than in him. It was a little thing to do, — writino- me 

that note, — but it has indeed interested and made glad a number of people who 

daily bear .you up before the Lord, and whose hearts go out to you in love 

exceedingly. 

" On Saturday, a gentleman from Edinburgh, who had been travelling in our 

'great lone land,' as it is called, Manitoba, and who had to spend the Sabbath with 

us in Montreal, came to see the Y.M.C.A. 'Where can I get some reading matter 

for to-morrow ^ ' he asked of me ; and I enquired of him, ' What kind would you 

like?' 'If there is any place where Spurgeon's sermons are sold, I prefer them to 

anything else,' was his reply ; so he was informed where he could get them, and 

then I added, 'I have had a letter from Mr. Spurgeon himself this week.' 'You 

mean from his secretary.' ' No, I mean from himself ' Do let me see it ;' so he 

read it, and then he said, as he returned the letter, ' That man is a marvel. I have 

got a wrinkle from that little note ; do you notice that he says, " I pray for you 

at this moment" ? That is something worth remembering, — "at this moment of 



174 C- ^- SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

writing-, while you are before my mind, I pause and pray for you." That is 
capital ; I won't forget it.' I could give you other incidents to prove that your tiny 
note was like a beam of sunlight shot athwart tried and weary hearts, because of the 
love they bear you for the Master's sake. 

" Oh, Mr. Spurgeon, that little word of yours, ' I am feeling rather low,' struck 
a chord which still vibrates in my spirit. It was to me like reading the 42nd Psalm. 
I imagine that there is nothing connected with your ministry to the saint that 
comes home more tenderly to tried and stricken souls than just what you there 
express, ' I am feeling low.' The great preacher, the author of T/ie Treasury 
of David, the — but I need not go on, — this man sometimes, ay, often, 'feels low,' 
just as they do. ' In all their affliction He was afflicted ;' this is what draws hearts 
to Jesus ; and the principle, I take it, is just the same when the friends and 
intimates of Jesus ' feel low.' The fellow-feeling, thus begotten, makes many 
wondrous kind. 

" I recently published some ' incidents ' connected with visitation at the hospital. 
A gendeman came in, and asked me how much it cost me to do so. "$io,' I said. 
' Well, here is a $10 bill ; print some more, I like " facts " ; theories don't go down 
with me.' So I have printed another leaflet, which I enclose herewith. 

" Now unto Him who can do exceeding abundantly above all we ask or 

think, be glory ; and may we share m the glory even though it brings us low ! I 

salute you and Mrs. Spurgeon in the Lord (Rom. xvi. 12), and remain, through the 

blood which cleanseth, 

" Your friend in Jesus, 

"John Louson." 

The leaflet enclosed by Mr. Louson contained, among other interesting matter, 
" A Touching Story," in which there was the following reference to Mr. Spurgeon 
and his sermons : — 

*' Some months ago, a young Scotchman was admitted to the hospital. He was 
suffering from an internal disease which baffled the skill of the doctors ; it was akin 
to consumption, but without its distressing symptoms, yet under it the physical 
frame wasted away. It was difficult for the patient to realize that he was slowly but 
surely dying ; indeed, he utterly refused to believe it, even when doctors and nurses 
had given up all hope. It was a delight and privilege to visit and converse with 
him, for he was Christ's, and Christ was his ; and, though reticent and reserved to 
an almost painful degree, yet salvation through faith in the Crucified was the theme 
he most of all loved to talk about ; and, next to that, the scenery, mountains, rocks, 
sunset, and storms of the beloved Isle of Skye, where he was born and brought up. 
The one and only matter of reading, next to the Bible, was Charles H. Spurgeon's 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 175 

sermons ; of these he never tired. Biographies of eminent Scotchmen, Hke Norman 
Macleod, or WilHam Arnot, were taken to him ; but, as he put them aside, he would 
say, ' Spurgeon is always the same, but always satisfying, for he makes you forget 
himself as he holds up Him who is " fairer than the children of men " ' (Ps. xlv. 2)." 

The following letter is interesting from the information it conveys concerning 
the first publication of Mr. Spurgeon's sermon volumes and other works in the 
United States : — 

" 8, Murray Street, 

" New York, 

"Dec. 19, 1882. 

" My Dear Bro. Spurgeon, 

"The present seems a fitting time for me to drop you a line, after a long 
and successful career as the publisher of your books in America, and I may add, as 
the introducer of your sermons in book form to American readers. 

"At first, it required very special attention on our part to bring them success- 
fully before American readers ; but, after a while, the tide turned in favour of your 
books. We made them well known in every State in our Union. We had several 
valuable friends ; the late President Wayland, of Brown University, gave us 
important aid by letters that we published ; so did the late Dr. Alexander, who 
had been to London, and seen you, and heard you preach often with great 
satisfaction. He called at our office, and made himself known in person. I had 
long known him, by reputation, as a very able and distinguished divine of the 
Presbyterian Church. He had noticed that some of our large daily newspapers 
were attacking you very fiercely, so he came in to urge us to persevere with the 
sermons. He said, ' Do not be discouraged by the unfavourable criticisms of the 
press. I have seen and heard Mr. Spurgeon ; he is a real diamond that will shine 
brighter and brighter as the years go by. You can use my name in any way that 
will help you in the battle.' We thought it was very kind of him to say and do 
what he did, for he was a good man, with very great influence, and he proved a 
real help to us. 

"On the other hand, we had some discouraging words. Rev. Dr. Kendrick, 
the Greek Professor in the Rochester University, with which I was connected as 
one of the Board of Trustees, wrote me : — ' Well, Sheldon, I am surprised that you 
should lower the standard of your publishing house by issuing the sermons of that 
green London preacher.' I can well afford to quote his early remarks, for he lived 
to write and frequently to tell me, in a very flattering way, how much wiser I was 
in discerning the signs of promise than he had been ; and he has often spoken of 
you in the most complimentary manner. 



176 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

" I only allude to these incidents of the past as pleasant events attending a 
great and prosperous enterprise." 

(The writer of the letter explained that " the Spurgeon books " had been passed 
over to Messrs. Carter Brothers, that he had sent to the Pastor a complete set of 
the American edition of his publications, and he concluded his letter as follows : — ) 

"And now, my respected brother, in taking leave of you as your publisher, 

permit me to congratulate you upon the really great success that has attended the 

enterprise. Very few English authors have had such prosperity ; I do not think 

that any preacher and author of religious books has even begun to come up to you. 

I hear, with great pleasure, of the blessing resting upon your home work, so large 

and so grand in all its proportions. We feel all of a publisher's pride in our popular 

and good author, and shall follow you with our loving thought to the end of your 

good work. 

" Yours most truly, 

" Smith Sheldon." 

The writer of the following note was the well-known anti-slavery lecturer, 

Frederick Douglass : — 

"The Cross, 

"St. Neots, 

" Hunts., 

"July 6, 1887. 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" While crossing the Atlantic, last September, and looking out upon its 
proud dashing billows and their varied torms, and thinking of the diversity in the 
human family, I remarked that ' we are many as the waves, but we are one as 
the sea.' I had never heard this simile before, and thought it was original with me ; 
but, while reading your sermon, published on the 30th June, I noticed that you said, 
speaking of the one hundred and nineteenth Psalm, ' Its expressions are many as 
the waves, but its testimony is one as the sea.' I am led to ask, — Is this a 
coincidence ; or have I, unconsciously, borrowed from you, or have you borrowed 
this formula from me } 

"Through the kindness of a friend, I had the privilege of listening to you a few 
Sundays ago. It was the realization of an ardent desire born of reading some 
of your sermons in America, and of what was said to me of you by my friend. Dr. 
H. L. Wayland, a gentleman to whom I have been much indebted for friendly 
sympathy and advice while battling with slavery and prejudice in America. 

" Very truly yours, 

" Frederic^ Douglass." 



C, ir. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. X'JJ 

In May, 1888, at the funeral of his mother, Mr. Spurgeon took a chill, which 
resulted in his being laid aside for three weeks. On Lord's-day morning, June 17, 
when many of the delegates to the Exeter Hall Conference on Foreign Missions 
were present at the Tabernacle, the P^istor was again able to preach, although he 
was obliged, through great weakness, to sit during a considerable portion of the 
sermon. Dr. A. J. Gordon, of Boston, took part in the service ; and he had also 
consented to preach if Mr. Spurgeon continued too ill to do so. This arrangement 
explains the allusion, in the following letter, to the "great deliverance" experienced 
by Dr. Gordon himself: — 

" Charing Cross Motel, 

" London, 

"June 19, 1888. 

" My Dear Brother, 

" I sincerely trust that you were in no wise injured by your effort on 
Lord's-day morning. It seems to me that the Lord's help given to you then was 
the most powerful commentary on your text, ' Let Him deliver him now.' Be 
assured that I also experienced a great deliverance, for there were hundreds of 
visitors, — our whole Missionary Conference, indeed, — who had come to hear you, 
and I can conceive of no embarrassment greater than that of having to preach to 
such a disappointed congregation as it must have been in your absence. 

" I pray that God will graciously restore you to full health, and cause your bow 
to abide in strength even when you are 'sorely grieved and shot at by the archers.' 
I greatly desire, with Mrs. Gordon, to call on you for a few moments at your home.' 
I should be thankful to know when we can see you. If you are too ill to desire 
callers, please do not tor a moment think of my request, and I shall entirely under- 
stand the reason. 

" Sincerely yours, 

"A. J. Gordon." 

The following letter appears to be the earliest from Dr. A. T. Pierson which 
Mr. Spurgeon preserved : — ■ 

" 2320, Spruce Street, 

" Philadelphia, 

"Nov. 25, 1888. 
" My Best-beloved, 

"If there is any man on the earth I love better than you, I wish 
you could point him out. And, as a little thankoffering to God for a personal 
acquaintance, I send you by my publishers — all bills paid, inclusive of expressao-e, — 
fifty copies of Evangelistic Work for your Pastors' College, with my lovino- 

M 4 



17S c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

greetings. I am very sorry that your gout is more troublesome. How I wish and 
pray that the Lord may keep you yet a score of years busy with Szuord and Troivel, 
piercing to the backbone the foes of our Lord and His Crown and Covenant, and 
building up the walls of Jerusalem ! Be thou very strong and courageous, my 
brother ; there shall no man be able to stand before thee. There is a fearful 
apostasy from the truth, — second probation, — partial inspiration, — Ritualism, — the 
' Nehushtan and Ephodism ' of old times are back among us. How little Evan- 
gelical preaching ! Conversion a lost art ; — worldliness so pervading the church 
that the membership is now divisible into worldly holy and wholly worldly, — and 
ministers into attitudinarians, latitudinarians, and platitudinarians. 

"Give my love to dear Mrs. S. With many prayers for you all. I hope to see 
you again in the flesh ; but, whether or not, I expect to spend eternity with you in 

His presence. 

" As always yours, 

"Arthur T. Pierson." 



Miscellaneous Letters. 
Among the communications from non-ministerial friends, specially treasured by 
Mr. Spurgeon, was the following letter from Miss Florence Nightingale : — 

" 35, South Street, 

" Park Lane, W., 

"June 30, 1876. 
" Dear Sir, 

" Nurse Masters, of our training school at St. Thomas's Hospital, and 
who is one of a reinforcement of nurses whom we are sending out to join our 
nursing staff at the Montreal Hospital, was recently admitted by you to baptism 
and communion. She spoke of it to me with deep earnestness. 

"It occurred to me that you might, among the young women of your flock, 
know some, sound in body and mind, who would like to be trained for a hospital 
nursiniz life, which has now sufficient reward, both in the Q-ood to be done and 
in the maintenance to be earned, to be attractive to suitable candidates. The 
harvest is ready, but the labourers still are few. 

" I write under the severe pressure of business, and ever-increasing illness, 
which has kept me a prisoner to my room for years, so you will excuse a briet letter. 
I have heard that you are yourself frequently afflicted. May I express my deep 
regret at your suffering, and my earnest hope that your life may long be spared .'* 

" May God be with us all ! 

"Florence Nightingale." 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 179 

Earl Shaftesbury's correspondence with Mr. Spurgeon was so constant, and so 
voluminous, that a whole chapter might have been filled with it if space could 
have been spared. This brief note will indicate the usual character of the Earl's 
letters, and it will also show the esteem in which he held the Pastor, not only at 
the time it was written, but right to the end of his life : — 

" St. Giles's House, "^ 

" Cranborne, 

" Salisbury, 

"Oct. 20, 1876. 
" My Dear Friend, 

"The books have arrived in safety; and to the inscription which you, 

yourself, have written, — I value it highly, — I shall add my own, — a prayer that my 

descendants will cherish the volumes as the gift of a man whom their ancestor 

honoured and loved as a private friend, but far more as a powerful, bold, true, 

single-hearted servant of our most blessed Lord and Saviour. 

" God be with you and yours for ever and ever ! 

"Shaftesbury." 

From the same address, on Nov. 30, 1883, the Earl sent to Mr. Spurgeon a 
copy of The Psalms, with Scripture IllustratioHS, accompanied by the following 
letter : — 

" My Dear Friend, 

"God be with you to Mentone, at Mentone, and back again, and may 
He give you all the health you seek for His service ! 

"Well may you be 'weary, and worn, and sad.' The open, avowed, boasted, 
modern infidelity is terrible, but the almost universality of the Laodicean spirit is 
still worse. You will come back and find that socialism, contemptuous unbelief, and 
an utter disregard of anything but that which tends to make this world the ' be-all ' 
and the 'end-all' of our existence, have attained vastly increased proportions during 
your absence. 

"There is nothing for it but to preach 'Jesus Christ and Him crucified,' with 
perpetual exhortation to His people to pray for His speedy return. Such a 
preaching of Christ has been your main strength May God keep you in that 
frame of mind ! 

" Put, I request you, the little book I now send you, in your pocket. 

"Yours very truly, 

"Shaftesbury." 

" P.S. — I shall distribute largely your volume, Floivcrs from a Puritans 
Garden." 



I So c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

Admiral Sir W. King Hall was one of Mr. Spurgeon's most ardent admirers. 
Many of his letters were preserved, and all of them bore testimony to the blessing 
he had received through reading the Pastor's writings. One of the earliest in the 
series was the following, written on Mr. Spurgeon's forty-fourth birthday : — 

" Admiralty House, 

" Sheerness, 

"June 19, '78. 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" May God spare you to work in His vineyard with health and energy 

many more years ! Each day I find, from your Moi'ning and Evening Readings, 

encouragement, comfort, hope, and proofs of our Saviour's love. I ask your 

acceptance of my photograph, and beg yours in return. Be assured that, though 

my profession is one of arms, for the defence of our glorious land of liberty, my 

principles are as peaceful as those held by any member of the Society of Friends. 

"With kindest regards, and best wishes for your family, 

" I remain, 

" Your sincere friend, 

" W. King Hall." 

" If you want a breath of sea air at any time, come and stay with me. A day 
or two's notice will suffice." 

Another sailor friend, John Macgregor, Esq., who was captain and crew of the 
canoe Rob Roy, and also honorary secretary of the Open Air Mission, wrote as 
follows in one of his many letters to the Pastor : — 

" 7, Vanbrugh Park East, 

" Blackheath, 

" Aug. 24, '78. 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" I promised to tell you that a word of yours would be golden on Oct. 28, 
when our open-air preachers assemble. You will see that some of us propose to 
meet on Monday. That, however, is for garden and green fields ; the other meeting 
must be under a root. 

"As for myself, I am in the furnace of domestic affliction; but the Refiner 
is looking on. 

"The stucco pilasters on the edifice of one's life are cracked and shaken off 
but the rock they rested on is found sure, even in an earthquake. 

" Who would hke to choose his trial } Even David, when forced to do so, 
chose to fall into the hands of the Lord, and are we not there already } 

" I needed much affliction, as I had none at all of it ; and that is not healthy. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAniY. l8l 

But God makes me wonder why the blow is sent to my dear wife, unless it is that I 
feel it the more, and she suffers the less, than if it had been personally mine. 

" Yours ever, 

"J. Macgregor." 

At the Stockwell Orphanage Festival, in June, 1S79, Sir Charles Reed 
presided. In reply to Mr, Spurgeon's letter inviting him to occupy that position, 
he wrote : — " I am very full of work ; but, in common with all London, I feel so 
grateful for your personal piety, and your personal efforts, that I cannot say ' Nay.' 
How honoured I feel to be stitched up in a brown cover with such a ' man of mark' 
as C. H. S. ! " The allusion was to the current issue of Men of Mark, in which 
Mr. Spurgeon and Sir Charles were included. 

Later in the year, when the Pastor was ill at Mentone, he received this 

sorrowful letter from his friend : — 

" Hotel Fleuri, 

" Cannes, 

" Dec. 18, 1879. 

" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" I have been trying to make my way over to see you ; but my doctor 
has laid such restrictions upon me, that my only available time (10 to 4) does not 
permit of so great a journey. I want, however, to have an assurance that you are 
better ; for, in a French paper, I saw a poor account of your health. 

"A winter away from home is a new experience to me, and an idle winter is by 
no means easy to endure. However, I am trying to obey the voice which says, ' Be 
still ; ' and if the Lord wills, I hope for another decade of work in the field in which 
He has permitted me, thus far, to labour. 

" I suppose you do not preach at all at Mentone ; that is, from the pulpit. 

You do, I know, by your pen ; and if, at this Christmas time, you feel prompted to 

comfort a stricken heart, let me be the object of your philanthropy. On the 19th of 

June, I was with you ; on the 8th of July, we lost our dear son, and we have never 

yet recovered his body. This stroke broke down our health and drove us from 

home. 

" Yours truly, 

" Charles Reed." 

Sir Charles Reed's hope that he might be spared to labour for another ten years 
was not realized, for he was called to higher service in les« than sixteen months from 
that time. The brief note from him, printed on the next page, bears in one 
corner this inscription: — "Delivered to me after the decease of the writer, April 8, 
1881. — C. H. Spurgeon." 



1 82 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

" House of Commons. 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" Could you receive a father and son, on Bible Society business, if they 

called on you on Tuesday next at about noon? My son, who is the secretary of the 

Society, thinks that, as a vice-president, I could aid him in an application he is 

commissioned to make. 

" Yours truly, 

" Charles Reed." 

The following letters came from the widow of General Havelock ; the son 
referred to in them was himself a personal friend of Mr. Spurgeon's, and was the 
chairman at the first public meeting held in the Tabernacle :■ — 

" 14, Kensington Park Gardens, \V., 

" October 7, 1881. 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon^ 

"You may not have heard how very ill my beloved son. Sir Henry, has 

been. He is suffering from congestion of the brain, brought on by over- work, 

exposure, and fatigue. We are most thankful to say that the doctors report that the 

worst seems past, though it will probably be a long time before he can be well again. 

" His sister and I will feel very thankful if you will remember him in your 

public and private prayers. His life has ever been devoted to doing acts of 

kindness for others ; and you know how precious he is to us all. We should like 

him to be prayed for, every Simday, for some time to come. We know that his 

father's God is very near him now in this deep trouble. 

"With kind regards to Mrs. Spurgeon, I am, 

" Very sincerely yours, 

" H. S. Havelock." 

Sir Henry's recovery was much more rapid than his mother had anticipated ; 
and on October 22, Lady Havelock was able to write : — 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" I shall feel glad if you will tell your dear people that God has been 
pleased to hear our prayers, and has once more restored my dear son. Sir Henry, 
I will not say quite to his usual strength, but so far towards it as to give us great 
hopes that, with care and rest for some weeks, he may be better than ever before. 
Will you give thanks for us, as a family, at your public se^^vice to-morrow, and pray 
that a larger blessing than ever may rest upon us, and bring us all nearer to Him to 
whom we owe so much ? 

" With our kind regards to Mrs. Spurgeon, I am, 

" Sincerely yours, 

" Hannah S. Havelock." 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 183 

Many letters passed between Mr. Gladstone and Mr. Spurgeon,— " the two 
prime ministers," as they were often called. Again and again, the Premier invited 
his Nonconformist friend to meet a congenial company at breakfast or dinner in 
Downing Street ; but there was always some obstacle in the way, and pressure 
of work or illness prevented Mr. Spurgeon from accepting a very cordial invitation 
to stay at Hawarden Castle. Whenever the newspapers contained an intimation 
that the Pastor was laid aside, a special messenger from the First Lord of the 
Treasury was sent with a letter of sympathy or kind enquiries for the sufferer. 

Mr. Gladstone had long wished to attend a service at the Tabernacle, and the 
following letters show how the wish at last assumed a definite shape, and was 
carried into effect : — - 

" 10, Downing Street, 

"Whitehall, 

" 24 August, 1881. 
" My Dear Sir, 

" I thank you very much for your kind note and your good words. My 
years make it a great object of desire to be relieved from my present work ; but 
I must be patient yet a little while, and must hope that I may not be utterly spoiled 
by the undeserved kindness heaped on me from so many quarters, and by com- 
mendations entirely beyond my deserts. 

" I hope the autumn will afford me an opportunity of profiting by your kind 
offer to meet my wishes respecting the service at the Tabernacle. 

" I remain, 

" My dear sir, 

" Faithfully yours, 
"Rev. C. H. Spurgeon." " W. E. Gladstone." 

" Hawarden Castle, 

Chester, 

"Jan. 3, '82. 
" My Dear Sir, 

"Some time ago, you were good enough to promise me a safe seat 

at one of your services : and if it consist with your convenience to do me this favour 

on Sunday evening next, when I expect to be in London, I shall hope to present 

myself at the exact time and place which you may kindly name. Should you desire 

to postpone your compliance with my request, I shall hope for another opportunity 

of preferring it three or four Sundays hence. I remain, 

" My dear sir, 

" Faithfully yours, 

" Rev. C. H. Spurgeon." " W. E. Gladstone." 



184 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

On the evening of January 8, the Premier and his eldest son attended the 
Tabernacle, and Mr. Spurgeon preached from Mark v. 30, 31. The Editors and 
correspondents of various newspapers referred at length to the incident, and some 
of the comments were anything but kind or even courteous. A few days later, 
Mr. Spurgeon, in sending the volume of views of " Westwood " to Mr. Gladstone, 
expressed his regret at the tone of some of the articles ; and, in reply, he received 
photographs of Hawarden Castle and the Premier in his study,, with this letter : — - 

" Hawarden Castle, 

" Chester, 

" Jan. 16, '82. 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" I was not at all surprised at what happened, and had not the smallest 
disposition or cause to suspect you. My life is passed in a glass bee-hive : with this 
particularity, that I fear many see in it what is not there, by which I am unjustly a 
gainer. 

" I thank you very much for the interesting book of photographs which you 
have been so good as to send, with an inscription I am very far from deserving. I 
wish I had a better return to make than the enclosed ; but these are the best I can 
lay my hands on. 

" When you were so good as to see me before and after your service, I felt 
ashamed of speaking to you lest I should increase your fatigue, but before very long 
I hope to find a better opportunity. In the meantime, I remain, 

" With sincere respect, 

" Faithfully yours, 

" W. E. Gladstone." 

Mr. Spurgeon was, as the writer of this letter anticipated, much gratified at the 
information it contained : — 

" 13, St. George's Terrace, 

"Gloucester Road, S.W., 

" March 23, 1882. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I think it will be gratifying to you to know that, at St. Stephen's 
Church, Gloucester Road (which is generally supposed to be what is termed ' very 
high '), each Thursday afternoon during Lent there have been devotional readings, 
consistmg of extracts from the works of various living divines. 

"The readmg, this afternoon, was from a sermon preached by you, fourteen or 
fifteen years ago, from the text, ' What if thy father answer thee roughly ? ' The 
greater part of the discourse was read from the pulpit by the junior curate. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



i«5 




LORD TENNYSON. 



EARL OF BEACONSFIELD. 



THOMAS CARLYLE. 



Silhouettes of Celebrities. 

(Published in The Boy's Own Paper, October g, 1880.) 



1 86 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

"It was very pleasing- to me to observe such an exercise of liberty, in the 
Church of England, as to place your views before the congregation for their 
acceptance and meditation, and I feel that you will be pleased by my making you 
acquainted with the fact. Trusting your health is now much improved, 

" I remain, 

" Yours obediently, 

" Alfred Williams." 

Out of a very large number of letters to Mr. Spurgeon from Lord Radstock, 

the following" has been selected because of the special object with which it was 

written : — 

" St. Petersburg, 

"ii/4/'82. 

" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" The Baptists in South Russia, who are, I believe, nearly all close- 
communionists, are to have a great Conference in May as to whether they should not 
open their doors to the Lord s children in general. It is deeply important that they 
should decide aright. There .are many thousands of Christians in South Russia 
among the Molokans and Stundists, and it is most desirable, on all accounts, that 
they should be as united as possible. Will you write a letter to them, addressed to 
Pastor Liebig, Odessa, •encouraging them to take the true ground of union in 
the Lord's Name, at any rate as regards receiving Christians at the Lord's table .'* 

" Here, we are going on quietly, in spite of difficulties. You would be 
rejoiced at the faith and love shown by some in the highest class here. Continue 
in prayer for this land, with thanksgiving. The fields are white unto the harvest, 
but the labourers are so few and shackled ; — yet ' He must reign.' 

" Ever yours in the Lord, 

" Radstock." 

Mr. Spurgeon was often asked to address special classes of hearers. The 
following letter relates to the invitation given to him to speak to the London 

medical students : — 

"45, Inverness Terrace, 

" Hyde Park, W., 

" Sept. 24, 'S^. 
" My Dear Sir, 

" Although I am not known to you, you may probably remember my 

name in connection with Leamington, where my father, Mr. Thorne, at the Bank, 

once had the pleasure of receiving you as his guest. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRArHY. 1 87 

" My object in now writing is to express the great gratification which I feel, as 
President of the Medical Prayer Union for 1883-4, t'^^t you have expressed your 
willingness to say a few words to the students at the annual meeting on Friday, 
26th of October. I do sincerely pray that your health may enable you to come; and, 
in the meantime, I may assure you that the occasion will be worthy of your 
presence, for it is one when many a young man may decide whether he will 
commence his career as a disciple of Christ or not. An appeal from you will, under 
God's guidance, materially influence some in their decision. 

" Again hoping that we may see you on the occasion in question, 

' I am, 

" Sincerely yours, 

" R. Thorne Thorne." 

The meeting was held, in due course, at the Lower Exeter Hall, and proved to 
be a most profitable one. A somewhat similar "gathering was the one held at the 
Egyptian Hall of the Mansion House, under the presidency of the Lord Mayor, on 
September 28, 1885, when Mr. Spurgeon addressed the members of the London 
Banks' Prayer Union, taking for his subject the words, "Seek ye first the Kingdom 
of God, and His righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you." 
The address was worthy of the notable audience assembled to listen to it, and it was 
afterwards published under the title, " First Things First." 

Mr. T. A. Denny did not often write to Mr. Spurgeon, but saw him at the 
Tabernacle or at " Westwood " as frequently as he could. This characteristic note 
will show the esteem in which he held the Pastor : — 

"7, Connaught Place, W., 

" Feb. 14, 1884. 
" My Dear Friend, 

" How exceedingly kind of you to send me that beautiful book. The 
Metropolitan Tabernacle and its Institutions ; but greatly more I value the 
inscription, of which I feel myself all unworthy, but not the less proud. 

" How I should like, by-and-by, to walk up and down the streets of the New 
Jerusalem arm-in-arm between you and dear Moody! 
"With affectionate regards, 

" I am, 

" Yours ever sincerely, 

" T. A. Denny." 

Mr. Thomas Blake, M.P., was another intimate friend of Mr. Spurgeon's, who 



1 88 C. H. SrURGEON's AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

attended the Tabernacle services whenever it was possible. On Lord's-day 
morning, June 12, 1SS7, he was present, and listened to the Pastor's sermon from 
Deut. XXX. II — 14, which was afterwards published under the title, "Plain Gospel 
for Plain People." The same night, he wrote the following- letter : — 

" Reform Club, 

" Pall Mall, S.W., 

"June 12, '87, 9.30 p.m. 
" My Dear Brother, 

" Let me thank you for your golden pot of manna this morning, sweeter 
than honey and the honeycomb. I feast upon it weekly, all the year round ; but 
it is, if possible, more delicious when it enters the mind and heart by way of 
' Ear-gate ' than by way of ' Eye-gate.' 

" I asked a number of members of Parliament, present yesterday at Portsmouth, 
to come to the Tabernacle this morning. One I brought. He was much impressed, 
and I pray that our God may make your sermon to be the message of life to him 
and to many others. ... 

"In a few weeks, I intend to resign my seat in Parliament, — one procured 
without paid agency of any kind, and which I might hold as long as. life and health 
permitted. It deprives me of higher service, and work I love more. This is my 
only reason for giving it up. With the night and day work in the House of 
Commons, all my ' Lord's-days ' are required for rest. This must not longer be. 

" With much love, believe me, 

"Always truly yours, 

- "Thos. Blake." 

The members of Parliament, mentioned in Mr. Blake's letter, had gone to 
Portsmouth to witness the naval demonstration in connection with the Queen's 
Jubilee. About that period, The ]]liitehalL Review published the "Jubilee 
Reverie " reproduced on the opposite page. Mr. Spurgeon's portrait — not a very 
good one, — is at the top, on the right hand, facing Archbishop Benson's. 

The latter part of this letter from Mr. (now. Sir) George Williams refers to 
Mr. Spurgeon's engagement to speak, in Exeter Hall, at the forty-fifth annual 
meeting of the Central Y.M.C.A., on Friday evening, May 24, 1889 : — 

"71, St. Paul's Church Yard, 

" London, 

"May 23rd, 1889. 
" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

"Thank you very much for so kindly sending for my acceptance the 




1 89 



A JUBILEE REVERIE. 



190 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

Out lilies of the Lorifs TFoi'/c in connection zvith the Pastors College. It is not 
necessary for me to repeat iny assurances of prayerful sympathy and interest, for 
vou know you have these ; — but if my hopes for your usefulness, and the spiritual 
success of your manifold labours, are fulfilled, your joy will indeed be full. 

"We are anticipating, with supreme pleasure, seeing- you to-morrow evening, 
and are praying" that the Master Himself may give you some special word, that may 
be productive ot abundant spiritual fruitfulness. 

" Believe me, 

" Yours ever truly, 

"George Williams." 

That prayer was abundantly answered, and the Lord's help to His servant was 
so graciously manifested that the address proved to be one of Mr. Spurgeon's most 
memorable utterances. 

This note, from smother of the Pastor's special friends, gives just an indication 

of its power and usefulness : — 

" Beckenham, 

" May 25th, 1S89. 
" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

"Thanks be unto God on your behalf! You were wondrously helped 

last night. The Lord stood by you, and strengthened you. Your words were wise 

and right words ; and they will live, and be wafted to the ends of the earth. 

"The kind and loving sympathy, with which you were received, was very 

cheering and helpful. God bless you to-morrow, and all days ! 

"Yours very truly, 

" Samuel Thompson." 

Probably Mr. Spurgeon never addressed any great public gathering under 
such painful conditions as when he spoke, in the Albert Hall, on June 11, 1S90, 
at the annual meeting of Dr. Barnardo's Homes. He was very ill at the time ; 
in fact, he ought to have been in bed rather than on the platform ; and the 
sight of the cripples and other waifs and strays so affected his sympathetic heart 
that he was utterly broken clown, and felt more inclined to weep than to speak ; 
yet he did plead powerfully for the poor children, and perhaps his words had all 
the greater weight because many in the audience could tell at least something of 
the suffering he was himself enduring. On his return home, he was completely 
exhausted. Dr. Barnardo's letter shows how grateful he was for the Pastor's aid 
under such trying circumstances, and it also indicates his natural anxiety as to 
the consequences of the service thus rendered to him : — 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 191 

" Scepney Causeway, 

" London, E., 

" I 2th June, 1890. 

" Dear Mrs. Spurgeon, 

" I write to yoii, rather than to your dear husband, for I cannot but 
fear that his presence and the exertion made at our meeting, last night, may have 
resulted unfavourably to him ; and I would not add another single straw to the 
burden of pain and weariness which, it may be, he is suffering from to-day. 

" Nevertheless, I dare not leave this letter unwritten, and so consider it 
wisest and best to write to you, to tell you how deeply, how unutterably grateful 
I am to dear Mr. Spurgeon for his presence, for his weighty, loving, gracious, 
wise words, and for the tender sympathy he showed to and for my bairns. I 
never can forget the debt he has placed me under. All I can now say is this, 
that I do, from the depths of my heart, thank him. While he spoke, I could 
but afresh thank God and take courage. No words, uttered last night, fell on 
my own spirit so like water upon the thirsty ground as did those of dear Mr. 
Spurgeon. I was cheered, helped, encouraged, lifted up, soothed, and comforted. 
I could but say, from my heart of he-arts, a hundred times, ' God bless hwi f ' and 
now I say it to your ears, which I am sure will not be unwilling to hear 
that prayer, even from one so unworthy as I am, for him you love so well. The 
sight of the dear servant of the Lord there, last night, in all his obvious, 
manifest weakness, was in itself a sermon, even if no words had been uttered 
by him. 

" But I must not go on ; this much only I will say. First, he must never 
again talk of being in my debt. Dear Mr. Spurgeon has paid that debt, it it 
ever existed, over and over again. Second, I must be careful never again, under 
any circumstances, to ask at his hands so great a service as he rendered us 
last night, — unless in the years (bright and happy, which I hope are) still in 
store for him, God, in His goodness, may give him back so large a share of health 
and strength that he may be rather pleased to come to us than otherwise. If 
such an hour arrives, then indeed I may break the pledge I now give ; but, 
otherwise, I will not dare again to overtax, as we did last night, the loving, 
tender heart and weary, weakened body of your dear husband. 

"And lastly, let me add this, that anything I can do now, or at any time, 
anything that lies in my poor power, that my children, my assistants, or any ot 
us can do for Mr. Spurgeon, or his work, or for anyone dear to him, I will count 
it a privilege and an honour to do ; and I can but hope that the time may soon come 
when Mr. Spurgeon will feel the necessity for putting this sincerely offered pledge 
to the test. 



192 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

" I do earnestly hope you are yourself sustained in fair health, and in great 
peace and comtort of mind. As we could not hope to see you at our meeting, last 
night, I may venture to enclose you, as a souvenir of the occasion, two of the 
programmes then in use. They may help, perhaps, to bring before you a little 
of what those who were there saw ; and I know it is possible they may excite in you 
some prayerful thought for the thousands of young folk under my care. 
" Believe me to be, 

" Dear Mrs. Spurgeon, 

"Gratefully and faithfully yours, 

" Thos. J. Barnardo." 

One of the letters written to cheer Mr. Spurgeon in that season of suffering 
came from Bishop Richardson, of the Reformed Episcopal Church, and was as 
follows : — 

" 27, Belgrave Road, 

" St. John's Wood, 

" 14 June, 1890. 
" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

"I see that, at Dr. Barnardo's meeting, you said you were 'as ill as 

possible.' God bless you ! You have probably done more good than any man 

of your generation, and it has pleased the Master to keep you humble. You will 

be ivell, some day. We love the same dear Master, and will say 'Welcome' to one 

another where no one feels 'as ill as he can be.' 

" Your faithful friend, 

" Alfred S. Richardson, Bishop." 

Only a few days after that great meeting at the Albert Hall, Mr. Spurgeon was 
at the Mildmay Conference Hall, and there delivered another of his most memorable 
addresses. The subject of it was, " Christ our Leader in Darkness " ; and it has 
been exceedingly helpful to the children of God who, for various reasons, have been 
caused to walk in the dark. He was still so far from well that there was great 
uncertainty as to whether he would be able to be present ; and in reply to a note 
Irom him, to that effect, Colonel Morton wrote : — 

"Conference Hall, 

" Mildmay Park, 

" London N., 

"17 June, 1890. 
*' Dear and Honoured Mr. Spurgeon, 

" I may safely say that all Mildmay deeply regrets, with me, your 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 193 

present indisposition ; and we, in the office here, commenced this day's work by- 
praying for you, and by asking- God to glorify Himself at the coming Conference, 
either by your presence or your absence ; — in either case, giving you a rich 
blessing. 

"Should we not be permitted to have you with us, Dr. Andrew Bonar would 
be the first speaker, and your place would be taken by Mr. Frank White. He has 
consented to be your ' reserve ' in case of need, and I have to-day forwarded your 
letter to him for perusal. So please do not feel under the slightest restraint, or 
be careful or anxious at the possibility of disappointing us at the Conference. If we 
cannot get plums, we must be thankful and grateful for good sound bread ! 

" Allow me, very late in the day, to thank you for the numberless times you 
have refreshed, and strengthened, and comforted us soldiers, who, often in India and 
other countries, on the line of march, hundreds of miles from any place of worship, 
or means of grace (in the ordinary sense of the word), have met under trees, some 
little distance from camp, and have, after prayer and hymns, introduced you as our 
preacher. We had a large Bible-class in my regiment, in those days, and many 
a blessing has been entreated upon you by those dear fellows. 

"Your sermon, 'In the Garden with Him,' was my companion, quite lately, 
when going up Monte Pelegrino, near Palermo, en route from Malta to England. 
In what stray corners of the wide world, where soldiers and sailors are, do you not 
come, and bring messages of God's love and truth ? 

" I have long wished to thank you, as hundreds of others would wish to do ; 
and here is my opportunity. May God increasingly bless you ! 

" Very sincerely yours, 

" R. Morton, Colonel." 

Mr. Spurgeon received many letters in German ; they were all passed on to a 
lady who was a member of the Tabernacle Church, and who translated a great 
number of the Pastor's sermons and other works into that language. One of 
them contained some information which greatly interested him. The translator 
wrote : — " This letter is from a German Baptist colporteur in Wurtemberg. He 
says that he has sold many of your books, which have been a blessing to him 
and to many other readers of them. . . . The Empress of Germany has bought 
from him your Deiv Pearls and Gold Bearns [Morning by Morning and Evening by 
Evening in the German translation), and John Ploughman s Talk. I wonder how 
she likes John Ploiighman. I believe, very well, because of the contrast it affords 
from the language of her courtiers." 

Not only did Mr. Spurgeon have a large number of communications written in 
other foreign languages, but, at various times, he received numerous letters which he 

N 4 



194 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

regarded as literary curiosities. Many, which were supposed to be in EngHsh, 
were veritable hieroglyphs, most difficult to decipher, though the meaning of them 
was generally made out somehow or other, and answers despatched to those from 
whom they came. 

The three following epistles were carefully preserved by Mr. Spurgeon, in 
the envelope in which one of them came, which was addressed thus (intended for 
Nightingale Lane, Clapham) : — 

Rev C Sh Spurgeon ' 

Eglelane claping 
road 

London. 

They are here reproduced, verbatim et literatim, with the exception of the 
names and addresses of the writers, or anything which might give a clue to their 
identification : — 

"Sir 

" VViw You Obige me by Forewarding 6 pennyworth of your poterites 
as I am a yong Man a lite Complection Brown hare neither tall nor peturcular short 
Will you please to send me some of the Likensse of the yong woman as I have got 
to Marry and When I have got to see and Marry her Foreward as quick as Posable 
I have got Dark Blue eyes age is about 29 to thirty on the first day of december 
Bornd about one oclock in the Mornino-. 



" Rite as soon as you Can." 

" Mas Spurgeon 

" My age is 20 yers old. 

" Dea sir as a young Man trusting in a risinang Severe converter by his 

Quiking power and being Baptised by The Reb , Chapel — ~ and as 

i have ben working for the Lord and Master Jesus Christ for tow yers and is for yers 
since i was converted and as i Am a homless child and a orpent as it is 11 yers since 
my Father and Mother died and 3 broters and a sister therefor i was left frindless 
and homeless therefore i had to botle on my seife but it has put me throu dep 
exprence but God has blist me abundantly fore it makes me wep when i think of his 
godness to me therefore i would weish to be a servent for the Lord if it is the mana 
of him and if i am wone of his eleked chilain to serve him at hom or abrod 

" Plese Sir retern a nancer as i would like to get mor lering your plesur i wil 

aad no more 

" but ramain your 

" abudent Servent 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



195 



The words italicized in the following letter were underlined by Mr. Spurgeon 
in the original : — 

"Mr. Spurgeon, 
" Dear Sir, 

" I take the liberty in writeing to you ; knowing you are one in pro- 
claiming God work in Jesus: I have sent you a book I have rote out my silf: 
It is fully my own thoughts. Took from the bible : / am happy to say I had a 
Born again about three years ago. It zvas very deep in deed. I have allways been 
one to believe in God : But about 3 or 4 years ago I had thoughts that there 
must be some thing in that being born again. .S^^ / prayed very heartly to God 
for a born again : But it did not come by the first prayer or the next and I 
allmost thonght it zvas no zLse praying: Bztt I prayed on and it came at last: 
and I saw afterwards : It was the best time it could of come : as my thoughts 
at that time was more free to receive it : at that time I new not any thino- 
in the true light of the work of Jesus : 

" God has blessed me very much in giving me enlightment on his great 
work as Jesus : It has been my very life sinch that Born again in procliming 
the work of Jesus : I could bring forword hundreds to show how I love to 
show God's love and mercy to man. And I am happy to say I have seen the 
true born again Though a few words I have spoken : I have a very good 
character as a hard working man : my wage is two and twenty shillings a week. 
But I should very much like to have my full time : In procliming the work of 
Jesus : as Scripture reader. Or some thing like. My age 'i^^s- ^ ^^^i married 
and have three children. 

" Dear Sir I thought as you was so will known, you would be the best one 
to write to. I have sent you the character I had for the situation I am still 
in : Dear Sir / should be very please if you zvould have the zvords in the book 
printed : But if you zvould kindly send the Book back and the character 

" Yours truly 




ENTl-LANXE TO DR. BENNET'S GARDEN, MENTONE. 



CHAPTER XCV. 



Kit tijt Sunnu Soutlj. 



I do not think any human being upon earth ever felt so much repose of soul and body as I do. 
Many years of toil are all rewarded Ijy this blessed rest, which only seems too good to be true. I have 
no task work, and do more voluntarily, as a recreation, than I have often done of obligation. No idle 
tongues disturb me, or cares molest me. The burden is taken from the shoulder, and the bit from 
between the jaws. If anything can make me young and strong again, this will. It is rest of a sort 
which I never knew before in all its forms; for, at other times, pain, or dulness, or too much company, 
has made it less enjoyable. I rest on the wing, as the swallow is said to do.— C. H. S., in letter from 
Mentone, written in 1882. 

Up in Dr. Benuet's garden, when Harrald read me the following lines, I adopted them 
as my own : — 

" O days of heaven, and nights of equal praise. 
Serene and peaceful as those heavenly days, 
When souls drawn upward in communion sweet 
Enjoy the stillness of some close retreat, 
Discourse as if released, and safe at home. 
Of dangers past, and wonders yet to come. 
And spread the sacred treasures of the breast 
Upon the lap of covenanted rest." 

]T would have been easy to fill a volume with the account of Mr. 
Spurgeon's experiences in the sunny South, but the many other 
interesting- portions of his wondrously full life make it needful to 
condense into two chapters the record of about twenty annual 
visits to the Riviera. He was fairly familiar with most of the 
favourite resorts on that part of the Mediterranean shore, and he 
occasionally made a short stay at one or other of them ; but Mentone was the place 
he loved beyond all the rest. Sometimes, after going elsewhere for a chanoe of 
scene, a few days sufficed for the enjoyment of the beauties and charms of the new 
region, and then he would say, " I think we will hasten on to Mentone." On 
settling down in his old quarters, he generally exclaimed, with a sigh of relief, " Ah ! 
now 1 feel at home." 

Mr. Spurgeon's first visit to the Riviera was made before the railway had been 
completed along the coast ; and he used often to describe to his travellino- 
companions, in later days, the delights of driving- from Marseilles to Genoa, and so 
bemg able to see, under the most favourable conditions, some ot the loveliest views 
on the face of the earth. On that journey, one incident occurred which was quite 
unique in the Pastor's experience. While staying for a few days at Nice, he received 
a letter from the captain of the Alabama, an American man-of war lying in the 
harbour of Villefranche, inviting him to pay a visit to that vessel. On acceptino- the 




1 98 



C. H, STURGEON S AUTOBIOCxRAPHY, 



invitation, a very pleasant time was spent on board, and then the captain asked 
Mr. Spurgeon to come another day, and preach to his officers and men, and to those 
of a second man-of-war which was stationed not far off. Though the preacher was 
out for a hohday, he gladly availed himself of the opportunity of conducting the 
service desired ; and after it was over, he chatted for some time with a number of his 
sailor hearers. Amongst them, he found one who, when a boy, had been in 
Newington Sunday-school, and whose uncle was a member at the Tabernacle, and 
another who, as a lad, ran away from his home at Dulwich. Several different 
nationalities were represented, and a good many Roman Catholics were there ; but 
all seemed exceedingly pleased to listen to the gospel message, and Mr. Spurgeon 
said that he did not know that he had ever enjoyed preaching more than he did on 
that occasion, and that he should, ever afterwards, reckon himself an honorary 
chaplain of the United States Navv. 




U. S. S. ALABAMA IN VILLEFRANCHE HARBOUR. 



Tidings of the service at Villefranche probably reached other American vessels, 
for, several years later, when the U. S. S. Trenion, the flagship of the European 
squadron, was at Gravesend, the chaplain wrote to Mr. Spurgeon: — "Could it be 
possible for you, amid your abundant labours, to come down some day, and address 
our officers and men, it would be esteemed a great favour, and I know it would be 
the means of doing- incalculable good. All through the cruise, it has been mv desire 
that the ship might go to some port in your vicinity, hoping thereby that you might 
oblige us with a visit." The Pastor was unable to accede to the request so kindly 
conveyed, but he fully appreciated the honour, and perhaps all the more because he 
was never invited to preach on board a British man-of-war. 

One of the travelling companions on the first visit to the Riviera was the 



C. H. SrURGEON S AUTOBIOG RArilY. 



199 



Pastor's friend, deacon, and publisher, Mr. Joseph Passmore ; and he was usually 
a member of the litde company who gathered at Mentone year by year ; 
though, latterly, his partner, Mr. James Alabaster, had the joy of taking his 
turn at holiday-making with the author whose works he had so long published. 




THE MENTONE GROUP, IJ 



In 1879, Mr. Harrald went for the first time; and, from that year, until the 
never-to-be-forgotten last visit of 1891 — 2, he was only absent twice, when his 
services seemed more urgently required at home. The accompanying reproduc- 
tion of a photograph taken at Mentone, in 1880, contains the portraits of 
Mr. Spurgeon, Mr. Passmore, Mr. Harrald, "Old George," and " Father Abraham," 



200 C. H. SPURGEON's AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

whom the Pastor always called his Oxfordshire deacon. Beside Mr. Passmore. 
the Tabernacle deacons who stayed at Mentone with Mr. Spurgeon were 
Mr. W. Hio-gs, senr., Mr. T. Greenwood, Mr. C. F. Allison, Mr. W. Higgs, and 
Mr. F. Thompson. 

Mr. Spurgeon otten quoted one ot "Father Abraham's" sayings, "I don't 
believe any other three men in Mentone have done as much work as we three 
have done to-day." The speaker's share of the work consisted in sitting quite 
still, and reading the newspaper or one of the many interesting books which 
always formed part of the Pastor's travelling equipment. 

It has been already intimated that the season of rest was by no means a 
time of idleness ; some friends even hinted that there was too much labour, 
and too little relaxation. The quotations at the beginning of the present chapter 
give the chief worker's own view of the matter in 1882 ; and a few more 
extracts from his letters of the same period will furnish details of the manner 
in which some of his days of holiday were pleasantly and profitably spent : — 

" I went up to Dr. Bennet's garden at 1 1 o'clock, and remained there alone 
with Harrald till 3.30. He read to me, and then I dictated to him, changing 
to a talk, a walk, a pun, some fun, aad then reading and speechifying again, 
the electric shorthand botding all up for future use. I did enjoy it, though the 
mistral blew savagely. We were in a corner of the kiosque, out of all the wind, 
and yet in the open air, with mountains, and sea, and garden all around. No 
one disturbed us ; it was the beau ideal of an artistic author's studio." 

" Harrald read to me, yesterday. The Life of CromweI/,~grd.nd, soul- 
inspiring. How the man trusted in the Lord! How sweet is the life of faith, 
and how splendid are its triumphs ! I would live equally above joys and sorrows, 
and find my all in the Lord Himself" 

" It came on to blow, so Harrald and I resorted to Dr. Bennet's garden from 
10 to 3, having a grand read all alone till about 2 o'clock, and then admitting the 
other friends to be silent disciples among us. I gathered sheaves of texts for 
sermons, and a few subjects for articles, and had a very happy day. The wind 
blew in hurricanes, but we sat with a wall at our backs, and the sun shining upon 
our faces. Trees were bending in the gale, and the swift ships were flying across 
the main ; but we had a hiding-place from the wind, and sat therein with comfort." 

Mr. Spurgeon never saw cyclamen growing anywhere without recalling an 
amusing incident which happened in Dr. Bennet's garden at the time when visitors 
were freely welcomed there in the morning. The Pastor and his secretary had 
found a sheltered spot where they were completely hidden from view, and during 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



20I 



one of the pauses in the reading or dictating, they were greatly interested in hearing 
a young lady, quite near them, exclaim, in unmistakable Transatlantic tones, " O 
mother, du come here ! There are some lovely sickly men (cyclamen) just here. I 
du love sickly men ! " Perhaps the speaker would not have been quite so 
enthusiastic if she had been aware of the proximity of the English listeners who 
mischievously gave to her words a meaning she never intended them to convey. 




SARACENIC TOWER IN DR. BENNET S GARDEN. 



When Dr. Bennet restored the Saracenic tower here represented, he placed it 
at the disposal of Mr. Spurgeon, who at once availed himself of such a delightful 
retreat. Perched up so high above the sea, the view all around was indescribably 
lovely, while, by turning the key in the lock, absolute immunity from intruders was 
secured ; and, as the result, some of the brightest of the articles in The Sword and 



202 



C. H. SrURGEON S AUTOBIOGRArHY. 



the Troivel were here written or dictated, and some of the choicest sermons in 
The j\lct]-opolitan Tabernacle Pulpit were here composed, at least in outhne. 
Only a short distance away from this tower, and perched on the very edge of the 
cliff overhanging the sea, stands the Italian guard-house which Mr. Spurgeon had 




ITALIAN GUARD-HOUSE, NEAR RIENTONE. 



to pass every time he went to see his friend, Mr. Thomas Hanbury, at the Palazzo 
Orengo, La Mortola. The Pastor often told the story of an incident that happened 
within this building. In the days when the phylloxera was committing such deadly 
havoc among the vines of France and Italy, the two countries tried to prevent its 
further spread by forbidding the transport of fruit, flowers, shrubs, etc., from one 
land to the other. It was a foolish and useless regulation, for the phylloxera was 
already in possession of both sides of the frontier ; and it led to many amusing 
scenes. One day, Mr. Spurgeon was going, with a party of friends, for a picnic ; 
and, amongst the articles under his charge, were a couple of oranges. He under- 
stood sufficient Italian to comprehend that the fruit could not be allowed to pass ; 
but his ready wit suggested the best way out of the difficulty, so he walked into the 
soldiers' room, peeled the oranges, carefully putting all the peel into the fire, and ate , 
them, to the great amusement of the defenders of the crown rights of the King of 
Italy ! As the story has been published in various papers and books, Mr. Spurgeon 
is represented as having " stepped back, five or six paces, into France," in order to 
defy the Italian guards ; whereas, at the time, he was probably one or two hundred 
yards beyond the boundaries of the Republic. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



20- 



Dr. Bennet's garden was not the only open-air study that Mr. Spurgeon had at 
Mentone. In the accompanying illustration, it is easy to pick out the line of 




THE CHALET DES HOSIERS AND CYPRESS WALK, MENTONE. 



cypresses running through the dense masses ot olive trees at the back of the Chalet 
des Rosiers, the Swiss villa where Queen Victoria stayed when at Mentone. That 
cypress walk led up to one of the numerous quiet nooks where the Pastor and his 
secretary spent many a delightful day. They started from the hotel soon after the 
little company of friends, who had gathered for morning prayer, had dispersed, and 
if the weather was favourable for a long stay out of doors, they carried the materials 
for a light lunch with them, a waterproof rug to spread on the ground to ward off 
rheumatism, — and some books, of course, generally including a volume of Brooks, or 
Manton, or some other Puritan divine, with a biography or something that would 
make a variety in the reading. The reader had to pause, every now and then, to jot 
down texts that struck the attentive listener as being suggestive, or to preserve, by 
means of phonography, any happy and helpful thoughts that might be of service in 
after days. Sometimes, the dictation would only be sufficient for a paragraph or 
two, and then the reading would be resumed ; on other occasions, a whole article for 
the magazine would be ready for transcription before the return journey to the hotel. 



204 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRArilY. 



A large part of The Clue of the Maze, and several of the Ilhistratioiis and 
JMcditations, or, F/ozvers from a Puritaiis Garden, were thus written at another 
retired spot not far from the cypress walk. A good idea of the kind of place 
that was usually selected tor this purpose can be conveyed by the view that one of 
the Pastor's friends took for him, and most appropriately entitled "A Pretty Peep." 



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A PRETTY PEEP, MENTONE. 



Occasionally, the time devoted to reading in the open air was spent in one of 
the many lovely valleys by which Mentone is surrounded. Mr. Spurgeon never 
forgot one experience which he had in the portion of the Gorbio valley represented 
in the illustration on the opposite page, and concerning which he wrote : — 

" In this valley I have spent many a happy day, just climbing to any terrace I 
preferred, and sitting down to read. I once left Manton .on Psalm CXIX. by the 
roadside, and before the next morning it was returned to me. Here, too, on 
Christmas-day, 1879, I learned what it is to 'Walk in the Light.' I had been ill with 
gout ; and, on recovering, arranged to drive up this valley as far as the road would 
serve, and then send away the carriage, walk further on, have our lunch, and, in the 
afternoon, walk gently back to the spot where we left the conveyance, the man 
having orders to be there again by three. Alas ! I had forgotten that, as far as the 
upper portion of the valley is concerned, the sun was gone soon after twelve ! 



H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



20: 



I found myself in the shade before lunch was over, and shade meant sharp frost ; for, 
wherever the sun had not shone, the earth was frozen hard as a rock. To be caught 
in this cold, would mean a long illness for me ; so, leaning on the shoulder of my 
faithful secretary, I set forth to hobble down the valley. The sun shone on me, and 
I could just move fast enough to keep his bright disc above the top of the hill. He 
seemed to be rolling downward along the gradually descending ridge, like a great 
wheel of fire ; and I, painfully and laboriously stumbling along, still remained in his 
light. Of course, it was not the time for our jehu to be at the appointed spot ; so, 
with many a groan, I had to stagger on until a stray conveyance came in our 
direction. Out of the sunshine, all is winter : in the sunlight alone is summer. Oh, 
that spiritually I could always walk in the light of God's countenance as that day 
I managed to keep in the sun's rays ! 

" ' Like Enoch, let me walk with God, 

And thus walk out my day ; 

Attended still with heavenly light, 

Upon the King's highway.' " 




THE GORBIO VALLEY, NEAR MENTONE. 



The Gorbio valley was one of the special haunts of the trap-door spiders until 
visitors so ruthlessly destroyed their wonderful underground homes. Concerning 
these and other curious creatures, the Pastor wrote to Mrs. Spurgeon : — " How 
I wish you could be here to see the spiders' trap-doors ! There are thousands 
of them here, and the harvesting ants also, though the wise men declared that 
Solomon was mistaken when he said, 'They prepare their meat in the summer.' I 
shall send you a book about them all." When the volume arrived, it proved to 



206 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



be Harvesting Ants and Trap-door Spiders, by J. Traherne Moggridge, F.L.S. 
and it contained such a choice inscription that it is here reproduced \\\ facsimile : — 



• 


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» 


» 


Jt.^ f<J^ Lt.^C«^^i^ 'p"'**^ .^--to-.-^ 


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One of the charms of Mentone to Mr. Spurgeon was the fact that he could 
constantly see there illustrations of Biblical scenes and manners and customs. He 
frequently said he had no desire to visit Palestine in its present forlorn condition, for 
he had before his eyes, in the Riviera, an almost e.xact representation of the Holy 
Land as it was in the days of our Lord. He was gready interested in an article, 
written by Dr. Hugh Macmillan, upon this subject, in which that devoted student of 
nature traced many minute resemblances between the climate, the conformation 
of the country, the fauna and Mora, and the habits of the people in the South of 
France of to-day, and those of the East in the time when Jesus of Nazareth trod 
"those holy fields." In several of his Sabbath afternoon communion addresses, 
the Pastor alluded to the many things that continually reminded him of 
" Immanuel's land," while the olive trees were a never-failing source of interest 
and illustration. One of the works, with which he had made very considerable 
progress, was intended to be, if possible, an explanation ol all the Scriptural 
references to the olive. 

Mr. Spurgeon often remarked that there were many Biblical allusions which 
could not be understood apart from their Oriental associations ; and, as an instance, 
he said that some people had failed altogether to catch the meaning of Isaiah Ivii. 20, 
"The wicked are like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up 
mire and dirt." Those who have affirmed that the sea never can rest have not seen 
the Mediterranean in its most placid mood, when for days or even weeks at a time 
there is scarcely a rippie upon its surface. During that calm period, all sorts of 
refuse accumulate along the shore ; and then, when the time of tempest comes, 
anyone who walks by the side of the agitated waters can see that they do "cast up 



C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAI'llY. 207 

mire and dirt." Usually, during the Pastor's stay at Mentone, there was at least 
one great storm, either far out at sea, or near at hand. In 1882, in one of his 
letters home, he wrote the following graphic description of the scene he had just 
witnessed : — 

" This afternoon, I have been out to watch the sea. There was a storm last 
night, and the sea cannot forgive the rude winds, so it is avenging its wrongs upon 
the shore. The sun shone at 3 o clock, and there was no wind here ; but away 
over the waters hung an awful cloud, and to our left a rainbow adorned another 
frowning mass of blackness. Though much mud was under foot, ail the world 
turned out to watch the hungry billows rush upon the beach. In one place, they 
rolled against the esplanade, and then rose, like the waterworks at Versailles, high 
into the air, over the walk, and across the road, making people run and dodge, and 
leaving thousands of pebbles on the pavement. In another place, the sea removed 
all the foreshore, undermined the walls, carried them away, and then assailed the 
broad path, which it destroyed in mouihfuls, much as a rustic eats bread-and-butter ! 
Here and there, it took away the curb ; I saw some twelve feet of it go, and then it 
attacked the road. It was amusing to see the people move as a specially big wave 
dashed up. The lamp-posts were going when I came in, and an erection of solid 
stone, used as the site of a pump, was on the move. Numbers ot people were 
around this as I came in at sundown ; it was undermined, and a chasm was opening 
between it and the road. Men were getting up the gas pipes, or digging into the 
road to cut the gas off. I should not wonder if the road is partly gone by the 
morning. Though splashed with mud, I could not resist the delight of seeing the 
huge waves, and the sea birds flashing among them like soft lightnings. The deep 
sigh, the stern howl, the solemn hush, the booming roar, and the hollow mutter of 
the ocean were terrible and grand to me. Then the rosy haze of the far-ascending 
spray, and the imperial purple and azure of the more-distant part oi the waters, 
together with the snow-white manes of certain breakers on a line of rock, made up a 
spectacle never to be forgotten. Far away, in the East, I saw just a lew yards of 
rainbow standing on the sea. It seemed like a Pharos glimmering there, or a ship 
in gala array, dressed out with the flags of all nations. O my God, how glorious 
art Thou i I love Thee the better for being so great, so terrible, so good, so true. 
' This God is our God, for ever and ever.-' " 

Another phenomenon was thus described in a letter of the same period : — ■ 
"About six in the evening, we were all called out into the road to see a s^uperb 
Aurora Borealis, — a sight that is very rarely seen here. Natives say that it is twelve 
years since the last appearance, and that it means a cold winter which will drive 
people to Mentone. Our mountains are to the North, and yet, above their tops, 
we saw the red glare of this wonderful visitant. ' Castellar is on fire,' said an old 



20S 



H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



lady, as if the conflagration of a million such hamlets could cause the faintest 
approximation to the Aurora, which looked like the first sight of a world on fire, or 
the blaze of the day of doom." 



Mr. Spurgeon had been at Mentone so many years that he had watched its 
growth from little more than a village to a town of considerable size. He had 
so thoroughly explored it that he knew every nook and cranny, and there was 
not a walk or drive in the neighbourhood with which he was not perfectly familiar. 
His articles, in The Szvord and the Trowel, on the journey from " Westwood " to 
Mentone, and the drives around his winter resort, have been most useful to later 
travellers, and far more interesting than ordinary guide-books. Many of the villas 
and hotels were associated with visits to invalids or other friends, and some were the 
scenes of notable incidents which could not easily be forgotten. 




IHE GARDEN UF HOTEL D ITALIE, MENTONE. 



At the Hotel d'ltalie, the Pastor called to see John Bright, who was just then 
in anything but a bright frame of mind. He was in a very uncomfortable room, 
and was full of complaints of the variations in temperature in the sunshine and in 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 209 

the shade. His visitor tried to give him a description of Mentone as he had 
known it for many years, but the great tribune of the people seemed only anxious 
to get away to more congenial quarters. The Earl of Shaftesbury was another 
of the notable Mentone visitors whom the Pastor tried to cheer when he was 
depressed about the state of religious and social affairs in England and on 
the Continent. 

One morning, among the little company gathered for family prayer, Mr. T. A. 
Denny unexpectedly put in an appearance. In explanation of his sudden arrival, 
he said, " I felt down in the dumps, so I thought I would just run over to my friend 
Spurgeon for a few days, for it always does me good to see and hear him." His 
presence was equally welcome to the Pastor, and they drove together to some of the 
most charming places in the district. 

The genial Sir Wilfrid Lawson scarcely needed anyone to raise his spirits, for 
he was in one of his merriest moods when he met Mr. Spurgeon at the hotel door, 
and the half-hour they spent together was indeed a lively time. The Right Hon. 
G. J. Shaw-Lefevre was another politician whom the Pastor met at Mentone. The 
subject of Home Rule was just then coming to the front, and the Liberal states- 
man heard that day what Mr. Spurgeon thought of Mr. Gladstone's plans ; 
the time came when the opinions then expressed privately were published broad- 
cast throughout the United Kingdom, and materially contributed to the great 
leader's defeat. 

In the earlier years of visiting Mentone, 'he Pastor stayed at the Hotel des 
Anglais ; and he used often to say that he never passed that spot without looking at 
a certain room, and thanking God for the merciful deliverance which he there 
experienced. One day, he was lying in that room, very ill ; but he had insisted 
upon the friends who were with him going out for a little exercise. Scarcely had 
they left, when a madman, who had eluded the vigilance of his keepers, rushed in, 
and said, " I want you to save my soul." With great presence of mind, the dear 
sufferer bade the poor fellow kneel down by the side of the bed, and prayed for him 
as best he could under the circumstances. Mr. Spurgeon then told him to go away, 
and return in half an hour. Providentially, he obeyed ; and, as soon as he was gone, 
the doctor and servants were summoned, but they were not able to overtake the 
madman before he had stabbed someone in the street ; and, only a very few days 
later, he met with a terribly tragic end. 

In the garden of the same hotel, the Pastor once had an unusual and amusing 
experience. A poor organ-grinder was working away at his instrument ; but, 
evidently, was evoking more sound than sympathy. Mr. Spurgeon, moved with 
pity at his want of success, took his place, and ground out the tunes while the man 

04 



2IO C. H. srURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

busily occupied himself in picking up the coins thrown by the numerous company 
that soon gathered at the windows and on the balconies to see and hear Mr, 
Spurgeon play the organ ! When he left off, other guests also had a turn at the 
machine ; and, although they were not so successful as the first amateur player had 
been, when the organ-man departed, he carried away a heavier purse and a happier 
heart than he usually took home. 

It was while staying at the Hotel des Anglais that the Pastor adopted a very 
original method of vindicating one of the two Christian ordinances which were 
always very dear to him. At a social gathering, at which Mr. Spurgeon and a large 
number of friends were present, Mr. Edward Jenkins, M.P., the author of Giiixs Baby, 
persistently ridiculed believers' baptism. It was a matter of surprise to many that he 
did not at once get the answer that he might have been sure he would receive sooner 
or later. The party broke up, however, without anything having been said by the 
Pastor upon the question, but it was arranged that, the next day, all of them should 
visit Ventimiglia. On reaching the cathedral, Mr. Spurgeon led the way to 
the baptistery in the crypt ; and when all the company had gathered round the 
old man who was explaining the objects of interest, the Pastor said to his anti- 
immersionist friend, " Mr. Jenkins, you understand Italian better than we do, will 
you kindly interpret for us what the guide is saying ? " Thus fairly trapped, the 
assailant of the previous evening began, " This is an ancient baptistery. He says 
that, in the early Christian Church, baptism was always administered by immersion." 
The crypt at once rang with laughter, in which the interpreter joined as heartily 
as anyone, admitting that he had been as neatly " sold " as a man well could be. He 
was not the only one who learnt that the combatant who crossed swords with our 
Mr. Great-heart might not find the conflict to his permanent advantage. 

Mr. Spurgeon was never able to accept the invitation of Mr. Hanbury, who 
wished him to stay at the Palazzo Orengo ; but, on two occasions, he was the guest, for 
a week or two, of Mrs. Dudgeon at the Villa les Grottes. He had frequently spent 
a day there, or gone to a drawing-room meeting in aid of one or other of the many 
religious and benevolent works in which that good lady was interested, or, in the 
evening, had met, at her house, a number of friends, belonging to so many different 
denominations, that it seemed like a gathering under the auspices of the Evangelical 
Alliance. On one of these occasions, there were so many Church of England 
canons in the company, that Mr. Spurgeon humorously said that they might form a 
park of artillery. After a season of general conversation, the whole company 
usually settled down to listen to the story of the Stockwell Orphanage, or remarkable 
instances of answers to prayer, or a few words of loving gospel talk, closing with 
earnest supplication for a blessing to rest upon all present. 



II. SI'URGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



21 I 



When the weather permitted, Mrs. Dudgeon liked to arrange for a picnic, at 
which other friends could have the opportunity of meeting her honoured guest ; she 
related to him, with great glee, the remark of a Mentonese woman concerning one 
of those outings : — " I can't make out you English people at all ; you have nice 
hotels and houses where you can have your meals in comfort, and yet you go and 
eat your dinner in a ditch !" The "ditch " was, of course, a dry one ; and, usually, 
an olive garden was the scene of the al jrcsco repast. 




AN OLIVE GARDEN IN THE SOUTH OF FRANCE. 



A favourite resort for these picnic parties was Beaulieu, rightly named 
"beautiful place." The route to it led directly through Monte Carlo, and the 
Pastor was always glad when that part of the road was passed ; he said that the 
whole region seemed to smell of brimstone ! On one of his early visits to the 
Riviera, he had gone in to see the gamblers in the Casino ; but, in all later years, 
he avoided even the gardens surrounding the building where so many had been 
ruined both for time and eternity, and he did not like any of those who were staying 
with him to go merely to .look at the players. He used to tell them what was said 
once to a friend of his, who was walking in the gardens, and who, when he met the 
manager, began to apologize for his presence there as he never went to the tables. 



21 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



" My dear sir," replied Monsieur , "you are heartily welcome to come at any 

time, e\'en though you do not play ; you are one of our best friends, for you and 
others like you help to make our place respectable." As the one to whom these 
words were addressed had an utter horror of supporting gambling in any way, he 
took care never again to be seen anywhere near the gardens. 




THE CASINO AND GARDENS, MONTE CARLO. 



Almost every year, while Mr. Spurgeon was at Mentone, he heard of many 
cases ol suicide as the result of the gambling at Monte Carlo, and in various ways 
he discovered that the ruin wrought by the Casino was far greater than was known 
to the public in England. On various occasions, he published some of this 
information, in the hope of aiding the movement for the abolition of the evil. One 
of those papers, entitled "The Serpent in Paradise," was reprinted, and had a large 
circulation ; but, alas ! the gaming still continues, and the annual roll of victims 
appears to be as long and as terrible as ever. 



One delightful excursion was arranged to Laguet, or Laghetto, the charming 
valley which has been, at times, the resort of almost numberless pilgrims, who 
have gone there to obtain the supposed mediation of the large wax doll which 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



13 



probably is still preserved in the chapel attached to the monastery. A drive out 
to that lovely spot, with a mid-day rest for the horses, and an open-air meal for the 




LAGUET, OR LAGHETTO, NEAR MENTONE. 

travellers, was always regardegl by Mr. Spurgeon as one of the greatest enjoyments 
of his sojourn in the sunny South. But it was only possible in the finest weather, 
and when the days were long enough to permit the return journey to be completed 
before sunset ; otherwise, a chill and a painful illness would most likely follow, as 
there was so great a fall in the temperature the instant the sun disappeared for 
the nio-ht. 




IN THE GARDEN OF HOTEL BEAU RIVAGE, MENTONE. 



CHAPTER XCVI 



3n tl)t Simng Soutlj (Continncd). 





IN rilK GARDEN OF VILLA LES GROTTES, JIENTONE. 

N one of the visits to Mrs. Dudgeon at the Villa les Grottes, the 
Pastor and his secretary were photographed in her garden by 
her nephew, Mr. H. W. Seton-Karr. The above reproduction 
gives a sHght idea of the view to be seen from one of the upper 
terraces ; the high hills in the distance are beyond the Italian 
frontier. 
For several years, Mr. Spurgeon stayed at the Hotel Beau Rivage. As he 
generally had several companions, or friends who wished to be near him, his party 
usually occupied a considerable portion of the small building, and the general 
arrangements were as homelike as possible, even to the ringing of a bell when it 
was time for family prayer. Not only were there guests in the house who desired to 
be present, but many came from other hotels and villas in the neighbourhood, and 



2l6 C. H. SPURGEON'S AUTOBIOGRAniY. 

felt well rewarded by die brief exposition of the Scriptures and the prayer which 
followed it. Those of the company who were members of any Christian church 
asked permission to attend the Lord's-day afternoon communion service, and it 
frequently happened that the large sitting-room was quite full, and the folding doors 
had to be thrown back, so that some communicants might be in the room adjoining. 
On the Sabbath morning, the Pastor usually worshipped with the Presbyterian 
friends at the Villa les Grottes ; occasionally giving an address before the observance 
of the Lord's supper, and sometimes taking the whole service. Although away for 
rest, an opportunity was generally made for him to preach, at least once during the 
season, at the French Protestant Church, when a very substantial sum was collected 
for the poor of Mentone. He also took part in the united prayer-meetings in the 
first week of the year, and sometimes spoke upon the topic selected for the occasion. 

It is scarcely possible to tell how many people were blessed under the semi- 
private ministry which Mr. Spurgeon was able to exercise during his holiday. He 
used, at times, to feel that the burden became almost too great to be borne, for it 
seemed as if all who were suffering from depression of spirit, whether living in 
Mentone, Nice, Cannes, Bordic'liera, or San Remo, found him out, and sought the 
relief which his sympathetic heart was ever ready to bestow. In one case, a poor 
soul, greatly in need of comfort, was marvellously helped by a brief conversation with 
him. The Pastor himself thus related the story, when preaching in the Tabernacle, 
in June, 1883 : — 

" Some years ago, I was away in the South of France ; I had been very ill there, 
and was sitting in my room alone, for my friends had all gone down to the mid-day 
meal. All at once it struck me that I had something to do out of doors ; I did not 
know what it was, but I walked out, and sat down on a seat. There came and sat 
next to me on the seat a poor, pale, emaciated woman in the last stage of 
consumption ; and looking at me, she said, ' O Mr. Spurgeon, I have read your 
sermons for years, and I have learned to trust the Saviour ! I know I cannot live 
long, but I am very sad as I think of it, for I am so afraid to die.' Then I knew 
why I had gone out there, and I began to try to cheer her. I found that it was very 
hard work. After a little conversation, I said to her, ' Then you would like to go to 
Heaven, but not to die ?' ' Yes, just so,' she answered. ' Well, how do you wish to 
go there ? Would you like to ascend in a chariot of fire ? ' That method had not 
occurred to her, but she answered, 'Yes, oh, yes!' 'Well,' I said, 'suppose there 
should be, just round this corner, horses all on fire, and a blazing chariot waiting 
there to take you up to Heaven; do you feel ready to step into such a chariot?' 
She looked up at me, and she said, ' No, I should be afraid to do that.' 'Ah ! ' I said, 
' and so should I ; I should tremble a great deal more at getting into a chariot of fire 



C. II. SrURGEON's AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 2 1/ 

than I should at dyuio-. I am not fond of being behind fiery horses, I would rather 
be excused from taking such a ride as that.' Then I said to her, ' Let me tell you 
what will probably happen to you ; you will most likely go to bed some night, and 
you will wake up in Heaven.' That is just what did occur not long after ; her 
husband wrote to tell me that, after our conversation, she had never had any more 
trouble about dying ; she felt that it was the easiest way into Heaven, after all, and 
far better than going there in a whirlwind with horses of fire and chariots of fire, and 
she gave herself up for her Heavenly Father to take her home in His own way ; and 
so she passed away, as I expected, in her sleep." 

The testimony of one American minister is probably typical of that of many 
others who came under Mr. Spurgeon's influence at Mentone. In one of his letters 
to The Chicago Standard, Rev. W. H. Geistweit wrote: — "It has been said 
that, to know a man, you must live with him. For two months, every morning, 
I found myself in Mr. Spurgeon's sitting-room, facing the sea, with the friends who 
had gathered there for the reading of the Word and prayer. To me, it is far 
sweeter to receill those little meetings than to think of him merely as the great 
preacher of the Tabernacle. Multitudes heard him there while but few had the 
peculiar privilege accorded to me. His solicitude for others constantly shone out. 
An incident In illustration of this fact will never be forgotten by me. Fie had been 
very ill for a week, during which time, although I went daily to his hotel, he did not 
leave his bed, and could not be seen. His suffering was exeruciating. A little later, 
I was walking in the street, one morning, when he spied me from his carriage. He 
hailed me, and when I approached him, he held out his left hand, and said cheerily, 
' Oh, you are worth five shillings a pound more than when I saw you last ! ' And 
letting his voice fall to a tone of deep earnestness, he added, ' Spend it ah foi^ 
the Lord.' " 

A gentleman, who was staying in the hotel at Mentone, where the Pastor spent 
the winter of 1883, wrote: — -"As an instance of the rapidity of Mr. Spurgeon's 
preparation, the following incident may be given. There came to him, from London, 
a large parcel of Christmas and New Year's cards. These were shown to some of 
the residents at the hotel, and a lady of our party was requested to choose one 
from them. The card she selected was a Scriptural one ; it was headed, ' The 
New Year's Guest,' and in harmony with the idea of hospitality, two texts were 
linked together : ' I was a stranger, and ye took Me in ; ' and ' As many as received 
Him, to them gave He power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe 
on His Name.' The card was taken away by the lady ; but, on the following Lord's- 
day, after lunch, Mr. Spurgeon requested that it might be lent to him for a 



2i8 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

short time. The same afternoon, a service was held in his private room, and he 
then gave a most beautiful and impressive address upon the texts on the card. The 
sermonette was printed in The Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit shortly after that 
date, and has always seemed to me a wonderful illustration of Mr. Spurgeon's great 
power. Later in the day, he showed me the notes he had made in the half-hour 
which elapsed between the time the card came into his possession and the service 
at which the address was delivered ; and these, written on a half-sheet of notepaper, 
consisted of the two main divisions, each one with several sub-divisions, exactly 
as tliey appear in the printed address." 

(Just as this chapter was being compiled, one of "our own men," Pastor W. J. 
Tomkins, thus reported a far more remarkable instance ot the rapidity of Mr. 
Spurgeon's preparation : — "One Thursday evening, during the time I was a student 
in the College, the dear President had been preaching in the West of England, ^ — at 
Bristol, I think, — and by some cause was delayed on his way back to London. At 
the commencement of the service, Mr. James Spurgeon announced that he had 
received a telegram from his brother, mentioning the delay, and stating that he 
would arrive in time to preach. During the reading of the lesson, which was the 
I St chapter of the Second Epistle to Timothy, the great preacher entered, to the 
intense delight of the large congregation present. Mr. James Spurgeon was giving 
an exposition of the chapter when his brother, who had quietly taken a seat behind 
him, intimated his presence by gently pulling his coat-tail. The reading was soon 
finished, prayer was offered, and a hymn sung, and the text was announced : 
' Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in 
thee by the putting on of my hands.' After an interesting and instructive intro- 
duction, the Pastor proceeded to deliver a most orderly and helpful discourse, which 
seemed to bear the marks of careful preparation, and it was with astonishment we 
heard him say, in the College the next day, that the whole sermon of the previous 
evening Jl ashed ac7^oss his mind while sitting upon the platform during the reading 
of the chapter by his brother T) 

Occasionally, Mr. Spurgeon sent home the outline which he had used at the 
Sabbath afternoon communion, with some account of the service. The facsimile 
on the opposite page relates to the address upon the words, " Thou hast visited 
me in the night," which was published in The Sivord and the Troxvel for December, 
1886, under the title, " Mysterious Visits." It contained quite a number of auto- 
biographical allusions, such as the following ; — " I hope that you and I have had 
many visits from our Lord. Some of us have had them, especially in the night, 
vv^hen we have been compelled to count the sleepless hours. ' Heaven's gate opens 



C. H. SPURGEON's AUTOBIOGRAniY. 219 

when this world's is shut.' The night is still; everybody is away; work is done; 
care is forgotten; and then the Lord Himself draws near. Possibly there may be 
pain to be endured, the head may be aching, and the heart may be throbbing ; but if 
Jesus comes to visit us, our bed of languishing becomes a throne of glory. Though 
it is true that ' He giveth His beloved sleep,' yet, at such times, He gives them 
something better than sleep, namely. His own presence, and the fulness of joy which 
comes with it. By night, upon our bed, we have seen the unseen. I have tried 
sometimes not to sleep under an excess of joy, when the company of Christ has been 
sweetly mine." 

The closing paragraph is a good illustration of the way in which Mr. Spurgeon 
made use of the scenes around him to impress his message upon his hearers : — 

"Go forth, beloved, and talk with Jesus on the beach, for He oft resorted to the 
sea-shore. Commune with Him amid the olive groves so dear to Him in many a 
night of wrestling prayer. If ever there was a country in which men should see 
traces of Jesus, next to the Holy Land, this Riviera is the favoured spot. It is a 
land of \ines, and figs, and olives, and palms ; I have called it ' Thy land, O 
Immanuel' While in this Mentone, I often ftmcy that I am looking out upon the 
Lake of Gennesaret, or walking at the foot of the Mount of Olives, or peering into 
the mysterious gloom of the Garden of Gethsemane. The narrow streets of the old 
town are such as Jesus traversed, these villages are such as He inhabited. Have 
your hearts right with Him, and He will visit you often, until every day you shall 
walk with God, as Enoch did, and so turn week-days into Sabbaths, meals into 
sacraments, homes into temples, and earth into Heaven. So be it with us ! Amen." 




'J^^lxr^ -O.S eCe.O'dL , 

2l . V^. 




J-r^ Che. ■m^nir , 



220 



H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



The atmosphere at Mentone was so favourable for photographers' work that 
many portraits of the Pastor were taken during his sojourns in the sunny South. 
One ot the very best is here reproduced. 




C, H. SPURGEON AT MENTONE, l8S6. 

At the same time and place, the portrait of his private secretary, reproduced on 
the opposite page, was also taken. 

Some good people were evidently under the impression that Mr. Spurgeon's 
stay in the Riviera afforded him the opportunity of doing literary work for which he 
had not the leisure while at home. On October 3, 1887, he gave an address, at the 
Tabernacle, to the members and friends of the Open Air Mission, upon "Winning 



H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



Souls for Christ." Shortly afterwards, he received a letter from the secretary, 
Mr. Gawin Kirkham, thanking him for the address, and adding : — " Naturally, we 
are asked, on every hand, ' Will it be published ? ' We say, ' Yes, please God, 




J. W. HARRALD AT MENTONE, 1 5 



in due time.' So, when you have time to revise it in the sunny South, we shall 
rejoice to receive it." 

The address was duly revised, and published, and its influence for good 
continues even to this day. The Pastor's experience on that occasion was not at 
all unusual ; for, very often, after he had preached or spoken on behalf of one or 
other of the Societies for which his help was constantly being asked, the sermon or 



222 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



address was sent to him, with a request for its revision. In such a busy Hie as his, 
it was not easy to crowd in both the pubhc testimony and the private toil which so 
frequently followed ; yet, when it was possible, he gladly rendered the desired service 
in both its forms. 

The sunshine and clear air at Mentone helped to increase the natural 
buoyancy of Mr. Spurgeon's spirits, and so provided a large supply ot pure fun for 
all who were there with him. Walking by the sea-shore, at a time when the 
Mediterranean was raging furiously, he asked, "What are the wild waves saying?' 
and then gave his own witty answer to the question, " Let us (s)pray ! " 

On the sad occasion when he fell down a marble staircase, he did not at first 
realize how seriously he had been hurt ; and having turned a double somersault, 
in the course of which some money fell from his pocket into his Wellington 
boots, and having also lost a tooth, or teeth, in his descent, he humorously described 
the whole transaction as " painless dentistry, with money to boot ! " 




DR. H anna's lions," MENTONE. 



One of the most amusing incidents at Mentone was associated with the lions 
represented in the above illustration. When Dr. William Hanna was driving past 
these gates, Mr. Spurgeon most seriously assured him that, neither our own 



C. H. SrURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 223 

Zoological Gardens, nor the Jardin d Acclimatation at Paris, possessed a specimen 
of the species of lion to which these belonged, and the worthy doctor accepted 
the information with the utmost gravity ; and it was not until he awoke, in the 
middle of the night, that he saw the meaning of his genial companion's playful 
remark. The next day, when they met, the conversation naturally turned upon 
the necessity of a surgical operation in order to get an Englishman's joke into a 
Scotchman's head. 

One evening, before tabic d'hote, it was noticed that Mr. Spurgeon was very 
busily writing something in which he appeared to be deeply interested. After dinner, 
he went upstairs before the rest of the company ; and when they arrived, he said he 
wanted to read to them a poem he had written, which was as follows : — 

" Joseph Harrald." 

" Poor old Spurgeon we must urge on, 
Not so Joseph Harrald ; 
Before the sun he s up, Hke fun, 
Ere the lark has carolled. 

" When worthy Stead has fired his lead, 
Not so Joseph Harrald ; 
Sparkling wit is in his head. 
His puns are double-barrelled. 

" Each other wight is wearied quite, 
Not so Joseph Harrald ; 
' On he works from morn to night ; 

Beats poor Douglas Jerrold. 

'We appear in seedy gear, * 

Not so Joseph Harrald ; 
In his glory he'll appear, 
As Templars are apparelled. 

"Wine's good drink, as others think. 
Not so Joseph Harrald ; 
Truest blue, he'll never shrink : 
Let his brow be laurelled. 

"When late he reads, sleep he needs, 
Even Joseph Harrald ; 
Gapes with mouth, with which he feeds. 
With which he never quarrelled. 

" Too familiar we, forget that he. 
Is the Reverend Joseph Harrald ; 
From Geneva he ; his theology 
Is Calvinized and Farelled.'' 

"Worthy Stead" was not Mr. W. T. Stead, but one of "our own men" who 
was then at Mentone. The Times of one day arrived the following evening ; 
and it was not simply weariness, but dislike of the politics of the leading- 
journal, especially in its attacks on Mr. Gladstone, that made the "late" reader 
feel the need of sleep. And, finally, " Joseph Harrald " had just as hearty a hatred 



224 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

of the title " Reverend" as ever was felt by his beloved Pastor and President, who, 
in this amusing fashion, exercised no little ingenuity in seeking to give pleasure to 
his private secretary and those dear to him. 

On another occasion, Mr. Spurgeon wrote at Mentone v/hat he called "A War- 
Song." He included it in the programme of the following College Conference ; ana 
few who were then present are likely to forget the impression produced when, first, 
the hundreds of ministers and students, and, afterwards, the thousands gathered at 
the great public meeting in the Tabernacle, sang this soul-stirring hymn : — 

" Forth to the battle rides our King, 
He chmbs His conquering car; 
He fits His arrows to the string, 
And hurls His bolts afar. 

" Convictions pierce the stoutest hearts, 
They smart, Ihey bleed, they die ; 
Slain by Immanuel's well-aimed darts. 
In helpless heaps they lie. 

" Behold, He bares his two-edged sword, 
And deals almighty blows; 
His all-revealing, killing Word 
'Twixt joints and marrow goes. 

''Who can resist Hipi in the fight? 
He cuts through coats of mail ; 
Before the terror of His might 
The hearts of rebels fail. 

"Anon, arrayed in robes of grace, 
He rides the trampled plain. 
With pity beaming in His face, 
And mercy in His train. 

" Mighty to save He now appears, 
IVIighty to raise the dead, 
IMighty to stanch the bleeding wound. 
And lift the fallen head. 

"Victor alike in love and arms. 
Myriads around Him bend ; 
Each captive owns His matchless charms, 
Each foe becomes His friend. 

" They crown Him on the battle-field, 
They press to kiss His feet ; 
Their hands, their hearts, their all they yield: 
His conquest is complete. 

"None love Him more than those He slew; 
His love their hate has slain ; 
Henceforth their souls are all on fire 
To spread His gentle reign." 



CHAPTER XCVir 



[nabatcb affection bttiuctit ^mtnx aitir J^coplt. 




ANY of Mr. Spurgeon's letters, published, in previous chapters, 
. answer to his own description of the brief "notes" which had 
to be hurriedly penned amid the heavy pressure of almost incessant 
toil. Yet he wrote other letters ; and, amongst the choicest of 
them, were those addressed to the officers and members of the 
church at the Tabernacle. Many of these have never been 
published, although carefully preserved ; but it is impossible to convey a true 
idea of the Pastor's correspondence without including at least a few specimens of 
his later epistles to the beloved brethren and sisters committed to his charge. 
In writing to them, he often seemed to pour out his very soul in his pleading with 
them to be consistent, prayerful. Christian men and women, earnestly labouring 
for the good of the people amongst whom their lot was cast. 

The following selection comprises the letters written during one sojourn in 
the sunny South, although, in order to make the set complete, it is necessary to 
insert the last communication from the Pastor's sick-room before he was able to 
start for his needed and deserved holiday : — 



" Dearly-beloved Friends, 

" I am right glad that those who filled my place, last Sabbath, were 
so graciously enabled to feed your souls. It matters little who distributes the bread 
so long as it comes fresh from Jesu's hand. I join you in earnest prayer that 
the brethren, who have so kindly come to my relief to-day, may have equally 
adequate assistance from our Lord and His Spirit. I thank them, but I also 
envy them ; and would gladly pay a king's ransom, if I had it, for the privilege 
of preaching this Sabbath. My envy condenses into a prayer that all my Lord's 
ambassadors may have good speed this day, that so His Kingdom of peace may 
mightily grow in the land. 

" After enduring much in-tense pain, I am now recovering, and, like a little 
child, am learning to stand, and to totter from chair to chair. The trial is hot, 
but it does not last long ; and there is herein much cause for gratitude. My last 
two attacks have been of this character. It may be the will of God that I should 

P4 



226 C. H. sturgeon's AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

ha\'e many more of these singular seizures ; and, if so, I hope you will have 
patience with mc\ I ha\'e done all as to diet, abstinence froni stimulants, and 
so on, which could be done ; and, as the complaint still continues, the cause 
must be elsewhere. We call the evil ' gout ' for want of a better word, but it 
differs widely from the disorder which usually goes under that name. 

"On the last two occasions when I bioke down, I had an unusual pressure 
of work upon me. My service among you is so arduous that I can just keep 
on, at a medium pace, if I have nothing extra to do ; but any additional labour 
overthrows me. If I were an iron man, you should have my whole strength 
till the last particle had been worn away ; but as I am only flesh ahd blood, you 
must take from me what I can give, and look for no more. May that service 
which I can render be accepted of the Lord ! 

" I now commend you, dear friends, to the Lord's keeping. Nothing will 
cheer me so much as to hear that God is among you ; and I shall judge of this 
by iuipoi tiUiate praye7'-iucetings, the good works of the church systematically and 
liberally sustained, and converts coming forward to confess their faith in Christ. 
This last token of fclessing I look for and long for every week. ' Who is on the Lord's 
si'de ?'' Wounded on the battle-field, I raise myself on my arm, and cry to those 
around me, and urge them to espouse my Master's cause, for if we were wounded 
or dead lor His sake, all would be gain. By the splendour of redeeming love, 
I charge each believer to confess his Lord, and live wholly to Him. 

"Yours for Christ's sake, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Not very long after this letter was written* the Pastor was able to start for the 
South of France. On the way to Mentone, he made a short stay at Cannes, and 
from there wrote, on January 31 : — 

"To my Beloved Church and Congregation, 
" Dear Friends, 

"The journey here is long for one who is in weak health, and I have 
had but a few days of rest, but already I feel myself improving. The Master's 
service among you has been very delightful to me ; but it has grown to such 
pioportions that I have felt the burden of it weighing very heavily upon my heart, 
and I have suffered more depression of spirit, and weariness of mind, than I could 
well express. Rest I could not find at home, where every hour has its cares ; but 
here, I cease altogether from these things, and the mind becomes like an unstrung 
bow, and so regains its elasticity. 

" I wish I could work on among you continually, and never even pause ; but 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 227 

many infirmities show that this cannot be. Pray, therefore, that this needful break 
in my work may strengthen me for a long spring and summer campaign. 

" Nothing can so cheer me as to know that all of you are living for Jesus, and 
living like Him. Our church has produced great workers in the past, and I hope 
the sacred enthusiasm which they manifested will never burn low among us. Jesus 
is worth being served with our best ; yea, with our all, and that in an intense and 
all-consuming manner. May our young men and women love the Lord much, and 
win others to Him by their zeal for God ; and may our elder brethren, and the 
matrons among us, prove ever the pillars ot the church in their holy conversation 
and devout godliness ! 

''Maintain the prayer-meetings at blood-heat. See well to the Sunday-schools, 
and all the Bible-classes, and other labours for Christ. Let nothing flao- of prayer, 
service, or offering. We have a great trust ; may the Lord make us faithful to it ! 
My love is with you all, and my prayers for your welfare. 

"Oh, that you who are still unsaved may be led to Jesus through those who 
supply my lack of service ! Peace be with the Co-pastor, deacons, and elders, and 
with you all ! 

" From your loving but unworthy Pastor, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 
\\\ his humility, he called himself unworthy, but no one else would have used 
such an epithet concerning him. Never, surely, was there a more worthy as well as 
loving under-shepherd of the flock. 

The next epistle shows that he had reached his destination : — 

" Mentone, 

" Wednesday evening. 

"To my Dear Friends at the Tabernacle, 

'• It is only a few days since I wrote to you, and therefore I have 
nothing fresh to report, except that, each day, I feel the need and the value of the 
rest which I am beginning to enjoy. I have only arrived here this afternoon ; but 
the warm sunshine and the clear atmosphere make me feel as if I had reached 
another world, and tend" gready to revive my weary mind. 

" It would be well it I could write without mentioning myself, and for your 
edification only. Forgive the need which there is of alluding to my health ; it 
would best please me if I could work right on, and never have the wretched item of 
self to mention. My mind runs much upon the work at home, — the services, the 
College, the Orphanage, the Colportage, the Sabbath-school, the coming special 
meetings, and so on. I picture all things in my mind's eye, and wonder how all are 
going on; then I pray, and leave the whole with ' that great Shepherd of the sheep: 



228 C. H. SrURGEON'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

" My brother and all the officers will watch for the good of the church ; and the 
more spiritual and full-grown among you will also care for the state of the work ; 
and so the Lord will use your instrumentality for His glory. We are set for a sign 
and token of the power of the old-fashioned gospel, and we are bound to prove to 
all around, not only that the truth can gather, but that it can hold. It will not only 
forcibly draw men together, but it will bind them together ; and that, too, not 
through some favoured preacher, but by Its own intrnisic force. This assertion 
needs proof, and you will prove it. 

" May God, the Eternal Spirit, abide over you all, beloved, and cause you to be 
strong by the anointing of the Holy One ! May the poor be comforted, the sick 
supported, the warriors be strengthened, and the labourers be sustained ! My 
hearty love is ever with you. 

" 'There my best friends, my kindred, (hvell, 
There God my Saviour icigns. 

" Yours in Christ Jesus, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 
" Keep up the prayer-meetimcs." 

The following week, this letter was written . — 

" Mentone, 

" Feb. 7: 

" My Beloved Friends, 

" After enjoying a few restful nights and quiet days, I feel myself coming 
round again, and my heart is full of praise and thanksgiving to our gracious God. 
Your prayers have been incessant, and have prevailed ; and I am very grateful 
to you all. As long as I am able, it will be my joy to be of service to you ; an-d 
m.y only grief has been that sickness has weakened my powers, and rendered 
me less able to discharge my happy duties among you. The post I occupy needs a 
man at his best, and I have of late been very much the reverse. However, we know 
who It is that gueth power to the faint, and so we trust that feeble efforts have 
not been ineftectual. 

" I shall be doubly indebted to the goodness of our Lord If the remainder 
of my rest shall confirm the beneficial work which has commenced. The further 
repose will, I hope, make me stronger for the tuture. 

" I have not yet heard tidings of the special services, but I hope that every 
member is at work to make them a success. Pray about them, speak about 
them, attend them, assist in them, brmg others to them. Our two evangelists 
are the right instruments, but the hand of the Lord is needed to work by them. 
Call upon Him. whose hand it is, and He will work according to His own good 



c. H. si'Urgeon's autobiograthy. 229 

pleasure. The times are such that churches holduig the old truths must be 
active and energetic, that the power of the gospel may be manifest to all. We 
need to uplift a banner because of the truth. So numerous a church as ours 
may accomplish great things, by the power of the Holy Ghost, if only we are 
once in downright earnest. Playing at religion is wretched ; it must be everything 
to us, or it will be nothing. 

" Peace be with you all, and abounding love ! 

" Your hearty friend, 

"C. H. Spurgeon." 

There is a gap in the correspondence here ; for, even on the sunny shore 

of the Mediterranean, the Pastor's constitutional enemy found him out, and 

inflicted fresh suffering upon him. After an interval of three weeks, he was 

able to write as follows : — 

" Mcntone, 

" Feb. 28. 

" Beloved Friends, 

" I rejoice that the time of my return to you is now a matter of a 
few days, and that I have every prospect, if the Lord will, of returning with 
health established and mind rested. Perhaps never befo-re have I been brought 
so low in spirit, and assuredly never more graciously restored. May the Lord 
sanctify both the trial and the recovery, so that I may be a fitter instrument 
in His hand to promote His glory and your highest good ! 

" The last fortnight of additional rest was wisely ordained by a higher hand 
than that of the good deacons, who suggested it to me ; for, without it, I should 
not have had space to pass through an attack of pain which has just swept over 
me, and left me improved by its violence. The last few days will, I feel, be 
the best of the whole, when I shall not have to be thoughtful of recovery, but 
aliogether restful. 

" Good news from the Tabernacle continues to be as cold waters to a thirsty 
soul. You have had great times of refreshing ; may their inllucnce abide with 
you ! We must not go to sleep on my return, nor at any other time ; but steadily 
labour on, and watch for souls. Spurts are very helpful ; but to keep up the 
pace at ,a high regular figure, is the most important thing. Even an invalid 
can make a gieat exertion when some remarkable occasion excites him to do so; 
but constant, unwearied effort belongs only to those who have stamina and inward 
force. May our whole church piove itself to be strong in the Lord, vand in the 
power of His might, by unceasingly carrying on its work of faith and labour of love ! 

"In these days, we arc regarded as Puritanical and old-fashioned ; and this 



230 C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

description, I trust, we shall never be ashamed of, but wear it as an ornament. The 
Did orthodox faith is to us no outworn creed of past ages, but a thing of power, 
a joy for ever. In the Name of the Lord, who by that faith is honoured, we 
press forward to proclaim again and again the doctrines of the grace of God, 
the efficacy of the blood of the Divine Substitute, and the power of the 
Eternal Spirit ; and we feel assured that, whoever may oppose, the omnipotent 
gospel will prevail. 

"The multitudes are hungering for that old-fashioned bread whereon their 
fathers fed, and too many preachers now give them newly-carved stones, and bid 
them admire the skill of the modern sculptors. We mean to keep to the distribution 
of bread, and the stone-cutters will meet with no competition from us in their 
favourite amusement. But, brethren, only a living church — holy, prayerful, active, 
• — can make the old truth victorious. Linked with a mass of mere profession, 
it will perform no exploits. To you and to me there is a growing call for 
greater spirituality, and more Divine power, for the work before us increases in 
difficulty. 

" The Lord be with you all, and with your Pastor, deacons, and elders ! So 

prays — 

" Yours lovingly, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

The officers and members of the church took many opportunities of assuring 
the Pastor of their unwavering attachment and unabated affection. His seasons of 
sickness afforded occasions for the expression of special sympathy and love. The 
following letter, written by Mr. B. Wildon Carr, and adopted at a full meeting 
of the church at the close of the service on a Lord's-day evening, is a sample 
of the communications that helped to cheer Mr. Spurgeon when laid aside from 
active labour for the Lord : — 

" Very dear and highly-esteemed Pastor, 

" Meeting around the communion table of our Lord and Saviour 
Jesus Christ, we are all of us, this night, sad and sorrowful because of your 
illness ; and one impulse fills every heart, we are unanimous in the desire to 
offer you some expression of our heartfelt sympathy. 

° "We had hoped that, after a few days' rest, you would have been relieved 
of the bodily pain, the physical weakness, and the mental depression with which 
it has pleased our Heavenly Father to visit you. The Lord has done it. We 
accept the affliction, as you do, from the hand of God. But we cannot help 
comparing you to a warrior wounded in action, or to a physician prostrated with 
(jxertions to prescribe for patients that importune him on every side. For the 



C. H. SrURGEON'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 23I 

work of Christ, you have been nig-h unto death, not regarding your Hfe, to supply 
a lack of service toward us. 

"We cannot forget that this visitation came upon you immediately after a 

season of heavy labour, remarkable energy, and (as we cannot doubt) of heavenly 

'joy in the service of Christ, of this church, and of other churches. It seems to 

us meet, therefore, that we should attribute the cause of it to a natural infirmity 

of the flesh, and not in any wise to the severity of the Lord's chastening. 

" Beloved Pastor, we remember, with tender gratitude, how generously you 
have always associated us with you in all the success and prosperity that, through 
the power of the Holy Spirit, have attended your ministry. We never could 
doubt your sincerity, in offering the praise to God, when we witnessed your 
humility in imparting so much of the credit (entirely due to yourself) to the 
unworthy brethren and sisters who watch and pray with you, while we account 
it a high privilege to follow our Lord and Master, as you lead our forces. 

"With the affection we bear you, we can truly say that we should account it 
a happiness to bear your sufferings amongst us ; some of us would gladly take 
them all, if we could thereby relieve you of the heavy cross that bows you 
down. As we sit before the Lord, we think of you, as the people said to 
David, 'Thou art worth ten thousand of us.' Kindly accept, then, our united 
expression of love in Christ Jesus, tendered to you in a solemn hour. It may 
be superfluous to you, but it is refreshing to us to get an opportunity of 
communicating with you in your sick chamber. 

" May the Lord look tenderly upon you in your affliction ! May He 
graciously remember your work and labour of love, in that you have ministered 
to the saints, and do minister! May He be very attentive to our prayers and 
intercessions on your behalf, that you may be restored to us, not in weakness 
and decrepitude, but in the fulness of vigour, with your youth renewed like the 
eagle's, — and that right early ! " 

(Signed, on behalf of the church, by fifteen deacons and elders.) 

It is significant that only two of the church-officers whose signatures were 
appended to the letter — one deacon and one elder — still survive. 

The following extracts from a letter, written by Mr. Carr to his absent 
Pastor at Mentone, will still further indicate the loving relationship which existed 
between Mr. Spurgeon and those who laboured with him in the gospel : — 

" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" I cannot doubt that you receive, through one and another, full 
accounts of all matters that relate to the Tabernacle, and the Institutions connected 
with it, m which many brethren feel the high honour of being associated with you. 



232 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

We are continually hearing- of letters you have sent in reply to those that have been 
written to you. 

" I often think that, if you could hear In what manner you are spoken of, 
and in what love and tender regard you are held by your church-officers, you 
would blush a little. And, then, if you heard the members of the church ask after 
your health, and say how sorry they were that you purposed coming home so 
soon, and how sincerely they wished you would stay till these biting winds had 
ceased to blow, you would be jealous of yourself with a jealousy that might be very 
justifiable. If you were to hear what the outside public are constantly saying of 
you, you might be astonished, but you would be gratified, for, very ob\iously, 
there are thousands, who love not the Lord Jesus Christ, who look upon you as 
one of the best men that ever lived, and one who is doing great good to his fellows. 

" Your long affliction, and your tedious banishment, have already borne some 
peaceable fruits. The stable character of your work has been proved. Had the 
church been built on the basis of your popularity as a preacher, the congregations 
would not have been so well kept up in your absence ; but, so far from that being 
the case, the prayer-meetings and the weekly communion services are well attended, - 
even when the severe weather, had you been here, would have been sufficient to 
account for some deficiencies. This has been no ordinary winter. Your brother 
was saying, the other day, that, although we have not yet completed the first 
qjuxrter of the year, the deaths have already exceeded the average for the half- 
year. That may not be so gloomy as it sounds. The depression in the temperature 
has possibly hastened the exit of some whose constitutions would not have held 
out for the year, and so the average, of which he speaks, may tell no more than 
its usual tale when the next annual meeting comes round. If, then, the number 
of your twinges and groans has been reduced by the retreat to a more sheltered 
locality, let us be thankful, and hope for you a full community on your return. 

"What a nice deacons' meeting we had on Friday! There was a lull muster 
of brethren ; not one was absent, but the one to whom we all look as Pastor, 
President, father, and friend. And yet, to the imagination of each one, he was 
present. No matter was broached without a distinct intimation, on the part of 
every one, to consult his wishes. This was the rallying-point of harmonious 
thought and feeling that became almost pathetic as the meeting proceeded. The 
secretary will have his work cut out if he tries to make the minutes reflect the 
business of the evening. I will not attempt it. From resolutions we abstained ; 
and the recommendations were left to our chairman, the Co-pastor, to formulate, 
and forward for your approval." 

On May 10, 1881, Mr. William Olney wrote to his suffering Pastor a letter 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 233 

of loving sympathy, in which he gave a cheering account of the progress of 
various portions of the work at the Tabernacle, and then added: — "You will, 
I am sure, excuse me for writing rather a long letter to you to-day, as it is my 
sixtieth birthday. I want to tell you how thankful I am that my lot has been 
cast, in the good providence of God, under your ministry, and how grateful I am 
to you for the many years of blessing and instruction I have spent sitting at 
your feet. I have had great pleasure, for many years, in daily commending you 
to God, and in doing what I can to assist you in your earnest efforts for God's 
glory and the good of souls ; but I fear I have done but little. Oh, that it 
were more ! Words cannot express the debt of love I owe to you ; and you 
must kindly excuse my infirmity in not being able to show it better in deeds than 
I have done." 

To the end of his life, Mr. William Olney's loving esteem for his Pastor 
remained unchanged ; and when he was "called home," he was sorely missed. 

The year which was to witness the joyful celebration of Mr. Spurgeon's Jubilee 
opened for him under trying circumstances. He was away at Mentone, very ill ; 
yet the following letter seems to have caught some of the brightness of the sunny 
land where it was penned : — 

" Mentone, 

" Jan. 10, 1884. 

" Dear Friends, 

" I am altogether stranded. I am not able to leave my bed, or to find 
much rest upon it. The pains of rheumatism, lumbago, and sciatica, mingled 
together, are exceedingly sharp. If I happen to turn a little to the right hand or to 
the left, [ am soon aware that I am dwelling in a body capable of the most acute 
suffering. 

" However, I am as happy and cheerful as a man can be. I feel it such a great 
relief that I am not yet robbing the Lord of my work, tor my holiday has not quite 
run out. A man has a right to have the rheumatism if he likes when his time is his 
own. The worst of it is, that I am afraid I shall have to intrude into my Master's 
domains, and draw again upon your patience. Unless I get better very soon, I 
cannot get home in due time ; and I am very much afraid that, it I did return 
at the date arranged, I should be of no use to you, for I should be sure to be 
laid aside. 

"The deacons have written me a letter, in which they unanimously recommend 
me to take two more Sundays, so that I may get well, and not return to you an 
invalid. I wrote to them saying that I thought I must take a week ; but as I do not 
get a bit better, but am rather worse, I am afraid I shall have to miake it a fortnight. 



234 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHT. 

as they proposed. Most men find that they go right when they obey their wives ; 
and as my wife and my deacons are agreed on this matter, 1 am afraid I should go 
doubly wrong if I ran contrary to them. I hope you will all believe that, if the 
soldier could stand, he would march ; and if your servant were able, he would work ; 
but when a man is broken in two by the hammer of pain, he must wait till he gets 
spliced again. 

" May the best of blessings continue to rest upon you ! May those who supply 
my place be very graciously helped by the Spirit of God ! 

"Yours, with all my heart, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

The Pastor often referred, as he did in this letter, to his "ricrht" to be ill durino- 
his holiday ; but the next communication from his church-officers shows that their 
regrets on account of his sufferings, at such times, were intensified by the knowledge 
that, instead of joyously resting and being refreshed, he was enduring painful 
afflictions. 

In January, 1885, instead of being in the sunny South, as he had hoped 
to be, Mr. Spurgeon was still at home, too ill to travel. At a special church- 
meeting, held at the Tabernacle, on January 12, it was unanimously and heartily 
resolved that the following letter should be forwarded to " Westwood " : — 

" Dear Pastor, 

" We have heard, with profoinid grief, that you have been unable to go 
out on your proposed visit to Mentone in consequence of severe and painful illness 
during the past week. Our sincere sympathy is rather increased than lessened 
by the reflection that this season of affliction has not been borrowed from your 
time of service for the church, but from the period of recreation to which you 
have a perfect right as well as a hearty welcome. 

"While devoutly recognizing the hand of the Lord in this and in all other 
dispensations of His providence, we feel that it cannot be irreverent to seek 
some clear interpretation of the will of our Heavenly Father. Can we be mistaken 
in supposing diat the lesson to us and to yourself is transparent ? Your arduous 
labours, and your incessant anxieties, so far exceed the average strength of your 
constitution, that there is an imperative demand for you to take longer and more 
frequent occasions of retirement, and to take them, not when you have used 
up ' the last ounce of your strength,' but when you are in unimpaired vigour. 

" Under present circumstances, we earnestly entreat you to consecrate at least 
three months to entire relaxation from the duties of your sacred office ; and if it 



C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY, ' 235 

seem good to you, let the appointment of supplies for your pulpit be left to the 
Co-pastor and the deacons, subject always to their accepting any suggestion of 
yours, and their communicating to you every arrangement of theirs, as is their 
habitual wont. 

"And accept, herewith, our assurance, as a church, that we will all unite 
in a strong determination to support the good work of the Tabernacle by constant 
attendance, both on Sundays and week-evenings, and by offering our full contri- 
butions to the support of the various institutions of the church. 

" With sincere affection, and unceasing prayers for your recovery, 
" We are, dear Pastor, 

" Yours ever lovingly," 

(Signed by the church-officers.) 

On his recovery, the Pastor left for Mentone, and he was therefore absent at 
the time of the annual church-meeting ; but he wrote the following letter to be 
read to the members : — 

" Mentone, 

" February 9, 1885. 
"To the Church in the Tabernacle, ■ 

" Beloved in the Lord, 

" I salute you all right heartily. I regret that an annual church-meeting 
should be held without me ; but I know that all things will be done rightly, for the 
Spirit of God is among you. 

" I write only to send my love, and to assure you that I am greatly profiting by 
the rest which has been given me. I am weak indeed, but I feel much more myself 
again. I have learned, by experience, that I must go away in November each year, 
or else I shall be at home ill. If the Lord will help me through the other months 
of the year, I might rest in November and December with a clear economy of time. 
I want to do the most possible ; and, on looking over the past, this appears to be 
the wisest way. 

"The other matter is, — the elders propose special services, and my whole 
heart says 'Yes.' If the church takes it up, the result will be, with the Divine 
blessing, a great ingathering. Mem.bers canvassing from door to door, and leaving 
a sermon, might do much good. I will subscribe ^5 towards a fund for sermons, 
suitably selected, to be given away. The chief point is, to get the people in, not by 
bribing them with tea, etc., but by fair persuasion. Oh, for a great blessing ! 

" I feel grieved to be out of the running, but I cannot help it. I can pray, and 
I do. Rally round your leaders. Pray with double earnestness. Be instant in 
season and out of season. Attempt great things, and expect great things. 



236 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

" IVIay the Lord bless, guide, comfort, strengthen and uphold the Co-pastor, 
deacons, elders, and every one of you, for Jesus' sake ! 

" Yours in hearty affection, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

" I hope you will re-elect the treasurer and all the elders ; they cannot be 
improved upon." 

On the proposition of Mr. William Olney, the following congratulatory reso- 
lution was sent to the Pastor : — 

" Resolved that, in review of the past year, we congratulate our dear Pastor 
on the good hand of the Lord which has been with him, and with us. Three 
circumstances, each of double significance, have distinguished this year from other 
years in our history. 

"The first is, that, while an unusually bright summer diminished the attendance 
of our church-members, an extraordinary influx of rural visitors to the ' Healtheries 
Exhibition ' secured the crowding of the Metropolitan Tabernacle to its utmost 
capacity. 

"The second is, that, although Mr. Spurgeon's severe indisposition, in the 
autumn, deprived us of his services on many successive Lord's-days, his son 
Thomas, home from New Zealand, most acceptably supplied the pulpit in his 
absence. 

"The third is, that, notwithstanding a long death-roll, our band of deacons 
remains unbroken ; and only one of our beloved elders, a brother ripe in years as 
well as in grace, has been taken from among us. 

" To these reasons for heartfelt gratitude, we must add a fourth, which we 
record with unmlngled satisfaction. It is that another volume of our dear Pastor's 
sermons has been placed on our bookshelves, fully equal in freshness and force, in 
unction and usefulness, to any of the twenty-nine volumes that preceded it." 

The following chapter will prove that the church-officers and members showed 
their sympathy with Mr. Spurgeon not only by loving letters and cordial resolutions, 
but also by practical and substantial tokens of their aft'ection and esteem. 



CHAPTER XCVIII. 



3abiltt 3013S. 



The river of our peace at certain seasons overflows its banks ; and, at times, the believer's 
joy is exceeding great. Even princes, who fare sumptuously every day, have their special banquets ; 
and this Jubilee of my life is a true Jubilee of joy, not only to myself, but to every member of my 
family. —C. H. S., in sermon preached at the Tabej-nacte in celebration of the completion of his fiftieth year. 




UNE 19, 1884, was one of the red-letter days in Mr. Spurgeon's 
history, for he then completed the fiftieth year of his life. At the 
annual church-meeting-, held in the Tabernacle, on February 13, 
the following resolution was unanimously and enthusiastically 
passed : — "That the church gratefully recognizes the goodness 
of Almighty God in sparing to it, and to the Christian Church 
at large, the invaluable life of our beloved Pastor, C. H. Spurgeon ; and that, 
in order worthily to celebrate his Jubilee, a suitable memorial be raised, and 
presented to him ; and that it be an instruction to the deacons to take this 
matter vigorously in hand, and to carry it forward as they may deem best." 

The deacons, having received that instruction from their fellow-members, lost 
no time a considering the best method of carrying it into effect ; indeed, they 
were the first to suggest that such a notable period in the Pastor's life must 
not be allowed to pass without due recognition ; and, with their usual generosity, 
they headed " the list of love " which was immediately commenced. They had, 
at first, just the same difficulty as when they were arranging for the pastoral 
silver wedding testimonial, for Mr. Spurgeon again insisted that, whatever amount 
was raised should be devoted to the Lord's work, and not be for his own personal 
benefit. No doubt this restriction somewhat reduced the total sum ultimately 
reached, for many generous helpers said that, as the Pastor gave away the whole 
of the ^6,500 presented to him in 1879, and as they were constantly contributing 
to the various Institutions under his charge, they wished, on this occasion, to give 
him substantial tokens of their ever-growing love and esteem for himself. It 
will be seen, from his address acknowledging the testimonial, that he consented, 
under the urgent entreaties of the donors, to take some portion of the amount 
for himself; but, even then, he simply took it that he might give it away, again ; 
and the only way in which a few very special friends could make sure of his 
reception of their gifts was to send something direct to him for ornament or use 
in his home. 



2.:i8 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



On May 6, a few friends met the deacons, to hear how the matter was 
progressing, to make further contributions to the fund, and to consult as to the final 
arrangements with regard to its presentation. Up to that night, about ^i,ooo had 
been received or promised, — just the amount which it was estimated would be 
required to pay for the Jubilee House, at the back of the Tabernacle, which was 
then being erected as a permanent memorial of the Pastor's fiftieth year. On the 
side of that building is a marble slab, which is here reproduced. 



JUNE 19Tf. 1884. 



WITH GRATITUDE AND GLADNESS 
THIS HOUSE WAS ERECTED TO COMMEMORATE 

C. H SPURGEON, 

PASTOR OF THE CHURCH AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE. 



Eo tl)E ILorti be glorn for all tljc faork 
to!jic[) ?^: fjas toroiigljt among Ijis pcaplc. 

"Thou HAST THRUST SORE AT METHATI MIGHT FALL: 

but the lord helped me. 
The Lord is my strength and song, 

AND is become MY SALVATION. 

The voice of rejoicing and salvation is in the 

tabernacles of the righteous. 

The right hand of the Lord doeth valiantly: 

The right hand of the Lord 

is exalted : 

The right hand of the Lord doeth valiantly. 

I shall not die, but live, 

and declare the works of the Lord. 

The Lord hath chastened me sore, 

BUT He hath not given me over unto death." 

PSALM CXVIII. 13—18. 



COPY OF MARBLE SLAB AND INSCRIPTION ON JUBILEE HOUSE. 



Concerning this inscription, Mr. Spurgeon wrote: — "The somewhat lengthy 
quotation from the Psalm is an accurate photograph of the Pastor's personal 
experience, and of the triumphs of the Lord in the adjoining Tabernacle. Power 
has been seen in weakness, healing by sickness, and joy through sorrow." Mr. 
Spurgeon preached upon the various verses here engraved, and he intended to 
make a book of these sermons, and of personal memories of the Lord's goodness ; 
but the work of revising the discourses was, through illness and the pressure 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRATHY. 239 

of Other service, so long delayed, that the publication ot the proposed volume 
had to be abandoned. The manuscripts were, however, carefully preserved for 
future use in The Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit. A very pathetic interest now 
attaches to the sermon issued for reading- on January 3, 1892, for it was the 
first that Mr. Spurgeon had been able to prepare for the press after his long 
illness, and the last but one that he ever revised. The other three sermons, 
preached from the texts on the Jubilee House, were published, in due course, in 
October, 1897, ^"*^ the four together form a choice memorial of a notable period 
in the great preacher's life. 

As the date of the celebration of the Jubilee approached, many references 
to it appeared in the religious and secular newspapers, the most noteworthy being 
the articles in the Pall Mall Gazette of June 18 and 19, 1884. They were the 
result of Mr. Spurgeon's compliance with the request contained in the following 
letter from the Editor, Mr. W. T. Stead : — 

" Dear Sir, 

"You are, I am aware, one of the busiest men in London. But I 
venture to ask you to spare me a morsel of your leisure to have a talk over 
things in view of your approaching Jubilee, — your long and successful labours in 
London, and the general result .at which you have arrived after going through it 
all. That, of course, for the paper and the public. Besides this, I should be 
very glad to have an opportunity personally of placing myself in immediate com- 
munication with one who has been such a power for good in London and throughout 
the world. I also am very busy, but any day after 1 2 I am at your service if 
you can spare me time for an interview. I ha\e the honour to be, 

"Your obedient servant, 

" W. T. Stead." 

The report of the interview contained allusions to many subjects either of 
passing or permanent interest. The whole conversation was, more or less, of an 
autobiographical character, the opening paragraphs dealing with the subject of 
religious endowments. Mr. Stead wrote : — 

" Mr. Spurgeon is one of the most genial of hosts, and in the course of a 
couple of hours spent in strolling about his well-wooded grounds, or in gossiping 
in his library, his visitor was able to gather his views concerning a great number 
of the questions of the day. He found Mr. Spurgeon, as is not to be wondered 
at, a strong believer in the one-man power. 'Wherever anything is to be done,' 
said he, ' either in the Church or the world, you may depend upon it, it is done 
by one man. The whole history of the Church, from the earliest ages, teaches 
the same lesson. A Moses, a Gideon, an Isaiah, and a Paul are from time to time 



240 



H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



raised up to do an appointed work ; and when they pass away, their work appears 
to cease. Nor is it given to everyone, as it was to Moses, to see the Joshua who 
is destined to carry on his work to completion. God can raise up a successor to 
each man, but the man himself is not to worry about that matter, or he may do 
harm. Hence I am against all endowments for religion ; it is better to spend the 
money for immediate needs. I am not even in favour of endowing my own College. 
Someone made me an ofler, the other day, to found a scholarship in connection with 
it, but I declined it. Why should I gather money, which would remain after I am 
gone, to uphold teaching of which I might entirely disapprove ? No ! let each 
generation provide for its own wants. Let my successor, if I have one in the 
College, do as I have done, and secure the funds which he needs for his own 
teaching. I wish there were no religious endowments of any shape or kind among 
Dissenters or Churchmen, for I never yet knew a chapel, possessing an endowment, 
which did not find that, instead of its being a blessing, it was a curse. One great 
object of every religious teacher should be to prevent the creation of external 
appliances to make his teaching appear to live when it is dead. If there were no 
endowments, an error would soon burst up, whereas an artificial vitality is imparted 
to it by bolstering it up with endowments.' 

"'Then you have faith for yourself, Mr. Spurgeon, but none for your 
successor?' queried the visitor. 

"'A man does very well,' was the reply, 'who has faith for himself; but how 
can he undertake to have faith for another ? I am no believer In sponsorship. 
Wlio knows where my successor may be? He may be in America, or in Australia, 
or I know not where. As for the Tabernacle, the man who occupies my place, 
when I pass away, will have to depend upon his own resources, upon the support 
of his people, and the grace of God, as I have done ; and if he cannot do that, 
let him come to the ground, for he will not be the fitting man for the post.' " 

One other paragraph may be quoted, pardy because of the reference made to it 
by Dr. Peter Bayne : — 

'' ' In theology,' said Mr. Spurgeon, ' I stand where I did when I began 
preaching, and I stand almost alone. If I ever did such a thing, I could preach 
my earliest sermons now without change so far as the essential doctrines are 
concerned. I stand almost exacdy where Calvin stood In his maturer years ; — ■ 
not where he stood In his Instiiut'es, which he wrote when quite a young man, 
but in his later works ; that position is taken by few. Even those who occupy 
Baptist pulpits do not preach exacdy the same truths that I preach. They see 
things differently ; and, of course, they preach In their own way. Although few 
will deny the wonderful power of the truth as It has been preached at the 
Tabernacle, It is not according to their method ; yet it is the Calvinistic way of 



c. h: spurgeon's autobiography. 241 

looking at things which causes my sermons to have such acceptance in Scotland, 
in Holland, and even in the Transvaal, where a recent traveller expressed his 
astonishment at finding translations of them lying beside the family Bible in a 
great many of the farmsteads of the country. I am aware that my preaching 
repels many ; that I cannot help. If, for instance, a man does not believe in 
the inspiration of the Bible, he may come and hear me once ; and if he comes 
no more, that is his responsibility, and not mine. My doctrine has no attraction 
for that man ; but I cannot change my doctrine to suit him.' " 

Shortly after the publication of the second article in the Pall Mall Gazette, 
the following letter reached the Pastor : — 

" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

"It is within the range of possibility that, in your collection of old 
lumber, you have some scrap of mine which had its place among those ' paper 
bullets of the brain ' whose impact did you, it seems, no harm. My present 
notions about you are contained in the enclosed article, which you may have seen 
in Thursday's Christian World. The writing of it gave me unfeigned pleasure. 

" I have, for many months, been working strenuously at the original sources 
for a Life of Luther ; and being thus led to visit one of the grand fountains of 
Evangelical inspiration, I have felt my own early Evangelicalism plunged, as it 
were, in a bath of life. But I do not think that I have eve'r wavered in my 
conviction that, for man and for nations of men, the hope of salvation is renewal 
in the life of Christ. Yours has been a glorious privilege, — to preach Christ, with 
Divine recognition so decisive, for nearly forty years. 

" What you said about Calvin to the Pall Mall interviewer interests me 
much. Since making a careful examination of his theology and life, I have 
transcendently honoured that man. But I measure him chiefly by the Institutes ; 
and am very curious to know how you would define his later and ' maturer ' 
position. Do not put pen to paper on the subject ; but if you have published 
your view in sermon or book, I should be much obliged by being told how I 
can obtain it. Perhaps one of your secretaries would send me the necessary word. 

" I know you are too magnanimous to retain the least little particle of 
grudge against me, and you and Mrs. Spurgeon have no more sincere admirer 
or affectionate well-wisher than I. 

" Faithfully yours, 

" Peter Bayne." 



The actual celebration of the Jubilee commenced on Wednesday, June 18, i; 
when the Pastor sat in his vestry, from twelve to five o'clock, to receive the 
congratulations of friends, and contributions to be passed on to the treasurers of 

Q4 



242 C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRArHY. 

the testimonial fund. Then, several hundreds of the church-members were enter- 
tained at tea in the rooms under the Tabernacle, and afterwards the great 
sanctuary was crowded with an enthusiastic audience. Such vast numbers of 
people were anxious to be present, that two evenings had to be set apart for 
the meetings ; and, even then, hundreds of applicants for tickets had to be refused, 
for so many applied that, if the building had been twice as large, there would 
have been no difficulty in filling it on both nights. 

Little did the cheering thousands know of the Intense anxiety that was felt 
by a few of the Tabernacle officials, and other friends who shared with them a 
terrible secret. Just at that time, in various quarters of London, there had been 
threats of desperate deeds by Fenians, or those in sympathy with them ; and an 
intimation, which the police authorities dared not disregard, had been given that 
the Tabernacle was to be blown up on the night of Mr. Spurgeon's Jubilee. It 
seemed scarcely possible that such a diabolical scheme of wholesale destruction 
of human life could have been devised ; but every precaution was taken to prevent 
it becoming an awful reality. There probably had never been so many detectives 
and policemen in the building before ; and when the proceedings on the second 
night were over, and the delighted audience had dispersed, there were private 
but grateful thanksgivings that all had gone off without even a note of alarm ; 
yet, for a considerable period afterwards, it was deemed advisable to have a 
special watch kept in case any attempt of the kind indicated might be made. 
With thoughtful and tender solicitude, all knowledge of the threatened explosion 
was kept from the Pastor ; and it was only when he was in the carriage, on his 
way home, that Mrs. Spurgeo'n told him the alarming news which had occupied 
her thoughts during the evening, and together they gave thanks that the evil 
had been averted. 

The Wednesday evening meeting was specially intended for the members of 
the church and congregation, and representatives of the many missions, schools, 
and agencies connected with the Tabernacle. The number of these various forms 
of work for the Lord may be judged from the fact that the list of them occupied 
more than half a page in The Sword and the Trowel, while nearly as large a 
space was required for the names of the various religious societies, at home and 
abroad, from which addresses of congratulation had been received. 

The Pastor presided, and it was to him a source of intense thankfulness that 
Mrs. Spurgeon was able to be present on both the evenings, to share with him 
the joys of the Jubilee, after so many years' enforced absence from the Tabernacle 
through severe illness. The keynote of the whole of the gatherings was struck, 
at the commencement of the meeting, by the Pastor's opening sentences : — " 1 do 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



243 



not think anybody imagines that I ought to speak at any great length to-night, 
but I should like to say very much in very little. I feel overwhelmed with oratitude 
to you, dear friends, and because of you, to God. After the kind words which many 
of you have spoken to me, I have much to do not to cry ; indeed, I have had a little 
distillation of the eyes quietly, and I feel very much like weeping now, at the 
remembrance of all the good and gracious things that have been said to me this 
day. But let me say this tor my speech : the blessing- which I have had here, for 
many years, must be entirely attributed to the grace of God, and to the workino- 
of God's Holy Spirit among us. Let that stand as a matter, not only taken for 
granted, but as a fact distinctly recognized among us. I hope, brethren, that none 
of you will say that I have kept back the glorious work of the Holy Spirit. I have 
tried to remind you of it, whenever I have read a chapter, by praying that God the 
Holy Spirit would open that chapter to our minds. I hope I have ne\-er preached 
without an entire dependence on the Holy Ghost. Our reliance upon prayer has 
been very conspicuous ; at least, I think so. We have not begun, we have not 
continued, we have not ended anything without prayer. We have been pluno-ed 
into it up to the hilt. We have not prayed as we should ; but, still, we have 
so prayed as to prevail ; and we wish It to be on record that we owe our success, 
as a church, to the work ot the Holy Spirit, principally throuo-h Its leadino- us 
to pray. Neither, as a church, have we been without a full conviction that, if 
we are honest In our asking, we must be earnest in acting. It is no use askino- 
God to give us a blessing If we do not mean it ; and If we mean It, we shall 
use all the means appointed tor the gaining of that boon ; and that we have done. 
One of my first duties, to-night, will be to remind this audience that it very 
largely consists of representatives from the various Institutions. A partial list 
will be read to you ; but, Incomplete as it I?, It Is a long one ; and though one or 
two of the Institutions represented ma\^ be small ones, yet many of them are so 
large that they might have constituted public societies having annual meetlno-s at 
Exeter Hall ; and these things have sprung out ol this church through that same 
Holy Spirit who set us praying and set us working. 

" Next to that, It behoves me to say that I owe the prosperitv I have had in 
preaching the gospel to the gospel which I have preached. I wish everybody 
thought as much, but there are some who will have it that there is somethino- very 
particular and special about the preacher. Well, I believe that there mav be 
something peculiar about the man, something odd, perhaps. He cannot help that, 
but he begs to say there is nothing about him that can possibly account tor the o-reat 
and long-continued success attending his labours. Our American friends are 
generally very 'cute judges, and I have a good many times read their opinion of me, 
and they say over and over again, ' Well, he is no orator. We have scores of better 



244 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 







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245 




246 C. H. SPURGEOn's AUTOBIOGRArHY. 

preachers in America than Mr. Spurgeon, but it is evident that he preaches the 
gospel as certain of our celebrated men do not preach it.' I so preach the gospel 
that people coming to hear it are impressed by it, and rejoice to rally to the standard. 
I have tried, and I think successfully, to saturate our clear friends with the doctrines 
of grace. I defy the devil himself ever to get that truth out of you if God the 
Holy Spirit once puts it into you. That grand doctrine of substitution, which is at 
"the root of every other, — you have heard it over and over and over and over again, 
and you have taken a sure grip of it. Never let it go. And I say to all preachers 
who fail in this matter, that I wish they would preach more of Christ, and try to 
preach more plainly. Death to fine preaching ! There is no good in it. All the 
glory of words and the wisdom of men will certainly come to nought ; but the 
simple testimony of the goodwill of God to men, and of His sovereign choice of 
His own people, will stand the test, not only of the few years during which I have 
preached it, but of all the ages of this world till Christ shall come. I thank you, 
dear friends, for all your love and your kindness to me, but I do attribute even that, 
in great measure, to the fact that you have been fed with the pure gospel of the 
grace ot God. I do not believe that the dry, dead doctrine of some men could ever 
have evoked such sympathy in people's hearts as my gospel has aroused in yours. 
I cannot see any reason in myself why you should love me. I confess that I would 
not go across the street to hear mvself preach ; but I dare not say more upon that 
matter, because my wife is here. It is the only point upon which we decidedly 
differ ; I differ in toto from her estimate of me, and from your estimate of me, too ; 
but yet I do not wish you to alter it." 

Mr. B. \V. Carr read the congratulatory address which was published at the 
time in The Sivord and the Troivel, but for which space cannot be spared here ; the 
Pastor's father, brother, and son Charles briefly spoke ; Pastor Archibald G. Brown 
and Mr. H. H. Driver represented the past and present students of the College ; 
Mr. S. R. Pearce was the speaker on behalf of the Sunday-school ; Mr. VV. J. 
Orsman and Mr. W. Olney were the representatives of the missions which had 
grown out of the church's work ; and Pastor W. L. Lang, F. R.G.S., presented 
an address from the Baptist ministers of France ; but, remembering the world- 
wide influence of the American evangelist, Mr. D. L. Moody, probably the most 
important utterance, that night, was the testimony he gave to the blessing he had 
derived from the Pastor's printed and spoken messages : — ■ 

" Mr. Spurgeon has said, to-night, that he has felt like weeping. I have 
tried to keep back the tears, but I have not succeeded very well. I remember, 
seventeen years ago, coming into this building a perfect stranger. Twenty-five 
years ago, after I was converted, I began to read of a young man preaching in 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiograpi'iy. 247 

London with great power, and a desire seized me to hear him, never expecting 
that, some day, I should myself be a preacher. Everything I could get hold of 
in print that he ever said, I read. I knew very litde about religious things when 
I was converted. I did not have what he has had, — a praying father. My father 
died before I was four years old. I was thinking of that, to-night, as I saw Mr. 
Spurgeon's venerable father here by his side. He has the advantage of me in 
that respect, and he perhaps got an earlier start than he would have got if he 
had not had that praying father. His mother I have not met; but most good 
men have praying mothers, — God bless them! In 1867, I made my way across 
the sea ; and if ever there was a sea-sick man for fourteen days, I was that one. 
The first place to which I came was this building. I was told that I could not 
get in without a ticket, but I made up my mind to get in somehow, and I succeeded. 
I well remember seating myself in this gallery. I recollect the very seat, and 
I should like to take it back to America with me. x'\s your dear Pastor walked 
down to the platform, my eyes just feasted upon him, and my heart's desire for 
years was at last accomplished. It happened to be the year he preached in the 
Agricultural Hall. I followed him up there, and he sent me back to America 
a better man. Then I began to try and preach myself, though at the time I little 
thought I should ever be able to do so. While I was here, I followed Mr. 
Spurgeon everywhere ; and when, at home, people asked if I had gone to this 
and that cathedral, I had to say ' No,' and confess I was ignorant of them ; but 
I could tell them something about the meetings addressed by Mr. Spurgeon. In 
1S72, I thought I would come over again to learn a little more, and I found my 
way back to this gallery. 1 have been here a great many times since, and I never 
come into the building- without Qettinor a blessing to my soul. I think I have had 
as great a one here to-night as at any other time I have been in this Tabernacle. 
When I look down on these orphan boys, when I think of the 600 servants of 
God who have gone out from the College to preach the gospel, of the 1,500 or 
2,000 sermons from this pulpit that are in print, and of the multitude of books 
that have come from the Pastor's pen, (Scripture says, ' Of making many books 
there is no end,' and in his case it is indeed true,) I would fain enlarge upon all 
these good works, but the clock shows me that, if I do, I shall not get to my other 
meeting in time. But let me just say this, if God can use Mr. Spurgeon, why 
should He not use the rest of us, and why should we not all just lay ourselves 
at the Master's feet, and say to Him, 'Send me, use me'? It is not Mr. Spurgeon 
who does the work, after all ; it is God. He is as weak as any other man apart 
from his Lord. Moses was nothing, but Moses' God was almighty. Samson was 
nothing when he lost his strength ; but when it came back to him, then he was 
a mighty man ; and so, dear friends, be-ar in mind that, if we can just link our 



248 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography, 

weakness to God's strength, we can go forth, and be a blessing in the world. Now, 
there are others to speak, and I have also to hasten away to another meeting, 
but I want to say to you, Mr. Spurgeon, 'God bless you ! I know that you love 
me, but I assure you that I love you a thousand times more than you can ever love 
me, because you have been such a blessing to me, while I have been a very little 
blessing to you. I have read your sermons for twenty-five years. You are never 
going to die. John Wesley lives more to-day than when he was in the flesh ; 
Whitefield lives more to-day than when he was on this earth ; John Knox lives 
more to-day than at any other period of his life ; and Martin Luther, who has been 
gone over three hundred years, still lives.' Bear in mind, friends, that our dear 
brother is to live for ever. We may never meet together again in the flesh ; but, by 
the blessing of God, I will meet you up yonder." 

On Thursday evening, June 19, the Tabernacle was packed to its utmost 
capacity, while crowds in vain sought admission. The Earl of Shaftesbury, K.G., 
presided, and delivered a notable testimony to the Pastor's faithfulness from the first 
days of his ministry until that hour ; addresses were also given by the Revs. Canon 
Wilberforce, J. P. Chown, O. P. Giff'ord (Boston, U.S.A.), Newman Hall, LL.B., 
W. Williams (Upton Chapel), and Joseph Parker, D.D., and Sir William McArthur, 
M.P. ; the Jubilee address was again read by Mr. Carr, and the treasurers of the 
testimonial fund presented to Mr. Spurgeon a cheque for ^4,500, " free from any 
condition, and to remain absolutely at his disposal." In reply, the Pastor said : — 

"The affectionate words to which I have listened have sunk into my heart. I 
can take a very great deal of encouragement without being lifted up even to the 
ordinary level, and all I have received will operate upon me more afterwards than 
just now. But I am sure that the kindly pressure of the hand, and the way in which 
friends, one after another, have told me that I led them to the Saviour, or that I 
comforted them in the time of trouble, have been a very great joy to me. To God 
be all the praise ; to me it is an overwhelming honour to be His servant. Had 
there been no money whatever accompanying this celebration, I should have been as 
well pleased as I am now ; for I never proposed a gift, and I never thought of it. 
I did suggest that there should be some money gathered on account of the building 
of the house at the back, which is for the use of this church ; I thought that a very 
right and proper object. 

" You will remember that, some years ago, you were so good as to give me 
nearly ^6,500 as a testimonial ; and I went away, that night, with a very light heart, 
because 1 had handed the whole amount over to you for the Almshouses and some 
other works. That is exactly what I proposed to do to-night ; — just the same thing 
over again, only that I am not permitted to do it. A very large number ot the 



C, H. SrURGEON'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 249 

donors said that they would not give anything- if my Jubilee day was made a pretext 
for assisting the societies. They put it as strongly as that ; they had contributed 
the time before with the view of giving something to me, and they would not give a 
second time unless it was for my personal benefit. At the start, in addition to paying 
for the Jubilee House, I proposed four objects to be helped, and I asked the donors 
to allot their money to one or other of those four as they pleased. In pursuance 
of that request, there has been an allotment made. Judge how very litde that 
idea seemed to take with our friends ! Having it before them, and having it pressed 
upon them by myself, they have allotted £81 9s. 6d. to the Almshouses, ^31 to the 
Colportage, ^74 to the Orphanage, and ^43 to my son's Tabernacle at Auckland ; 
and there is a pound or two — perhaps three — allotted to societies, that is all ; and all 
the rest is evidently le-ft, by the will of the friends, totally free. Well, it must be so, 
and I accept the money for myself so far as that is the expressed desire ; only I do 
not know how I can better have it than by being allowed to give it away. What I 
have is best enjoyed by myself personally when I can use it in some way or other for 
the advantage of the work of God. I cannot be debarred from this gratification. I 
will go the length of saying that I will take some portion of this for myself. But, first, 
of all, there will be ^1,000 needed to pay for the house, and furniture, and all sorts 
of things. Then I want to give something to St. Thomas's Hospital, which helps 
many ot our poor friends. Some years ago, my dear brother, Mr. Higgs, at my 
request, paid the usual amount, and became one of the governors of the hospital. 
He is gone, and I want to be a governor in succession to him, — not that I have any 
interest to serve there except that of the sick poor. Then I want to give to the 
church ^200, to make up what is given to the Almshouses to ;^200, and also to give 
to the deacons ^100, which they may keep to lend to persons who can use a loan 
^well. We have no money to lend, and I am the party who has to lend to every- 
body. I do not go in for large loans ; but I speculate in sewing machines, and 
mangles, and some other things of that sort. I should have a considerable number 
if I ever had them back again, but that does not generally happen ; so I want other 
persons to look after the things that are lent, and get the money back again, and I 
think that would be very useful. I want, also, to give to the Baptist Fund for the 
relief of poor ministers, ^50, on the behalf of my son Charles, to make him a 
member of it. I should like to give ^100 to the fund for augmenting the salaries of 
our poor brethren. I should like to make up the amount for Colportage work to 
^200. I should like to give ^250 to the Tabernacle at Auckland. I should like to 
give at least ^100 to my wife's Book Fund for poor rriinisters. 

" I have a little list here ; but if I were to read any more, friends might object 
that I was doing contrary to their wish. I must try and avoid all opposition to the 
donors, and yet help my work and other work. I am called upon so much to help 



■2^0 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

the building of chapels and such like things, that I am kept perpetually very poor ; — 
not that I want anything. I have all things. I do not need this money ; but, still, 
there has been a time when we expended all that we had, and we had nothing laid by 
whatsoever. But if anybody supposes that I have a very large sum of money laid 
by, I shall be very glad to let him make a bid for it. I think it is highly probable 
that I should be a great gainer by the offer, even it it were a reasonable one. I had 
a huoe fortune left me, as you know, some time ago, — in the moon. It was in the 
papers everywhere ; that is where it was. When the papers hand it over, I shall be 
crlad. It has ever been the case with me that, whenever I have had help given me, 
there have been calls at once more than equal to it. On the last occasion when I 
received a testimonial from you, I was greatly amused at the shoal of applicants who 
wrote to me for the money. Though the papers stated that I gave it all back again, 
these people applied for it all the same. One person wrote wanting help for her 
husband, that he might pay his debts on his farm, amounting to some ^500, because 
it was clear to her mind that I had such a lot of money that I did not want any more, 
or else I should not have given back the testimonial. I could not see how, after I 
had handed over the money, I could still give it to somebody else. I beg to give 
notice that it will be useless to write to me lor this money, because I shall 
be able to appropriate it without the assistance of friends. There are so many 
Institutions here, and so much work to be done, that, whatever comes to me, the 
first thing I begin to think of is, not 'What shall I do with it?' but 'In which 
direction do I need it most .'* ' Our friend spoke the honest truth when he said, 
' Money is just what the Pastor does want.' I am the pipe through which the 
money runs. It runs in at one end, and it runs out at the other with extreme 
rapidity ; and you may see daily what good it does. If you ever wish to see, go to 
the Colleo-e ; 00 to the Almshouses ; go to the Orphanage ; go and see what God 
has done through your liberality. 

" I have coveted no man's silver or gold. I have desired nothing at your 
hands, but that you love the Lord Jesus Christ, and ser\'e Him with all your 
mio'ht. But I have coveted, and I do still covet to have a generous people 
about me, because I am sure that it is to God's glory and to your own advantage 
to be liberal to His cause. Poor men should give that they may not be always 
poor. Rich men should give that they may not become poor. These are selfish 
motives ; but, still, they are worthy to be mentioned. ' There is that scattereth, 
and yet increaseth ; and there is that withholdeth more than is meet, but it tendeth 
to poverty.' As a general rule, he that keeps his substance will not find it multiply 
under his hands ; but he that gives shall find that it is given back to him, ' good 
measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over.' Besides, I 
do not think much of giving when I have plenty to give with ; I like it better 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAl'IiY. 



251 



wnen I can pinch myself. If you pinch yourself, there is a sweetness about 
giving to the Lord. What you do not want, you can dispense with, and exhibit 
small love ; but when you come to what )'ou do want, and give that to the Lord, 
then there comes to your own heart the comfortable assurance that you are really 
doing it unto the Lord, because of the needs of His cause. 

" Now I thank everybody who has gi\en a hundred pounds, and everybody 
who has given a penny. God bless you, and return it to you in every wav ! 
One of our brethren told you, the other night, what once happened to me. I 
had been preaching in a country place, and a good woman gave me five shillinos. 
I said to her, 'Well, my dear friend, I do not want your money.' She said, ' But 
you must take it ; I give it to you because I got good from you.' I said, 'Shall 
I give it to the College ? ' She answered, ' I don't care about the Colleoe ; I 
care about you.' 'Then I will give it to the Orphanage.' 'No,' she said, 
'you take it yourself I said, ' You need it more than I do.' She replied, ' Now, do 
you think that your Lord and Master would have talked like that to the 
woman who came and broke the alabaster box over Him ^ I do not think He 
would.' She added, ' I know you do not mean to be unkind ; I worked extra 
to earn it, and I give it to you.' I told her that she owed me nothing, and 
that woman owed the Lord everything, and asked, 'What am I to do with it?' 
She said, ' Buy anything you like with it ; I do not care what. Only, mind, 
you must have it lor yourself" I mention the incident because it is much in 
that spirit that the friends have given this noble testimonial. 

" The Lord bless you ! The Lord bless you ! The Lord bless you, yet 
more and more, you and your children ! " 

Mr. Spurgeon wrote many letters gratefully acknowledging the resolutions 
of congratulation which he received in connection with his Jubilee. One of the 
replies to friends at home, and another to those abroad, may be given as specimens 
of the thankful epistles then written ; the first was addressed to the Western 
Baptist Association : — 

" Dear Friends, 

" 1 feel greatly comforted and humbled by receiving your most loving 
resolution. It is sweet to live in the affection of so many brethren, but it 
involves a great responsibility. I join with you in praising God for His special 
goodness to me ; and implore for you and all your churches renewed blessings 
of a like character. The gospel of the grace of God is dear to us, and we do 
not doubt that the Lord will bless its publication in e\-ery place. Every year 
binds us more fast to the eternal verities, and to Him in whom they centre. 
Let us be of good courage, and play the man for our Lord and His Word. 



252 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

" With all my heart I thank you, and return the affection which suggested 

your considerate action. 

•' Your brother in our Lord Jesus, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

The Philadelphia Conference of Baptist ministers sent a loving resolution 
of congratulation. The following reply was written to the secretary: — 

" Dear Sir, 

" I beg you to thank all the brethren on my behalf I am deeply 
affected by your brotherly love. One touch of grace has, in a truer sense than a 
touch of nature, made us all akin. I rejoice every day in the prosperity of the 
Church of God in the United States. Your nation is but in its youth, and you are 
educating it for a high career ; ours is old, and slow to learn, and we are with much 
difficulty lighting its candle, lending it spectacles, and opening the Bible before it. 
We cannot expect to teach Mr. Bull quite so readily as you teach Master Jonathan. 
We will, however, do our best ; and you will pray for us, and God will bless us. 

" I feel as if I was even now squeezing the hand of each minister, and receiving 
a return grip. Take it as done. Thank you ! God bless you ! 

" Yours heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

A Spurgeon Jubilee Albimt was issued by Messrs. Passmore and Alabaster in 
connection with the Pastor's completion of his fiftieth year ; he sent a copy of it to 
Lord Shaftesbury, who replied as follows : — 

" My Dear Friend, 

"Your Jubilee Albitvi reached me some time ago. I am deeply obliged 
to you for it, and still more for the touching and affectionate words you have 
inscribed on the fly-leaf 

" My daughter is writing for me, l^ecause I am still lying at full length in my 
bed, where I have been since Saturday last. I am now, thank God, a great deal 
better, but the attack has been very serious. I have been longing to come and see 
you, but both in the number and the importance of engagements I ha\'e had more 
than usual pressure this year ; and now, you see, I have lost a whole week by this 
last attack. 

"Still, I shall hope to see you again before I die. May our Lord ever be with 
you, and bless you ! You know how truly I love and respect you. 

" Yours very affectionately, 

" Shaftesbury." 



CHAPTER XCIX. 



€\]t "lotoit^grabe" Contro&ersu, from JKr. Spurgtou's Standpoint. 

Controversy is never a very happy element for the child of God: he would far rather be in com- 
munion with his Lord than be engaged in defending the faith, or in attacking error. But the soldier ot 
Christ knows no choice in his Master's commands. He may feel it to be better for him to lie upon the 
bed of rest than to stand covered with the sweat and dust of battle ; but, as a soldier, he has learned to 
obey, and the rule of his obedience is not his personal comfort, but his Lord's absolute command. The 
servant of God must endeavour to maintain all the truth which his Master has revealed to him, because, 
as a Christian soldier, this is part of his duty. But while he does so, he accords to others the liberty 
which he himself enjoys. — C. H. S., in address at the Tabernacle, i86l. 

A Christian minister must expect to lose his repute among men ; he must be willing to suffer 
every reproach for Christ's sake; but, then, he may rest assured that he will never lose his real honour 
if it be risked for the truth's sake, and placed in the Redeemer's hand. The day shall declare the 
excellence of the upright, for it will reveal all that was hidden, and bring to the light that which was 
concealed. There will be a resurrection of characters as well as of persons. Every reputation that has 
been obscured by clouds of reproach, for Christ's sake, shall be rendered glorious when the righteous 
shall " shine forth as the sun in the Kingdom of their Father." — C. H. S. 

lust now, the Lord Jesus is betrayed by not a few of His professed ministers. He is being 
crucified afresh in the perpetual attacks of scepticism against His blessed gospel ; and it may be that 
things will wax worse and worse. This is not the first occasion when it has been so, for, at various 
times in the history of the Church of God, His enemies have exulted, and cried out that the gospel of 
past ages was exploded, and might be reckoned as dead and buried. For one, I mean to sit over against 
the very sepulchre of truth. I am a disciple of the old-fashioned doctrine as much when it is covered 
with obloquy and rebuke as when it shall again display its power, as it surely shall. Sceptics may seem 
to take the truth, and bind it, and scourge it, and crucify it, and say that it is dead ; and they may 
endeavour to bury it in scorn, but the Lord has many a Joseph and a Nicodemus who will see that all 
due honour is done even to the body of truth, and will wrap the despised creed in sweet spices, and 
hide it away in their hearts. They may, perhaps, be half afraid that it is really dead, as the wise men 
assert ; yet it is precious to their souls, and they will come forth right gladly to espouse its cause, and 
to confess that they are its disciples. We will sit down in sorrow, but not in despair; and watch until 
the stone is rolled away, and Christ in His truth shall live again, and be openly triumphant. We shall 
see a Divine interposition, and shall cease to fear; while they who stand armed to pre\-ent the resurrec- 
tion of the grand old doctrine shall quake and become as dead men, because the gospel's everlasting 
life has been vindicated, and they are made to quail before the brightness of its glory. — C. H. S., in 
sermon at the Tubejnacle, 1878. 

I protest that, if all the sages of the world were to utter one thundering sarcasm, if they con- 
centrated all their scorn into one universal sneer of contempt, I do not think it would now affect me the 
turn of a hair, so sure am I that my Lord will justify my confidence. — C. H. S., in sermon at the Taber- 
nacle, 1878. 

A man may sometimes seem self-assertive when, really, he has so completely lost himself in 
God that he does not care what people think about him,— whether they regard him as an egotist or 
not. Some men appear to be modest because they are proud, while others seem to be proud because 
they have sunk themselves, and only speak so boldly because they have their Master's authority at 
the back of their words. — C. H. S., in exposition of i Kings xvii. i. 

As the Roman sentinel in Pompeii stood to his post even when the city was destroyed, so do 
I stand to the truth of the atonement though the Church is being buried beneath the boiling mud- 
showers of modern heresy. — C. H. S., in sermon at the Tabernacle, 1887. 



254 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRArHY. 



I might not have had such an intense loathing of the new theology if I had not seen so much 
of its evil effects. I could tell you of a preacher of unbelief, whom I have seen, in my own vestry, 
utterly broken down, driven almost to despair, and having no rest for the sole of his foot until he 
came back to simple trust in the atoning sacrifice. If he were speaking to you, he would say, 
"Cling to your faith, brethren; if you once throw away your shield, you will lay yourself open to 
imminent dangers and countless wounds ; for nothing can protect you but the shield of faith," — 
C. H. S., in address at College Conference, 1 89 1. 

I am well content to go shares with those who have gone before me to the skies. Some of 
them, as they burned to death for Christ's sake, cried aloud, " Christ is all. ' I am quite willing to 
take my part with the apostles whom the wise men of to-day count to be fools; and with those 
still greater fools, as many consider the Reformers who brought back into the light the great 
doctrine of justification by faith., I am satisfied to tread the path my sires have trod; I have an 
illustrious pedigree in the skies, and I will not snap that chain which links me with those who 
have entered the glory-land. This faith saved them in the time of poverty, and persecution, and 
martyrdom, and death : and it will save me. At any rate. I would sooner risk my soul on all the 
difficulties of the old theology, so long tried and proved, than on all the beauties of the novel 
doctrine taught by so many nowadays, I believe we are all of one mind upon this matter, and 
some of us may live to see great alterations concerning the present popular teaching. We may 
learn a lesson from what happened in the last century ; the style of much of the preaching was 
such as tended to the emptying of chapels, and the multiplication of spiders. Nonconformity 
gradually drifted away towards Unitarianism, and true religion would have become almost extinct 
in England if the Lord had not raised up those two believing men, Whitefield and Wesley, ai;d 
others likeminded, who were a great power for good in the land. And I believe the Lord has 
raised us up, together with many others who hold the same faith, that we may fight this battle, 
and win the victory, to the glory of His holy Name. 

Whenever I have found myself represented as a fool because I cfing so tenaciously to the 
old faith, I have thought to myself, "What man, by proclaiming any new doctrine, has been able 
to draw such congregations as have filled the Tabernacle for the last quarter of a century simply 
to listen to the preaching of Jesus Christ and Him crucified?" We do not set up to be anything 
great in ourselves; but we do claim to be servants of the great God, believers in the great Saviour, 
proclaimers of His great salvation, and, God helping us, we shall keep on c-jing this till we die; 
and then, unto principalities and powers in the Heavenly places, we will make known the manifold 
wisdom of God, — C, H, S., in address to students of the Pastors' College, 1885. 




R. SPURGEON'S Standard Life could not be complete without 
a' reference to that most sorrowful but important episode, — The 
"Down-grade" Controversy; — yet how shall I dare to touch the 
strings of that rifted lute } The lightest and most skilful fingers 
could scarcely draw harmony from it now, and I would fain not 
be expected to awaken any of its discords. Oh, for the guiding" 
Hand to be laid on heart and brain and pen, that gently and tenderly, albeit 
truthfully, the outlines of the sad story may be given ! 

There are many dear and able friends who could write the full history of 
the Controversy ; but, after much thought and prayer, I have been led to allow 
the shadow of the past to rest upon it in a measure, and to conceal, under a 
generous silence, most' of the documentary and other evidence which could be 
produced to prove the perfect uprightness, veracity, and fidelity of my dear husband 
throughout the whole of the solemn protest which culminated in the "vote of 
censure " by the Council of the Baptist Union ! Therefore, in accordance with 
the autobiographical character of this record, the Controversy is sketched from 
Mr. Spurgeon's own point of view ; — he tells the story in his own way, so that 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



255 



only as much as he cnose to make known of the deepest grief of his noble life 
is chronicled in these pages. 

For the information of readers of the Autobiography, who are unacquainted 
with my beloved's articles upon "The Down-grade," I thought it miciht be well 
to include in this chapter a condensation, or summary of them ; but, on readinc*" 
them with that object in view, I find it impossible to strike out a single word 
of his protest. It is equally impossible to transfer it all to this work, so the only 
course open to me is to omit it altogether, and to leave the testimony still to speak 
for itself from the pages of The Szvord and the Trotvel. From August, 1887, 
cO February, 1892, scarcely any number of the magazine appeared without some 
reference to the Controversy and its various issues. The most pathetic "Note" 
of all was written within a few days of my dear husband's home-going, for in it 
he revealed the fact, already known to all who were nearest and dearest to him, 
that his tight for the faith had cost him his life. Yet he never regretted the step 
he had taken ; for, throughout the whole affair, he felt such a Divine compulsion 
as Luther realized when he said, " I can do no other." 

So far as the Baptist Union was concerned, little was accomplished bv 
Mr. Spurgeon's witness-bearing and withdrawal. The compromise at the City 
Temple, in April, 1888, confirmed the position of the modern-thought men in the 
Union, and made "the vote of censure" the act of the whole assembly with the 
exception of the noble seven who voted against it. But, in other respects, I 
have had abundant proofs that the protest was not in vain. Many, who were 
far gone on "the Down-grade," were stopped in their perilous descent, and, by 
God's grace, were brought back to the Up-line ; others, who were unconsciously 
slipping, were made to stand firmly upon the Rock ; while, at least for a time, 
in all the churches. Evangelical doctrines were preached with a clearness and 
emphasis which "had long -been lacking. 

The ultimate results of the whole matter must be left in the hands of Him 
who never makes a mistake, and who will, in His own right way, vindicate His 
obedient and faithful servant from the " censure " so unjustly passed upon him. 

Not long after Mr. Spurgeon's withdrawal from the Baptist Union, he went 
to the South of France for much-needed rest ; and the letters he there wrote, 
during that time of suffering and reproach, contained many allusions to the 
painful subject. Naturally, those written to me referred to the more personal 
and private aspects of the Controversy, as the following extracts will show : — 

" I was greatly surprised at the note from (one of ' our own men '"), 



oc6 c, H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

but when we are in a battle, we must expect calamities. It is a serious matter 
to know Junv to act ; but one thing is plain enough, I must go on clearing myself 
of union with those who belong to the broad school. I felt so well, this afternoon, 
when sitting under the palms, and as happy as a birdie beneath the blue sky. 
Then came the letter, just to sober me, and drive me from the sunshine to my 
Lord, who is the Sun itself I can bear anything for Jesus while His everlasting 
arms are underneath me. The hills around Hyeres are called 'the mountains of 
paradise,' but the serpent comes even here. Ah, well ! the Serpent-Killer is with 
us, and He will subdue all things unto Himself I am sorry that the evil flood 
should carry away one of my men ; but the wonder is, that more have not 
o-one. It shows how much more evil was abroad than I dreamed of I have 
done mv duty, even if all men forsake me. Those who write in The Freeman 
and The Christian World show how everything I do can be misconstrued. Never- 
theless, I know what I have done, and why I did it ; and the Lord will bear 
me throuoh. In Him I rest, and I am in no haste to answer opponents, nor 
even to think about them in a depressing way. What a providence that I am 
here, out of call ! Luther was best at the Wartburg, was he not ? I did not 
plan this, nor plan anything. 

" What a farce about my seeing these brethren, privately, according to 
Matt, xviii. 15! Why, I saw the Secretary and the President again and again; 
and then I printed my plaint, and only left the Union when nothing could be 
done. Now, something will be done. Not until I took the decided step could 
I effect anything. Luther was very wrong to nail up his theses on the church 
door ; he should have seen the Pope, and prayed with him ! Do not let these 
things distress you, for my sake. The Lord will give both of us the heroic spirit 
and we shall neither fear men, nor become ungenerous toward them." 

"Canon Sidebotham called yesterday to assure me of the sympathy of all 
Ckristian Churchmen, and his belief that my stand for truth will help all believers. 
He told me that he meets with amazing scepticism among young men whom he 
has been called to visit in sickness, and he believes there is an epidemic of it 
everywhere. He says the antidote was needed, and came just at the right time. 
So may God grant ! 

"How I do delight in the Lord! I am now consciously nearer to Him than 
ever before, and I revel in a sense of blessedness. I am delivered from all fear 
of failing in this battle ; and the Lord, whom I sought to honour, bows me low 
at His feet in gratitude for His tender mercies. We are safe in His hands. 
This is where I love to feel that I am, and that you are, and the dear boys, 
and the Church, and the College, and ' the Down-grade,' and all !" 



C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 257 

" I trust I may be made stronger for the stern task which awaits me ; but 
T try not even to think of that, but just to abandon myself to a bath of rest. 
This, I trust, is the wisest course ; and yet I keep on longing- to be doing some 
good, or bearing some fruit unto the Lord. Litde occasions for this do occur, 
and I am eager to use them aright. 

"Yesterday was eventful. First came a telegram, saying that there had been 
a hot discussion, and that my brother had left the Council meeting in indignation 
because my veracity had been impugned. Just as I was going to rest came another 
telegram : — 'Council has appointed Culross, McLaren, Clifford, and myself to confer 
with you at Mentone, without delay, to deliberate with you how the unity of our 
denomination in truth, and love, and good works may be maintained. When can 
we see you ? Letter sent. Booth.' Think of four doctors of divinity coming all 
this way to see me ! I was in great perplexity, and knew not what to reply: I 
don't quite see what it all means. I lay awake till one o'clock, and then got a 
pencil, and wrote out a telegran> : — 'Cannot reply without further information. 
Respectfully request deputation to await my return. Tone of discussion suggests 
caution. Will write.' Afterwards, I wrote a letter. BrieHy, I urge them not to 
come so far ; — it would be four to one, and I should be at the disadvantage of having 
been the cause of great expense. If they really mean brotherly conference, I will 
see them when I return, right gladly ; that is to say, if I find there is any use in it. 
Now I shall need wisdom. I do not fear four doctors, but I think it a very wise 
move on their part. If it means that they will surrender, it is well ; but if it 
is meant to fix on me the odium of being implacable, it is another matter. In 
any case, the Lord will prepare me for all that is to happen. It is of His mercy 
that I am here, or I should not be able to bear it all ; but being quiet, and rested, 
and not worried by personal assaults, I can look round the question calmly. 

"The four doctors are not coming. Very likely my brother will call to tell you 
about the affray. He was justly wroth, and describes the Council meeting as 
'horrible.' For Dr. Booth to say I never complained, is amazing. God knows 
all about it, and He will see me righted. I have just received a letter from England 
in the words of Jer. xv. 19, 20." That passage was so peculiarly appropriate to the 
circumstances of the case, that many friends afterwards sent it to my beloved, who 
was greatly comforted by the reassuring message which was thus repeatedly 
conveyed to him. 

During that visit to Mentone, an incident occurred, to which Mr. Spurgeon 
often gratefully referred as a remarkable token of the Lord's approval of his protest 
against false doctrine and worldliness. Before I give extracts from his letters 
concerning it, a brief explanation is necessary. For many years before this eventful 

R 4 



2^8 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

period of my dear husband's life, he had been most generously aided in all his 
beneficent plans and purposes by a friend to whom God had given abundance of 
this world's wealth. These supplies came with loving freeness, and invariable 
reoularity ; and more than a mere hint was given that they might be depended 
on while the donor had it in his power to be thus royally open-handed However, 
Mr. Spurgeon's attitude in the "Down-grade" Controversy alienated the heart 
of this friend, and caused him to withdraw altogether the splendid help which had, 
for so long a period, exempted my beloved from much financial anxiety. 

The letter, announcing this failure of friendship and sympathy, arrived during 
Mr. Spurgeon's absence at Mentone, and it therefore became my duty to open and 
read it. Then followed one of those hallowed enlargements of heart which leave 
their mark for ever on the life of the person experiencing them. At once, I took 
the letter, and spread it before the Lord, pleading, as Hezekiah did, that He 
would "hear and see" the words written therein; and He gave me so strong a 
confidence in His overruling and delivering power that, as I knelt in His presence, 
and told Him how completely I trusted Him on my husband's behalf, the words 
of petition ceased from my lip?, and I absolutely la2t.ghed aloud, so little did 
I fear what man could do, and so blessedly reliant did He make me on His own 
love and omnipotence ! 

In this exultant frame of mind, I wrote to Mentone, making light of the 
trouble, and endeavouring to parry the blow which I knew must sorely wound 
the sensitive heart of my beloved. I told him, too, how the Lord had "made 
me to laugh" as I was laying the matter before Him, and had filled me with 
rio-hteous scorn and indignation at the means used to dishearten him in his sublime 
stand for the truths of the old gospel. So, as far as I was able, being absent 
from him, I comforted and upheld my much-tried spouse. In less time than I 
had thought possible, I received this telegram :— " I laugh with you. The Lord 
will not fail us, nor forsake us ; " — and, by the next post, there came a letter 
recording the dear writer's unswerving faith in the God, whose he was, and whom 
■ he served, and to whom he left all the issues of that painful trial. The following 
extract will indicate the spirit in which he wrote : — 

" Mentone, 

" Nov. i8, 1887. 

"You are as an angel of God unto me. When I began to read your letter, I 
trembled, for I could not tell what was coming ; but wnen I finished it, I could 
laugh with you. Bravest of women, strong in faith, you have ministered unto me 
indeed and of a truth. God bless thee out of the seventh heavens ! 

"I do not know that I have ever before really suffered any loss for Christ's 
sake; I feel decorated and elevated by this honour. His yoke is easy, and His 



c. II. spurgeon's autobiography. 259 

burden is light. But our friend uses a queer sort of argument ! I am to be set 
right ; — therefore, stop the supplies to God's work ! The fire must be put out ; — 
whip the child ! I do not see the connection between the end desired and the means 
used. Your loving sympathy has fully repaid me already. I rejoice in the Lord 
who has dealt bountifully with me hitherto. All that I possess belongs to Him. 

" ' Tliere, take an inventory of all I have, 
To the last penny; 'tis the King's.'" 

While this correspondence was passing to and fro, the Lord was working on 
behalf of His dear servant in a wonderful way. Writing to one of his deacons,. 
Mr. Spurgeon said : — " I have had .a very remarkable deliverance out of a pecuniary 
difficulty inflicted upon me in consequence of the ' Down-grade' Controversy. It is 
as nearly a miracle as anything I ever heard of The living God guards me on 
every side, and covers my head. To Him be praise ! " 

A lady from the Antipodes, who was staying in London, afterwards related 
that, during the time under consideration, she felt an overpowering impression that 
she must go to Mr. Spurgeon, in the South of France, and carry him some financial 
help to meet a special emergency. She said that, on other occasions, when similar 
intimations had come to her, she had obeyed her Lord's commands, and in each 
instance had found that she had been infallibly guided by Him, so she at once made 
arrangements for the thousand miles' journey. The amount she was to give was not 
at first revealed to her, nor did she know exactly where she was to go, as it had been 
announced that Mr. Spurgeon would be moving from place to place. However, the 
Lord, who had entrusted her with the commission, directed her to Mentone ; and, 
on her arrival there, she was further guided to the Hotel Beau Rivage. What 
happened there, my beloved thus records :— 

"An awe is upon me as I write to you, for I feel the Lord to be so near. On 
Tuesday evening, there came to this hotel three ladies who asked if Mr. Spurgeon 
were here, and left cards. The next morning, they were at our family worship ; and, 

to-day, Mrs. R gave me the enclosed letter, and cheque for ^^ 100 ! I told her 

of my trouble afterwards, I had not mentioned it before, and I read to her a few 
sentences of your dear letter. 'There,' she said, 'that is the Lord's reason for 
moving me to give it to you ; let it go to make up the lack for the next six months.' 
I worshipped the Lord with a thrilling joy. She added, ' I do not doubt but that 
the Lord will see you right through the difficulty.' I believe so, too, and that all the 
help will come from someone who does not know of my special need, so that it will 
be the more conspicuously ' of the Lord.' The money will be surer from Him than 

from Mr. , although he promised it for life. It may be very childish of me, but 

I could not help sending you the very cheque and letter, that you may see with your 



26o c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

eyes what the Lord sent me. How this lady came to know my hotel, I cannot 
imagine, but Mr. Harrald says that He who sent her knew where I was. 

" Our College men have met, with grand result ; the only dissentient being one 
who is, practically, out of the ministry. Yesterday, I went to see an afflicted 
gentleman,* whose deceased wife was Miss Havergal's sister. His doctor met me, 
just now, and told me that I had done his patient great good, I was, however, the 
greater gainer, for he read me three letters from his son, a clergyman in Islington, in 
which he told his father to be sure to meet me, and wrote very many kind things, 
which I am not egotistical enough to repeat ; but he said that all who loved the 
Lord, whom he knew, were bearing me up on their hearts. Truly, I am delivered 
from all fear of failing in this battle, which is the Lord's, not mine. I feel as if 
I must not write about anything else upon these two sheets. ' Holiness unto the 
Lord,' is written on them ; and the domestic matters must go on another sheet of 
paper. Oh, how I praise the Lord for yoti ! You are dear to me, as a woman and 
a wife, beyond all expression ; but now, more fully than ever, we wear the yoke of 
Christ together, and mutually bear the double burden of service and suffering for 
Him." 

Less than a week after the above letter was received, my husband wrote as 
follows : — " Prepare for further rejoicing. We had been out driving all day, and 
when I came in, I found your dear letter, and saw you sitting ' in Expectation 
Corner,' zvith the door open. Please receive the fresh token which the Lord has 
sent in the form of a second ,;^ioo! Letter and cheque enclosed. What hath 

God wrought ! I never gave Mrs. R a shadow of a hint. I never thought she 

would do more. Why should she ? But, as you say, ' the living God does deliver 
His children.' How I praise Him ! Or, rather, how I do wish I could praise Him, 
but I feel as if my gratitude was cold and superficial when contrasted 'with His 
great goodness ! Blessed be His Name for ever! 

"What a dear soul you are! How I love you! Our inward and spiritual 
union has come out in this trial and deliverance. We will record all this to the 
glory of the Lord our God. The weather here is rather of Heaven than of earth ; 
warm, clear, bright, and yet life-giving and refreshing. The toothache touches me 
every now and then ; but, moderated by interludes of ease, I hardly ought to 
mention it, my mercies are so great. What are pains when God is so near ^ 
This one theme is so predominant in my soul, that I cannot write about anything 
else. The Lord liveth, and blessed be my Rock ! 

* After Mr. Spurgeon's return from Mentone, he wrote to this friend, concerning the Controversy : — " I have had to lean 
on the bare arm of God. It is a grand sensation. An arm of flesh loses all charms after we have once leaned on the 
greater power. What a Lord we serve ! True indeed is His Word, and it is profitable to be made to prove its truth in storm 
and wreck. What folly it seems to try to explain it away! Its keenest edge wounds nothing but that which is false and foul. 
I would sooner be slain by the Word of the Lord than live by the lie of the devil." 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 261 

" Send cheque to Bank. Sing the Doxology. Keep all my love, and rest 
under the blessing of the Lord our God." 

After the letters to myself, probably those written to the friends at the 
Tabernacle expressed most fully what was in the dear Pastor's heart. Shortly 
after he reached the South of France, he wrote thus to them : — 

" I wish to thank you all most heartily for your constancy of love during four- 
and-thirty years of fellowship. We have been many in number, but only one in 
heart, all through these years. Specially is this true in the present hour of 
controversy, for my heartiest sympathizers are in my own church. Several enthu- 
siastic ones proposed a general meeting of church-members, to express their fervent 
agreement with their Pastor; but the ever-faithful deacons and elders had taken 
time by the forelock, and presented to me a letter signed by them all as repre- 
senting their brethren and sisters. Such unity comes from the grace of God, 
proves that His blessing is now with us, and prophesies future happiness. What 
can I do but thank you all, love you in return, labour for you as long as strength 
remains, and pray for you till I die '^ The infinite blessing of the Eternal God be 
with you for ever ! " 

In reply to the letter from the church-officers, and to a further communication 
sent 'by them, the Pastor wrote : — ■ 

" Mentone, 

"Nov. 27, 1887. 
. "To the Co-Pastor and the Deacons, 

" My Own Dear Brethren, 

" I am touched by your loving letter. It is just like you ; but it is so 
tenderly, so considerately done, that it has a peculiar sweetness about it. May the 
Lord deal with each one of you as you have dealt towards me, even in tender love 
and true faithfulness ! 

" The more you know of this Controversy, the more will your judgments, as 
well as your hearts, go with me. It is not possible for me to communicate to 
anyone all that has passed under my knowledge ; but I have had abundant reason 
for every step I have taken, as the day of days will reveal. All over the \-arious 
churches there is the same evil, in all denominations in measure ; and trom believers, 
in all quarters, comes the same thankful expression of delight that the schemes . 
of errorists have been defeated by pouring light upon them. 

" I cannot, at this present, tell you what spite has been used against me, or 
you would wonder indeed ; but the love of God first, and your love next, are my 
comfort and stay. We may, perhaps, be made to feel some of the brunt of the 
battle in our various funds ; but the Lord liveth. My eminent predecessor. Dr. 



262 C. H. SPURGEON's AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

Gill, was told, by a certain member of his congregation who ought to have known 
better, that, if he published his book, The Cause of God and Truth, he would lose 
some of his best friends, and that his income would fall ofif. The doctor said, ' I 
can afford to be poor, but I cannot aftord to injure my conscience ;' and he has left 
his mantle as well as his chair in our vestry. 




DR. GILLS CH.AIR. 



" I should like to see you all walk in here, and to hear your loving voices in 
prayer, tor I feel knit to you all more and more. 

" Yours for ever, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Among the letters written by Mr. Spurgeon, at that period, is one that is of 
special and permanent importance, first, because it was the reply to a kind com- 
munication from Dr. Culross, the President of the Baptist Union ; and, next, because 
it sets forth so clearly the reason for Mr. Spurgeon's protest and action : — 

" Mentone, 

" Nov. 26, 1887. 
" My Dear Dr. Culross, 

" I think it most kind of you to write me. Your brethren have usually 
fired at me through the newspapers their loving appeals and advices. Of this 
I do not complain ; but, assuredly, yours is a way which commands an answer. 
Letters to the papers are literature, and may or may not be worth one's notice ; 
yours is a letter sent to me, and I will at least heartily thank you for it. 

" Do I need to say that, with you, and such brethren as Dr. McLaren, 
Mr. Aklis, and Dr. Angus, I have no sort of disagreement, except that you stay 
in the Union and I am out of it '^. We shall, according to our light, labour for 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 263 

the same cause. We are all Christians and Baptists, and can find many ways 
of co-operation. 

" The ' Metropolitan men ' in London request the Union to devise some 
way by which I, with others, can return to it. This is very right from their 
point of view, but I wish you to understand, as President of the Union, that 
the request is not mine. I do not ask you to do what I am sure you cannot 
do. If I had thought that you could have done anything which would enable 
me to return if I retired, I should have asked you to do it before retirino-. 

"So long as an Association without a creed has no aliens in it, nobody can 
wish for a creed formally, for the spirit is there ; but at a time when ' strano-e 
children ' have entered, what is to be done .'* Whatever may theoretically be in your 
power, you practically have no power whatever. You will go on as you are ; 
and, unless God's grace calls back the wanderers, their numbers will increase, 
and their courage will cause them to speak out more plainl)', to the sorrow of 
the faithful ones who shielded them in patient hope of better things. 

" I have followed out our Lord's mind as to private remonstrance by seeing- 
Presidents and Secretary on former occasions, and I have written my remonstrances 
again and again without avail. I had no course but to withdraw. Surel)-, no 
sane person thinks that I should have made a tour to deal with the individual 
errorists. I have no jurisdiction over them, and should have been regarded as 
offensively intrusive if I had gone to them ; and justly so. My question is with 
the Union, and with that alone. I have dealt with it all along. 

" Your very clear declaration, that the Union could not have a creed, or, as 
I read it, could not declare its doctrinal views otherwise than by practising baptism 
and the Lord's supper, closes the door finally against me. Neither do I knock 
at that door, nor wish for another door to be made. The good men who formed 
the Union, I fancy, had no idea that it would become what it now is, or they 
would have fashioned it otherwise. It has, by its centralization and absorption of 
various Societies, become far other than at the first. This is a good thing, but 
it involves a strain on the frail fabric which it is ill adapted to bear. So I think ; 
but time will be the best proof of that. 

" I wish I could have worked with you in this particular way ; but, as I 
cannot, we are not therefore deprived of a thousand other ways of fellowship. 
You feel union of heart with men who publicly preach Universal Restitution : 
I do not. I mean, you feel enough fellowship to remain in the Union with them : 
/ do not. It is the same with other errors. Still, I am in fellowship with yoii, 
— Union or no Union. It I think you wrong in your course, — as I surely do, — 
I will tell you so in the same spirit as that in which you have written to me. 

" From the Council of the Union I cannot look for anything which I should 



264 C- H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

care to consider as the voice of the Union. It is too largely committed to a 
latitudinarian policy beforehand, and I have no question to refer to it. 

" I am happily free from all responsibility for its actions, and all allegiance to 
Its sovereignty. 

" Very heartily yours, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

I have received, from many friends, copies of my dear husband's letters 
written during this trying period ; but I do not think any good purpose can be 
served by the publication of more than I have here given. Those who sympathized 
with him in his protest need nothing to convince them of the need and the wisdom 
of his action ; while those who were opposed to him would probably remain in 
the same mind, whatever might be said, so there the matter must rest as far as 
I am concerned. 



CHAPTER C. 



:. 5|jurgt0u as a ItttravD Jlan. 



God gave Elijah forty days' meat at one meal : do you, dear friends, ever get such meals as that? 
I do when I read certain books ; — not modern-thought books. Give me no such fare as that,— a grain 
of meal to a gallon of water ; but let me have one of the good solid Puritan volumes that are so little 
prized nowadays, and my soul can feed upon such blessed food as that, and be satisfied with it.— 
C. H. S., in sermon preached at the Tabernacle, y-une 24, 1883. 

If you can read a tainted book that denies the inspiration of the Scriptures, and attacks the truth 
of God, and if you derive any profit from it, you must be a very different being from myself. I have to 
read such books, I must read them sometimes to know what is said by the enemies of the gospel, that 
I may defend the faith, and help the weaklings of the flock ; but it is a sorry business. When those 
who are qualified to do so are reading these heretical works, if they are doing it really in the fear of 
God for the good of their fellow-men, they remind me of Sir James Simpson and the two other doctors 
when they discovered the medical and surgical value of chloroform. They sat at the table, and 
scarcely knew what was going to happen ; but they took a dose each, risking their lives by so doing ; 
and when they came back to consciousness, they had certainly made a great discovery. — C. H. S , ht 
sermon pnaclied at tlie Taheniacle, October 2'^, 1885. 

The world gets more civilized; — so I am told, though, when I read the newspapers, I am not 
quite sure that it is so. The world gets more intelligent ; — so I am told, though, when I read the 
magazines,--! mean the high-class quarterlies, — I am not certain that it is so, for, in that direction, 
the ignorance appears to me to become greater every day, I mean, the ignorance among the learned 
and scientific men, who seem to me, in their discoveries, continualljf to wander further and further, not 
only from that which is revealed and infallible, but also from that which is rational and truthful. — 
C. H. S., in Sermon pleached at the Tabernacle, May 28, 1882. 

What a storehouse the Bible is, since a man may continue to preach from it for years, and still find 
that there is more to preach from than when he began to discourse upon it! What pyramids of books 
have been written upon the Bible, and yet we who are students find no portion over-expounded, but 
large parts which are scarcely touched! If you take Darling's CyclopirJia, and look at a text which one 
divine has preached upon, you will see that dozens have done the same ; but there are hundreds of 
texts which remain like virgin summits, whereon the foot of preacher has never stood. I might 
almost say that the major part of the Word of God is in that condition ; it is still an Eldorado 
unexplored, a land whose dust is gold.— C. H S., in speech a a Bible Society meeting, 1882. 



10 life of Mr. Spurg-eon would be complete unless it contained all 
available information concerning the books he read, or wrote, or 
owned. All who ha\-e been intimately acquainted with him, from 
his childhood, or in later years, have testified to the omnivorous 
character of his reading. In the earlier part of the present work 
(Vol I., Chapter III.), he has himself recorded the delight with 
which, while he was but a little lad, he revelled in the study of such works as 
Foxes Book of Martyrs, Bunyan's Pilgriiii s Progress, and the huge folios of 
Puritanic theology which he had discovered in the windowless room in the upper 
portion of the old Stambourne Manse. The boy and the books were inseparable 




266 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

companions ; and when he returned from Stambourne to Colchester, and afterwards 
went to his uncle's school at Maidstone, the same experience was repeated. Even 
as a youth, he intermeddled with all knowledge, and so began to accumulate those 
treasures of literary lore which have led many to describe his wisdom as ency- 
clopaedic. His essay, entitled Popery Unmasked, written when he was only 
fifteen years of age, affords abundant proof of the wide extent of his reading at 
that early period of his history ; and he often mentioned, with much merriment, 
the curious arrangement that .had to be made in connection with the school-boy 
debates in which he took part. He kn.ew so much more than the rest of the 
pupils upon almost all the subjects which they wished to discuss, that he was 
too formidable an antagonist for any of them to overthrow ; and, consequently, 
the only way in which he could fairly compete with his young companions was 
to allow him to speak on both sides of the question under consideration ! It 
must have both amused and amazed his fellow-scholars to hear him refute his 
own arguments, which, when he had first uttered them, they had thought to 
be unanswerable ! 

When he advanced from the position of scholar to that of teacher, he gladly 
availed himself of the increased opportunities of reading and learning everything 
that might be turned to good account in his future career ; and when he had 
become a follower of Christ, and an earnest worker for his Lord, he spent all 
that he could honestly afford in the purchase of the classical and theological books 
which were likely to be of the greatest service to him. His letters at that 
period, as given in the first volume of this work, contained frequent mention 
of those volumes ; and his tutor and friend, Mr. Leeding, confirmed his own 
testimony as to the diligence with which he was mastering their contents. One 
of his favourite subjects of study, at that time, was natural history ; and some 
of his pupils have acknowledged, even since his home-going, how intensely 
interesting and instructive were the lessons and lectures he gave them upon that 
topic ; and all the while he was, perhaps unconsciously, laying up useful and 
telling illustrations which were to be of service to himself and his hearers 
throughout his long ministry. 

Mr. Spurgeon did not often refer to his own literary acquirements, as he 
preferred to let the work he had accomplished speak for him ; and he could 
afford to ignore the unfounded assumptions of his critics with regard to his 
supposed ignorance. Very occasionally, possibly when there had been some 
unusually virulent attack upon him which he thought should not pass unnoticed, 
he would briefly mention the matter to some of the choice friends by whom he 
was surrounded, and prove the utter .groundlessness of his assailants' statements. 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 267 

At the close of one of the annual College Conferences, there occurred an incident 
of this kind, which is, to this day, remembered with delight by many who wer.e 
present. One ot the brethren who was there has recorded his reminiscences of the 
occasion ; he writes : — " It was after the dinner on the Friday, when we had 
been cheerino- the beloved President with such cheers as we shall never give to 
any man again ; I think they must have touched his loving heart, for he left 
his place at the table, stepped forward among the flowers that decorated the 
platform, and talked to us in a homely, confidential way. I cannot recall his 
exact words, but I know that he told us how welcome we were to all the 
privileges ot the Conference, and I remember that he had a special message of 
sympathy for those ot us who came from the smaller churches. Then he went 
on to speak of himself. He related how, even as a school-boy, he had made 
such progress with his mathematical studies that he had been able to calculate 
the tables which he believed were still used in a certain Life Insurance office 
in London. I distinctly recollect that he also said he could easil\' have taken a 
degree at Cambridge if the University had been open to Nonconformists, ^ and 
he referred to the knowledge of Greek and Latin which he possessed at that 
time, adding, in his own inimitable way, that, since then, he had also learned at 
least some Hebrew, and a fczu other things ! He urged the brethren to be 
diligent students, to read all books that would help them to understand the 
Scriptures ; but, above all, to study the Word itself, in the original languages 
if possible, and to saturate themselves with what he termed Bibline, the very 
essence of The Book. I always knew that dear Mr. Spurgeon was a great scholar 
as well as a great preacher, but it was delightful to have the fact confirmed 
from his own lips ; yet he concluded by saying, 'Still, brethren, like the aposde 
Paul, I am become a fool in glorying.' But our renewed cheers must have 
assured him of our delight in listening to what he had told us, and he said that 
he had been driven to speak by what others had been saying, and tor the 
honour ot the College of which he was President. The address was evidently 
quite unpremeditated ; it seemed to be the overflowing ot his heart to those who, 
he knew, were not only in perfect sympathy with him, but regarded him with 
the deepest reverence, esteem, and love." 

Although Mr. Spurgeon so seldom referred to his own attainments and qualifi- 
cations for his great life-work, yet frequently, in depicting some ot the Lord's most 
useful and successful servants, he drew likenesses of them which might admirably 
serve for full-length portraits of himself. F"or instance, preaching upon John the 
Baptist's words, " He must increase, but I must decrease," the Pastor said : — " Oh, 
how grandly he witnessed tor Christ by sinking himself until he was lost in his Lord 



268 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

and Master ! And, my brother, it must be the same with you ; if you would be a 
true witness for Christ, you must say that which glorifies Him, even though it 
dishonours yourself Perhaps there is a very learned man sitting over yonder, and 
the temptation to the preacher is to say something that shall make him feel that the 
minister to whom he is listening is not so ignorant as some people suppose ; but 
if there is an unlearned, simple sinner anywhere in the place, the preacher's business 
is just to chop his words down to that poor man's condition, and let the learned 
hearer receive the same message if he will. Luther said, ' When I am preaching, I 
see Dr. Jonas sitting there, and QEcolampadius, and Melancthon, and I say to 
myself, "Those learned doctors know enough already; so I need not trouble about 
them. I shall fire at the poor people in the aisles."' That is the way Luther 
preached, and God richly blessed his ministry because he did it. Though he was a 
truly learned man, he was willing to be reckoned as knowing nothing at all if by 
that means he could the better serve his Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ." 

On another occasion, in a sermon at the Tabernacle, his reference to John 
Bunyan was equally applicable to his own writings and words : — " Oh, that you and 
I might get into the very heart of the Word of God, and get that Word into our- 
selves ! As I have seen the silkworm eat into the leaf, and consume It, so ought 
we to do with the Word of the Lord ; — not crawl over its surface, but eat right 
into it till we have taken it into our inmost parts. It is idle merely to let the eye 
glance over the words, or to recollect the poetical expressions, or the historic facts ; 
but it is blessed to eat into the very soul of the Bible until, at last, you come to talk 

. in Scriptural language, and your very style is fashioned upon Scripture models, and, 
what is better still, your spirit is flavoured with the words of the Lord. I would 
quote John Bunyan as an instance of what I mean. Read anything of his, and 

■you will see that it is almost like reading the Bible itself He had studied our 
Authorized Version, which will never be bettered, as I judge, till Christ shall come ; 
he had read it till his whole being was saturated with Scripture ; and, though his 
writings are charmingly full of poetry, yet he cannot give us his Pilgrims Progress — 
that sweetest of all prose poems, — without continually making us feel and say, ' Why, 
this man is a living Bible ! ' Prick him anywhere ; and you will find that his blood 
is Bibline, the very essence of the Bible flows from him. He cannot speak without 
quoting a text, for his soul is full of the W^ord of God." 

In the compilation of the illustrative extracts for The Treasury of David, it was 
from lack of time rather than from personal Inability that Mr. Spurgeon was glad to 
avail himself of the assistance of a few friends, whose help he gratefully acknow- 
ledged in the Prefaces to the various volumes as they were issued. One of these 
references will serve as a specimen of the whole, and at the same time it will 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 269 

indicate to careful readers the heavy labour which had been undertaken, and the 
conscientiousness with which it was being performed. In the Introduction to 
Vol. III., Mr. Spurgeon wrote; — "'Art. is long, and life is short,' hence I found 
myself unequal to the unaided accomplishment of my task, and I have had to call in 
the aid of my excellent friend, Mr. Gracey, the accomplished classical tutor of the 
Pastors' College, to assist me in the w^ork of winnowing the enormous heaps of Latin 
comments. Huge folios, full of dreary word-spinning, yield here and there some 
little material for thought ; and this, I trust, will be valuable enough to my readers 
to repay my coadjutor and myself for our pains. For the selection of extracts, I 
alone am responsible ; for the accuracy of the translations, we are jointly account- 
able. The reader will note that, not without much expense of money, as well as 
toil, he has here furnished to his hand the pith of V^enema, Le Blanc, Lorinus, 
Gerhohus, Musculus, Martin Geier, Mollerus, and Simon de Muis ; with occasional 
notes from Vitringa, Jansenius, Savonarola, Vatablus, Turrecremata, Marloratus, 
Palanterius, Theodoret, and others, as they were judged worthy of insertion. I can 
truly say that I have never tlinched from a difficult)', or spared exertion, in order to 
make the work as complete as it lay in my power to render it, either by my own 
endeavours or the help of others." 

Perhaps, among all Mr. Spurgeon's published works, the one that gives the 
best idea of his familiarity with the whole range of expository literature, is his 
unpretentious half-crown volume. Issued under the unattractive title. Commenting 
and Coninientaries. The book has long since been accepted as a most reliable 
standard of appeal, and its commendations and valuations are frequently quoted 
in catalogues of theological works. The purpose of the volume, and the labour 
necessary for its completion, are thus described by its author : — 

" Divines who have studied the Scriptures have left us great stores of holy 
thought which we do well to use. Their expositions can never be a substitute 
for our own meditations ; but, as water poured down a dry pump often starts it 
working to bring up water of its own, so suggestive reading sets the mind in 
motion on its own account. Here, however, is the difficulty. Students do not 
find it easy to choose which works to buy, and their slender stores are often wasted 
on books of a comparatively worthless kind. If I can save a poor man from 
spending his money for that which is not bread, or, by directing a brother to a 
good book, may enable him to dig deeper into the mines of truth, I shall be well 
repaid. For this purpose I have tolled, and read much, and passed under review 
some three or four thousand volumes. From these I have compiled my catalogue, 
rejecting many, yet making a very varied selection. Though I have carefully used 
such judgment as I possess, I have doubtless made many errors ; I shall certainly 



2/0 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

find very few who will agree with all my criticisms, and some persons may be angry 
at my remarks. I have, however, done my best, and, with as much impartiality as 
I can command, I have nothing extenuated nor set down aught in malice. He who 
finds fault will do well to execute the work in better style ; only let him remember 
that he will have my heifer to plough with, and therefore ought in all reason to 
excel me. I have used a degree of pleasantry in my remarks on the Commentaries, 
for a catalogue is a dry affair, and, as much for my own sake as for that of my 
readers, I have indulged the mirthful vein here and there. For this, I hope I shall 
escape censure, even if I do not win commendation. Few can conceive the amount 
of toil which this compilation has involved, both to myself and my industrious 
amanuensis, Mr. J. L. Keys. In almost every case, the books have been actually 
examined by myself, and my opinion, whatever it may be worth, is an original one. 
A complete list of all comments has not been attempted. Numbers of volumes 
have been left out because they were not easily obtainable, or were judged to be 
worthless, although some of both these classes have been admitted as specimens, or 
as warnings. Latin authors are not Inserted, because few can procure them, and 
fewer still can read them with ease. We are not, however, ignorant of their value. 
The writers on the Prophetical Books have completely mastered us ; and, after 
almost completing a full list, we could not in our conscience believe that a tithe of 
them would yield to the student anything but bewilderment, and therefore we 
reduced the number to small dimensions. We reverence the teaching- of the 
prophets, and the Apocalypse ; but for many of the professed expounders of those 
inspired Books, we entertain another feeling." 

Some of the readers of Mr. Spurgeon's sermons and other works, noticing how 
seldom he inserted classical quotations, or referred to the languages in which the 
Scriptures were written, may have imagined that he was not acquainted with those 
treasures of wisdom and knowledge. The real reason for the omission can be 
gathered from his warning words to his students in his lecture on " Commenting" : — 
''Avoid all pedantry. A pedant, who is continually quoting Ambrose and Jerome, 
Piscator and CEcolampadius, in order to show what a copious reader he has been, is 
usually a dealer in small wares, and quotes only what others have quoted before 
him ; but he who can give you the result and outcome of very extensive reading, 
without sounding a trumpet before him, is the really learned man. As a general 
rule, it may be observed that those gentlemen who know the least Greek are the 
most sure to air their rags of learning in the pulpit , they miss no chance of saying, 
'The Greek Is so-and-so.' It makes a man an Inch and a-half taller, by a foolometer, 
if he constantly lets fall bits of Greek and Hebrew, and even tells the people the 
tense of the verb and the case of the noun, as I have known some do. Those who 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRArHY. 2/1 

have no learning usually make a point of displaying the pegs on which learning 
ought to hang. Brethren, the whole process of interpretation is to be carried on in 
your study ; you are not to show your congregation the process, but to give them 
the result ; like a good cook, who would never think of bringing up dishes, and pans, 
and rolling-pin, and spice-box into the dining-room, but without ostentation sends 
up the feast." 

In the volume of lectures to students, on The Art of ///iistration, the President 
incidentally indicated his wide acquaintance with all kinds of literature from which 
anecdotes, illustrations, emblems, metaphors, and similes might be culled. The 
following extract shows how Mr. Spurgeon turned an illustration used by Henry 
Ward Beecher to quite a different purpose from the one intended by the eminent 
American preacher : — 

"When a critical adversary attacks our metaphors, he generally makes short 
work of them. To friendly minds, images are arguments ; but to opponents, they 
are opportunities for attack ; the enemy climbs up by the window. Comparisons 
are swords with two edges, which cut both ways ; and, frequently, what seems 
a sharp and telling illustration may be wittily turned against you, so as to cause 
a laugh at your expense ; therefore, do not rely upon your metaphors and parables. 
Even a second-rate man may defend himself from a superior mind if he can 
dexterously turn his assailant's gun upon himself Here is an instance which 
concerns myself, and I give it for that reason, since these lectures have all along 
been autobiographical. It is a cutting from one of our religious papers : — ' Mr. 
Beecher has been neatly tripped up in The Sword and the Trowel. In his 
Lectures on Preaching, he asserts that Mr. Spurgeon has succeeded " in spite 
of his Calvinism;" adciing the remark that "the camel does not travel any 
better, nor is it any more useful, because of the hump on its back." The 
illustration is not a felicitous one, for Mr. Spurgeon thus retorts : — " Naturalists 
assure us that the camel's hump is of great importance in the eyes of the Arabs, 
who judge of the condition of their beasts by the size, shape, and firmness of 
their humps. The camel feeds upon his hump when he traverses the wilderness, 
so that in proportion as the animal travels over the sandy wastes, and suffers 
from privation and fatigue, the mass diminishes ; and he is not fit for a long- 
journey till the hump has regained its usual proportions. Calvinism, then, is 
the spiritual meat which enables a man to labour on in the ways of Christian 
service ; and, though ridiculed as a hump by those who are only lookers-on, 
those who traverse the weary paths of a wilderness experience know too well 
its value to be willing to part with it, even if a Beecher's splendid talents could 
be sfiven in exchang-e."' " 



1']'. 



C. H. SPURGEON'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



The twenty-eight volumes of The Szvord and the Trotvel, from 1865 to 1892, 
contain notices of many thousands of books that the beloved Editor either read 
throuoh, or examined sufficiently to be able to write reviews of them. He also 
read many that he did not review, for he was well aware that an unfavourable 
notice in his magazine would help to advertize erroneous teaching, and he thought 
the wiser course was to ignore such works altogether. His usual method of 
dealing with a thoroughly bad book, — either morally or doctrinally, — was to tear 
it into litde pieces too small to do harm to anyone, or to commit it bodily to 
the flames. This was the sentence executed upon many volumes that cast doubt 
upon the Divinity of our Lord, the efficacy of His atoning sacrifice, or the 
inspiration of the Scriptures, though some works of that kind were allowed to 
remain as evidences of the character of the writings of some of the religious 
leaders of the day. In one notable instance, a volume by a very prominent Baptist 
minister — with whom Mr. Spurgeon was personally friendly, but from whom he 
was widely separated theologically,— was adversely criticised with considerable 
severity. Before publishing the notice, the Editor sent a proof of it to the 
author of the book, and then, at his urgent request, omitted it from the magazine. 
On the other hand, publishers and writers have frequently testified that a com- 
mendation in The Szvord and the Troivel has been the means of selling a whole 
edition, or of materially helping to ensure the success of their works, while all 
who are well acquainted with the magazine are fully aware of the unique character 
of the Editor's " Notices of Books." 

Even on his holiday trips to Mentone, Mr. Spurgeon was always well supplied 
with material for reading, for not only did he take large quantities of books with him, 
but many others were sent out to him during the time of his enforced absence 
from home. He generally took care, in making his selection for this purpose, 
to include some biographies, and one or two of his favourite Puritans, such as 
Manton or Brooks. 

On one occasion, there seemed to be some little likelihood of his literary 
luggage being confiscated by the French officials. It may be that they were 
specially suspicious, at that time, because the ex-Empress Eugenie had crossed 
the Channel by the same steamer, and they could not tell how much Imperialistic 
literature was being smuggled into the Republic. Although they could find 
nothing of a contraband nature, they carefully examined several volumes of the 
dear Pastor's own works which were intended as presents for friends, and others 
which had been sent to him for review ; but, finding nothing to which they 
could object, they at last appended the mystic mark which gave free admission 
to all that the huge portmanteau contained. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 273 

Mr. Spurgeon was a very quick reader, but the rapidity of his glance at the 
page did not interfere with the completeness of his acquaintance with its contents. 
He could read from cover to cover of a large octavo or folio volume in the course of 
a very short space of time, and he would thus become perfectly familiar with all that 
it contained. Dr. William Wright, the late Editorial Superintendent of the British 
and Foreign Bible Society, gave a remarkable instance of this combination of speed 
and accuracy, as well as a notable testimony to Mr. Spurgeon's literary ability, in 
the reminiscences which he wrote for The British Weekly in February, 1892. In 
the course of a lengthy article, Dr. Wright said : — " Mr. Spurgeon visited Belfast in 
1858. I was then preparing to enter College, with a hankering after the Indian 
Civil Service. Mr. Spurgeon preached in Dr. Cooke's church. He singled me 
out, — as I thought, — and spoke to me as if no one else was present. There was no 
thrumming of theology, and no pious posing ; but a clear, direct, hot, living, personal 
appeal that dare not be resisted. . . . Fifteen years later, I went to the Taber- 
nacle, on my way home from Damascus. The same straightforward Englishman 
was preaching the same straightforward gospel in all its fulness, and without any 
apology for its severity. After the service, I walked into the vestry without being 
announced. He had not seen me for ten years, but he recognized me in the crowd 
without a moment's hesitation. He ran over a list of the books on Syria and 
Palestine, stating the merits of each, and ended by saying, ' I suppose Thomson's 
The Land and the Book is still the best on the manners and customs.' He had the 
whole literature of the Holy Land at his finger-ends. 

" When I came to be Mr. Spurgeon's near neighbour, I found that his 
knowledge of all literature was wonderful. His power of reading was perhaps 
never equalled. He would sit down to five or six large books, and master them at 
one sitting. He sat with his left hand flat on the page at the left side of the book, 
and pushing his right hand up the page on the right side until the page projected a 
little, he turned it over with his finger, and proceeded to the next page. He took 
in the contents almost at a glance, reading by sentences as others read by words, 
and his memory never failed him as to what he read. He made a point of reading- 
half-a-dozen of the hardest books every week, as he wished to rub his mind up 
against the strongest minds ; and there was no skipping. I several times had an 
opportunity of testing the thoroughness of his reading, and I never found him 
at fault. 

" Drummond's Natnral Laiu in the Spiritual JVorld reached him and me about 
the same time. I called on Mr. Spurgeon when he was fresh from a perusal of the 
book. It was then unknown to fame, and he had read it with five or six other 
books. At tea, we were speaking of the freshness of the illustrations, and the 
peculiarity of the doctrines taught, when a third party challenged Mr. Spurgeon's 

S4 



274 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

recollection of certain points. Mr. Spuro-eon thereupon quoted a whole page to 
show that Drummoncl spoke of the natural and spiritual laws being identical, and 
another important page to show how the book erred by defect. On my return home, 
I looked over the passages quoted, and I believe he scarcely missed a word in the 
repetition. His power of swift and effective reading was one of the greatest of his 
many talents. . . . 

'• I was at first surprised to find Mr. Spurgeon consulting both the Hebrew and 
Greek texts. ' They say,' said he, ' that I am ignorant and unlearned. Well, let 
them say it ; and in everything, by my ignorance, and by my knowledge, let God 
be glorified.' 

" His exegesis was seldom wrong. He spared no pains to be sure of the exact 
meaning of his text. On one occasion, he was going to preach on the subject of 
the olive tree; and he sent his secretary to the keeper of the Natural History 
Department of the British Museum, with a series of questions regarding the 
peculiarities of the tree. Mr. Carruthers, the keeper, was so much interested in 
the enquiry that he wrote out several pages for Mr. Spurgeon ; but when the 
sermon came to be preached, the information had been passed through the crucible 
of Mr. Spurgeon's mind, and came forth in a few Bunyanesque sentences. . . . 
Sometimes, when I left him on Saturday evening, he did not know either of his 
texts for Sunday. But he had a well-stored mind ; and when he saw his lines of 
thought, a few catchwords on a half-sheet of notepaper sufficed. Before we parted, 
he used to offer up a short prayer which was an inspiration to both of us. 

" Mr. Spurgeon had a marvellous combination of gifts which contributed to his 
greatness. A voice that you heard with pleasure, and could not help hearing. A 
mind that absorbed all knowledge — whether from books or nature — that came 
within its range. An eye that took in a wide angle, and saw everything within 
view. A memory that he treated with confidence, and that never disappointed him. 
A great heart, on fire with the love of God and the love of souls. And then he 
showed a practical comnion sense in doing things, both sacred and secular, and a 
singleness of aim, joined with transparent honesty, that ensured the confidence of all 
who knew him. You could not help loving him if you came within his spell." 

On two occasions. Dr. J. Stanford Holme wrote, specially for Transatlantic 
readers, articles upon Mr. Spurgeon's printed sermons and other works, in which he 
endeavoured to trace some of the sources of the preacher's literary and spiritual 
power. The first critique was published in the American edition of The Christian 
Herald, in January, 1879. In that paper. Dr. Stanford Holme wrote: — 

" It is a fact worthy of especial notice that the sermons of Mr. Spurgeon have 
had a circulation in this country entirely without precedent. Of the American 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 275 

edition of his sermons, there have been sold not less than 500,000 volumes. And 
when, to this vast number, we add the almost innumerable republications of single 
sermons in the transient periodicals of the day, it is safe to say that no other 
preacher has had so extensive a hearing- in America as Charles H. Spurgeon. 

" Many of the causes of the wonderful popularity of this distinguished preacher 
are not difficult to discover. In freshness and vigour of thought, in simplicity and 
purity of language, in grasp of gospel truth, and in tact and force in its presentation, 
he is perhaps without a peer in the pulpit. 

"When, in early life, Mr. Spurgeon commenced his ministrations in the New 
Park Street Chapel, in London, he quickly filled the old house to overflowing. 
Soon, he attracted the attention of all England. But he was regarded by many as 
a brilliant meteor that would soon fade away. Yet Mr. Spurgeon is, to-day, a vastly 
more efificient and even a more brilliant preacher than he was twenty years ago. 
He continues to grow in brilliancy as well as in efficiency year by year. No one 
can yet point to the slightest indication of exhaustion in either his faculties or his 
resources. 

"This, doubtless, is attributable, in a measure, to his industry and well-directed 
application, as well as to natural ability and great personal piety. But Mr. 
Spurgeon's peculiar views of the Word of God, and his manner of preparation for 
the pulpit, also tend in no small degree to secure the hiexhajistible variety which so 
strikingly characterizes his sermons. It is not his manner to spin his web out of 
himself. The resources from which he draws are not measured by the strength and 
the store of his own faculties, but rather by the infinite fulness of the Divine Word. 
He never preaches from a topic. He always has a text. His text is not a mere 
motto, but iu it he finds his sermon. He uses his text with as much apparent reverence 
and appreciation as if those few words were the only words that God had ever 
spoken. The text is the germ which furnishes the life, the spirit, and the substance 
of the discourse. Every sermon has the peculiar flavour, and fragrance, and colour 
of the Divine seed-truth of which it is the growth. Thus, as the Bible is a store- 
house of seed-truths, inexhaustible and of infinite variety, so Mr. Spurgeon's sermons 
are never alike. Every seed yields its fruit after its kind. If he brings you up 
again and again to the same old truths, it is always on a different side, or in a new 
lieht, or with new surroundings. 

"A very strong confirmation of this view has been afforded to the author in the 
preparation, of an edition of Mr. Spurgeon's works. In making up the index of 
subjects, it was necessary to go carefully through the entire fourteen volumes, page 
by page, and to note the different topics discussed, and then to arrange them in 
alphabetical order. When this work was finished, such was the wonderful variety 
of subject, of thought, and of illustration, that, in many thousands of references, no 



276 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

two subjects, or thoughts, or illustrations, were found exactly to correspond. The 
preacher is discussing essentially the same familiar truths over and over again. He 
is presenting the same great Saviour to lost sinners, with what might seem slavish 
fidelity to the spirit and even to the letter of the written Word. And yet his setting 
forth of truth, his shades of thought, and his modes of illustration, always arrange 
themselves in new forms and colours with well-nigh the endless variety of the 
combinations and tints of the clouds at the setting of the sun. 

"It is not surprising, therefore, that sermons so varied, fresh, and Evangelical, 
should have so large "a circulation in this country, nor that a newspaper, one of 
the special attractions of which is the weekly sermon of Mr. Spurgeon, should 
have the reception which is already accorded to The Christian Herald." 

Dr. Stanford Holme's second article was published in The New York 
Honiiletic Monthly, February, 1S82. An extract from it will show in what esteem 
Mr. Spurgeon's luagnuni opus was held by the writer : — 

" It is with no little satisfaction that I have seen the announcement of an 
American edition of Mr. Spurgeon's Treasury of David. It is not only a most 
valuable Commentary on the Psalms for general use, but I regard it as the 
most important homiletic work of the age. 

" Mr. Spurgeon is a good Hebrew scholar. He is a man of deep practical 
piety. He has a fine poetic taste, a wonderful insight into the depths of the 
human heart, and a quaintness of expression, and a vigour and vivacity of style, 
that have the effect of genuine wit in giving point and life to his expressions. 

" These, it will be acknowledged, form a rare combination of qualifications 
for an expositor of the Book of Psalms. But, to these, Mr. Spurgeon adds two 
other especial qualifications for the work, still more rare and valuable. His 
appreciation of and reverence for the inspired Word are among the most 
characteristic and rerharkable features of the man. The Word of God is to 
him a thing of life and power, ' and sharper than any two-edged sword.' He 
sees God in the very words of the Bible. Like the bush on Horeb, a chapter, 
or a single verse, at times, glows with celestial splendour, and, to use his own 
words, ' Hundreds of times have I as surely felt the presence of God, in the 
page of Scripture, as ever Elijah did when he heard the Lord speaking in a 
still small voice.' He seems never to be satisfied, in his study of the Scriptures, 
till every single verse is thus verified by the Spirit, and becomes to him a living 
word. 

"Another special qualification ot Mr. Spurgeon for this work, not less 
important and extraordinary, is a desire that knows no bounds — a passion — to 
help others preach that gospel of which he himself would seem to be the 



C. H. SPURGEON's AUTOBIOGRAniY. 277 

greatest living herald. When Sir Joshua Reynolds, who was regarded as the 
greatest painter of his time, scraped off the paint from some of the works of 
Titian and Da Vinci, in order that he might find out the secret of their wonderful 
skill in the mixing and blending of colours, he refused to make known his 
discoveries to his pupils. As far as he could, he threw down the ladder by 
which he had himself attained to greatness. Mr. Spurgeon is a man of another 
spirit. Himself one of the greatest of living preachers, and excelled by few of 
former ages, he does all he can to reveal the secrets of his power to the world, 
and, if possible, to make others greater than himself ; and that which, in our 
estimation, makes The Treasury of David of such value to a minister is, that its 
spirit and peculiar construction introduce us, as witnesses, into Mr. Spurgeon's 
workshop, and enable us to see more clearly his method and manner of 
preparation for the pulpit than we can in his printed discourses, or even in 
his lectures to his students. Here we may examine sermons in all stages of 
development, — here we may learn how sermons grow. Indeed, a careful study 
of The Treasury of David reveals the whole secret of the strength of this Samson 
of the pulpit. The work might with propriety be called The Treasttry of David, 
and the Arcamun of SptirgeonT 

Many other tributes to Mr. Spurgeon's literary ability and achievements have 
been borne, both during his lifetime and since his home-going. One of the most 
representative and comprehensive of these testimonies was given by Dr. James 
Stalker at the unveiling of the C. H. Spurgeon Memorial, at the Stockwell 
Orphanage, on June 20, 1894. After speaking of the loving esteem in which, in 
common with the great bulk of his fellow-countrymen, he held Mr. Spurgeon, 
Dr. Stalker said : — 

" Perhaps you will allow me to say a word or two about his power as a writer, — 
his power to express himself in writing. In this democratic age, when sympathy 
with the masses is on everyone's lips, it often seems to me wonderful that the power 
of communicating with the multitude is so rare. We have scores of ministers who 
are ambitious of writing for the world of the cultivated ; but a book frankly and 
successfully addressing the average man, in language which he can understand, is 
one of the rarest products of the press. It really requires very exceptional power. 
It requires knowledge of human nature, and knowledge of life. It requires 
common sense ; it requires wit and humour ; and it requires command of simple and 
powerful Saxon. 

"Whatever the requirements may be, Mr. Spurgeon had them in an 
unexampled degree. To find his match in this respect, you have, I think, in 
England, to go back to John Bunyan. Luther is the unapproachable master in this 



278 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

department, and I am not surprised to see so many pictures of Luther, on the walls 
to-day, collected by Mr. Spurgeon, because there is the closest resemblance between 
the two men. It is wonderful, in Luther's life, to find how he cultivated this power. 
When he was at the height of his fame, we find him writing to Nuremberg, that he 
might have sent to him all the chap-books, songs, and children's stories that could 
be found, that he might exercise himself in simplicity of expression."^' He said 
himself that he watched the peasant in the field, the mother in the home, and the 
boys on the street, that he might learn to speak and to write. He translated ^sop's 
Fables, and made a large collection of popular proverbs with his own hands. This 
reminds us of Mr. Spurgeon, who did the same thing on a still larger scale in his 
excellent books called The Salt-cellars. And I am not surprised that Mr. Thomas 
Spurgeon referred to John Ploughmaiis Talk, because, in my opinion, that is a 
collection of wit and wisdom that is certain of immortality among the popular 
classics of England. But it was into the sermons that, year after year, he poured 
without stint all the resources of his genius, and these fitted the mind and the heart 
of the multitude of the Anglo-Saxon race as no writings of our day have even 
approached doing. 

" But I should like to be allowed to say that, while he thus addressed himself so 
frankly to the common men, he had far more learning than was generally understood. 
I do not know whether he often refused the degree which you. Dr. Spurgeon, so 
much adorn. I suppose he did ; but I am sure of this,— that he earned the degree 
of a doctor of divinity over and over again. For many years, it has been my wont, 
week after week, every season, to read over his Commentary on the Psalms along 
with the best and most learned Commentaries in existence on this subject. That is 
the best test, and the severest test, to which a minister can put the writings of any 
author, and Mr. Spurgeon stands the test well. Not only do you everywhere feel 
the presence of a vigorous and vigilant mind, and a heart in thorough sympathy with 
the spirit of the Psalms, but I wish to say that I have often been perfectly astonished 
to observe how, without any parade of learning, he shows himself to be thoroughly 
acquainted with the results of the most advanced scholarship ; and the truth is, that 
there is scarcely a point in the Psalms of real importance, — scarcely a point upon 
which scholarship can give us anything of real importance, — as to which there are 
not sufficient hints to the intelligent reader in Mr. Spurgeon's work." 

To give anything like an approximate idea of the extent of Mr. Spurgeon's 
reading during his thirty-eight years' ministry in London, it would be necessary to 
make a list of nearly all the principal theological and biographical works published 

* It is worthy of note that Mr. Spurgeon adopted a very similar method of perfecting his acquaintance with the language 
and literature of the peasants of England. 



C. H. SPURGEON's AUTOBIOGRArilV. 



279 




2So c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

during that period, and to add to it a large portion of the other standard literature 
of the present and previous centuries, and almost the whole of the volumes issued 
by the great divines of the Puritan period. The number and value of Mr. 
Spurgeon's own copies of the writings of those masters of theology are probably 
unique for a private library, and he was always on the look-out for any that he 
did not possess, so that he might make his collection as complete as possible. 
Booksellers' catalogues, in which they were mentioned, were always examined 
quickly ; and an order for the missing volumes that might be on sale was at once 
sent, or, more probably, a messenger was despatched to make sure of getting them. 
This promptness on the Pastor's part enabled him often to secure treasures which 
other collectors would have been glad to obtain. In some instances, they en- 
deavoured to persuade him to relinquish his bargain in their favour ; one gentleman 
induced Dr. McLaren to write this letter, on his behalf, to Mr. Spurgeon : — 

" Manchester, 

a ^ ^ 'Q _ 

" My Dear Friend, 

"A friend of mine is very wishful to get a book, which you unwittingly 
took out of his mouth from some catalogue. I enclose copy of title. The reason 
for his special desire to get it is that he is descended from the Fleetwoods to whom, 
it is dedicated, and that, somehow or other, it proves some point of family history in 
which he and his people are much interested. If you would allow him to purchase 
it of you at its value, whatever that may be, he would be very much obliged, and 
would undertake that, if ever he heard of another copy, you should have it with 
many thanks. Seeing his anxiety to have the book, I offered to ask you if you 
would part with it. 

" I hope you are able for your work, and are walking in the light. It is sorely 
shadowed for me, and it is hard to sing or even to say in a darkened cage. 

" I am, 

" My dear friend, 

" Yours faithfully, 

"Alexr. McLaren." 

The following is the title of the volume, which was dedicated to Sir William 
Tleetwood, Sir George Fleetwood, and " Lord Fleetwood, Lieutenant General of 
the whole army in England and Scotland " when Oliver Cromwell was Lord 
Protector : — 

Old Jacob's Altar ncivly repaired; or, the Saint's Triangle of Dangers, De- 
liverances, and Duties, personal, and Ahitional, practically improved in many 
Particiilars, seasonable and experimental. Being the Ansioer of his own Heart to 
God, for eminent Preservations ; humbly recommended, by ivay of Teaching, 7inta 



c. H. spurgeon's autoriography. 281 

all ; and, as a special Renieinbrancev to the Ransomed of the Lord, to azvakcn in 
them a sense of rich mercy ; that they may sing the song of Moses for temporal, 
and the song of the Lamb, for spiritual Deliverances ; and, to provoke them to Love, 
and good works ; By Nataneel Whiting, Mr of Arts, and Minister of the Gospel, 
at Aldwinckle. London : Printed by R. T. for A^athaneel Ekins, and are to be 
sold at his Shop, at the Signe of the Gunne, in S. Pauls Church-yard, i6^g. 

Mr. Spurg'eon explained to Dr. McLaren his reasons for wishing to retain 
the volume, and received, in reply, a post card bearing this message confirming 
his own decision : — " I would not part with it either, if I were in your place. — 
A. McLaren." 

The next year, Mr. Spurgeon and Dr. Angus saw, in a catalogue, the particulars 
concerning a second-hand volume which each of them desired to possess. An 
exact copy of the entry will show the kind of book for which the Pastor was 
always on the look-out : — 

" 1040— Turner (J.) Choice Experiences of the kind dealings of God before, in, and after Conversions, laid 
down in Six General Heads, together with some brief Observations upon the same, etc., 1653.— Allen 
(W., General in Ireland) Captive taken from the strong ; or a true relation of the gratious release of 
Deborah Huish from the Power of the Tempter, etc., 1658.— The Just Man's Defence, or the Roj-al 
Conquest ; being the declaration of the judgment of James Arminius of I.eyden, concerning the principall 
points of Religion before the States of Holland and Westfriezland, translated by Tobias Conyers, 
of Peter House, Cambriage, 1657. — Faith and Practice of Thirty Congregations, gathered according to the 
Primitive Pattern, etc., 1651 — etc., in i thick vol, sm. 8vo, old binding, i6s." 

Mr. Spurgeon secured the volume ; and Dr. Angus, on finding this out, 
wrote to him as follows : — 

" College, Regent's Park, 

" March 22, 18S6, 
" My Dear Friend, 

" You and I are often of a mind : and very pleasant it is. But now 
■and then it works inconvenience. You ordered, on Saturday, a book in Bull and 
Auvache's list, which I ordered on Saturday, too ; but I was behind you ; — 
Turner's Choice Experiences, etc. Do you want them all? I especially want 
(i) Faith and Practice of Thirty Congregations ; and (2) Turner, for the sake 
of what I expect is there, — Spilsberie's recommendations. 

" If you do not want both these, I will take one or both ; and will leave 
you 'The Captive' and 'The Judgment of Arminius,' which last ought to have 
some value, though not quite sound, I suspect. I will take what you can spare, 
and give you what you ask for them. If you wish to keep them all, I will not 
grumble, as it is all 'in the family. ' Witli all best wishes, 

"Yours very truly, 

"J. Angus." 



282 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

In this instance, it appears that Mr. Spurgeon gave up his purchase, as 
Dr. Angus was so anxious to obtain some of the treatises bound up in the one 
volume, and it seemed a pity to separate them. 

Mr. Spurgeon not only possessed a large number of volumes by Puritan writers, 
but he was fully conversant with their contents ; and, from the earliest days of the 
Pastors' College, he sought to interest his students in them. He also helped them to 
purchase considerable quantities of the new editions issued by Mr. Nichol, Messrs. 
Nisbet and Co., and other publishers. In later years, the President prepared a 
series of lectures on several of the principal Puritan divines, and delivered them at 
the College, accompanying the sketches of their lives with extracts from their works, 
thus enabling the brethren to become acquainted with his opinions of their com- 
parative merits, and of the characteristics of their style. The lectures have not yet 
been published ; but just a hint as to the labour involved in compiling them, and 
some idea of the way in which the writers were compared and contrasted, may be 
gathered from the Preface to one of Mr. Spurgeon's smaller volumes. Illustrations 
and Meditations ; or, Flowers from a Puritan s Garden ; Distilled and Dispensed by 
C. H. Spurgeon ; in which he wrote : — 

"While commenting upon the one hundred and nineteenth Psalm, I was 
brought into most intimate communion with Thomas Manton, who has discoursed 
upon that marvellous portion of Scripture with great fulness and power. I have come 
to know him so well that I could pick him out from among a thousand divines if he 
were again to put on his portly form, and display among modern men that coun- 
tenance wherein was 'a great mixture of majesty and meekness.' His works occupy 
twenty-two volumes in the modern reprint ; — a mighty mountain of sound theology. 
They mostly consist of sermons ; but what sermons ! They are not so sparkling as 
those of Henry Smith, nor so profound as those of Owen, nor so rhetorical as those 
of Howe, nor so pithy as those of Watson, nor so fascinating as those of Brooks ; 
and yet they are second to none of these. For solid, sensible instruction, forcibly 
delivered, they cannot be surpassed. Manton is not brilliant, but he is always clear ; 
he is not oratorical, but he is powerful ; he is not striking, but he is deep. There 
is not a poor discourse in the whole collection ; they are evenly good, constantly 
excellent. Ministers who do not know Manton need not wonder if they are 
themselves unknown. 

" Inasmuch as Manton used but iQ.\N fia"ures and illustrations, it came into my 
head to note them all, for I felt sure that they would be very natural and forcible. I 
thought it worth while to go through volume after volume, and mark the metaphors ; 
and then I resolved to complete the task by culling the best figures out of the whole 
of Manton's works. Thus my communing with the great Puritan ends in my 



C. H. SPURGEOn's AUTOBIOGRAriiY. 283 

clearing- his house of all his pictures, and hanging them up in new frames of my 
own. As I leave his right to them unquestioned and unconcealed, I do not rob him ; 
the rather, I increase his influence by giving him another opportunity of speaking 
for his Lord and Master. One kind of work leads on to another, and labour is 
lightened by being diversified ; had it not been for The Treasiiry of David, I might 
not have been found spending so much time among the metaphors of Manton." 

To successive generations of students. Mr. Spurgeon read Dr. James Hamilton's 
four volumes of Christian Classics. It was a treat to the brethren to hear 
such a work read by one who could so thoroughly appreciate it, but they 
probably enjoyed even more the comments and criticisms upon the various writers 
and their works with which the readings were interspersed. It was rarely indeed 
that the President found any mention of an author with whose writings he was not 
thoroughly familiar. He also constantly gave the students helpful hints, garnered 
from his own experience, with regard to the books likely to be most useful to them, 
both during their College course and afterwards when setded in the ministry or 
in the foreign mission field. The informal gatherings under "The Question Oak" 
at " Westwood " afforded many opportunities for the brethren to ascertain Mr. 
Spurgeon's opinions upon literary matters in general, and especially to learn from 
him all that they could concerning the books which most affected them as theological 
students. One of the questions put to the President was, " Should novel-reading 
be indulged in by ministers.'^" His reply was: — "That depends upon what you 
mean by a novel. The Pilgrinis Progress and many of the best books we have are 
novels, in the sense that they are not actual records of fact, though they are 
absolutely true to Christian experience. Then, again, there are such works as 
Sir Walter Scott's ; many of them are founded on fact, and are well worth reading 
as a picture of the people and places he so ably describes, as well as for the style of 
his writing. Their value lies largely in their historical truth. Some of Charles 
Dickens' works are worth reading, although he has given gross caricatures of the 
religious life of his times. As for the general run of novels now being issued in 
such shoals, you will probably be wise to leave them alone ; i^^N of them would be 
likely to do you any good, and many of them are morally tainted, or worse.'' 

At one of the meetings under the oak, Mr. Spurgeon told the students that he 
had read Bunyan's Pilgrim s Progress at least a hundred times, and that, as a kind 
of mental relaxation, he had constantly returned to the study of various branches of 
natural history, and, for a change, he had turned his attention to astronomy, botany, 
and other sciences. In his published lecture on "Astronomy as a Source of 
Illustration," he showed the brethren how all the sciences could be utilized as 
illustrations of Christian life and work. He also said that he always liked to have a 



284 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

few o-Qod biographies handy, so that he could turn to the record of what the Lord 
had enabled His servants to do in the past. His own collection of the " Lives" of 
notable individuals was a very extensive one, and in conversation with him it was 
soon evident that he was fully aware of the main facts in the careers of almost all of 
them. Indeed, it was impossible to mention anyone who had been eminently useful, 
or notorious, in the world, and to find that Mr. Spurgeon was ignorant of the man 
or woman referred to ; in most instances, he had made himself more completely 
acquainted with their histories by giving lectures upon them to his congregation or 
students, or by writing summaries of their biographies for the benefit of the readers 
of his magazine. 

Pastor W. Williams has preserved, in his Personal Reminiscences of Charles 
Haddon Spnrgeon, the following jottings concerning his beloved President's allusions 
to literary matters, which will serve as specimens of the remarks that Mr. Spurgeon 
frequently made when conversing with his friends : — " ' What books are you reading 
now?' he asked me, one day. ' Carlyle's French Revolution i I answered. ' V'ery 
good ; it is a fine work, full of nervous, bracing thought and stirring facts ; but 1 
think it cannot be appreciated at its true worth unless simpler histories of France 
have been read before beginning it. I would not advise anyone to take Carlyle as a 
first study. Scott's Life of Napoleon is a good history. That first Napoleon was a 
really great man. He had a mind, and no mistake ; his successors have been 
insignificant in comparison.' 'You like ^os^^i^?, Johnson, sir, of course.' 'Oh, 
yes ! that is the biography ; it stands unrivalled, and probably ever will ; and I think 
Lockhart's Life of Scott and Mrs. Oliphant's Life of Edivard Irving come next. 
. . . You've not read Pickwick, Williams?' 'No, I have not yet.' 'Oh, dear! I 
was going to say I wish I had not, for I should like once more^ to enjoy it as I did 
at the first reading. You have a treat in store. The humour of it is about perfect.' 

" The Story of the Nations series greatly interested him. He read Egypt 
through at least three times, and eagerly took up the others as they came out. It 
was exceedingly entertaining and instructive to hear him talk about the people and 
countries with which the volumes deal. . . . We had several talks, on different 
occasions, about Shakespeare. He had read all his plays, and some of them 
many times. . . . Saturdays at ' Westwood ' gave me an education in the matter 
of many choice books, and I seldom came away without one or two. But it was a 
greater treat still to hear Mr. Spurgeon himself read some charming poem or 
instructive chapter. I remember, when Miss Havergal's po&ms, Under the Surface, 
were issued, how he revelled in them. The one entitled ' From Glory unto Glory' 
he read one evening ' over the tea-cups.' His eyes sparkled with delight, and filled 
with tears of joy, as he reached the third and fourth stanzas of that magnificent 
sono-.' 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 285 

On several occasions, Mr. Spurgeon found himself in the company of a number 
of High Church clergymen, and they were always greatly surprised to find that the 
Baptist minister was far more familiar with the works on their side of the con- 
troversy than they themselves were. They also discovered that, while he spoke 
heartily in commendation of all that appeared to him to be Scriptural in the 
writings of Dr. Pusey, Dr. Neale, Dr. Littledale, Isaac Williams, and other divines 
of their school of thought, he was able to give good reasons for not accepting their 
sacramentarian and sacerdotal theories. The same characteristic is very manifest 
in his remarks upon the Ritualistic works referred to in his Commenting and 
Conimcutaries. Space can only be spared for one fairly representative instance, — 
Dr. John Mason Neale's Sermons on the Canticles, Preached in a Religio^ts Hoit-se, 
— upon which Mr. Spurgeon thus comments : — 

" By that highest of High Churchmen, Dr. Neale. These sermons smell of 
Popery, yet the savour of our Lord's good ointment cannot be hid. Our 
Protestantism is not of so questionable a character that we are afraid to do 
justice to Papists and Anglicans, and therefore we do not hesitate to say that 
many a devout thought has come to us while reading these ' Sermons by a Priest 
of the Church of England.' " 

Other people beside theologians often noticed the extensive and varied 
knowledge that Mr. Spurgeon possessed. On one of his visits to Mentone, 
he was in company with an eminent medical man, and, after . a while, the 
conversation drifted round to anatomy, physiology, various diseases to which 
flesh is heir, and the different modes of treatment adopted for their remo^:^al. 
The doctor was quite astonished at the completeness of his companion's 
acquaintance with every part of the subject, and he afterwards said : — " Mr. 
Spurgeon is one of the most remarkable men I ever met. He seems to-' know 
as much about the human body as any medical man might have done ; he would 
have made a splendid physician." 

Ariiong the Pastor's hearers at the Tabernacle, or in various seaport towns, 
many sailors have often been fOuncF, listening with intense eagerness ; and the 
men of the sea have often testified that they have never known him make a 
mistake in his nautical allusions ; and, only recently, Rev. James Neil, M.A., 
who spent twenty years in Palestine, has borne similar witness to the accuracy 
of Mr. Spurgeon's descriptions of Biblical manners and customs, thereby confirming 
the verdict by Dr. Wright, mentioned in a previous part of the present chapter. 

Many of ''John Ploughman's" readers have wondered that he could tell them 
so much about how " to plough and sow, and reap and mow." Part ot that 



286 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

familiarity with farming affairs, no doubt, dated back to his early visits to Stam- 
bourne, and his walks among the furrows by the side of the godly plough man^ 
Will Richardson ; and part must be attributed to his constant preaching in different 
parts of the kingdom, and to the opportunities thus afforded of obtaining further 
information concerning agricultural pursuits ; but extensive reading also added 
to the effectiveness of his references to such matters. Pastor Charles Spurgeon 
related, in the previous volume of this work, the testimony of a farmer who said 
that the Pastor of the Metropolitan Tabernacle knew far more about sheep than 
he did, though he had been keeping them all his life ! The explanation of that 
fact can probably be found in the President's observation to his students that, at 
one time, he had made a special study of sheep and their habits. The librar)'' 
at " Westwood " still contains the volume to which Mr. Spurgeon then referred, — 
an antiquated folio, entitled A System of Sheep-gT-azing and Management, as 
Practised in Roniney Marsh, by Daniel Price (Richard Phillips, Blackfriars). 
Singularly enough, at a later period, the Pastor's attention was, through someone's 
mistake, again attracted to the same subject. He had written for a number of 
books on quite a different theme ; but, in some unaccountable way, there came, 
in the place of one of them, a large octavo volume, entitled Sheep, their Breeds, 
Management, and Diseases, by William Youatt (Simpkin, Marshall, and Co.). 
Mr. Spurgeon was amused at the blunder, but he kept the book, which still 
retains traces of having been carefully examined and used by him. 

At another time, he had collected all the old herbals he could buy, and he 
had found much of interest and instruction in them. Topography was also one 
of the side subjects to which he devoted a portion of his scanty leisure ; and, in 
the course of his researches upon this subject, he was brought into association 
with lovers of antiquarian and topographical lore in various parts of the country ; 
and by their kind assistance he was able to make further welcome additions to 
his already well-stored library. If he was going to preach in a district that was 
new to him, he usually tried to find out everything of interest in its history, 
surroundings, manufactures, or products ; and these would, in due course, guide 
him in his local allusions and illustrations, and materially help to impress his 
message upon his hearers' minds and hearts. Everything was made subservient to 
the one great object he had before him, the glory of God in the salvation ol 
sinners and the extension of the Redeemer's Kinodom. 



CHAPTER CI. 



Mx. Spurgtou as a litcrarg Jlan (Con^mnea). 




THE STUDY AT " WESTWOOD " (SECOND VIEW). 

'T the time of Mr. Spurgeon's home-going, he possessed at least 
12,000 volumes. The number would have been far larger if he 
had not given so generously to the libraries of the Pastors' 
College and of many of the ministers trained within its walls, 
and if he had not also, from his abundant stores, so freely 
enriched other friends. His books almost filled the shelves of 
two large rooms, — the study and the library ; one smaller room, — "the den"; 




288 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

and the vestibule adjoining the study. There are even more volumes at 
" Westwood " to-day than there were in 1S92 ; for, while all that belonged to 
the beloved owner remain just as he left them, many newly-published works 
have been added to his collection. He knew the proper place and at least the 
principal contents of nearly every book in his possession ; he could have fetched 
almost any one of them in the dark, and if any had been taken away by a 
dishonest visitor, he would speedily have missed them. Probably, a great many 
of his precious treasures did become permanently lost to him through being lent, 
for all who borrowed from him were not as particular in returning other people's 
property as he himself was. Addressing his students, on one occasion, he said : — 

" I lately met with a statement, by a clergyman, which has very much raised 
my opinion of human nature ; for he declares that he has a personal acquaintance 
with three gentlemen who have actually returned borrowed umbrellas ! I am 
sorry to say that he moves in a more favoured circle than I do, for I have 
personal acquaintance with several young men who have borrowed books, and 
never returned them. The other day, a certain minister, who had lent me five 
volumes, which I have used for two years or more, wrote to me a note to request 
the return of three of them. To his surprise, he had them back by the next 
Parcels' Delivery, and with them two others which he had forgotten. I had 
caretully kept a list of books borrowed, and, therefore, could make a complete 
return to the owner. I am sure he did not expect their prompt arrival, for he 
wrote me a letter of mingled astonishment and gratitude ; and when I visit 
his study again, I feel sure I shall be welcome to another loan. You know the 
rhyme which has been written in many a man's book, — 

" 'If thou art bcJrrovved by a friend, 

Right welcome shall he be 
To read, to study, not to lend, 

But to return to me. 
Not that imparted knowledge doth 

Diminish learning's store ; 
But books, I find, when once they're lent, 

Return to me no more.' 

" Sir Walter Scott used to say that his friends might be indifferent accountants, 
but he was sure they were good ' book-keepers.' " 

If Mr. Spurgeon could return to his study, he would have no difficulty in 
finding his books, for they are still .arranged according to the method he long ago 
adopted. Beginning at the right-hand side of the cupboard in the centre of the 
illustration on the previous page, the volumes commence with Commentaries on 
Genesis, and continue in consecutive order, through the whole of the long side 
of the room, to the end of Revelation. Then follow Cyclopeedias of anecdotes, 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY, 



289 



illustrations, and emblems, with dictionaries and other works of reference indis- 
pensable to a literary man. These books fill up half the end of the study shown 
in the illustration on page 77. Then, on the other side of the doorway leading 
into " the den," and partly hidden by the revolving bookcase, is a choicely-bound 
set of the Pastor's sermons. These formed part of the background of one of 
the latest and best of his photographs that was ever taken, and which is here 
leoroduced. 




C. H. SPURGEON IN HIS STUDY. 



On the shelves above and below Mr. Spurgeon's volumes of sermons, is a 
large assortment of theological works, sufficiently numerous to overflow to the 
revolving bookcase, which also contains biographies and miscellaneous literature 

T 4 



290 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRArHY. 



for general reading. At the opposite end of the room, on the left-hand side of 
the cupboard shown in the illustration on page 287, are more theological works, 
somewhat less modern than those mentioned on the previous page. 




THE LIBRARY AT " WESTWOOD " (SECOND VIEW). 

Several thousands of the books that belonged to Mr. Spurgeon occupied the 
spacious shelves in the library here represented. In Vol. II., page 182, one 
view of this room was given ; by comparing it with the above illustration, the 
whole can be seen. The volumes here preserved, like those in the study, are 
also arranged in sections. Beginning at the side nearest the windows, one whole 
bay is filled with works on natural history and the sciences ; the next is devoted 
to records of missions, travels, and adventures ; then follow biographies, which 
require almost the whole of the space in the two wide sets of shelves, the 
remainder being allotted to books on Bible lands. The shelves visible on the 
left-hand side of the picture in Vol. II. are filled with poetry and the hymnals 
used in the compilation of Our Own Hymn Book, with later additions, and some 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 29I 

sermonic and other literature not usually needed in the study. Beyond the 
doorway, bound volumes of periodicals, both for juveniles and adults, and more 
general literature, with a large store of books of proverbs and anecdotes, need 
several sets of shelves ; next follow historical and denominational works, the 
topographical books described on page 286 ; a great number of old lolios, mostly 
the writings of Latin authors ; and last, but certainly not least, more than a whole 
bay is required for the American and other reprints of Mr. Spurgeon's sermons 
and other works, and the translations of them into various foreign languages. 
He was never able to procure anything like a complete set of his writings as 
reproduced in other tongues, and the number of translations has been greatly 
increased since his home-going; but those now at " Westwood " include Arabic, 
Armenian, Bengali, Bulgarian, Castilian (for the Argentine Republic), Chinese, 
Congo, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Esthonian, French, Gaelic, German, Hindi, 
Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Kaffir, Karen, Lettish, Maori, Norwegian. Polish, 
Russian, Servian, Spanish, Swedish, Syriac, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Welsh, with 
sermons in Moon's and Braille type for the blind, making, with the dear preacher's 
mother-tongue, nearly forty languages in which he continues, from the printed 
page, to proclaim the unsearchable riches of Christ. The text most commonly 
used concerning him is, " He being dead yet speaketh." Dr. Newman Hall, 
referring recently to Mr. Spurgeon, gave a new rendering to that passage : — 
" Then, as he yet speaketh, he is not dead." Verily, it is so. 

The foregoing account of the arrangement of Mr. Spurgeon's books is 
necessarily incomplete, and many hundreds of his highly-valued volumes may 
thus have escaped classification ; but it gives a general idea of the books he 
owned, and loved, and used, and with which he was so well acquainted that he 
was prepared to discuss their contents with any visitor who called to see him. 

On removing to "Westwood," and fitting up with oak bookshelves two sides 
of the room used by the former occupants of the house as a drawing-room, Mr. 
Spurgeon found that the space at his disposal proved too large even for the 
thousands of books which had overtaxed the accommodation at " Helensburgh 
House." The Pastor therefore purchased many works which he had long desired 
to possess, and added them to his previous store ; and, as he had still to say, 
"Yet there is room," he hit upon an ingenious expedient for temporarily filling 
the empty shelves at the top of the library and study. He had a number of 
dummy volumes made by his bookbinder, and had some of them lettered to 
correspond with the sets of books already in his possession, such as Carlyles 
Works, Macaiday s Works, Alisons History of Eiirope, Humes History of England 



292 C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

The Hoinilist, etc. In other cases, the titles were reversed; as, for instance, /(^(^ 
on Caryl, made to stand not far from Caryl on Job. The lettering of some of 
the large sets of dummies was amusing. Anyone who handled the volumes entided 
Wretched Scandals, by the Talkers Sisters, would find that there was nothing 
in them ! Similar sets bore the titles, Mischief by Boys, Windows Ventilated by 
Stone, Gunpoivder Magazine by Plunistead, and Padlock on the Understanding. But 
it was upon the names of the single volumes that the Pastor exercised the greatest 
ingenuity. He often referred to the meaning of Mrs. Spurgeon's Christian name, 
Susannah, a lily, and associated It with Shushan, so it was not surprising that one 
of the titles he used was Lilies of Shnshan, while the name of Mrs. Spurgeon's 
companion suggested Thorn on Roses. The Pastor's two secretaries were 
represented by the volumes entitled Mysteiaes Opened by J. L. Keys, and The 
Character of IVilliani the Conqueror, by Harrald. The tutors and students of 
the Pastors' College were represented by the following and other tides : — Joseph, 
Samnel, and Abraham, corrected by G. Rogers ; Sublime and Beatitiful, by 
D. Gracey ; Goodly Pearls, by Marchant ; Eastward Ho ! by A. G. Brown ; 
Cziff on the Head ; Knell on Death ; Carter on the Road ; Cricket on the Green, 
by Batts ; Over the Stream, by Bridge ; Hook and I ; Tydeman on Cleanliness ; 
Hammer and Jongs, by Smith ; Aches und Pains, by Feltham (felt 'em) ; Country 
Retreats, by Greenwood ; Grindery in all its Branches, by Miller ; Do it Again, 
by Dunnett (done it) ; Starling, Sivijt, Finch, and another Bird ; and Flight on 
the Wings of a Dove. 

The international or political allusions included Bull on Bragging, ^caA Jonathan 
on Exaggeration (placed side by side) ; Bulls, by Patrick ; The Art of Wasting 
Time, by an Irish Member ; The Elevation of Parliament, by Gu,ido Faux ; and 
Benjamin Disraeli on Honesty. The temperance titles were. Rags and Ruin, by a 
Brewer ; Brains Addled by John Barleycorn ; and Madness, by L. L. Whiskey ; while 
among the amusing descriptions might have been found Purchase of Land, by 
L. S. D. ; Hints on Honey Pots, iy A. B. ; The Composition of Milk, by a Dealer ; 
Weaver s Meditations among the Looms ; Gilpin on Riding Horses ; Absalom on the 
MtUe ; Balaam on the Donkey ; Tick on Sheep ; Skid on the Ulieel ; Cat on Hot 
Bricks ; Pancakes on Shrove Tuesday ; Pilgrim's Progress hindered by a Bimyan 
(bufiion) ; Lectures to my Servants, by a Shjxw ; and Sticking tip for Ones Self 
by a Pole. 

Before very long, the number of books increased at such a rapid rate that, 
instead of dummies being required to fill vacant shelves, real and substantial 
volumes were standing or lying about, in various directions, because there was 
no proper place available for them. It was then decided that Mr. Spurgeon 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



293 



must have the use of the bookshelves in the vestibule between the hall and 
the study, which up to that time had been employed as the depot and packing- 
room for the works distributed in connection with Mrs. Spurgeon's Book Fund. 
The accompanying illustration, which shows only about a quarter of the space 




MRS. SPURGEON S BOOK FUND ROOM ON " PACKING-DAY. 



available for books, gives a good idea of the appearance of the vestibule on 
" packing-day." At the time the photograph was taken, there were between 
twenty and thirty Book Fund grants arranged ready to be made up into separate 
parcels, and despatched to ministers in all parts of the United Kingdom. The 



294 



H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



nearness of this set of shelves to the study made it a very valuable annexe, and 
a room in another part of the house was adapted and fitted up for the use of the 
Manager of the Book Fund and her helpers. 

Still later, a greater alteration was made, by which additional accommodation 
was provided for the ever-multiplying books. During Mr. Spurgeon's absence 
at Mentone, one winter, a new room was built, connecting the study with the 
small conservatory, where he liked to sit for a few minutes, in the chair here 
represented, admiring the choice flowers, watching the fishes and grasses in the 




THE EMPTY CHAIR IN THE SMALL CONSERVATORY. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



295 



miniature aquarium, and reading or meditating- upon the theme of some anticipated 
address or sermon. One result of the altered arrangements was that, in wet 
weather, the Pastor could have a continuous walk, under shelter, from the fernery 
at one side of the house to the greenhouses at the other end. By steadily 
tramping the whole distance, backwards and forwards, several times, a very fair 
amount of exercise could be obtained when it was not possible to be out of doors. 
It had also long been felt that Mr. Spurgeon needed another and more private 
study, into which he could retire for devotion and pulpit preparation, or for 
interviews with special visitors. This room was always called " the den," though 




A COE.N'ER OF "THE DEN," SHOWING SOME OF MR. SPUR&EON S PURITANS. 



296 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

it was a very different kind of place from Bunyan's apartment in the Bedford 
prison to which the immortal dreamer gave that name. In this favoured spot, 
the works of the Puritan divines were lovingly arranged by the one who always 
repudiated the title many times accorded to him, — Ultiimis Piiritanorum, the 
last of the Puritans, — for he believed that he had helped to train hundreds of 
men who would continue the Puritanical succession after he was gone from their 
midst, and he also knew that there were, in other denominations and other lands, 
multitudes of believers in the truths which the Puritans taught, and for which 
many of them suffered even unto death. 

The empty chair, in the corner of "the den," is the one in which Mr. Spurgeon 
used to sit at the head of the study table. After he was "called home," it was put 
away so that no one else should occupy it. In addition to the Puritans, "the den" 
contains a large quantity of homiletical, exegetical, and proverbial literature, with a 
number of miscellaneous volumes for general reading. The new room was a great 
boon to the busy Pastor, and many a powerful sermon for the congregation at the 
Tabernacle, or weighty address for the students of the Pastors' College, or bright 
article for The Sivord and the Trowel, first saw the light in the quiet seclusion of 
" the den." 

Mr. Spurgeon never cared to buy a book simply because it was rare, unless it 
was one of the Puritans that he needed for his collection. He valued literary works 
for their usefulness, not simply for their market price ; yet he possessed a great 
many volumes, bearing their authors' autograph inscriptions, which he highly 
prized ; and, among them, some of Mr. Ruskin's were always accorded a prominent 
position as reminders of the early and cordial friendship which existed between him 
and the Pastor. Sir A. H. Layard, Dr. Livingstone, M. Paul B. Du Chaillu, Mr. 
C. W. M. van de Velde, Dr. W. M. Thomson, Dr. William Wright, Dr. Lansdell, 
Mr. John MacGregor ("Rob Roy"), and many other travellers are represented at 
" Westwood " by their works duly inscribed, or by letters from them fastened in their 
books. It was one of Mr. Spurgeon's few "hobbies" to have the photographs and 
autographs of all authors, as far as he could, with portions of the manuscripts of their 
works, or other specimens of their handwriting, inserted in one or more of their 
volumes, thus materially increasing their value, at least in his estimation. Perhaps 
it was this fancy which made him so freely give his own signature to other collectors 
of autographs, even if they did not always enclose stamps with their applications ; 
and the same reason may also have prompted him to write in the many hundreds of 
books that he gave to his friends, who now prize them all the more because of 
the tender and loving inscriptions with which he enhanced the intrinsic worth of 
his Pfifts. 



C. II. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 297- 

One of his letters shows that, in his anxiety to secure the signature of a friend 
whose writings he valued, he unintentionally wrote a second time to the same 

individual : — 

" Nightingale Lane, 

" Clapham, 

" May 1 1. 
" Dear Sir, 

" I have to apologize for having troubled you twice about so small a 

matter as your autograph ; but the fact is, I did not recognize Dr. David Brown, of 

Duncan s Memoir as the David Brown of the Conuncntary. Pray excuse me. 

" I am getting to fear and tremble about the Browns. You must know that 

the President and Vice-President of our Baptist Union are both Browns, and that 

the chairman of our London Association is also a Brown. Browns to the rioht of us. 

Browns to the left of us, etc. God bless them all ! 

" Yours heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

The following genial note, from Sir Emilius Bayley, was written in reply to a 
request for his photograph and autograph to be inserted in his book, Deep unto- 
Deep :— 

" 14, Hyde Park Street, W., 

"May 29, 1878. 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" Thanks for your very kind reply to my letter, and also for the photo- 
graph you were so good as to send me. 

" I should have sent an earlier acknowledgment, but I had to get the 
enclosed portrait taken, and some little delay ensued. I very readily fall in with a 
' whim ' which is so flattering to your friends. 

" May our gracious Father bless your labours very abundantly ! 

" Believe me, 

" Yours very faithfully, 

" Emilius Bayley." 

In reply to a letter from Mr. Spurgeon to Dr. Andrew A. Bonar, asking for 
his portrait and autograph to insert in his Coinnicntary on the Book of Leviticus, 
the beloved author sent his photograph, and the following characteristic note : — 

" Dear Brother, 

" I cannot refuse what you are so kind as to ask. But if you had 
only waited a little while, it would have been really worth having, — for ' we shall 



2gS c. II. spurgeon's autobiography. 

be LIKE Him' (i John iii. 2). iNIeantlme, the enclosed may hint to you that 
sometimes you should pray for me. 

"Yours, with all brotherly love, 

" Andrew A. Bonar." 

The same writer's volume, Christ and His Church in the Book of Psalms, 
contains the inscription: — "This book was given to me by my dear friend, 
I\Ir. Bonar, and the corrections are made by his own hand. — C. H. Spurgeon." 
Dr. Horatius Bonar's volume, Earth's Morning : or. Thoughts on Genesis, is thus 
commended: — ''A deeply thoughtful and thought-creating- book." 

In Ihie Book of Psalms ; a Ah'iu Translation, tvith Introductions and Notes, 
Explanatory and Critical, by J. J. Stewart Perowne, B.D., Mr. Spurgeon wrote: — 
" For a modern book, this has become very rare. It is most accurate and valuable." 
The volume also contains a letter from the author (now the Bishop of Worcester), 
written while he was Dean of Peterborough, in which he said : — " I thank you 
heartily lor your kind words about my book on the Psalms. I am the more 
sensible of your approbation, because you have yourself conferred so inestimable 
a boon upon the Church by the publication of your Treas^iry of David. There 
is no book like it as an aid to devout meditation on one of the most precious 
portions of God's Word. I hope some day you will visit Peterborough. It would 
be a pleasure to me to show you our beautiful cathedral." 

The volume of Expository Thoughts on the Gospels, by the present Bishop 
of Liverpool (Dr. J. C. Ryle), contains his portrait, and a letter which he wrote 
to Mr. Spurgeon, in 1S75, when he was vicar of Stradbroke, in which he said : — • 
"You want no praise of man, and you know its worthlessness. But I must tell 
you how much I like your Lectures to my Students. I have rarely seen so many 
nails hit right on the head. I should like to give a copy to every young clergyman 
in the Church of England ! I hope you are pretty well. I have had much illness 
in the last four years, and feel nearer home than I ever felt before." 

Yet he has been spared to continue his faithful testimony for nearly another 
quarter of a century; and only towards the close of 1S99 has he felt compelled to 
intimate his approaching resignation of his bishopric, while his younger friend, 
to whom he wrote so heartily, has been " at home " for nearly eight years ! 

Mr. Spurgeon desired to possess a specimen of the manuscript of Dr. Charles 
Hodge, Professor in the Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.A. ; 
and, in reply to a note to that effect, addressed to his son, Dr. A. A. Hodge, 
the latter wrote the kind letter printed on the opposite page. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 299 

" Princeton, 

" New Jersey, 

" July ist, 1879. 
" Rev. Charles H. Spurcreon, 
" Dear Sir, 

" I thank you very much for your kind note, relating to the Outlines, 
received yesterday. Your many friends, on this side of the ocean, have been 
anxious about your health, as we have received irregular, and imperfect, and 
perhaps irresponsible reports of it from time to time. I sincerely trust that it is 
re-established fundamentally and permanently. Yet I am sure that God has warned 
you, as the trusted steward of His gifts, not to work so hard and continuously. 

" I send you, herewith, two of my father's papers, prepared for the Con- 
ferences held by the Professors and students, every Sabbath afternoon, in our 
Oratory. Nelson, of Edinburgh, has just published a volume containing 249 of 
them. These I send you are originals in my father's handwriting. 

" May the Father, and the Son, and the Spirit, bless you with all blessings in 
Christ Jesus oiw Lord ! 

" Give my best respects to Mrs. Spurgeon. 

" Yours sincerely, 

"A. A. Hodge." 

Mr. Spurgeon's copy of Dr. A. A. Hodge's Outlines of Theology contains 
his autograph, and this entry in Mr. Spurgeon's handwriting: — "Autograph written 
in my study, Aug. 8, 1877. — C. H. S." 

Dr. Fergus Ferguson, of Glasgow, in thanking Mr. Spurgeon for the notice 
oi\\\'~> Life of Christ, wrote, in 1882: — "You must be well-nigh overwhelmed with 
literary work alone, — not to speak of the pastoral. ... I cannot close this letter, 
which I hope you will not think intrusive, without venturing to express my high 
admiration of your Christian worth and character, as well as my lofty estimate of the 
position which, in providence, you have been called to fill. The influence you wield, 
both by pulpit and press, in a perhaps unexampled degree in the annals of the 
Christian ministry, is to me the very zenith and beau ideal of what human influence 
should be. May you yet be long spared to wield such influence ! God has 
chastened you not a little by personal and domestic affliction, — thus putting you 
into the highest class of His spiritual seminary, like the scholars whom Continental 
teachers call privatissinii, — those to whom they give advanced lessons in their 
own dwellings." 

In addition to the letters, manuscripts, photographs, and autographs of the 



300 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

authors, which Mr. Spurgeon preserved in his copies of their works, whenever 
he could obtain them, he also wrote his own name in many of the volumes, with an 
expression of his opinion of their contents. There are, perhaps, among his books, 
some hundreds of these inscriptions ; many of them are autobiographical, and for 
that reason deserve a place in the present work. It is worthy of note that, 
while this chapter has been in course of preparation, the compilers have met with 
an interesting article by Mr. Andrew Lang, entitled "Scrawls on Books," which 
shows that he approved of the custom which the Pastor so extensively observed. 
Among other things, he wrote : — " The practice of scribbling on fly-leaves and 
margins has many enemies. I confess that I am not among these purists. I like 
to see these footprints on the sands of literature, left by dead generations, and to 
learn from them something about previous owners of books, if it be but their 
names. . . . We should all write our names, at least ; no more of us may ever 
reach posterity. . . . As a rule, tidy and self-respecting people do not even write 
their names on their fly-leaves, still less do they scribble marginalia. Collectors 
love a clean book, but a book scrawled on may have other merits. Thackeray's 
countless caricatures add a delight to his old school-books ; the comments of Scott 
are always to the purpose ; but how few books once owned by great authors come 
into the general market ! Where is Dr. Johnson's library, which must bear traces 
of his buttered toast ? Sir Mark Sykes used to record the date and place of 
purchase, with the price, — an excellent habit. These things are more personal than 
book-plates, which may be and are detached by collectors, and pasted into volumes. 
The selling value of a book may be lowered even by a written owner's name ; but 
many a book, otherwise worthless, is redeemed by an interesting note. Even the 
uninteresting notes gradually acquire an antiquarian value, if contemporary with the 
author. They represent the mind of a dead age, and perhaps the common scribbler 
is not unaware of this ; otherwise, he is indeed without excuse. For the great 
owners of the past, certainly, we regret that they were so sparing in marginalia." 

The first volume of the Autobiography (page 254) proves that Mr. Spurgeon 
commenced, quite early in his ministry, the practice which Mr. Lang commends, 
for the inscriptions in Dr. Gill's Commentary, there quoted, date back to 1852. In 
Martin Luther's Comjjientary on the Epistle to the Galatians, is written: — "This 
volume is one of my earliest friends ; — needs no letter of commendation. — 
C. H. Spurgeon, 1852." 

The following remarkable commendation is inserted on the fly-leaf of the first 
volume of ^ Compleat History and Mystery of the Old and New Testament, logically 
discussed and theologically improved, by Christopher Ness : — " Reader, — Here is 
something worth all thy time, though thou read it all day long. Give eyes and 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 3OI 

heart a feast here. Here is goodly word-painting and rich heart-breathing. — 
C. H. Spurgeon." 

The third volume is marked " much valued ; " and the fourth has this inscrip- 
tion : — " I reckon these four volumes to be worth their weight in gold. They may 
contain some eccentric conceits, but these are as the dust upon a palace. I doubt 
not that Matthew Henry borrowed very extensively from Ness, and certainly showed 
his wisdom in so doing. If these volumes shall become the property of another, I 
charge him either to read them carefully and prayerfully, or else to give or lend them 
to some godly person who can appreciate them. Such a treasure should be out at 
interest. — C. H. Spurgeon. Nov., '58." 

In 1857, Mr. Spurgeon wrote in Matthew Pool's Annotations : — " Pool is a most 
excellent expositor." Dr. John Mayer's Commentarie tipon the Ahtv Testament 
bears the inscription : — " Mayer is one of my greatest favourites. — C. H. Spurgeon, 
1859." The same author's volume on the Historical Books is described as "excel- 
lent, full of research, and rare learning." 

Two volumes of Dr. Adam Clarke's Coninientary contain lengthy but not 
commendatory notes. In Vol. I., Mr. Spurgeon wrote, just below the portrait of 
the commentator: — "who discovered that an ape, and not a serpent, deceived 
Adam." At the top of the title-page is this warning: — "Take heed, reader! This 
is dangerous oround for those who are not ofrounded and settled." Vol. VI. has 
this inscription: — "Adam Clarke is as immortal as his monkey, and other errors; 
see notes on Genesis. He is always to be read with caution, for his sentiments are, 
in my judgment, most unscriptural. — C. H. Spurgeon." On the title-page, after 
the words, "A Commentary and Critical Notes," there is added: — "Adapted to 
blind the eye, and prevent the truth in Jesus from shining upon the soul," by Adam 
Clarke, — " Arminian twister of the Word." 

By way of contrast, it may be mentioned that Dr. Gill's Exposition of Solomon s 
^"c?/^ contains Mr. Spurgeon's autograph, and the following note: — "This priceless 
work of my learned predecessor has always been helpful to me." In different 
volumes of John Trapp's Annotations tipon the Old and New Testaments, Mr. 
Spurgeon wrote : — Prized for its quaintness ; " "A great favourite ; " " Trapp is ever 
my favourite, 1873." -^ large folio edition of Ralph Ersklne's Works has two 
inscriptions: — "The Rev. Joseph Irons, the gift of his father;" and underneath, 
"Valued all the more by me as having been the property of Joseph Irons. — C. H. 
Spurgeon." Bloomfield's Greek Testament, zvith English Notes, is inscribed : — " I 
value Bloomfield exceedingly : I can always make more out of him than out of 
Alford. — C. H. Spurgeon, Sep., 1872." 



;o2 



c. H. sturgeon's autobiography. 



The copy of Cruden's Coiicordancc, which Mr. Spurgeon always used, contains 
upon its riy-leaf the testimony here reproduced \n facsimile : — 







-^ 



.C^jZ-x^ 



0C^^^-^ ^-4- ^ Z^^ w^o -Z-^ 




i 



7/ 



Taking, almost at random, the works of various authors who wrote on separate 
Books of the Bible, the following inscriptions will serve as specimens of the 
comments, favourable and otherwise, inserted in them : — 

In Dr. James M orison's Practical Commentary on the Gospel according to 
Matthew, Mr. Spurgeon wrote : — " Volume greatly valued for its scholarship. 
Difficult to find much Morisonianism here." The Geniii^s of the Gospel, by Dr. 
David Thomas, contains this note: — "A suggestive volume, but rather bombastic." 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY, 



303 



On the title-page of the same writer's work, The Book of Psalms Exegetically and 
Practically Considered, opposite the author's name, — David Thomas,- — Mr. Spuro-eon 
added : — " Not David, nor Thomas. David scrabbHng, Thomas doubting." The 
same writer's Honiiletic Convnentary on the Acts of the Apostles contains his 
photograph, autograph, and the following remarks : — " Many of the homiletic 
outlines strike me as 'much ado about nothing;' still, if a man should read this 
work, and get no help from it, it would be his own fault. — C. H. Spurgeox, 1S74." 

Three books on the Epistle to the Romans naturally have references to the 
writers' doctrinal views. Of Dr. F. A. Philippi, Mr. Spurgeon wrote : — " Frequently 
goes out of his way to have a fling at what he thinks to be Calvinism." Rev. 
William Tyson's Expositoiy Lectures are said to be " Excellent for an Arminian. 
I find him sweetly Evangelical in many places." Dr. David Ritchie's Lectures, 
Explanatory and Practical, are described as " Unsound in many respects. Of the 
Moderate School, I should judge." 

James Fergusson's Brief Exposition of the Epistles of Paul contains the 
autograph and date, C. H. Spurgeon, 1878; and this note: — "A volume of great 
worth. Few books have been more frequently consulted by me. — C. H. S." John 
Barlow on 2 Timothy I. and II. is thus commended: — "Though apparently 
unattractive, this book will richly repay a careful reader. — C. H. Spurgeon." 
Nicholas Byfield, on / Peter /., //., aiid HI, is wittily criticised : — " Byfield is 
discursive, and takes in every by-field which he had better have passed by. Yet, 
in his Preface, he calls this an abridgment ! I am glad it was not my lot to hear 
him. — C. H. Spurgeon." Nathanael Hardy on The First Epistle of John, is said 
to be "a rare divine, this Hardy; an Episcopalian Puritan." 

In Frederick Denison Maurice's Prophets and Kings of the Old Testament, 
Mr. Spurgeon wrote : — " Herein we find a great deal of wild doctrine, but yet 
there is thought cf no mean order. We can wash out the gold." The work 
of a writer of quite another stamp — Notes on the Book of Genesis, by C. H. M., 
— is thus described: — "Good in its line, but too cramped. There is also error 
concealed here and there." Range's Genesis is said to be " one of the best of the 
series;" but his Isaiah is characterized as "very poor." Dr. Pusey on The Minor 
Prophets bears the unique distinction of being highly commended in a single 
word: — "Invaluable. — C. H. Spurgeon, 1878." Sermons on Judges, by Richard 
Rogers, contains this note : — "C H. Spurgeon much prizes this book. — 1882." 

Among other brief but notable notes are the following : — 
Durham's Christ Crucified: — " Much prized." 



304 C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

Practical Reflections on Every Verse of the Holy Gospels, by a clergyman : — 

*' Good, simple, marred." 

Poetical Works of George Herbert : — " Much valued by C. H. Spurgeon." 

Darling's Cyclopcedia Bibliographica : — " An invaluable tool." 

Joseph Taylor's volume, Nahirales C7iriosa: : Cttriosities in Natttral History, 

contains the warning, " Believe not too readily. — C. H. Spurgeon." 

In Whitefielci's Sermons is the autograph, with the inscription following: — 

" C. H. Spurgeon, who admires Whitefield as chief of preachers." 

The Sabbath in Puritan Nezv England, by Alice Morse Earle, probably 
contains the last inscription written by the Pastor, and a very expressive one it is :— 
"An amusing but saddening book. The seamy side of New England religion 
exposed. The authoress is the wife of that Ham of whom we read in Genesis. — 
C. H. Spurgeon, Dec, 1891." He knew that there was a "seamy side" even to 
his beloved Puritanism ; but he felt that it ought not to be thus exposed to the 
public gaze, but to be kindly and charitably concealed. 



CHAPTER CII. 



M^^ Sprttrgeoit as a iittrarg JHait (Conc/^^dcc^j. 

OT only did Mr. Spurgeon, to the end of his life, continue to read 
vast numbers of the works written by ancient and modern authors, 
but he also kept on writing books for other people to read ; and 
when he was " called home," he had so many in course of pre- 
paration that his posthumous works already form quite a numerous 
company, and there are many more yet to be published. Whoever 

is spared to see a complete set of his volumes will probably find that they will then 

number not less than. a hundred and fifty. 




During the period covered by the present portion of the Standard Life, T/ie 
Treasury of David was completed, and the regular issue of The Metropolitan 
Tabernacle Pulpit, The Sivord and the Trowel, and Spnrgeoiis Illnstrated [Book] 
Almanack, ?iX\AJohn Ploitghnians (Sheet) Almanack was continued, as indeed they 
have been since the Pastor's home-going. Many people appear to have thought 
that it was hardly possible for Mr. Spurgeon, with the almost incessant demands 
upon his time and strength, to devote much personal attention to certain portions of 
his literary labours, so they attributed to his helpers a good deal of the toil that 
devolved upon him. One person was credited with the compilation of the Book 
Almanack, although its Editor never entrusted it to anyone but himself until the 
year of his long illness ; and on one occasion, at least, he felt it needful to remind 
his readers that his connection with The Sivord and the Trozvel Avas not by any 
means a merely nominal one, but was very real and practical. In his " Notes" for 
April, 1885, anticipating his return from Mentone, he wrote : — 

" A kindly reviewer speaks of our March number as vivacious and crood, 
' notwithstanding the absence of the Editor.' The fact is, that the Editor is never 
absent from the magazine; but personally reads every line of each number. Friends 
now and then write, blaming some supposed subordinate, if their tastes are not 
pleased ; but the Editor hides behind nobody, friends must please blame //////, for he 
is personally responsible. Our writers are able men, and are quite able to fight 
their own battles, should battles occur ; but the Editor never wishes it to be 
imagined that he merely puts his name on the cover of the magazine, and leaves it 

u 4 



306 C. H. SPURGEON's AUTOBIOGRArHY. 

to be produced by other people. No ; it is our continual endeavour to make this 
serial as good as we can make it, and we would do better if we could. Notwith- 
standing illness, or absence from home, we have never been obliged to delegate our 
duties to anyone else ; on the contrary, we have given all the more time to this work 
when we have been debarred from other labours." 

Many of the books published by Mr. Spurgeon during the last fourteen years 
of his busy life were briefly mentioned in Vol. III., Chapter LXXIX., because of 
their connection with others then described, or they have been already referred 
to in previous chapters of the present volume. One of the Pastor's ardent 
admirers made an artistic arrangement of the titles of many of the works which had 
been issued up to the time of his Jubilee, with his portrait in the centre, and 
allusions to the three spheres of his pastoral service, and the chief educational and 
philanthropic Institutions with which his name is inseparably associated. The 
design is reproduced on the opposite page, where it can be seen that the initials, 
C. H. S., are ingeniously introduced into the closing line of the tribute to Mr. 
Spurgeon's loving and sympathetic service and world-wide influence. 

Taking the later books in chronological order, the first to be noted is The Clue 
of the Maze, a Voice Lifted up on behalf of Honest Faith. The Preface describes 
its autobiographical character : — " How I have personally threaded the labyrinth of 
life, thus far, may be of helpful interest to some other soul which just now is in a 
maze." The sub-title is thus explained: — "A great poet let fall the expression, 
'honest doubt.' How greedily it was clutched at! Modern unbelief is so short 
of the quality that it seized the label, and, in season and out of season, it has 
advertized itself as honest doubt. It was in dire need of a character. Feeble as 
our voice may be, we lift it on behalf of honest faith." The book was first issued 
in a bijou edition, suitable for carrying in the waistcoat pocket, but it has since been 
reprinted in large type, to correspond with other shilling books by Mr. Spurgeon. 
He was greatly gratified as he heard, from time to time, that his purpose in writing 
it had been happily fulfilled ; and he was specially cheered by the testimony of a 
notable literary man who had been, through reading it, lifted up from blank 
atheism to saving faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. The little book has been trans- 
lated into several foreign languages. 

About the same time as The Chce of the Maze was published, the Pastor was 
busily occupied with the first of his four volumes, entitled My Sermon-Notes. They 
were issued in response to an oft-repeated request for outlines of discourses which 
might be helpful to "lay" or local preachers who have but little time for their 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 



307 




If 








; v^ 



<lA Truer /leart npcr Beat , a KinVllier Rcina, 

'HS^e'eT' TTiiriLstere^ unbo anoMiers need : 
^JVtont^ue M-Jiost livinc; words, Ting'^ver every lanrL 
nVhilerVViaows, Orj>r,ani!.Sh<'Hent«,Pr.enas:ci lov 
~^ Orv H envea Spe e d ! 




I 
I 



C. H. SPURGEON AND THE TITLES OF SOME OF HIS WORKS, 1S84. 



30S C. H. SPURGEON's AUTOBIOGRArHY. 

pulpit preparation, or who find a difficulty in selecting suitable subjects for sermons 
and addresses. In order that the notes mioht be of still greater service to such 
brethren, they were made rather more ample and detailed than when Mr. Spurgeon 
himself preached from them ; and, for the same reason, appropriate extracts and 
illustrations were added to them. That the work met an urgent need, was speedily 
apparent ; and it was not long before a " Note" to the following effect appeared in 
The Sivord and the Troivel : — 

"Our first half-crown volume of outline sermons has met with a very cordial 
reception, the first edition of 5,000 being very nearly cleared out, though only so 
lately presented to the public. Taking this as a token for good, we shall soon issue 
the second portion, which contains our notes of sermons from Ecclesiastes to 
Malachi. Brethren whose time is much occupied with business cares, who neverthe- 
less delight to preach the Word of God, will find these Sermon-Notes to be a great 
assistance. With that view we have prepared them, and to that end we trust that 
God will bless them. They are not sufficiently in extenso to suit the idler, and yet 
we trust there is enough of them to aid the embarrassed worker. The preparation 
of this volume has enabled us to while away the evenings and the occasional wet 
and cloudy days of our rustication at Mentone. As its fragmentary nature allowed 
us to take it up and lay it down at will, it was just the sort of occupation to afford us 
happy recreation. To have nothing to do, is bondage ; but such congenial employ- 
ment as this has aided us in being perfectly at ease." 

In due time, the whole set was completed, and it has had a very large sale. 
Since the Pastor's home-going, another volume of a somewhat sim.ilar character has 
been published, — C. H. Spurgeons Facsimile Pulpit-Notes, ivith the Sermons 
Pj^eached from them in the Metropolitan Tabernacle. The book originated in 
rather a singular way. A paragraph appeared in various newspapers, announcing 
that some of the notes used by Mr. Spurgeon, while preaching at the Tabernacle, 
were about to be reproduced in facsimile, and the writer intimated that the work 
would be certain to have a favourable reception. As a matter of fact, up to that 
time, no such arrangement had been made ; but the idea seemed so good, and the 
publicity given to it was so helpful, that a dozen suitable outlines were selected, and, 
with the discourses delivered from them, were made into a volume which at once 
became an interesting memento of the " promoted " preacher, and a striking illus- 
tration of his method of sermon construction. 

The book, which has the double distinction of having been translated into more 
foreign languages and of* having been blessed to the salvation of more souls than 
any other of Mr. Spurgeon's works, is the shilling volume entitled All of Grace. 
An Earnest Word with those zuho are Seeking Salvation by the Lord Jesiis Christ. 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 309 

Its opening sentences are : — "The object of this book is the salvation of the reader. 
He who spoke and wrote it will be greatly disappointed if it does not lead many to 
the Lord Jesus. It is sent forth in childlike dependence upon the power of God the 
Holy Ghost, to use it in the conversion of millions, if so He pleases." Almost the 
last paragraph contains these words, which now have a peculiar pathos attaching 
to them : — " If those who are converted become winners of others, who knows what 
may spring out of my little book .^ Already 1 begin praising God for the conversions 
which He will work by it, and by those whom it leads to Jesus. Probably the 
larger part of the results will happen when my right hand, which is now leaving its 
impress on the page, will be paralyzed in death. Reader, meet me in Heaven ! " 

One of the many instances of the usefulness of the little volume, of which the 
Pastor knew before he was " called home," was reported to him in the following 
letter from a doctor who was a member of the Tabernacle Church : — 

" My Dear Sir, 

" I have a message to give you, and will do it as briefly as I can. 
" For many years, I have had the friendship of a well-known medical man in 
. For some two or three years, he has suffered from diabetes ; but he h^s 



lived just the same, entirely without Christ. Last Christmas, I sent him a copy of 
All of Grace. A short time ago, when I was at the seaside, I received a letter 

from a friend in which he said, ' I believe Dr. is saved,' . . . ' the teaching has 

been all Mr. Spurgeon's.' This I was delighted to hear. 

"Yesterday, I stood by his side. I found him very ill, suffering from inflam- 
mation of the lungs, consequent on the diabetes. He took my hands, and, as well 
as he could between his tears, and the shortness of breath, told me that he was 
saved, that he was a child of God, that his sins were all forgiven, that he was washed 
in the blood of his Saviour, and clothed in the robe of His perfect righteousness ; 
and recovering his breath, he said, very solemnly, 'Will you tell Mr. Spurgeon that 
this has all come, in God's mercy to me a poor sinner, by that book,' — pointing 
to All of Grace, which was lying open on his bed, — ' will you let him know what a 
blessing that book has been to me .'^ ' 

" Dear sir, I have delivered the message. I know you will be pleased to 
receive it, and will you remember my dear friend in prayer ? 

" Believe me to be, 

"Yours deeply-indebted. 



The book having been so manifestly owned of God, Mr. Spurgeon prepared a 
companion volume, — According to Promise ; or, the Lords Ulethod of Dealing ivitli 
His Chosen People ; and, some time later, he issued Around the Wicket Gate ; or, a 



3IO C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

Fricndiv Talk ivith Seekers concerning Faith in the Lord Jes2is Christ, both of 
which have had a wide circulation, and have been greatly blessed. 

The volume which, more than any other of Mr. Spurgeon's writings, illustrates 
his power of rapid composition, is The Cheque Book of the Bank of Faith. It 
consists of 366 Scripture promises, arranged for daily use, with brief experimental 
comments suitable for reading at family worship or as a help to private devotion. 
During the Pastor's stay at Mentone, in the winter of 1887 — 8, there was one 
Monday when the rain poured down incessantly in such tropical fashion that he was 
compelled to remain indoors all day. His companions were not aware that he was 
contemplating the commencement of another new book, but they noticed how 
rapidly he was covering sheet after sheet of foreign notepaper. After a while, he 
explained that he had begun a volume of daily meditations ; and, before he went to 
bed, that night, he had finished the portions for the month of January, and handed 
them to Mr. Passmore to send off to London for the printers. They were so 
carefully written that they needed but little correction ; and anyone who has the 
book, and examines the first thirty-one pages in it, will be able to estimate both the 
quantity and the quality of one wet day's work while the Pastor was supposed to be 
on his holiday in the sunny South. 

The Cheque Book is, to a large extent, a record of Mr. Spurgeon's own experiences 
of the Lord's faithfulness during the " Down-grade " Controversy. Some of the most 
striking promises, on which he has commented, were sent to him by friends, who 
wished to uphold and encourage him in that season of sore sorrow and travail, and 
the book abounds in autobiographical allusions. In the Preface, the Pastor wrote : — 
" To the cheering Scriptures, I have added testimonies of my own, the fruit of trial and 
experience. I believe all the promises of God, but many of them I have personally 
tried and proved .... I commenced these daily portions when I was wading in 
the surf of controversy. Since then, I have been cast into 'waters to swim in,' 
which, but for God's upholding hand, would have proved waters to drown in. ... I 
do not mention this to exact sympathy, but simply to let the reader see that I am no 
drv-land sailor. I have traversed those oceans which are not Pacific full many a 
time: I know the roll of the billows, and the rush ot the winds. Never were the 
promises of Jehovah so precious to me as at this hour. Some of them I never 
understood till now ; I had not reached the date at which they matured, for I was 
not mvself mature enough to perceive their meaning. How much more wonderful 
is the Bible to me now than it was a few months ago ! In obeying the Lord, and 
bearing His reproach outside the camp, I have not received new promises; but the 
result to me is much the same as if I had done so, for the old ones have opened up 
to me with richer stores." 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 3II 

Remembering- the origin of the book, it is noteworthy that, during the compi- 
lation of the present volume, a testimony to its helpfulness in times of trial has come 
from Christians in South Africa, who have been reading the Dutch translation of it, 
and so have been comforted during their recent terrible experiences. Mr. Spurgeon 
had many proofs of the usefulness of the volume ; one that interested and amused 
him was thus related by Pastor W. Williams, of Upton Chapel : — 

" Opposite my study-window are several gardens, affording during summertime 
a pleasant outlook ; but, in the first of them, there zuas tied up, until recently, a 
large retriever dog. His incessant barking made study and thought quite out of 
the question. I let his owner know this in a quiet way ; but still the dog was there. 
I wondered if I should pray about the matter : it seemed rather comical to pray 
about the barking of a dog ; besides, I could not bring to mind a promise about 
such a thing which I could mention in prayer, until one day I opened Mr. 
Spurgeon's Cheque Book of the Bank of Faith, at page 157, where the text is, 
' But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue,' the 
comment on which begins, 'What! has God power over the tongues of dogs? 
Can He keep curs from barking? Yes, it is even so.' I was startled, for no dog 
ever laid hold with greater tenacity than this text did on me. There and then 
I knelt down, and asked that the dog might be removed. The dog has 
gone, and the owner, too ; but mark, the arrangements to go were made by the 
owner just about the time that the prayer was offered ! How true it is that — 

"'More things are wrought by prayer 
Than this world dreams of!'" 

Following The Cheque Book, Mr. Spurgeon published two volumes of quite a 
different character, — The Salt-cellars, being a Collection of Proverbs, together zvith 
Homely Notes thereon. For nearly twenty years, he had issued John Ploughman s 
Almanack, and the labour involved in collecting or composing so many thousands 
of proverbs, maxims, and mottoes, seemed to justify their preservation in a more 
permanent form than the annual broadsheet ensured. Accordingly, they were 
arranged alphabetically, in two sections, " Proverbs and Quaint Sayings," and 
"Sayings of a more Spiritual Sort;" and, in nearly every instance, "Homely 
Notes" were added, concerning which one reviewer wrote: — "The proverbs are 
excellent, but Mr. Spurgeon's comments are perfect." 

Each of the volumes, as it was published, received a most hearty welcome both 
from the press and the public, and their contents have ever since been frequently 
quoted in the pulpit and on the platform. Mr. Spurgeon sent the two books to 
Mr. George Augustus Sala, with a request that he would review them in The 
Daily Telegraph if he judged them worthy of such a notice. In reply, Mr. Sala wrote 
a long and cordial letter, in the course of which he said : — "Your two volumes were 



312 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY 

such pleasant reading- that I thought the best way to meet your views would be 
to make The Salt-cellars the text for a leading article, which I now have much 
pleasure in sending you. Naturally, I was struck (and amused) by the maxim, 
' Newspapers are the Bibles of worldlings.' That is exactly so ; and it is eminently 
fitting that it should be so ; because, to a journalist who is aware of the usefulness 
and respects the dignity of his calling, the press is a pulpit whence, on week-days, 
he preaches lay sermons, leaving Sunday to you and your brethren." 

Mr. Sala then proceeded to give quite a lengthy dissertation on the maxim 
which had so greatly interested him, but it need not be quoted here from his 
letter, as he referred to it again in his article, the opening and closing sentences of 
which were as follows : — 

" A really busy man has usually the largest amount of leisure at his disposal, 
and Mr. C. H. Spurgeon, amidst the multifarious labours and responsibilities which 
de\'olve on him as Pastor of an immense congregation, has found time to dig and 
delve very deeply indeed in that richest of colloquial mines, — the treasury of 
English proverbs. Under the title of The Salt-cellars, Mr. Spurgeon has just issued 
two comely and handy volumes, which will derive much value, not only from the 
fact that the work is one presenting evidence of indefatigable industry of research 
and considerable acumen in selection, but also from the circumstance that the 
compiler has graced his chosen proverbs with a running commentary of what he 
modestly calls 'homely notes.' In reality, they are often humorous as well as 
homely, and are always replete with that spirit of cheerful piety, quite devoid of 
cant or bigotry, which renders Mr. .Spurgeon's utterances always acceptable even 
to those who differ from him most widely in dogma. . . . 

" Mr. Spurgeon has chosen to select, as a proverb, that which appears to us to 
be more of the nature of a pulpit platitude, ' Newspapers are the Bibles of 
worldlings ;' and to this we have the homely note, ' How diligently they read them ! 
Here they find their law. and profits, their judges and chronicles, their epistles and 
revelations.' The newspapers, however, must take their chance of being abused, 
even by those who most diligently read them. Journalists are a long-suffering race, 
and it curiously happens that, among old Howell's proverbs, collected more than 
two centuries since, we find this one, ' A diurnal-maker is the sub-amner to a 
historian.' We have no quarrel, therefore, with Mr. Spurgeon on this account. 
What he says about newspapers has long since been said at the Antipodes, where 
the vast weekly budgets of the Sydney and Melbourne journals are habitually 
called 'The Bushman's Bible,' constituting, as they do, the almost exclusive reading 
of the shepherds and stockriders far away in the bush. Altogether, The Salt- 
cellars may be welcomed as an equally entertaining and edifying compilation ; and 
the scheme, as well as the actual accomplishment of the work, is alike creditable to 



C. H. STURGEONS AUTODIOGRAPHY. 313- 

the heart and the head of an estimable minister of religion who has long since won 
the rank of an English worthy." 

If there had been sufficient space available, an interesting chapter might have 
been compiled concerning " Mr. Spurgeon as a Poet and Hymn-writer." As that 
is not possible, the specimens of his poetry included in the present and the previous 
volumes of this work will convey some idea of his gifts in that direction ; and 
one more must find a place here, partly because of its autobiographical character, 
but also because it was the last that he ever wrote. He put at the top of it, as the 
motto-text, "I will make the dry land springs of water;" and as the title, "The 
Drop which Grew into a Torrent. A Personal Experience." 

" All my soul was dry and dead 
Till I learned that Jesus bled ; — 
Bled and suffer'd in my place, 
Bearing sin in matchless grace. 

"Then a drop of Heavenly love 
Fell upon me from above, 
And by secret, mystic art 
Reached the centre of my heart. 

"Glad the story I recount, 
How that drop became a fount. 
Bubbled up a living well. 
Made my heart begin to swell. 

" All within my soul was praise. 
Praise increasing all my days ; 
Praise which could not silent be : 
Floods were struggling to be free. 

"More and more the waters grew, 
Open wide the flood-gates flew, 
Leaping forth in streams of song 
Flowed my happy life along. 

"Lo! a river clear and sweet 
Laved my glad, obedient feet I 
Soon it rose up to my knees. 
And I praised and prayed with ease. 

"Now my soul in praises swims, 
Bathes in songs, and psalms, and hymns; 
Plunges down into the deeps. 
All lier powers in worship steeps. 

" Hallelujah ! O my Lord, 
Torrents from my soul are poured ! 
I am carried clean away, 
Praising, praising all the day. 

" In an ocean of delight. 
Praising God with all my might, 
Self is drowned. So let it be : 
Only Christ remains to me.'' 



314 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

The hymn was written in the early part of the year 1890, and was inserted 
in the programme used at the next College Conference. Those who were present, 
on that occasion, are not likely to forget the thrilling effect produced when the five 
hundred ministers and students joined in singing it to the tune "Nottingham." At 
the commencement, all sat and sang ; but as they came to the later verses, they . 
spontaneously rose, the time was quickened, and Mr. Manton Smith's cornet helped 
to swell the volume of praise expressed by the writer. 

The next literary work was one of the smallest of Mr. Spurgeon's many 
volumes, yet its history and associations place it among the most notable of his 
publications. At the College Conference, in 1891, the Presidential Address struck 
all who heard it as being a peculiarly timely and weighty utterance ; and some who 
listened to it, and to the sermon which followed it, three days later, afterwards said 
that they had a kind of premonitory conviction that their beloved President would 
never again meet the members and associates of the Pastors' College Evangelical 
Association in conference on earth ; and so it proved to be. 

On the Monday evening of that memorable week, at the public meeting in 
Upton Chapel, Mr. Spurgeon took, as the subject of his address, Ephesians vi. 16 : 
" Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the 
fiery darts of the wicked." This proved to be the prelude and preparation for the 
martial topic on which he intended to speak the next morning, and which he 
summarized under three heads, (i) our annoury, the Word of God ; {2) our army, 
the Church of God ; and (3) our strength, the Holy Spirit. It was a fitting climax 
to the long series of Inaugural Addresses, which were always reckoned, by those who 
were privileged to hear them, as the most solemn and forceful of all Mr. Spurgeon's 
utterances. It was rapturously received by the crowded and enthusiastic assembly ; 
and, at its close, such urgent requests were presented for its publication in pamphlet 
form, that consent was at once given, on condition that the brethren would help to 
make it known when it was issued. 

During the week following the Conference, the reporter's transcript was revised, 
considerable additions being made to the manuscript, and it was promptly published 
under the title. The Greatest Fight in the World. It immediately attained a very 
wide circulation ; it was reprinted in the United States, translated into French and 
German, and passed through several large editions. Then, after Mr. Spurgeon's 
home-going, a generous gentleman, who had been with him on the platform during 
its delivery, felt that one of the best ways of honouring his memory was to 
perpetuate his testimony, and therefore arranged that a copy of it, bearing the 
additional title, " C. H. Spurgeon's Final Manifesto," should be sent, through Mrs. 
Spurgeon's Book Fund, to every clergynian and minister of every denomination 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 315 

in England. In this way, 34,500 more copies were circulated, with abundant 
evidence that the Lord had owned and blessed the effort. While the present 
volume has been in course of compilation, The Greatest Fight has been issued by 
the publishers, in cloth covers, to make it uniform with the Pastor's other shilling 
volumes, so its witness to the truth will still be continued, though several years 
have elapsed since its soul-stirring message was first uttered. 

Another small volume, which has very tender associations connected with it, is 
Jlleiuories of Staiiibounie. It was commenced before Mr. Spurgeon's long illness 
in 1 89 1, and it was completed during the time of partial restoration which was 
graciously granted to him later in that year. The little book has a special interest 
for readers of this work, for it was really the first portion of C. H. Spargcon s 
Autobiography, telling the story of his childhood as he wished it to go forth to the 
public, and for that reason it was largely used in the compilation of Vol. I. of his 
Standard Lite. For several years, the Pastor visited Stambourne and its neigh- 
bourhood, partly because of his early recollections of his grandfather's country, and 
partly that he might gather up all available material concerning some of the 
memorable scenes of his boyhood. On the last occasion, he took with him 
Mr. T. H. Nash, who kindly photographed a number of views for reproduction in 
the volume then being written. It was during that week that the " overpowering- 
headache " came on, of which Mr. Spurgeon afterwards wrote, adding, "I had to 
hurry home, to go up to that chamber wherein, for three months, I suffered beyond 
measure, and was often between the jaws of death." In answer to the almost 
universal prayer of believers in all lands, he was raised up for a time, and had the 
satisfaction of seeing his little book of reminiscences not only finished and pub- 
lished, but also widely welcomed and greatly enjoyed. 

But there was another volume, in progress at the same time, which was 
destined to have a still more pathetic interest attaching to it. That was The Gospel 
of the Kingdom ; a Popular Exposition of the Gospel according to Mattheiu, con- 
cerning which Mrs. Spurgeon wrote, after her beloved's promotion to glory: — "It 
stands alone in its sacred and sorrowful significance. It is the tired worker's final 
labour of love for his Lord. It is the last sweet song from lips that were eA-er 
sounding forth the praises of his King. It is the dying shout of victory from the 
standard-bearer, who bore his Captain's colours unflinchingly through the thickest 
of the fight. . . . Much of the later portion of the work was written on the very 
borderland of Heaven, amid the nearing glories of the unseen world, and almost 
within sight of the Golden Gates." 

Mr. Spurgeon's intention, in preparing the volume, was to produce a devotional 



,i6 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



Commentary, specially calling attention to the Kingship of the Lord Jesus Christ, 
which is the prominent feature of the Gospel according to Matthew. He proceeded 
with the work very leisurely, and a great part of it was written during his winter 
sojourns on the sunny shores of the Mediterranean. The accompanying facsimile'^ 
of the first page of his manuscript will show the method he adopted, and he followed 
the same plan as long as he was enabled to continue the congenial task. 






'iL^. 



cLjl- 



/.../,■ ^ 



THE book of the ge- 
neration of Jesus 
Christ, the sou of Da- 
vid, the son of Abra- 
ham. 






CL 



2 Abraham begat I- 
saac ; and Isaac begat 
Jacob ; and Jacob be 
gat Judas and his bre- 
thren ; 



Thamar ; and Phares 
begat Esrom ; and Es- 
rom begat Aram ; 




^ 



3 And Judas begat li''^ OAx^^^ ^^ I 0^^..^^^^ >w-,^ i^ ^ /.; (uuii ft ^ aj2/. / ^v^^':^ c / ''^^^^ 
Phares and Zara of U^^^r^ , TC^ ^-^ v-^ -.^ ^ .MJ^.^ / a^^^^f^^ / j-€i^ ^/^-^ Ju ^^..^^ X<<-^ 






\ 



4 And Aram begat A- 
minadab ; and Amin- 
adab begat Naasson ; 
and Naasson begat Sal 
mon ; 

5 And Salmon begat 
Booz of Rachab ; and 
Booz begat Obed of 
Ruth ; and Obed be 
gat Jesse ; 

6. And Jesse begat 
David the king ; and 
David the king: begat 
Solomon of her thai 
had been the wife ov 
Urias ; t/ 



7L. 



f- %^^4. / / /._^ ^^^^^ / 






1^ -^it. '■&~ /wS," 



tL^ 



, iu<^ziy: L<^ ^ 5 "^^/^•-^ u / ^^,4^-utx:3 (TLcJ^^ &.~JC^ 



-1, / A vi^yU^C^-^ru, 



L^.'^^^/' ^^ / 






'^r-u(C /«-6^L^v / — >„«,v^*./^~ L^^j-e^ /'^^^ i^'><'^rLcJci~^''~ *-<-<^ o6vT-? ^Lla. ^^n^^ rKJ^I' i.^^ 



FACSIMILE OF MR. SPURGEON's MANUSCRIPT OF "THE GOSPEL OF THE KINGDOM." 



Towards the latter part of 1891, when Mr. Spurgeon was sufficiently restored 



* In the manuscript, Mr. Spurgeon made use of the following abbreviations : — / for the, t for that, o for of, h for have, w for 
with, and shd for should. 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 317 

to be able to travel to Mentone, he eagerly resumed his delighttul service of 
expounding the first Gospel, and he wrote some portion of it, day by day, until 
he was finally laid aside. To the last, his handwriting was as clear, and distinct. 
and firm as ever, and there was no sign of the rapidly approaching collapse which 
was to send such a thrill of sorrow through the whole of Christendom. Mentally 
and spiritually, the work was equal to the best eftorts of his brightest years ; 
but he was not permitted to finish it, for he was called up to see the King ot whoni 
he had been writing, and to share in the glories of the Kingdom of which he had so 
long been preaching to others. 

After due consideration, it was resolved that, instead of leaving his last literary 
work to stand like a broken column, it should be completed as nearly as possible 
in the way he would himself have ended it had he been spared long enough. 
He had so often expounded the closing chapters of Matthew's Gospel that there 
was abundant material for the latter portion of his Commentary to be compiled 
cntirclv from his otvn spoken and writteji words. This delicate duty was entrusted 
to his private secretary. When the volume was issued, it met with a most hearty 
reception, and it has continued in great favour ever since. The Editor of T/ic 
British Weekly indirectly paid a high compliment to the compiler of the later 
chapters when he said that there should have been some indication as to where 
Mr. Spurgeon's manuscript ended. Evidently, "the worker in mosaics' had so 
skilfully joined together the precious treasures committed to his charge that even 
this keen critic could not discover any break in the connection. 

Another literary work, upon which Mr. Spurgeon was busily occupied when the 
home-call came to him at Mentone, was Messages to the Jllu/titude, the eighth 
volume in "The Preachers of the Age" series, issued by Messrs. Sampson Low, 
Marston, and Co. It was intended to set forth the style of the Pastor's preaching at 
various periods of his long ministry ; and, to that end, the sermons selected ranged 
from one delivered in the Surrey Gardens Music Hall, in 1859, to another, which was 
almost the last preached in the Tabernacle, in 1891. The revision of the latter part 
of this book also fell to Mr. Harralds share. Although ten out of the twelve 
discourses contained in it had been previously published, the work has had a large 
sale ; and, quite recently, a popular edidon of it has been produced, thereby still 
further increasing its sphere of usefulness. 

Many other volumes had been either commenced or planned by Mr. Spurgeon ; 
and several of them have already been completed. , The first of these was The Art 
of I /lustration, forming the third series of Lecttires to my Stndents, and containing 
exceedingly valuable information concerning the use of illustrations in preaching, 



3i« 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



and the books in which anecdotes, illustrations, fables, emblems, and parables are to 
be found. 

Next followed one of the choicest volumes in the whole of Mr. Spurgeon's 
^orks, — " Till He Come." Coinniunion Meditations and Addresses. It consists 
very largely of the quiet, homely talks of the Pastor to the little companies of 
Christians who gathered with him around the table of the Lord in his sitting-room 
at Mentone ; but it also includes some of his more public utterances when thousands 
of believers met for communion in the Tabernacle. The value of the ordinance, and 
the spiritual benefit to be derived from its frequent observance, are clearly set forth ; 
and it seems impossible for any lover of the Lord to read the book without being 
brouo-ht into still closer fellowship with the Saviour, and a deeper appreciation of 
the great atoning sacrifice symbolized by the broken bread and the filled cup. The 
volume has proved invaluable as an aid to private devotion, and as a guide to those 
who are called to preside at the celebration of the sacred feast of love. 

Another book, which Christian workers have found to be of great service to 
them, is The Soiil-winner ; or, Hozv to Lead Sinners to the Savioiir. Containing 
several lectures to the students of the Pastors' College, addresses to Sunday-school 
teachers and open-air preachers, and sermons upon what Mr. Spurgeon termed 
" that most royal employment, — soul-winning,' it must greatly help those w^ho 
desire to become wise in winning souls, while it explains some of the secrets of the 
author's own power as one of the greatest soul-winners who ever lived. 

These posthumous works specially deserve mention in the present volume, for 
all of them are largely autobiographical, and, here and there, extracts from them 
have been given in previous pages where they appeared needful for the complete- 
ness of the narrative. All of them have been extensively sold, and highly prized, 
perhaps all the more because the voice that uttered so much of their contents is no 
longer audible here below. 

Beside the new works published since Mr. Spurgeon's home-going, there have 
been already issued no less than eight different sets of his sermons : — The Parables 
of our Lord ; The Miracles (two volumes) ; " The Most Holy Place" — (fifty-two 
discourses on the Song of Solomon) ; — The Messiah, onr Lords Names, Titles, and 
Attributes ; Christ in the Old Testament ; The Everlasting Gospel; and The 
Gospel for the People. Ten smaller volumes contain shorter passages from his 
writings, suitable for various classes of readers : — Teachings of Natiire in the 
Kingdom of Grace, Words of Wisdom, Words of Warning, and Words of Cheer for 



C. II. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 319 

Daily Life, Words of Counsel for Christimt Workers, Words of Advice for Seekers, 
" ]]'e Endeavour,'' '' Come, ye Children,'' Gospel Extracts from C H. Spnrgeon, and 
Glorious Themes for Saints and Sinners. The last-named book is printed in very 
large type so as to adapt it to old people and little children. Although it has been 
only recently issued, it has already found much favour, and is likely to be 
exceedingly useful in making known the essentials of the faith in the simplest 
and plainest language. 

It is impossible to estimate the total number of volumes of Mr. Spurgeon's 
works that have been issued in this country, in the United States, and in many other 
lands in which they have been translated into foreign languages. Many millions of 
copies must already have been sold ; and, although it is now eight years since 
he was " called home," there is, apparendy, no diminution in the demand for them. 
Indeed, the many new works from his lips and pen published since his promotion to 
higher service, the still larger number of reprints or extracts from his writings, and 
the ever-increasing circulation of his sermons, make it almost certain that his 
publications are distributed even more widely now than they were during his life- 
time on earth, while testimony to their usefulness is constanUy being received trom 
all quarters of the globe. It may, therefore, be concluded that, great as was his 
influence in the pulpit, his power through the press is not a whit less ; and there 
seems to be no valid reason why his testimony to the truth should not be continued, 
by means of the printed page, until the Lord Himself returns. 



CHAPTER cm. 




€l)t (groWij of tijt fastitutions, 1878—1892. 

College, Orphanage, Colportage Association, and Society of Evangelists, might any one of 
them be regarded as works of Christian inventiveness, but it would be by far the smaller half of 
the truth to look at them from that point of view. These enterprises have succeeded each other, 
by a natural rule and order of Providence, as inevitably as the links of a chain follow one another. 
We have heard kind friends speak of "genius for organization" and "great practical common sense" 
as abiding in the leader of these various works for the Lord; but, indeed, it would be far nearer 
the truth to say that he followed with implicit, and almost blind, confidence what he took to be 
the intimations of the Divine will, and hitherto these intimations have proved to be what he 
thought them. At the close of twenty-five years, we see a vast machinery in vigorous operation, 
in better working condition than ever it was ; and, as to means and funds, perfectly equipped, 
although it has no other resources than the promise, " My God shall supply all your need, according 
to His riches in glory by Christ Jesus." Gratitude bows her head, and sings her own song to her 
Well-beloved, to whom it belongs.— C. H. S., in Preface to " The Sword and the Trowel" volume for 1878. 

HE last fourteen years of Mr. Spurgeon's earthly life proved to be a 
very prolific period both for the Tabernacle Church and the various 
Institutions connected with it. Towards the close of his address, 
at the meeting- held in the Tabernacle, on May 20, 1879, in 
connection with the celebration of his pastoral silver wedding, he 
said : — 
" Let us go forward, brethren, let us go forward. We have made a very fair 
beginning, in God's strength, and to Him be the honour of it; but I regard to-nieht 
not as the goal, but as the starting-place. We have truly laid underground 
foundations of a structure which now we trust will rise into open day. Here is one 
point for a new departure. Listen and consider it. A day or two ago, the lady who 
founded the Boys' Orphanage sent me ^50 for the Girls' Orphanage. I wrote to 
her somewhat to this effect : — ' I am very grateful for the proposal ; but I am not 
very well, and the times are not very hopeful, so I had rather not begin any new work 
just yet.' I proposed to keep the ^50 in case we did build an Orphanage for girls ; 
and if not, to hand it over to the boys. ' No,' said our friend, ' you are right in your 
judgment, but take the ^50 as the first brick, for I am fully assured that many more 
bricks will shortly be added.' Now I propose that ^50 of the testimonial should be 
placed with my dear friend's ^50 that we may found the Girls' Orphanage together. 
I do not mean to press this new enterprise just now ; but only to moot it, and see 
whereunto this thing will grow. Other eggs will come to the nest-egg, and the nest 
will become full, and then we shall have another family of little chicks. I feel as 
though I was laying the first stone of the Girls' Orphanage, and you were all saying, 

w 4 



322 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAril\ . 

' Go ahead.' This is a good note for our present page of history,- — ' second twenty- 
five years of pastorate commenced by the inauguration of project for Girls' 
Orphanage.' 'What next?' says somebody. I cannot tell you what I may suggest 
to you next ; but, you see, I am driven to this Girls' Orphanage. I have this ^50 
forced upon me, and I cannot get rid of it ; would you have me refuse to use this 
money for poor fatherless girls ? No, your hearts would not so counsel me. 
Thus, of my own free will, compelled by constraining grace, I accept a further 
charge, and look to see prayer and faith open a new chapter of marvels." 

One friend, who heard the Pastor's speech, at once gave him ^50 for the 
new project, and other contributions speedily followed. Shortly afterwards,. 
Mr. Spurgeon wrote: — "At the very time at which we began to move in this, 
matter, it pleased God. in His providence, to put within our reach the house 




' THE HAWTHORNS," CLAPHAM ROAD. 



and grounds known as 'The Hawthorns,' at which we had looked wistfully for 
a long while. A few years ago, this house was to be sold, and the Trustees 
of the Boys' Orphanage attempted to purchase it at the auction ; but the price 
was run up to several hundreds of pounds beyond its value. On June 6, this 
house was again offered for sale, and we bought it for the exact sum which 



C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 323 

we had proposed to give on the former occasion. There is only one paddock 
between its garden and the Orphanage grounds ; and, by the goodness of God, and 
the kindness of its owner, we hope that this meadow also may one day become ours ; 
we should then be able to make the Orphanage into a complete square by erecting 
similar buildings to those which are there already. This must be a work of time, 
but it is something to have a place whereon to put our fulcrum, and apply our lever. 
We believe that the Lord has led us forth by a right way, that we might go to a 
city of habitation. We have purchased the house and grounds for the Girls' 
Orphanage, but we have only about .;^36o in hand with which to pay for it ; 
and we are specially desirous that, when the time shall come for the absolute 
payment of the entire sum, we may be able to count out the whole ^4,000. That 
time will be here in a few days, but time is not an object with the Possessor of 
Heaven and earth. We have never been in debt yet, nor have we had a mortgage 
upon any of our buildings, nor have we even borrowed money for a time, but we 
have always been able to pay as we have gone on. Our prayer is, that we may 
never have to come down to a lower platform, and commence borrowing. If this 
land had not been put up to auction there and then, we should have waited until we 
had received the purchase-price from our great Master's stewards ; but, as the site 
was so extremely desirable, and as the purchase had to be made at once or not at 
all, we thought it wise to secure it. We cannot think that we erred in this decision. 
None of our beloved counsellors and fellow-helpers think so, but one and all advised 
the step. The money for the payment must come from «somewhere, and the 
questions now to be answered are, — Where is the money ? Who has charge of it at 
present ? Who feels called upon to send it ? The silver and the gold are the 
Lord's, and He has but to incline His servants to apportion some of their Master's 
money to this particular work, and the thing will be done. I.f they can do better 
with their substance, by all means let them do so ; but if they count us faithful, we 
are prepared to accept this further trust, and do our best with it. 

"It has often happened that we have been unable to assist widows in 
necessitous circumstances, with large families, because there did not happen to be 
a boy of the special age required by the rules of our Boys' Orphanage. There were 
several girls, but then we could not take them ; and, however urgent the case, 
we have been unable to relieve very deserving mothers, simply because their 
children were not boys. This is one reason why we need a Girls' Orphanage. 

" Here is a grand opportunity for Christian people with means to take their 
places among the founders of this new Institution; and if they Judge that such 
a work will be good and useful, we hope they will, without fail_, and tvithout delay, 
come to our assistance in this fresh branch of service. We cannot afford to lose 
a single penny from the funds for the boys, but this work for the girls must be 



324 C. ir. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

something extra and above. You helped WiUy and Tommy ; will you not help 
Mary and Maggie ? " 

The scheme quickly secured the sympathy of the Christian public ; the money 
for the purchase of " The Hawthorns " was ready by the date on which it was 
required, and the first family of girls was soon installed there. It was found that 
the trust-deed of the Orphanage provided for the reception of fatherless children, 
without specifying either sex, so no alteration was needed in it ; and arrangements 
for the completion of the Institution were made in due time. The Pastor and his 
publishers and the Trustees nobly led the way with generous gifts, many thousands 
of donors followed their example, and thus, block by block, the Orphanage gradually 
attained the appearance depicted in the bird's-eye view on page 320. 

It is not possible to tell all the blessing that the Orphanage has already been 

to hundreds of bereaved families ; and its beneficent infiuence is still continued. 

Up to the time of Mr. Spurgeon's home-going, nearly sixteen hundred boys and 

girls had been sheltered within its walls. They have often expressed their gratitude 

for all that has been done for them in the Institution ; and many of them have, 

at various times, given practical proofs of their interest in the happy home into 

which they were received in the hour of their helpless orphanhood. One instance 

of this is described in the following letter, the receipt of which gave great joy to 

the President : — ' 

" Stockwell Orphanage, 

" Clapham Road, 

" London, S.W., 

"Feb. 14th, 1888. 
" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" In closing the list, to-day, for March SivoJ'd and Troivcl, you will, 1 
am sure, be pleased to know that it contains donations trom 'some of the old boys' 
(about forty), to the amount of /17 . 17.0. Every one, in forwarding his sub- 
scription, wishes it were ten times or a hundred times as much ; and it is 
accompanied with every expression of gratitude for the benefits received at the 
Stockwell Orphanage, and of warmest love to yourself,— the earthly father to this 
large orphan family ; and they all pray that our Heavenly Father may spare you,, 
for many, many years, to lead and direct this, blessed work of caring for the widow 

and the fatherless. 

" I am, 

" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" Ever yours sincerely, 

" F. G. Ladds." 



C. H. sturgeon's AUTOBIOGRArHV. ,125 

A letter from one of the girls, after she had left the Orphanage, will show that 
there was equal gratitude on that side of the Institution : — 

" Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

"You must excuse the liberty I am taking in writing to you; but you 
will not mind when you know the reason. 1 must, first of all, tell you that I am one 
of your old orphan girls; but the Lord having found me, and made me His child, 
before I left the Orphanage, I knew it would cheer your heart if I wrote and told 
you. I thought, when my father died, I could never have another to equal him ; but 
when I came to your Orphanage, I discovered my mistake, for I found a better and 
truer Father, who will never leave me nor forsake me, and to whom I can take my 
every trouble, however small it may be. It seems almost too good to be true that 
Jesus was really crucified to save me. When I think of all the years I grieved and 
pained Him, it only makes me want to try and please Him ever so much more for 
the future. 

" I must tell you that I was in the Orphanage seven and a-half years, and 
was very happy indeed, and wish myself back again. Now I think I must close, 
thanking you for your kindness in giving us such a beautiful home to live in. It 
will always be something to look back on with pleasure for the rest of our lives, and 
for which we can never thank you enough. I myself hope shortly to come forward, 
and, by baptism, publicly let the world know that I have accepted Jesus as my 
Saviour; or, rather, I should say, that He lias accepted me as His child. 

" I remain, 

" One of your old orphan girts, 



On a memorable afternoon, in the autumn of 1890, Mr. Spurgeon paid a visit 
to the Orphanage under circumstances which are not likely to be forgotten by any 
who were then present. Almost immediately afterwards, he wrote the following 
account of the " happy scene in a storm," which may fitly conclude the references to 
the Orphanage in his Standard Life, for it shows how, right to the last, he sought 
the spiritual welfare of the children, which had been the principal aim both of 
Mrs. Hillyard and himself in founding the Institution : — 

" I went to the Stockwell Orphanage, on Tuesday, September 23, to walk 
round with an artist, and select bits for his pencil, to be inserted in a Christmas 
book for the Institution. We had not gone many yards before it began to rain. 
Umbrellas were forthcoming, and we tried to continue our perambulation of the 
whole square of the boys' and girls' houses ; but the rain persisted in descending, 
and speedily increased into a downpour. Nothing short of being amphibious would 



326 



H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



have enabled us to face the torrent. There was no other course but to turn into the 
play-hall, where the boys gave tremendous cheers at our advent, — cheers almost as 




THE boys' play-hall, STOCKWELL ORPHANAGE. 

deafening as the thunder which responded to them. Go out we could not, for the 
shower was swollen into a deluge, so I resolved to turn the season to account. A 
chair was forthcoming, and there I sat, the centre of a dense throng of juvenile 
humanity, which could scarcely be kept off from a nearness which showed the 
warmth of their reception of their friend. Our artist, who, standing in the throng, 
made a hurried sketch, could not be afforded space enough to put in the hundreds 
of boys. 

" It was certainly a melting moment as to heat, and fresh air was not abundant ; 
but anything was better than the storm outside. Flash after flash made everybody 
feel sober, and prompted me to talk with the boys about that freedom from fear 
which comes through faith in the Lord Jesus. The story was told of a very young 
believer,''* who was in his uncle's house, one night, during a tremendous tempest. 
The older folk were all afraid ; but he had really trusted himself with the Lord 
Jesus, and he did not dare to fear. The baby was upstairs, and nobody was brave 

*" This was, of course , Mr. Spurgeon himself when he was a lad. 



H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



;27 



enough to fetch it down because of a big window on the stairs. This lad went up to 
the bedroom, brought the baby to its mother, and then read a Psalm, and prayed 
with his relatives, who were trembling with fear. There was real danger, for a stack 
was set on fire a short distance away ; but the youth was as calm as on a summer's 
day of sunshine not because he was naturally brave, but because he truly trusted in 
the Lord. 



1,1 



- 


1 ;- 




C. H. SPURGEON AND A GROUP OF ORPHAN BOYS. 



"While I was thus speaking, the darkness increased, and the storm overhead 
seemed brooding over us with black wings. It was growing dark before its hour. 
Most appropriately, one of the boys suggested a verse, which all sang sweetly and 
reverently, — 

" ' Abide with me ! fast falls the eventide ; 

The darkness deepens ; Lord, with me abide ! 

When other helpers fail, and comforts fie 

Help of the helpless, O abide with me ! ' .... 

" This ended, there followed a word about the ground of the believer's trust : 
he was forgiven, and therefore dreaded no condemnation ; he was in his Heavenly 
Father's hand, and therefore feared no evil. If we were at enmity against God, and 
had all our sins resting upon our guilty heads, we might be afraid to die ; yes, and 
even afraid to live; but, when reconciled to Him bv the death of His Son, we said 



328 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

farewell to fear. With God against us, we are iii a state of war ; but with God for 
us, we dwell in perfect peace. Here came flashes of lightning and peals of thunder 
which might well make us start ; but no one was afraid. It is true we all felt awed, 
but we were restful, and somehow there was a quiet but general cry for 'perfect 
peace.' On enquiring what this meant, I was answered by all the bovs singino- 
right joyfully, — 

" ' Like a river glorious is God's perfect peace, 
Over all victorious in its bright increase, 
Perfect, yet it floweth fuller every day ; 
Perfect, yet it groweth deeper all the way. 

Stayed upon Jehovah, hearts are fully blest, 
Finding, as He promised, perfect peace and rest. 

" ' Hidden in the hollow of His blessed hand. 
Never foe can follow, never traitor stand ; 
» Not a surge of worry, not a shade of care. 

Not a blast of hurry touch the spirit there. 

Stayed upon Jehovah, hearts are fully blest. 
Finding, as He promised, perfect peace and rest. 

" This sung, we covered our faces reverently, and the boys were very silent, 
while I lifted up my voice in prayer. Then we opened our eyes again, and it was 
very dark, as if night had come before its time. While the flames of fire leaped in 
through the windows and skylights, the noise of the rain upon the roof and the 
tremendous thunder scarcely permitted me to say much upon Jesus as being our 
peace, through His bearing our sins in His own body on the tree. Yet, as well as 
I could, I set forth the cross of Christ as the place of peace-making, peace-speaking, 
and peace-finding, both for boys and men ; and then we all sang, to the accom.pani- 
ment of the storm-music, — 

" ' How sweet the Name of Jesus sounds 
In a believer's ear! 
It soothes his sorrows, heals his wounds, 
And drives away his fear.' 

" Never did the power of that Name to drive away fear appear more sweetly. 
'J'o me, the words came with a soothino- cheerino- force, which filled me with 
intense delight ; so we very joyfully and peacefully sang the third verse, — 

" ' Dear Name ! the rock on which I build. 
My shield and hiding-place ; 
My never-failing treasury, fill'd 
With boundless stores of grace.' 

"Just as we came to 'my Shield and hiding-place,' there was a peculiarly blue 
flash, with a sort of rifle-crack, as if something very close to us had been struck. 
The boys looked at one another, but went on, in subdued tones, singing ot the 
'boundless stores of orrace.' Teachers and others were mixed with the little army 
of boys, but we were all welded together in common emotion. I then reminded 
them that, to such a Protector, we must give our heart's love. It was a duty 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPIIV. 329 

to love one so good as the Lord Jesus, but even more a delicdit to do so, since 
He gave Himself for us, and, by bearing our punishment, delivered us from all 
harm. As if by instinct, someone led off — 

" ' My Jesus, I love Thee, I know Thou art mine 
For Thee all the follies of sin I resign ; 
My gracious Redeemer, my Saviour art Thou, 
If ever 1 loved Thee, my Jesus, 'tis now.' 

" Here "was a good opening to press home the question, — 'Is this true of each one 
of you ? The great desire of all who conduct the Orphanage is to lead you t<3 
take Jesus for your gracious Redeemer, that so you may love Him. Oh, that 
you loved Him nozu / It may be that, if you leave us unsaved, the Lord will 
yet bring you in ; but it would be far better that you should go out from us 
ready for the battle of life, and covered with a holy armour, so that you might 
not be wounded by the arrows of sin.' Then I picked out Mr. May, who is 
employed at the Orphanage, and bade him tell the boys about himself. May 
was a boy with us at the Orphanage, — a restless spirit, so he went to sea ; and, 
after many hardships and adventures, he was converted to God at Malta, and then 
came back to us, and we found him a post at his own school. As the lads knew 
the most of his story. May did not say very much ; and what he did say was 
rather overborne by the rain on the roof, which sounded like ten thousand drums. 
The thunder added its trumpet voice, and only allowed us pauses of silence. I 
went on with the talk till there came a burst of thunder loud and long. I stopped, 
and bade the children listen to the voice of the Lord. We all hearkened to it with 
awe and wonder. Then I reminded them of Psalm .xxix : ' The voice of the Lord 
is powerful ; the voice of the Lord is full of majesty. The voice of the Lord 
breaketh the cedars ; yea, the Lord breaketh the cedars of Lebanon. The Lord 
sitteth upon the flood ; yea, the Lord sitteth King for ever.' I told them how often 
1 had sung to myself Dr. Watts's verses, — 

"'The God that rules on high, 

And thunders when He please, 
That rides upon the stormy sky, 
And manages the seas ; 

" ' This awful God is ours. 

Our Father and our love ; 
lie shall send down His heavenly powers 
To carry us above. 

"'There shall we see His face, 
And never, never sin ; 
There from the rivers of His grace, 
Drink endless pleasures in.' 

"As they did not know the old-fashioned tune ' Falcon Street,' to which I had been 



33*^ c. H. spuhgeon's autobiography. ' 

wont to sing the words, we kept quiet till, suddenly, there came another roll of 
drums in the march of the God of armies ; and then, as an act of worship, we 
adoringly sang together, with full force, the words of the Doxology, — 

" ' Praise God, from whom all blessings flow, 
Praise Him all creatures here below, 
Praise Him above, ye heavenly host. 
Praise Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.' 

" This was a grand climax. The heavens themselves seemed to think so, for there 
were no more thunder-claps of such tremendous force. I need not write more. 
The storm abated. I hurried off to see enquirers at the Tabernacle, but not till 
one and another had said to me, 'The boys will never forget this. It will abide 
with them throughout eternity.' So be it, for Christ's sake ! Amen." 



Like the Orphanage, the Pastors' College made great advances during the 
fourteen years from 1878 to 1892. Up to the time of the President's home-going, 
nearly nine hundred brethren had been educated in the Institution, of whom a large 
number had gone to the foreign mission field or to other distant spheres of service. 
The statistical account for the year 189 1-2 showed that, in the churches under the 
charge of the ministers -who furnished the figures for that Annual Report, — and it 
was never possible to get returns from anything like all of them, — nearly 100,000 
persons had been baptized -since the year 1865, when the statistics were first 
collected ; and, after making all deductions, there had been a clear increase of 
80,000 members. Truly, if Mr. Spurgeon had done nothing beyond founding and 
carrying on the Pastors' College, it would have been a noble life-work ; yet that was 
only one of his many forms of labour for the Lord. 

The four tutors, whose portraits appear on the opposite page, were in charge 
of the College classes during the greater part of Mr. Spurgeon's presidency. 
" Father Rogers," who was spared to see his first student succeeded by more 
than eight hundred others, continued to hold the office of Principal until 1881, 
and he afterwards rendered occasional help at the College until 18S4, when he 
finally retired. Then, after spending seven restful years in his peaceful home 
at South Norwood, at the ripe age of ninety-two, he entered the glory-land only 
about four months before the Pastor and President with whom he had been so 
long and so happily associated in the important work of training men for the 
Christian ministry. Professor Gracey was appointed Principal in 1881, and he 
faithfully discharged the duties of that responsible posidon until he also was 
"called home" just a year after Mr. Spurgeon. Professor Fergusson remained 
at his post until the end of 1891, when increasing infirmities necessitated hi;^ 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 



332 




o 

o 



H 



7i^2 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPIl V. 

retirement ; and he is now (in 1899,) the sole survivor of the early tutorial staff of 
the College. Professor Marchant, who had himself been a Pastors' College student, 
became one of the tutors in 1881 ; he continued in that post until 1898, and only 
a few months more elapsed before he also received the home-call, just a week 
or two after the sudden summons reached Pastor J. A. Spurgeon, the former 
Vice-President, and afterwards the President of the Institution. 

One of the most important events in the latejr history of the College was 
the formation, in 1888, of the Pastors' College Evangelical Association. This 
was one of the direct results of the "Down-grade" Controversy. When Mr. 
Spurgeon found how many of his own former students had accepted various forms 
of modern-thought teaching, he felt compelled to withdraw from further fellowship 
with them in the annual Conferences, at which they were practically his guests 
for the week. The only method of attaining that end, so far as he could see, was 
to reorganize the Association, and to define more clearly the doctrinal basis, which 
had been in existence from its commencement, although there had been no need 
to call attention to it while all had been heartily united in the " one faith " as well 
as the "one Lord" and the "one baptism." It was a great grief to the President 
that some brethren, who were firmly attached to Evangelical doctrine, remained 
outside the new fraternal band ; but the gap in the ranks, which was caused by 
their absence, was quickly filled by an equal number of ministers, who, though 
not trained in the Pastors' College, were in heart and soul one with Mr. Spurgeon, 
especially in his great protest against error and worldliness in the Church. A 
special clause was inserted in the constitution of the reorganized fraternity by which 
they were admitted, as associates, to share the privileges enjoyed by the members. 
Two of these brethren— Pastors Hugh D. Brown and R. Shindler — are in the group 
reproduced on the opposite page from a photograph, taken at the Orphanage, 
on the Tuesday afternoon of the Conference week in 1888. The artist desired 
to secure a portrait of the beloved leader who had, that morning, been unanimously 
and enthusiastically elected "Perpetual President of the Pastors' College Evangelical 
Association," although he always insisted upon the observance of what all regarded, 
in his case, as the pure formality of an annual election, for he foresaw that a time 
might come when that right would have to be exercised in real earnest, — and 
all too soon it happened as he had prophesied He was in one of his happiest 
moods, that afternoon, and he called to him seven brethren who were near him 
at the time, and then told the photographer to take them all. This he did, with the 
most satisfactory result, as the illustration clearly shows. 

The chapter on "Jubilee Joys" contains a reference to Mr. Spurgeon's 



C. II. SrURGEON's AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

C. E. SAWDAY. R. SHINDLER. HUGH D. BROWN. 




FRANK H. WHITE. W. J. MAYERS. T. W. MEDHURST. 

C. H. Spurgeon and Ministers at College Conference, iS88. 



334 ' C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPIIV. 

objections to an endowment for his College ; but he was, in a very singular way. 
and quite unintentionally, the means of providing a large portion of the funds 
for its maintenance for several years after he had been " called home." The 
story greatly amused him when he heard it related ; it was to this effect. The 
conductor of an omnibus, while waiting on the City side of London Bridge, 
endeavoured to attract passengers by shouting" out, " Over the water to Charlie ! " 
A gentleman enquired what he meant by this unusual cry, and he explained that 
the 'bus was going over the Thames, and past the Tabernacle, where C. H. Spurgeon 
was announced to preach. It happened that the stranger had never heard the 
Pastor ; indeed, as the tale is told, it appears that he was not in the habit of 
attending any place of worship ; but he went on that occasion, and for the rest 
of his life he was a diligent reader of the printed sermons, and when he made 
his will, he bequeathed a very large sum to Mr. Spurgeon for the Pastors' College 
and for building chapels for the ministry of brethren trained in that Institution. 
The Law of Mortmain prevented the carrying out of the latter part of his bequest, 
and a long Chancery suit reduced the residue which he intended for the College ; 
but several thousands of pounds were received from his estate by the Trustees, 
who were thus enabled to continue the President's important work of preparing 
preachers of the Word for home and foreign service. 

An important outgrowth from " Mr. Spurgeon's First Institution " was the 
Pastors' College Society of Evangelists. The students, from the very beginning, 
had been noted both for the Evangelical doctrines which they held in common 
with their beloved President, and for the evangelistic fervour with which they 
proclaimed those truths. Many of them possessed the qualifications for the offices 
of pastor and evangelist to a very remarkable degree, and contemporary records 
abundantly prove how greatly the Church of 'Christ in general, and the Baptist 
denomination in particular, have been strengthened and increased through the 
labours of "our own men" in London, throughout the British Islands, on the 
Continent of Europe, in the United States, in most if not all of our numerous 
Colonies, and in the great mission field at large. 

Still, Mr. Spurgeon long felt the need of a number of brethren, specially called 
and fitted to ''do the work of an evangelist ; " and it was a great joy to him as, one 
alter another, suitable men came forward, and offered themselves for the service on 
which his heart had been set. Mr. W. Higgins, now pastor at VVymondham, 
Norfolk, was the pioneer of this new movement ; to which a great impetus was 
given by the appointment of Messrs. A. J. Clarke and J. Manton Smith. Then, 
when the temporary failure of Mr. Clarke's health made it advisable for him to 
accept an invitation to Australia, Mr. VV. Y. Fullerton took his place, and so 



C. II. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPIIV. 335 

commenced that happy partnership in labour for the Lord which has made the 
names of " C. H. Spurgeon's evangehsts, Fullerton and Smith," famihar as household 
words in tens of thousands of homes in various parts of the United Kingdom. 
Other College brethren, who have been more or less closely connected with the 
Society of Evangelists, are Messrs. J. Burnham, E. A. Carter, A. A. Harmer, 
J. S. Harrison, J. T. Mateer, and F. Russell. The "little band of brothers" 
entirely set apart for evangelistic work has been decreased by Messrs. Fullerton, 
Harmer, and Russell's acceptance of pastorates ; but some compensation for their 
loss has resulted from Mr. Carter's generous aid and self-sacrificing devotion to the 
Pioneer Mission, by which the number of earnest evangelists, seeking to serve the 
Saviour, has been largely augmented. It should also be mentioned that, long before 
the College Society of Evangelists was organized, there had existed two large 
and useful companies of so-called "lay" brethren, — the Tabernacle Evangelists' 
Association and Country Mission, — under the leadership of devoted elders of the 
Tabernacle Church. Many of the students first began to speak for the Lord in 
connection with one or other of these useful agencies ; and, during their College 
career, they continued, by this means, helping in the evangelization of the 
metropolis, and its suburbs, and the towns and villages in the adjacent counties. 
The total result of these many forms of Christian service, only eternity can reveal ; 
but it is already known that, through their instrumentality, multitudes of sinners 
have been led to repentance and faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, and many new 
churches have been formed, which are now self-supporting, and, in their turn, 
are centres of evangelistic effort in " the regions beyond." To God be all 
the glory. 

One other useful branch of the College work, in which Mr. Spurgeon greatly 
rejoiced, was the Pastors' College Missionary Association. Without any kind of 
antagonism to existing organizations, when sufficient sums were placed at his 
disposal, he guaranteed the necessary amount for the support of Mr. Patrick and 
Dr. Churcher in North Africa ; and, through the same agency, contributed toward 
the maintenance of Messrs. Blamire and Wigstone in Spain. He hoped that the 
way might have been opened for sending out large numbers of missionaries to 
various lands that are still destitute of gospel light ; but, as the means for carrying 
out this purpose did not reach him, he was glad that so many of his students were 
enabled to go, under the auspices of the Baptist Missionary Society, the American 
Baptist Missionary Union, or the China Inland Mission, to the different portions 
of the foreign field to which they believed themselves to be called of God. They 
also have done and are doing a work which "the day shall declare." 



2,^6 C. H. SrURGEON's AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

Not much need be added to the account of the Colportage Association given 
in the previous volume. In the last year of Mr. Spurgeon's life, 96 colporteurs 
were employed, — a larger number than in any previous part of the history of the 
work; and their sales amounted to ^11,255 os. 6d., — a higher total than they had 
ever before reached. During 1891, they had sold nearly 20,000 Bibles and 
Testaments, and more -than a quarter of a million of Scripture texts and cards. 
The total of their sales, from the commencement of the Association to the close 
of 1 89 1, was ^153,784 3s. 6d. ; and, during that quarter of a century, they had 
recorded 11,822,637 visits to families. It is impossible to tabulate the blessing 
that these earnest Christian workers have taken into the homes of the people, 
or that they have been the means of conveying by the services, Sunday-schools, 
missions, and temperance meetings which they are continually conducting ; for, 
happily, this work is still being carried on, though with a smaller number of agents, 
and with even greater anxieties as to finances than Mr. Spurgeon experienced. It 
was always a marvel to him that the Lord's stewards did not more quickly realize 
the value of the colporteurs' labours, and more generously aid this Protestant, 
Evangelical, Home Mission service. 



During the period that these various Institutions were growing and flourishing, 
the Tabernacle Church, the foster-mother of them all, was prospering beyond all 
precedent. At the time of Mr. Spurgeon's home-call, the number of members on 
the church-roll was 5,311; and, during his long pastorate, no less than 14,691 
persons were received into fellowship. At the end of 1891, there were 22 mission 
stations, and 27 Sunday and Ragged Schools, with 612 teachers, 8,034 scholars, 
and accommodation for 3,840 worshippers in the various halls used for public 
services. Comparing this great host with the little company of anxious but praying 
people to whom "the boy-preacher" delivered his first discourse, in New Park 
Street Chapel, on that historic morning, in De-cember, 1853, one can only say, as 
he said, times without number, when speaking of the blessing which the Lord had 
graciously vouchsafed to his ministry, — 

"What hath God wrought!" 



CHAPTER CIV 



fHB last letters from iHetttoite, 



By Mrs. C. H. Spurge 



EON. 



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FACSIMILES OF POST CARDS FROM ME.N'TONE. 

'HE love-letters of twenty blessed years have been reluctantly lifted 
from their hiding-place, and re-read with unspeakable love and 
sorrow. They are full of brightness, and the fragrance of a deep 
and abiding affection ; and filled with e\'ery detail concerning- my 
beloved and his doings which could be precious to the heart of a 
loving wife. But, alas ! each year, some part of the holiday time at 
Mentone was overshadowed by what appeared to be an inevitable illness, when the 

X4 




338 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

dear preacher was laid aside, and days and nights of wearisome pain were appointed 
to him. He had always worked up to the latest moment, and to the utmost point of 
endurance, so it was not surprising that, when the tension was relaxed, nature 
revenged herself upon the weary body by setting every nerve on fire, and loading 
every vein with gout-poison, to act as fuel to the consuming flame. " I ieel as it I 
were emerging from a volcano," he wrote, at the beginning of a convalescent period ; 
and even at such a time his sense of humour asserted itself, for his pen had sketched 
the outlines of a conical hill, out of the crater of which his head and shoulders were 
slowly rising, while the still-imprisoned lower limbs set forth the sad truth that all 
was not yet well with them. 

These chronicles would scarcely be complete without some further particulars 
concerning his life on the Riviera, — how he enjoyed his pleasures, how he bore his 
pains, how he worked when God gave him relief from sickness, and how, always and 
ever, his loving heart was "at home" with me. He kept up a daily correspondence 
with unflagging regularity : and when unable to use his • pen, through severe 
suffering or weakness, the letter came as usual, either dictated by him, or altogether 
written by his devoted secretary. 

I have selected, as the material for this chapter, the last letters which were 
written to me from Mentone, and which cover a period of nearly three months, 
for he left London on November 11, 1890, and returned February 5, 1891. The 
next time he visited the place he loved so well, God gratified his longing, — 
cherished for years, — to have me with him ; but, alas ! " I went out full, and 
the Lord brought me home again empty ; " for, after enjoying three months of 
exceeding sweetness, I unexpectedly found that I had gone to Mentone to see 
my beloved die ! 

Passing over the days of travel, which had no special interest, the arrival at 
Mentone is thus recorded on a post c^d ; — " What heavenly sunshine ! This is like 
another world. I cannot quite believe myself to be on the same planet. God 
grant that this may set me all right ! Only three other visitors in the hotel, — three 
American ladies, — room for you. So far, we have had royal weather, all but the 
Tuesday. Now the sea shines like a mirror before us. The palms in front of the 
windows are as still as in the Jubilee above. The air is warm, soft, balmy. We are 
idle^ — writing, reading, dawdling. Mentone is the same as ever, but it has abolished 
its own time, and goes by Paris." 

This bright opening of the holiday was quickly overclouded, for the next day- 
came the sad news that gout had fastened upon the poor patient's right hand and 



c. H. sturgeon's autobiograppiy. 339 

arm, and caused him weary pain. Yet he wrote: — "The day is hke one in Eden 
before our first parents fell. When my head is better, I shall enjoy it. I have 
eaii de Cologne dripped on to my hot brain-box ; and, as, I have nothing to do but 
to look out on the perfect scene before me, my case is not a bad one." But, alas ! 
the "case" proved to be very serious, and a painful time followed. These sudden 
attacks of the virulent enemy were greatly distressing and discouraging ; one day, 
Mr. Spurgeon would be in apparent health and good spirits ; and the next, his 
hand, or foot, or knee, would be swollen and infiamed, gout would have developed, 
and all the attendant evils of fever, unrest, sleeplessness, and acute suffering, would 
manifest themselves with more or less severity. 

In the present instance, the battle raged for eight days with much fury, and 
then God gave victory to the anxious combatants, and partial deliverance to the 
poor prisoner. My daily letters, written by Mr. Harrald, during this period, were 
very tender records of the sick-room experiences, — every detail told, and every 
possible consolation offered ; — but it was a weary season of suspense for the lo\ing 
heart a thousand miles distant, and the trial of absence was multiplied tenfold by the 
distress of anxiety. 

In the first letter Mr. H. wrote, he said : — "The one continual cry from Mr, 
Spurgeon is, 'I wish I were at home! I must get home!' Just to pacify him, I 
have promised to enquire about the through trains to London ; but, of course, it 
would be impossible for him to travel in his present condition. Everyone is very 
kind, sympathetic, attentive, and ready to do anything that can be done to relieve or 
cheer the dear sufferer. I have just asked what message he wishes to send to you. 
He says, 'Give her my love, and say I am very bad, and I wish I were at home for 
her to nurse me ; but, as I am not, I shall be helped through somehow.' " 

Curiously enough. The Times of the following day had a paragraph to the 
effect that "Mr. Spurgeon will stay at Mentone till February;" and when Mr. 
Harrald read this aloud, the dear patient remarked, " 1 have not said so, but I am 
afraid I shall have to do it ; " and the prophecy was fulfilled. 

After eight days and nights of alternate progress and drawback, there came to 
me a half-sheet of paper, covered with extraordinary hieroglyphic characters, at first 
sight almost unreadable. But love deciphered them, and this is what they said : — 
" Beloved, to lose right hand, is to be dumb. I am better, except at night. Could 
not love his darling more. Wished myself at home when pains came ; but when 
worst, this soft, clear air helps me. It is as Heaven's gate. All is well. Thus have 
I stammered a line or two. Not quite dumb, bless the Lord ! What a good Lord 
He is! 1 shall yet praise Him. Sleeplessness cannot so embitter the night as to 



340 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

make me fear when He is near." This pathetic little note is signed, "Your own 
belo\'ed Benjamite,^' for it was the work of his left hand. 

I think the effort was too much for him, for two more letters w-ere written by 
Mr. H. ; but a tender little joke, recorded in one of them, showed me that my 
beloved was on the road to recovery. "Our dear Tirshatha," says Mr. H., "has 
been greatly pleased with your letter received to-day ; your exhilaration appears 
to have favourably affected him. He says that he hopes the time will speedily 
arrive when he tvill be able to offer y on his hand !'' 

After this, the daily correspondence from his own pen is resumed, and in the 
first letter he strikes his usual key-note of praise to God : — " Bless the Lord ! 
I feel lighter and better; but oh, how weak! Happily, having nothing to do, 
it does not matter. I have nearly lost a whole month of life since I. first broke 
down, but the Lord will restore this breach." 

The next day, — date of letter, Dec. i, 1890, — he writes to his "poor lamb in 
the snow " to tell her that " this poor sheep cannot get its forefoot right yet, but it is 
far better than it was," — followed by the quaint petition, "May the Good Shepherd 
dio- you out of the snow, and many may the mangolds and the swedes be which He 
shall lay in the fold for His half- frozen sheep ! " 

Our Arctic experiences in England were balanced by wintry weather on the 
Riviera. "We have had two gloriously. terrific storms," he says ; "the sea wrought, 
and was tempestuous ; it flew before the wind like glass dust, or powdered snow. 
The tempest howled, yelled, screamed, and shrieked. The heavens seemed on fire, 
and the skies reverberated like the boom of gigantic ketdedrums. Hail rattled 
down, and then rain poured. It was a time of clamours and confusions. I went 
to bed at ten, and left the storm to itself; and I woke at seven, much refreshed. I 
ouo-ht to be well, but I am not, and don't know why." 

Dec. 3, 1890. — "We had two drives yesterday, and saw some of the mischief 
vvrouo-ht by the storm. The woodman. Wind, took down his keenest axe, and 
went straight on his way, hewing out a clean path through the olives and the 
pines. Here he rent off an arm, there he cut oft a head, and yonder he tore a trunk 
asunder, like some fierce Assyrian in the days ere pity was born. The poor 
cottaoers were gathering the olives from the road, trying to clear oft' the broken 
bouo-hs before they bore down other trees, and putting up fences which the storm 
had levelled with the ground. They looked so sad as they saw that we 
commiserated them. To-day, so fair, so calm, so bright, so warm, is as a leaf from 
the evergreen trees of Heaven. Oh, that you were here ! " 

For the next four days, I received post cards only. There was a loving 



C. H. SPUROEON S AUTOBIOGRAniY, 



341 



arrang-ement between us that these missives should be used when we were busy, 
or had not much to tell ; but my beloved could always say a great many things 
on these little messengers. He knew how to condense and crystallize his thoughts, 
so that a few brief choice sentences conveyed volumes of tender meaning. I have 
commenced this chapter with facsimiles of two of his poetical post cards of earlier 
date ; here are two specimens belonging to the period of which 1 am writing : — 

" Men tone, 

"Sunday, Dec. 7, '90. 
" Mia Carissima, 

"Your praise of my letters prompts me to write more; but your royal 
commands restrict me to a card ; and they are wise. Much love. Parcel has 
arrived, — all that I want. If specially good books come, you might get Mr. Keys 
to take two or three to Cook's office, for Haskoll to bring to me. He travels every 
week to and fro. 

" It was wet yesterday ; but I went out a very little walk. Mean to walk 
every day, but find my feet painful, as if I could count all my bones, yet I am 
each day better. To-day is dull, and by no means tropical; but, oh, so quiet 1 
I am praying that the 'Report' may How as streams in the desert. In our port, 




SHIPS IN MENTONE HARBOUR. 



some vessels have all sails spread, but it is only to dry them ; better have ever 
so litde a bit of canvas filled with the breath of heaven. I feel as if I were 
drying ; may you have the breeze ! " 



34- C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

" Mentone, 

" Monday, 8/12/90. 
" Out of that obedience which has so long been habitual to me, I did not write 
this morning ; but, finding that there is an evening post, my rebellious nature seized 
the occasion to indulge itself. To-day I dressed myself ! A childish glee is on me 
as I record the fact. To have the use of one's hands again, is a big mercy. We 
have had a heavenly day, and spent the morning in a long drive. Afternoon, I went 
for a walk. I was entreated to attend laying of first stone in Scotch Church, but I 
would not yield. H. went, and it was cold and draughty, — enough to lay me up 
again. Wisdom did me a good turn when she bade me walk in the sun. Mr. A. 
has sent home some flowers ; he despatched some rosebuds to you from me. They 
will be perfumed a parfait aniozir. You write so sweetly. Yours is a hand which 
sets to music all it writes to me. God bless you ! But you don't say how you are. 
If you do not, I will write every day. We have fifteen in the hotel now. I have not 
commenced morning prayer with them yet, but think of doing so soon. Remember 
me to T. and old George." 

Such postcards were as good as letters, and I could have been well content had 
my husband sent me only these ; but he was lavish in his love, and insisted that the 
letters should outnumber the smaller missives. I had long protested, and sincerely, 
too, against what I ieared was a tax upon his precious holiday time ; but, to the 
end, (for these are his very last letters to me,) he persevered in his tender, self- 
imposed task ; and, now, the memory of his goodness is inexpressibly precious. 

In the succeeding communication, there is a reference to the burning question 
of the hour, — Home Rule, — which may interest readers who indulge a penchant 
for politics : — 

"We have had two of the loveliest of days; and, after a morning drive, I 
have had an afternoon's walk, each day walking just a little more. It is not much 
now, but it was and is much to me. The Dr. says that, in the heart-cure, they have 
a zigzag up a mountain, and the patient tries a turn each day ; and when he can 
Malk to the top and down, he goes home. My little perambulations are somewhat 
after this fashion. This place Is delicious. It is just 8 a.m., and I have both 
windows open, and I am writing to the low soft cadence of a rippling sea. Oh, that 
you were here ! 

" That IrisJi stev/ ! The last dose was well peppered, and served up hot ! 
Perhaps now that they are separated they will get together, they seem to have been 
greatly divided while they were united ! Poor G.O.M. ! How he must feel the insults 
of those for whom he has forfeited everything ! Yet he seems to hold on to their 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 343 

scheme though he knows that it is not only dangerous, but unattainable. I am glad 
I am neither of Gladstone nor of Parnell. He that wades not up to the ankles, will 
not go in up to the loins."- 

Midwinter in England brought also to Mentone some cold, wet days, and these 
acted on the Pastor's sensitive frame as the atmosphere operates on a barometer. 
Dull and dreary days depressed him ; but when they came, they were welcomed, for 
he would then turn to his literary work with redoubled energy, and get through an 
amazing quantity of it in an incredibly short space of time ; but he revelled in the 
sunshine, and enjoyed basking in its warm beams ; and his pity for those who had to 
endure the severities of fog, frost, and snow, was very real and sincere. 

" Poor darling," he wrote, "to be so cold. The Lord will soon hear prayer, 
and send the soft South wind upon you, and then I also shall get well, and go out for 
walks, and praise His Name. I wish I could think of something to cast a gleam of 
sunlight over ' Westwood.' If my love were light, you would live in the sun. I shall 
send some roses to-morrow, and they will prophesy of better days." Alas ! the 
" better days " moved very tardily towards him on this occasion ; and, though of 
course we did not know it at the time, the deadly mischief, which afterwards proved 
fatal, had already begun to work in his poor body. " I cannot say that I am as I 
should like to be," he writes ; " two cold, windy afternoons have kept me in, and so I 
have missed my walk ; and my hand, inside, is white and chalky, and outside, on its 
back, it is still somewhat swollen, and you see I cannot write so well. To-day, I 
have been for a drive, but it was rather cold. I sleep well, take physic often, and 
try to be right, and am really much better, but the mischief hangs about me." 
Undoubtedly it did, and this was " the beginning of the end," though our eyes were 
holden, so that we could not see it. 

The loving ministries of his Mentone life began again, however. He "went 
to see a sick Baroness, and prayed with her, and helped her to feel at rest through 
submission to our Lord's will ; " and the morning meetings for worship were recom- 
menced, the conduct of which gave him much joy and encouragement, with results 
only fully known in Heaven. 

Next morning, the aneroid marks a higher figure, but only for a few hours : — 
" This has been so far a lovely, sunny, warm day, and we have been out for a long 
drive, and enjoyed it much. Seen the mountains of Italy covered with their white 
millers' hats ; and fields of roses, red, white, and yellow ! We had a drink of very 
cold water from the fountain which gushes, apparently, from the heart of an olive. 
(See illustration on page lo.) Now the day is darkening down with clouds, and 
probably a cold blast will come. Yes, the angels are letting loose the winds from 



344 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. .. 

their fists, and the palm trees are waving their fronds in token of victory over the sun 




PALM TREES IN GARDEN OF HOTEL BEAU RIVAGE, MENTONE. « 

which has retreated behind the clouds. These palms in front of the windows 
constantly remind me of the words in the Revelation, ' with palms in their hands,' for 
we are on a level with their grand fronds. I should think they measure ten or 
twelve feet from where they start. They are magnificent emblems of victory. We 
shall wave better than these when we are with the Lord, and celebrate His triumph ! " 

Day after day, these barometric fluctuations agitated the dear patient, and 
seemed to retard his recovery ; but they were only the outward indications of the 
deep-seated internal trouble. It is wonderful how blind we were ; so used, I expect. 



C. H. SrURGEON's AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 345 

to the alternations of my beloved's condition, and so happily accustomed to see his 
" rare power of recuperation," as the Dr. called it, manifestinc^ itself at the end of an 
illness, that we had learned to anticipate complete recovery from all his sicknesses. 
God be praised for the merciful veil which hides the future from our eyes ! 

" Mentone, 

" Dec. 18, '90. 

" Yesterday morning was wet and cold, and we rejoiced in the fire of olive logs. 
After lunch, the clouds were gone, the winds fell asleep, the sun in beneficent 
splendour gave us two hours of summer, during which your Prince Charlie went 
forth in his chariot, and was so pleased with the light, colour, warmth, and tone 
of everything, that he felt no spot or time could ever be more enjoyable unless his 
dear consort could be with him. I want someone to show these things to, — and 
there is only one ' someone ' who would fulfil my ideal. 

" After morning prayer, we went down town to get the parcel from Cook's 
man. All right. Books well selected. Hearty thanks. The tracts from 
Drummond's we can give away. We sent sermons and other periodicals to a 
Shields collier which has been in this port with coals. After getting our parcel, 
we returned, for the clouds came up in black armies, and the wind rushed forth. It 
may alter again, and then ' out we go ; ' but nothing seems to be settled, and I 
suppose the weather here cannot be quiet, while it is so terrible with you. If the 
Lord will, I trust the worst of the winter will soon be gone. I have plenty to do, so 
that a day indoors is not dull, but I wish I could get my walk. This, too, may come. 
I have one finger purple and swollen, but I feel so greatly better that I could clap 
my hands if it were not for hurting that poor weak member." 

Till Christmas-day, the letters tell of cold and rain, tornadoes of wind, and other 
evils, with occasional glimpses of the lovely spring weather so much desired. My 
husband greatly sympathized with us in our endurance of the very severe winter 
of 1890 ; it was quite touching to note how constandy he referred to it, and seemed 
almost to suffer with us in our long period of frost, fog, bitter cold, and darkness. 
" I keep on praying for change of weather for you, and the poor and sick," he 
writes ; "I wish I could send you a brazier of the coals of my heart, which 
have a most vehement flame." 

Oh, how true this was ! God had made him a real philanthropist, and the woes 
of others were felt, and commiserated, and brought before the Lord, with as much 
earnestness and sincerity as though they had been his own. His heart was so bio-, 
it had room for others' griefs ; and it was so full of love and pity, that he had always 
some to spare for those who needed it. 



546 



c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 



A carriacre drive to Ventimiglia gave him great pleasure just at this time. 




\t.\ri.MIGLIA, ITALY. 



From a certain part of the road, the Col di Tenda and a considerable portion of 
the Maritime Alps are visible, in their winter dress ot snow ; and visitors from 
Mentone are fond of driving there to see a picture quite unique in its grouping, — 
a foreground of roses, and palms, and tropical vegetation luxuriating in the 
sunshine, — on the one side, the blue waters of the Mediterranean rivalling the 
brightness of the sky ; on the other, the valley of the Roya, with picturesque hamlets 
on both banks of the river, and, for a distant background, those solemn white 
Alps proclaiming, in a language which cannot be misunderstood, the greatness and 
majesty of their Maker. 



Christmas-day was grey and cold, and was spent in work, "digging away 
at books and letters." Friends had lavished upon him a wealth of lovely flowers, 
— roses, carnations, hyacinths, tuberoses, cyclamen, — in vases ; and a pot of that 
sweetest of sweet blossoms, lily of the valley ; but he could scarcely enjoy them. 
All night, his bones had "cried and groaned " with rheumatism; and he must, I 



c H. spurgeon's autobiography. 347 

think, for the first time, have had sonie premonition of danger, for he says, "There 
is some deep-seated gout in me." 

But even this passes, and the five following days each bring a bright, cheerful 
little post card to reassure and comfort me. One, written on Monday, 
December 29, 1890, tells of "a delightful meeting, last night, in the room above 
ours. Piano, with hymns ad lib., and I preiiched from Deut. xxxii. 10, glad to 
review the goodness of Him who found, led, taught, and kept me ; " and the last 
of the five — ^on December 31, 1890, — testifies thus graciously to the goodness and 
faithfulness of God : — " The old year is nearly out, — a good old year, a year of 
lovingkindnesses and of tender mercies. I cannot dismiss it with a complaint, but with 
thankfulness. Oh, for more holiness for myself in the new year, and more health 
for my beloved spouse ! I think I shall get home for February i, or first Sunday 
in February, for I now feel as if life had come back to me with enjoyment, and a 
measure of sprighdy thought, for which I would praise the Lord practically by 
employing it in His service. We had twenty-three to morning prayer to-day, — 
nearly as many as the room can hold. How they do come ! Wet and cold do not 
hinder, and they are so grateful." 

" New Year's Day, fan. i, 1891. 
" A happy new year to you, my sweetest and best ! I would write it in the 
biggest of capitals if that would show how happy I wish the year to be. I had 
a praiseful evening yesterday, blessing God for the old year ; and now, this morning, 
we have had a good meeting. We sang No. ',042 in Our Oivn Hymn Book, having 
made copies for our twenty-four friends. Then I read and expounded Psalm ciii., 
and prayed. There were flowers, and cards, and contributions ; and, this afternoon, 
we are going to give our landlord and h:s wife a present, for the house is not full, 
and the keeping- of the hotel is not profitable. So there will be joy among many 
as we meet for tea. God is indeed gracious to me, for I feel well, and I turn 
my face homeward in desire. I have been for a drive in the delicious summer 
sunshine. Oh, that you had been at my side ! I have just read your sweet, sweet 
letter. You best-beloved of my heart, how I wish I could change your weather ! 
I can only pray ; but prayer moves the hand which moves winds and clouds. 
The Lord Himself comfort you, and bear you up under all troubles, and make 
up to you, by His own presence, the absence of health, warmth, and husband ! " 

When my beloved felt fairly well, his Sundays at Mentone were a great joy 
and rest to him. He made the day full of sweet, devout service, and still sweeter 
communion with the Lord ! In the morning, after having family prayer, he would, 
perhaps, go to the Presbyterian place of worship in Mrs. Dudgeon's garden ; and 



348 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

afterwards write to me: — "Capital sermon from Mr. Somerville on Rev. ii. 12, 17, 
splendidly witnessing against the 'Down-grade.'" In the afternoon, there would 
be breaking of bread, and one of those choice little addresses, on the love and grace 
of the Lord Jesus, which melted all hearts, and rekindled the latent fires of devotion 
in some inconstant breast ; and the evening would be spent in singing God's praises, 
and listening- to a brief sermon by Mr. Harrald, or someone else who might have 
a message to deliver. " Quite a full day," he remarks, after one of these occasions, 
" but it seemed very short, and as sweet as short. Oh, that you were here ! " 

The holy, happy influence of these Sabbaths overflowed into the days of the 
week, which to my beloved were as much " Lord's-days " as those set apart bv law 
and gospel. The company at morning worship grew larger every week, the 
adjoining room had to be thrown open, and one very cold day he wrote : — " I 
wondered to see my visitors assemble to the great number of forty-one, and thev 
do not want to go away from what some of them call ' this dear room.' Trulv, the 
Lord is here, and His Word is sweet both to them and to me, as we read it morning 
by morning. What a text is Isaiah Ixii. 7, in the Revised Version: 'Ye that are 
the Lord's remembrancers, take ye no rest, and give Him no rest.' Oh, for such 
importunate prayers for His Church now that evil times have come ! " 

A tender, loving birthday letter, which set all the joy-bells in my heart ringing, 
comes next in order, and I quote a tew extracts from it : — " I trust this will reach 
you on your own dear birthday. Ten thousand benedictions be upon you ! . . . 
What an immeasurable blessing you have been to me, and are still ! Your patience 
in suffering, and diligence in service, are works of the Holy Spirit in you, for which 
I adore His Name. Your love to me is not only a product of nature, but it has 
been so sanctified by grace that it has become a spiritual blessing to me. May you 
still be upheld ; and if you may not be kept from suffering, may you be preserved 
from sinking ! . . . My love to you grows, and yet I do not know how at any 
time it could have been greater. I am thinking which I shall do, — drive out, and send 
you flowers, or walk, and get Mr. A. to send them. I know which way your vote 
would go, and I shall act accordingly, if our friend will undertake the commission. 
If flowers do not come, please know that it was in my heart to send them," 

A few days after, a reference is made to my reply in these words : — "I had 
your letter, last night, which was written on your birthday. I am so glad the 
flowers reached you, and made you glad. There is .a happy tone about ' the old 
woman's ' letter which does the old man good. God bless you, darling, and delight 
your heart with trucks and sacks of good things for others ! " This latter sentence 
refers to the generous action of one of our near neighbours, on Beulah Hill, who, 
knowing that I was interesting myself for the poor in Thornton Heath, had placed 



C.' H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 349 

a trucUload of coals at my disposal for them. The long" and dreary winter had 
severely tried them, and we opened a soup-kitchen at "Westwood," which 
ministered daily to their necessities. My beloved felt sorely troubled for the 
distress which came so close to our doors, and did not fail to take his share in the 
pitying' help rendered to those who could not help themselves during the time of 
that awful frost. " I am so glad you feed the poor," he wrote ; "spend ^lo for me. 
please ; don't stint anything". As I look at the pictures in The GrapJiic, my spirits 
sink, but my prayer rises." And a few days later he returns to the same subject : — 
" I pray day and night for a thaw to come, and end this great distress by allowing 
the people to work. Do spend my ^lo, which I will send by next post." 

The grey, cold days, which prevailed at Mentone during" the early part of the 
year 1891, gave the dear preacher an opportunity for working" hard, of which he 
willingly availed himself He heartily enjoyed the pleasurable leisure of drivino", 
which seemed to soothe his brain, and refresh both body and spirit ; but he was 
never idle ; and, after returning- from his excursions, he would apply himself imme- 
diately to the work in hand, and his busy pen would fly over the sheets of paper with 
untiring' energy. The secret of the amazing wealth of literary labour, which he left 
as a legacy to the world, lay in the fact that he was constantly gathering" up the 
seed-pearls of small opportunities while never neglecting the greater occasions of 
enrichment. Receiving" and imparting, gaining that he might give, labouring" not 
for himselt but for others, the redeemed minutes soon multiplied into hours, and the 
hours grew into days, and so his life, like a fieJd well-dressed and tended, bore 
hundredfold crops to the praise and delight of the Great Husbandman. 

Sabbath, Jan. iS, 1891, he wrote: — "I have not gone to service this morning, 
as I had sermons to revise, and one to get for this afternoon. I have chosen 
Psalm xxxii. 9, and want to show the joy of having a good understanding with the 
Lord, so as to need no bit, but to be left free to go on in His way with liberty. 
Two things are to be dreaded, — Irreverent familiarity : 'lest they come near unto 
thee ; ' (a. v.) — Disobedient departure : ' else they will not come near unto thee, (r.v.) 
Are not the two renderings curious .■* To me, they set forth the same thing in 
difi'erent lights. Note, in R.v., ' whose trappings must be bit and bridle,' as if 
even these were made ornamental, and our inflictions and afilictions became our 
decorative equipment, — yet even then not desirable. Oh, to be guided by the 
Lord's eye ! " 

Further on, I am told that he had "a good service from the text mentioned," 
and then that he had been able to revise six sermons ready for printing when double 
numbers were wanted, or "to be used it I should be ill." Was this another 



350 



H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAl'HY. 



premonition ? If it were, the shadow soon passed, for the next letter describes a visit 
to BeauHeu, — " a lovely drive, in the warm sunshine, to a place which I should like 
to stop at for a time another year, if it please God." This little outing must have 
benefited the dear patient, for, the next morning, he writes : — " I am working with 
windows wide open ; and when I have done, I hope to take my long walk round the 
red rocks. (See illustration on page 12.) I forgot to tell you that, on Thursday, 
Mr. Cheyne Bradv came over from Cannes, and we walked out a mile or more, and 




MR. SPURGEON'S favourite WALK AT MEXTONE. 



talked, and prayed, and then came back. He returned alone because he had to 
hurry to catch a train, but I walked both ways with great pleasure ; indeed, it was 
the best time I have spent since I came here. The sun, the air, the sea, all 
ministered to me ; and I ministered to the Lord in grateful praise." 



Mr. Spurgeon had consented to open the new Scotch Church on Thursday, 
January 29, 1891 ; but, on the Wednesday, while out walking, a sudden seizure of 
gout in both hands and one foot threatened to lay him aside once more. It is most 
touching to read how he fought the disease both with physic and by dieting. " The 



H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



;5r 



enemy is going," he writes; "driven out by medicine, starved out by oatmeal and 
nothing else for lunches and dinners." He took the service at the Scotch Church, 
though so utterly unfit for it, and " got through the sermon with trembling knees^ 
and the bell gone out of my voice." 




THE SCOTCH PKLSBYILKIAN. CHURCH, MLMoNL. 



So extremely sensitive as my beloved was to any degree of pain, it was simply 
marvellous how he overcame this weakness of body, and served while sufferino-, 
when work for the Master called forth his spiritual energies. Many a time, at the 
Tabernacle, has he painfully limped into his pulpit, leaning heavily on his stick, and. 



352 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

unable to stand, has preached, kneehng- with one knee on a chair ; but even then, 
the astonished congregation has seen him, warming to his work, and inspired by his 
all-consuming zeal, push the chair aside, and, grasping the rail of the platform with 
both hands, stand there for the rest of the service, apparently forgetful of his 
boclilv distress, because absorbed by his passionate desire to persuade poor sinner? 
to come to Christ. 

But this is a digression. We must return to Mentone for the few days yet 
remaining. 

One of the dear preacher's last ministrations, on this occasion, was to hold a 
funeral service over the body of the Baroness von H., whom he had so often visited 
and comforted in her last sickness. He writes: — "There was a great blaze of 
candles on both sides of the coffin, and palm branches and white flowers upon it. 
She is now to be carried to Russia, and I should think the journey will occupy 
a fortnight. Why can't they let a body be ^ I would prefer to be buried wherever 
I might die ; yet, as she wished to lie in the same tomb with her husband, there is 
an argument on that side also." 

Now the record draws quickly to a close. It had been a time of strangely 
mingled experiences of rest and rack, of cold and heat, of storm and sunshine, 
of pain and pleasure ; — but, over all, the peace of God brooded like a dove, and 
the home-coming was safe and happy ; not even a shadow of the dark dispensation, 
which fell upon us in June, then rested on our spirits. The vejy last communication 
froni Mentone was a post card, which, Irom the extracts I give, will be seen to have 
been written in quite good spirits, and suitably closes this chapter : — 

" Mentone, 

" Monday, February 2, '91. 
" Mine Own, 

" I telegraphed you to-day, and I hope your anxiety has ceased. There ! 
at this moment, a mosquito popped on my nose, and Harrald has killed him ! So 
may all your fears end ! I am very much better ; indeed, well. Archibald Brown 
has been with me for an hour ; and the sight of him, and a little prayer with 
him, have set me up. I rested well yesterday. We are all in a muddle packing ; 
H., in his shirt-sleeves, almost wants to pack vie up ! I am writing notes of 
' Good-bye ' to friends. I hope soon to follow where this card is going ; how 
delighted I am with the prospect! If you don't hear again, do not wonder; it 
anything should be wrong, I will wire at once. 1 am already with you in spirit. 
My heart has never left you. Blessed be God that we are spared to each other !" 



CHAPTER CV. 



^Ijt ions illness. 



"/ have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction" — This has long been the motto fixed before our 
eye upon the wall of our bed-chamber, and in many ways it has also been written on our heart. 
It is no mean thing to be chosen of God. God's choice makes chosen men choice men. . . . We 
are chosen, not in the palace, but in the furnace. In the furnace, beauty is marred, fashion is 
destroyed, strength is melted, glory is consumed ; yet here eternal love reveals its secrets, and 
declares its choice. So has it been in our case. . . . Therefore, if to-day the furnace be heated 
seven times hotter, we will not dread it, for the glorious Son of God will walk with us amid the 
glowing coals.— C. H. S., in " The Cheque Book of the Bank of Faith." 

H E first Sabbath after his return from the sunny South, — February 8, 
1 89 1, — the Pastor preached at the Tabernacle from Isaiah Ixii. 6, 7, 
using both the Authorized and Revised Versions, as he had done 
when speaking upon that passage at Mentone. On that occasion, 
he said to his secretary, "You need not transcribe your report, 
for I expect to have this subject again when I get home." He had 
been specially struck with the Revisers' rendering of the text: "Ye that are the 
Lord's remembrancers, take ye no rest, and give Him no rest, till He establish, and 
till He make Jerusalem a praise in the earth." The sermon was intended to be the 
key-note of the year's service for God ; it was a powerful call to prayer and 
testimony, yet probably even the preacher himself did not then fully realize how 
appropriate was his message in preparing the people for that long season of almost 
ceaseless intercession while he was enduring the heaviest affliction of his life, and 
from which he was never really to recover. 




Although there were ominous indications that his health was by no means all that 
could be desired, he did not spare himself, but laboured with the utmost earnestness 
and zeal to extend his Master's Kingdom. A brief " Note " in The Szvord and the 
Trowel of that period gives just a glimpse of the great spiritual prosperity which was 
being enjoyed only a little while before the starding breakdown which proved to be 
" the beginning of the end " : — " The month of March has been a memorable one for 
the church in the Tabernacle. Pastor C. H. S. continued to see persons who wished 
to join the church, and out of these he had eighty-four to propose for fellowship. 
How much of joyous labour all these involved, is best known to the Pastor and the 
sympathizing reapers who shared his delightful toil. To God alone be glory." 

Y4 



354 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

The last College Conference, at which Mr. Spurgeon was present, was held 
from Monday, April 20, to Friday, April 24. In the May number of The 
Sword and the Troivel, the Editor inserted the following "Note" concerning the 
Sabbath night after the meetings : — " To the President, the week of Conference 
was one of exhausting delight. Every day, everything went well. . . . Of 
course, there was a reaction for the one who was the centre of all this ; and, 
for the first time in a ministry of forty years, we entered the pulpit on the Sunday 
evening, and were obliged to hurry out of it ; for a low, nervous condition shut us up. 
Happily, Mr. Stott could take up the story there and then ; and he did so." It was 
very remarkable that, in his letter, written to Mr. Stott, four months previously, 
concerning his appointment as assistant-minister for the year 1891, Mr. Spurgeon 
said : — -" It would be a great relief to me if I knew that someone was on the spot 
to take the pulpit should I suddenly fail." That expression almost implies a 
premonition of what took place on that Sabbath night, April 26, 1891. 

This unprecedented experience was an indication of a very serious state of affairs; 
yet, the following Lord's-day morning. May 3, the Pastor was in his pulpit again ; 
and he delivered the discourse which he had prepared for the previous week, prefacing 
it with a reference to the " overpowering nervousness " which had then oppressed 
him, and pointing out the lessons which that strange occurrence was probably 
intended to teach to himself and his hearers. He preached again at night; on the 
following afternoon, he was at the Tabernacle, seeing enquirers and candidates for 
church-fellowship ; and in the evening, he presided at the prayer-meeting. In the 
course of the proceedings, he asked for earnest supplication on behalf of the special 
services in which he was to be occupied during the week. These comprised the 
annual sermon to Sunday-school teachers, at Bloomsbury Chapel, on the Tuesday 
evening ; a sermon at the Tabernacle, on the Thursday night, in aid of the British 
and Foreign Sailors' Society, preceded by a prayer-meeting in the lecture-hall ; and 
two meetings at Hendon, on the Friday, in connection with the "Fraternal" of 
which Mr. Spurgeon was a member. In the June number of The Sword and the 
Trowel, the Editor gave a brief account of all these gatherings, and some others that 
followed shordy afterwards ; and his " Notes " indicate that the long illness had 
commenced, although he was not then aware of its serious nature or its probable 
duration. The concluding paragraphs were as follows : — 

" Friends will note that all the above meetings were held in one week, which also 
included two Sabbath services and the great communion at the Tabernacle, beside 
all the regular home-work, correspondence, etc. In addition, the Lord's-day 
morning sermon had to be revised, and published the following Thursday ; and the 
sermons to Sunday-school teachers and sailors were received for revision, and duly 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



355 



attended to. Is it any wonder that the worker gets weary, and has to beg friends not 
to impose further burdens on one who is already terribly overladen ? 

"On Friday evening, May 15, Mr. Spurgeon spoke at the Presbyterian 
missionary meeting at Exeter Hall. It was a time of peculiar bodily weakness, and 
of special spiritual strength, God bless our friends who so kindly received the 
message and the messenger ! 

"On Sunday evening, May 17, Mr. Spurgeon could not preach ; and on the 
Monday, the doctor found him laid aside with congestion of the lungs and other 
matters, which forbid his quitting his chamber for some little time to come. ' My 
times are in Thy hand.' We would always be preaching : howbeit, the Lord 
thinketh not so." 

The text quoted by the Pastor was the subject of his Sabbath morning sermon 




C. H. SPURGEON PREACHING IN THE TABERNACLE, 189I. 



on May 17, which many have supposed to be his last discourse in the Tabernacle. 
It was not, however, for there was one more message which he was to be permitted 



556 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



to speak to the great congregation before that " long silence " which was only 
temporarily broken at Mentone on the following New Year's Eve. On Lord's-day 
morning, June 7, 1891, Mr. Spurgeon stood for the last time on that platform which, 
for thirty years, had been his pulpit throne, and from which he had proclaimed the 
gospel to at least twenty millions of hearers, while, by means of the printed page, 
he had been brought into communication with a far greater number of readers in 
all quarters of the globe. His text, on that ever-memorable morning, was 
I Samuel xxx. 21 — 25 ; and the sermon was published, as No. 2,208 in the regular 
weekly issue, under the title, " The Statute of David for the Sharing of the Spoil." 
The whole discourse was a noble conclusion to the Pastor's ministry in the beautiful 
sanctuary which was ever to him what Zion was to the Jews ; but the final sentences 
were so noteworthy that they are inserted here, in full, to correspond with 
" C. H. Spurgeon's First Words at the Tabernacle," given in Vol. III., page i. 




l>5*flonis 




X^berneicle 



If you wear the live^ of Christ, you will find Him so meek and lowly 
of heart that you will find rest unto your souls.He is the most magnan- 
imous of captains. There never was His like among the choicest of princes 
He is always to be found in the thickest part of the battle. When the wind 
blows cold He always takes the bleoksideof thehilljheheaviestend of 
the cross lies ever on His shoulders. If He bids us carry a burden. He 
carries it also. If there is anything that is gracious. generou5,kird,cind 
tender.yea lavish and superabundant in love.you always find it in Him. 
His service is life, peacejqy. Oh.thatyou would enter on it at once! God 
help you to enlist under the banner of JesUS CHRIST ! 

c. H. spurgeon's last words at the tabernacle, JUNE 7, 1891, 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



;57 



On the followingr morning, Mr. Spurgeon went into the country, to be the 
guest of Mr. Gurteen, of Haverhill, in order that he might again visit Stambourne 
and its neighbourhood, that his photographer friend might take the views which 
he wished to have reproduced for his little volume. Memories of Stamboitrne. The 
gout-mischief that was lurking in his system, with the deadly effects of the 
mysterious malady so strangely misnamed influenza, combined to produce such 
alarming symptoms thaf he had to hurry home on the Friday ; and then, for three 
months, he was completely laid aside. 

One of the additional trials of the early part of his illness was the fact that he 
was unable to preach or speak in connection with the opening of the Surrey 
Gardens Memorial Hall, which had been erected partly with the view of providing 




THE SURREY GARDENS MEMORIAL HALL. 



suitable accommodation for the workers connected with the Carter Street Sunday- 
school, but also as a permanent memorial of the Pastor's ministry in the Surrey 
Gardens Music Hall. On October 20, 1890, Mr. Spurgeon and Mr. S. R. Pearce had 
laid the foundation stones of the new building ; Mr. W. Higgs had erected it in his 
usual excellent and generous fashion ; and, in the meantime, the whole of the 
amount required to pay for it had been raised. The opening services were 



358 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

postponed from June 2 to June 23, in the hope that the Pastor might be sufficiently 
restored to take part in them ; but, by that time, his illness had assumed so serious 
a form that the hope had to be abandoned, and the premises had to be set apart 
for the Lord's service under the shadow of an impending calamity which threatened 
to add still greater solemnity to the memorial character of the work. 

About that time, Dr. Kidd was called in to consult with Dr. Miller, of Upper 
Norwood, who had been in attendance upon Mr. Spurgeon since May 18, and 
Dr. Russell Reynolds was also consulted. For a while, all that medical skill, 
patient watching, and careful nursing could do, appeared to be of no avail ; and, 
with the use of all means that seemed wise and right, prayer was being offered, 
unceasingly, by believers all over the world. The Tabernacle Church, beginning 
with a whole day of intercession for the suffering Pastor, continued to meet, morning, 
noon, and night, to plead for his recovery. In hundreds and perhaps thousands 
of Nonconformist places of worship, sympathetic petitions were presented on his 
behalf, — the Chief Rabbi being a conspicuous representative of those who held 
very different views from Mr. Spurgeon's, but who remembered him at the throne 
of grace in his season of suffering. Many of the clergy of the Established 
Church, with their congregations, were equally earnest in praying for him, the 
ecclesiastical dignitaries officiating at St. Paul's Cathedral and Westminster Abbey 
joining with the Archbishops and many of the Bishops in interceding on his behalf. 

The secular and religious press of our own and other lands devoted much 
space to accounts of his illness, and particulars of his work, — not always accurate, 
though, on the whole, exceedingly kind and appreciative. Telegrams, letters, and 
resolutions of sympathy poured into " VVestwood " in a continuous stream, while 
those who called or sent to enquire for the beloved sufferer were of all ranks, from 
the Prince of Wales and a great proportion of the nobility of the country to the 
poorest of the poor. A volume might be filled with the letters from notable 
individuals who wrote, during that trying time, (and the period of bereavement 
that followed it,) either to the Pastor or to Mrs. Spurgeon ; but space can only be 
spared here for just a small selection of the most representative communications. 
The one that probably had the most tender associations connected with it was written 
by Mr. Gladstone, who had recently lost his eldest son. He was staying with his 
friend, Mr, Colmian, from whose house he sent the following touching epistle : — 

" Corton, 

" Lowestoft, 

"July 16, 1891. , 
" My Dear Madam, 

"In my own home, darkened at the present time, I have read with sad 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 359 

* interest the daily accounts of Mr. Spurgeon's illness ; and I cannot help conveying 

to you the earnest assurance of my sympathy with you and with him, and of my 

cordial admiration, not only of his splendid powers, but still more of his devoted 

and unfailing character. May I humbly commend you and him, in all contingencies, 

to the infinite stores of the Divine love and mercy, and subscribe myself, — 

"My dear madam, 

" Faithfully yours, 

" W. E. Gladstone." 
" Mrs. Spurgeon." 

In reply, Mrs. Spurgeon wrote as follows : — 

"Westwood, 

"July i8, 1891. 
" Deg,r Mr. Gladstone, 

"Your words of sympathy have a special significance and tenderness 

coming from one who has just passed through the deep waters which seem now 

to threaten me. I thank you warmly for your expression of regard for my beloved 

husband, and with all my heart I pray that the consolations of God may abound 

towards you even as they do to me. Although we cannot yet consider the dear 

patient out of danger, the doctors have to-day issued a somewhat more hopeful 

bulletin. I feel it an honour to be allowed to say that I shall ever be — 

"Your grateful friend, 

" S. Spurgeon. (Mrs. C. H.)" 

Mr. Gladstone's letter arrived at "Westwood" just when Mr. Spurgeon was 
enjoying one of the brief intervals between the long periods of delirium which 
were so painful a feature of his illness. He was delighted to hear the great 
statesman's epistle read, and said that he should like to add a few words to his 
dear wife's grateful acknowledgment of it. Accordingly, with his own hand, he 
wrote this postscript, — the first words that he had penned for weeks : — ■ 

" P.S. — Yours is a word of love such as those only write who have been 
into the King's country, and have seen much of His face. My heart's love to 
you. — C. H. Spurgeon." 

The following letter from Earl Fortescue is a good specimen of the expressions 
of sympathy from many of the truly noble men and women of the land : — 

" 48, Grosvenor Gardens, S.W., 

"July 18, '9.1. 
" Dear Madam, 

" I had hoped to have called, some days ago, to testify my deep regret, 

on both public and private grounds, at Mr. Spurgeon's serious illness, and to 



360 C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

express my sincere sympathy with you in your long and terrible anxiety. But 

I found I unfortunately could not manage to do so. 

" I therefore intrude upon you with this line instead, which requires no answer. 

I will just add that I am, from saddest experience, only too well able both to 

appreciate your anxiety, and to feel for you under the severe trial with which 

the Almighty, in His infinite love and inscrutable wisdom, has seen fit to visit 

you and your honoured husband. May God, as He alone can, support and cheer 

you both, whether He, in answer to the prayers of thousands, shall vouchsafe 

to prolong that precious life, or whether He shall decide to call up His faithful 

servant to rest and glory ! 

"Yours truly, 

" Mrs. Spurgeon." " Fortescue." 

Quite a number of letters came from Bishops of the Church of England ; two 
of the choicest of them were written by the Bishops of Worcester (Dr. Perowne) 
and Exeter (Dr. Bickersteth). They were as follows : — 

" Hartlebury Castle, 

" Kidderminster, 

" 23 July, 1891. 
" Dear Mrs. Spurgeon, 

" May I ask you to convey, for me, to Mr. Spurgeon, if he is able 
to bear it, the expression of my heartfelt sympathy in his illness, and my earnest 
prayers that, of God's great mercy, he may be restored to health } I am very 
thankful to see, by to-day's bulletin, that there is some slight improvement. God 
grant that it may continue ! 

" Permit me to offer to you also the assurance of my respectful sympathy in 
the long and anxious watch that you have had by your husband's sick-bed. I do 
not know him personally ; but he has written me some very kind letters, and all 
the world knows him by his work, and every Christian heart must feel for him, 
and for you, and his family, and pray for his recovery. 

" Believe me, 

" Yours very faithfully, 

"J. J. S. Worcester." 

" The Palace, 

" Exeter, 

"28 July, 1891. 
" My Dear Madam, 

" May I venture to assure you that we have mingled our prayers with 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 361 

those of countless others on behalf of your beloved husband in this time of need ? 
My wife and I have prayed for him together, and also with our children and 
servants. God will be with you ; and, as the trial of your faith has been so lono-, 
the consolation of His love will supply all your wants, and breathe the peace 
of God into your heart and home. 

" I have ventured to enclose two hymns, one of which your husband has 
so kindly spoken of, and possibly he may like to have them within reach. 

" Believe me, 

" Yours in true sympathy, 
" Mrs. Spurgeon." " E. H. Exon." 

The ^hymn referred to was Bishop Bickersteth's well-known one, " Peace ! 
perfect peace ! " on which Mr. Spurgeon had spoken when visiting a sick friend at 
Mentone. His address was published in The Sivord and the Troivel for July, 
1 89 1, just at the most critical period of his own illness ; and many readers were 
comforted by his comment on the lines — 

"Peace! perfect peace! death shadowing us and ours? 
Jesus has vanquish'd death and all its powers." 

Archbishop and Mrs. Benson called or sent many times to enquire for the 

suffering Pastor. The following letter belongs to the period of partial convalescence 

when Mr. Spurgeon had been able to drive as far as Addington ; but it seems to fit 

in more appropriately after the Bishops' epistles :— 

" Addington Park, 

' ' Croydon, 

" I Oct., 1891. 
" My Dear Mr. Spurgeon, 

" I was surprised and delighted to see your handwriting, and to see it so 

firm and clear. I only lamented that, as you were actually here, it had not been my 

good fortune to see you. We do earnestly hope that when (and may it soon be !) 

you are able to leave your carriage, and come in, you will do so ; or, in the middle 

of your ride, let us bring you out a glass of wine or a cup of tea. 

" We know how much you must have suffered, and we have watched your 

retardations and advances with hearts full of regard and hope. It has been oiven 

to you, not only to labour for Christ, and to bring many souls within the knowledo-e 

and feeling of the Atonement ; but — it seems to follow with so many of those who 

have come nearest to Him in that great way, to be drawn into closest sympathy with 

His sufferings, — to catch the reality of those mysterious words, Ka\ avTavairX^pw rk 

vaTepiJixara rwv dXv^ewy rov XptcTTov ev rp aapKL fiou.* No doubt there are also some verses 

in the Psalms which you can now, more than ever, make your own. 

* Colossians i- 24 : " and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions ot Christ in my flesh." 



362 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

■ I do greatly rejoice if, according to your own kind thought, it has been 
possible that expressions of sympathy have been unlocked to you. But you may be 
quite sure that the sympathy was most genuine in all who have shown it. They 
had shown it to their Master, long before, in prayer that He would lay His hand on 
y-ou in healing, and give you yet time for garnering for Him. 

"We join in sincerest wishes and sympathies for Mrs. Spurgeon also. Pray 
let us see you on some other drive. 

" Yours most sincerely in the one Lord, 

" Edw. Cantuar." 

" P.S. — I think it must have been your sick handwriting on a wrapper of The 
Greatest Fight before I went away. If so, thank you more and more." 

The progress towards a measure of recovery may be briefly traced. On 
August 9, the following letter, the first written by the Pastor's own hand after 
his long illness, was read to the congregation at the Tabernacle, and was received 
both as an answer to prayer, and an encouragement to continued intercession : — 
" Dear Brethren, 

" The Lord's Name be praised for first giving and then hearing the 
loving prayers of His people! Through these prayers my life is prolonged. I 
feel greatly humbled, and very grateful, at being the object of so great a love and 
so wonderful an outburst of prayer. 

" I have not strength to say more. Let the Name of the Lord be glorified. 

" Yours most heartily, 

" C. H. Spurgeon." 

Even after the first signs of improvement were manifest, a long and wearisome 
time followed, hopeful advances alternating with disappointing relapses. At last, the 
dear patient was able to be carried downstairs, and to be wheeled round his garden, 
where the fresh air seemed to work wonders for him. On entering his study, for the 
first time, and catching sight of the final proofs oi John Ploughman s Almanack and 
Sp2trgeons Illnstrated Almanack, and then asking for copies of the recently-issued 
sermons and magazine, he exclaimed, " Why ! you have carried on everything just as 
if I had been here." Those who were responsible for the work felt that, if possible, 
nothing must be allowed to suffer during his absence ; and it was a great joy to 
them to find how highly their services were appreciated by the Pastor. It was also 
a providential arrangement by which the issue of the various works was, at first, 
temporarily undertaken during the dear author's illness, for then, when it became 
necessary to publish them, after his home-going, his helpers had only to continue 
the plans which had already been for some months in operation. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



As the autumn advanced, and the patient's weakness did not disappear, it 
became certain that he must go to Mentone for the winter if he could journey so far. 
The renewed offer of Dr. Pierson, to cross the Atlantic if he could be of any service 
to the Pastor, appeared to everyone another providential arrangement ; and, 
ultimately, it was settled that he should commence his service at the Tabernacle on 
Lord's-day, October 25. In order to test the invalid's power to travel, .an 
experimental visit was paid to Eastbourne from October 3 to 16. This proved most 
satisfactory, and it also further indicated the absolute necessity of a prolonged rest in 
the sunny South. Accordingly, on Monday, October 26, Pastor and Mrs. C. H. 
Spurgeon, Pastor and Mrs. J. A. Spurgeon, and Mr. Harrald started on their 
thousand miles' journey. They were accompanied as far as Calais by two of the 
Tabernacle deacons, Messrs. Allison and Higgs. It was stated in various 
newspapers at the time that Baron Rothschild had placed his saloon carriage at Mr. 
Spurgeon's disposal. This was not the case, for Messrs. Alabaster, Passmore, and 
Sons and Mr. John M. Cook most generously defrayed the cost of the saloon carriage 
from Calais to Mentone, and so enabled the whole party to travel in ease and comfort, 
and to arrive at their destination on Thursday, October 29. After the return to 
England of Pastor and Mrs. I. A. Spurgeon, Miss E. H. Thorne, who had then 




MISS E. H. THORNE. 



been for a quarter of a century Mrs. C. H. Spurgeon's devoted companion and friend, 
arrived. Her services had been invaluable throughout the whole of that long period, 
and especially during the trying experiences of the pa-st summer ; and her presence 
at Mentone was a great comfort and help, particularly in the last anxious days and 



>64 



H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



nights of Mr. Spurgeon's illness. Blessed with good health, and a bright, cheery 
spirit, she was able most lovingly and loyally to minister to the dear sufferer right to 
the end of his earthly life, and then remained to share the sorrow of the bereaved 
one until together they returned to " VVestwood " to carry on the many forms of 
Christian service still associated with that hallowed home. 




THE SITTING-ROOM AT WENTOiNE. 



CHAPTER CVI. 



€\)t Imt Cljm Jlontfjs at JSltntottt ;— anii afttrfaarirs. 

"And there was given unto them a short time before they went forward." 

" Upon this sunny shore 
A httle space for rest. The care and sorrow, 

Sad memory's haunting pain that would not cease, 
Are left behind. It is not yet to-morrow. 

To-day there falls the dear surprise of peace ; 
The sky and sea, their broad wings round us sweeping, 
Close out the world, and hold us in their keeping. 
A little space for rest. Ah ! though soon o'er. 
How precious is it on the sunny shore ! 

" Upon this sunny shore 
A little space for love, while those, our dearest. 

Yet linger with us ere they take their flight 
To that far world which now doth seem the nearest, 

So deep and pure this sky's down-bending light. 
Slow, one by one, the golden hours are given, 
A respite ere the earthly ties are riven. 
When left alone, how, 'mid our tears, we store 
Each breath of their last days upon this shore I 

" Upon this sunny shore 
A little space to wait : the life-bowl broken, 

The silver cord unloosed, the mortal name 
We bore upon this earth by God's voice spoken. 

While at the sound all earthly praise or blame. 
Our joys and griefs, alike with gentle sweetness 
Fade in the dawn of the next world's completeness. 
The hour is Thine, dear Lord ; we ask no more, 
But wait Thy summons on the sunny shore." — Author unknown. 




T was a tender token of the Lord's lovingkindness that husband 
and wife were, for once, permitted to travel together to Mentone, 
and to spend there three months of perfect happiness before the 
sorrowful separation which had been so long dreaded, but which 
came at last almost without warning. Mr. Spurgeon's oft-expressed 
longing,- — " Oh, that my dear wifey could see all the beauties and 
glories of this land of sunshine and flowers ! " — was at length realized ; and he had 
the joy of pointing out to her the many scenes with which he had been familiar 
for years, but which became doubly precious to him under such delightful 
circumstances. The rooms in the Hotel Beau Rivage, which he and his friends 
had occupied year by year, soon began to give evidence of a lady's presence in 
them. A very special adornment was commenced for the large sitting-room which 



?66 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



had become a peculiarly hallowed spot to all the members of the Pastor's Mentone 
circle because of the morning gatherings there for the reading ot the Word and 
prayer, and the still more sacred Sabbath afternoon meetings around the table of 
the Lord. 




THE SITTING-ROOM AT MENTONE (SECOND VIEW). 

At the top of the accompanying illustration, and also of the one given on 
page 364, several texts of Scripture can be read. They form part of the series of 
passages which Mrs. Spurgeon worked upon perforated cards as a grateful memorial 
of God's goodness in taking them both safely to the sunny South after all their 
painful experiences in England during the preceding summer and autumn. In the 
above view of the sitting-room, the partly-drawn curtains reveal the extra space 
where many worshippers and communicants assembled when the first room was 
filled with the earlier comers. Mr. Spurgeon's weakness prevented him from 
resuming those much-prized services, during his last sojourn " on the sunny 
shore," except on the memorable occasions hereafter mentioned ; but he lost 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



Z^7 



no time in beginning such literary work as he felt able to accomplish. He 
spent many hours in the "cosy corner" here represented, and was not willing 




MR. SPURGEON S '•COSY CORNER AT JIENTONE. 



to admit that he was doing too much for an invalid. He wrote many post 
cards and letters while sitting at that table, but his chief employment was the 
continuation of his Exposition of the Gospel according to Matthew, to which 
reference has been made in Chapter CH. Some articles for The Sword afid the 
Trowel, with " Notes " and reviews of books, also came from his busy pen ; but 
he expressly said that he only occupied the editorial chair while he wrote the 
Preface to the magazine volume for 1891. The important work of sermon-revision 
was also left almost entirely in the hands of those upon whom it had devolved 
during his long illness, the only exceptions being the two notable discourses, 
"Gratitude for Deliverance from the Grave," and "A Stanza of Deliverance," 
intended for reading on the first and last Lord's-days in January, 1892. 

The December number of The Sword and the Trowel opened with an article 
by Mr. Spurgeon under the suggestive title, " .'^ .'* ?" In his usual graphic fashion, 



368 



H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



he described his own physical condition, and made use of it in suggesting enquiries 
concerning his readers' spiritual state. In that paper, he referred to the two things 
which were characteristic of a great part of his time of partial convalescence,— the 
deceptive appearance of a return to health, and the fact that the deadly disease was 
still firmly entrenched within his system, and ready at any moment to end his earthly 
existence. 

One great help to him was the bright sunshine in which he was able to spend 
so much of his time. He almost lived in the open air, usually going for a drive in 
the morning, and in the afternoon having a ride in a Bath chair, along the 
Promenade St. Louis. This was the scene of the walking exercise in which he 
engaged so perseveringly in the winter of 1 890-1, and of which he wrote in the 
letters mentioned in Chapter CIV. 

A favourite route for a short drive was, around the Boulevard Victoria, and 
along the breakwater, as Mr. Spurgeon always admired the view of the old town 
across the harbour. 




THE OLD TOWN, MENTONE, AS SEEN FROM THE BREAKWATER. 

One of the longest and latest drives that the Pastor and Mrs. Spurgeon took 
together was mentioned on a post card, written to Mr. Passmore, and which is 
reproduced ii facsimile on the opposite page, with a view of the fountain to which 
Mr. Spurgeon alluded. 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



369 




THE FOUNTAIN ON THE TURBIE ROAD, NEAR MENTONE. 



/u<.«-»*-^ 






tfk-'V-v^ ^. 






o^ 



r^' 



^ al 









/^ (Vv..,-:,-^-^ — '^oJ--.^ /■'--^ '^^■-'■CZa- 



t^^^ 



uA ^ 



''^ Z(M-t<_-^ Jt^^j-jO,^ ^c-cr^;->-- <_V' V 



X n *<^ ./--*^ *v^ 




/^.^— ^^-^ 



FACSIMILE OF POST CARD FROM MR. SPURGEON TO MR. PASSMORE. 

The " telegram of sympathy to Sandringham " related, of course, to the 
death of the Duke of Clarence. The scene upon which the travellers gazed 

z 4 



C. H. SPURGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



as they started on their return journey to Mentone is depicted in the following; 
illustration. 




VIEVV FROM THE FOUNTAIN ON THE TURBIE ROAD. 



The events of those memorable months were described in detail in Th: Szvord 
and the Trowel and the memorial volume, From the Pulpit to the Palm Branch, 
but the principal incidents can only be briefly outlined here. On the New Year's 
Eve and the following morning, Mr. Spurgeon gave, to a privileged circle of 
friends, the two charming addresses, which he afterwards revised for publication 
in the magazine, under the title, " Breaking the Long Silence." 

He also conducted two short services in his sitting-room, on January lo 
and 17, when he was persuaded not to attempt to give a new address, and rather 
reluctantly consented to read portions of his early sermon on Psalm Ixxiii. 28, and 
his Exposition of Matthew xv. 21 — 28. On the second Sabbath evening, — January 17, 
1892, — before offering the closing prayer at the final service in which he took part 
on earth, he gave out the last hymn he was ever to announce to a company of 
worshippers here below. If he could have foreseen what was to happen only 
a fortnight later, he could hardly have chosen a more appropriate farewell than the 
poem founded on some words of the sainted Samuel Rutherford, — 

" The sands of time are sinking. 

The dawn of Heaven breaks, 
The summer morn I've sighed for,— 

The fair, sweet morn awakes. 
Dark, dark hath been the midnight, 

But dayspring is at hand, 
And 'glory, glory dwelleth 

In Immanuel's land.'" 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 37 1 

On the two following days, the wind was very rough, so Mr. Spurgeon went 
only for short drives ; but on Wednesday morning, he was able to go as far as the 
little village of Monti. In the afternoon, signs of gout appeared in his right hand ; 
later in the day, other serious symptoms were manifest, and he had to retire to 
the bed from which he never again rose. Dr. FitzHenry, a faithful friend as well 
as the Pastor's skilful medical adviser, had been in attendance upon him from the 
time of his arrival at Mentone ; he did all that was possible to relieve his pain, 
and prolong his precious life. Miss Thorne undertook the onerous duties of nifht 
nurse in addition to almost continuous help to Mrs. Spurgeon durino- the day ; 
Mr. Allison, Mr. Harrald, and Pastor G. Samuel rendered all the aid in their 
power ; but it was soon evident that a great crisis was approaching, though there 
were intervals of improvement which gave ground for slight hope. Towards the 
end of the week, the Pastor said to his secretary, " My work is done," and spoke 
of some matters in a way that indicated his own conviction that he was not ooincr 
to recover. 

Tuesday, January 26, was the day on which thankofferings were brought to 
the Tabernacle, in grateful acknowledgment of the Pastor's partial restoration. 
By that time, he had become so much worse that he was for a long while only 
partly conscious ; but he had not forgotten the special character of the day, and' 
he sent a telegram which, under the circumstances, was peculiarly significant : — 
" Self and wife, £100, hearty thankoffering towards Tabernacle General Expenses. 
Love to all friends'' That was his last generous act, and his last message; for, 
shortly afterwards, he became totally unconscious, and remained so until five 
minutes past eleven on the Sabbath night, — January 31, 1892, — when, like his 
namesake, Mr. Valiant-for-truth, "he passed over, and all the trumpets sounded 
for him on the other side." The five who " accompanied him to the riverside " 
were Mrs. Spurgeon, Miss Thorne, Mr. Harrald, Mr. Allison, and Mr. Samuel. 
When all was over, Mr. H. offered prayer, and Mrs. Spurgeon thanked the Lord 
for the precious treasure so long lent to her, and sought, at the throne of grace, 
strength and guidance for all the future. The answer to part of her supplication 
came at once, for she was able to send to " Son Tom " at the Antipodes the brief 
but comforting message, " Father in Heaven. Mother resioned." 

In the meantime, the news was being flashed all over the world, and in every 
quarter of the globe many felt a sense of personal loss as they read or heard it. 
The telegraph wires at Mentone were speedily blocked with the multitudes of 
messages to Mrs. Spurgeon, — the Prmce and Princess of Wales being among the 
first to "desire to express their deep sympathy with her in her great sorrow." 

The local regulations necessitated the removal of the precious body, from the 



!72 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAI'IIV 



hotel to the cemetery, within twenty-four hours, and then the bedroom was left 
as it appears in the accompanyino- illustration. Mentone being- the home of the 




MR. SPURGEONS BEDROOM AT MENTONE, AFTER HIS REMOVAL 

flowers, many beautiful wreaths were sent by friends ; but Mrs. Spurgeon intimated 
her preference for palm branches as the most suitable emblems of her dear 
husband's victorious entrance into " the presence of the King." At the head and 
foot of the olive casket, were plates bearing the following inscription ; — 

In ever-loving memory of 

Charles Haddon Spurgeon, 

Born at Kelvedon, June 19, 1834 ; 

Fell asleep in Jesus at Mentone, January 31, 1892. 

" / have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faiths 

In the early years of his visits to Wotton, in Surrey, the Pastor had always said 
that he should like to be buried in the churchyard of that village. Later, he 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 



0/ J 



expressed the wish to He in the centre of the Stockwell Orphanage grounds, for he 
thought that many would come to look at his grave, and then help the orphans in 
whom he took so deep an interest ; but when the Electric Railway caused such 
a disturbance to the Institution, he abandoned that idea. At one time, he said 
he would like to be buried at Mentone ; but, after he had attended the funeral of a 
friend there, he gave up that notion. Last of all, it was mentioned that he had 
pointed to a site in Norwood cemetery, — in a far less conspicuous position than the 
one ultimately chosen, — and ask-ed that it might be reserved for him ; so that, in 
death, as in life, he might be surrounded by his church-officers and members, many 
hundreds of whom are buried there. The Tabernacle deacons sent an urgent 
request to Mrs. Spurgeon, asking that this might be the arrangement, and 
generously offering to defray all expenses, and the matter was so settled. Before 
proceeding to the railway station, a touching memorial service was held in the 
Scotch Church, at the opening of which Mr. Spurgeon had preached a year before. 
At the station, a photograph of the cortege was taken, and it is reproduced here. 




THE FUNERAL CORTEGE AT MENTONE RAILWAY STATION. 



■;-_l C. II. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 

0/ ■+ 

The memorial and funeral services at the Tabernacle, from February 7 to 11, 
were probably attended by not less than a hundred thousand people. A full account 
of the proceedings appears in the volume, From the Pulpit to the Palm Branch, 
but many volumes would be required to describe the different gatherings held 
simultaneously, or on the following Sabbath, all over the world. Mrs. Spurgeon's 
request that friends, who wished to send wreaths, would instead give the amount 
they would have cost to the Institutions founded by her dear husband, was very 
generally complied with, though there were a few choice floral oflerings of love. 
Most of the palm branches, which surrounded the olive casket, were cut from the 
very trees in the garden of the Hotel Beau Rivage, of which the Pastor wrote 
in the letter which appears on page 344. 




THE OLIVE CASKET UNDER THE PALM BRANCHES IN THE TABERNACLE. 



The Bible on the top of the casket was the one Mr. Spurgeon had so long used 
in the Tabernacle. It was opened at Isaiah xlv. 22 : " Look unto Me, and be ye 
saved, all the ends of the earth ; "— the text which, on January 6, 1850, had been 



C. II. SPURGEOf; S AUTOBIOGRAniY. 375 

tlessed to his conversion. The volume remained in that position all the way 
from Newington to Norwood, — as the sword of the warrior accompanies him to 
the grave. Never had the South of London witnessed such a procession as, 
that day, slowly mo\ed from the Tabernacle to the cemetery ; and never had 
such crowds assembled along that route. More than eighteen years before, the 
Pastor had given a description of the scene ; but probably even he had no 
conception of the throng that would gather to do honour to his memory. At the 

close of his sermon, on Lord's-day evening, December 27, 1874, he said: "In 

.a little while, there will be a concourse of persons in the streets. Methinks I 
hear someone enquiring, ' What are all these people waiting for } ' ' Do you not 
know? He is to be buried to-day.' 'And who is that .-^ ' 'It is Spuro-eon.' 
* What ! the man that preached at the Tabernacle ? ' ' Yes ; he is to be buried 
to-day.' That will happen very soon ; and when you see my coffin carried to 
the silent grave, I should like every one of you, whether converted or not, to 
be constrained to say, ' He did earnestly urge us, in plain and simple language, 
not to put off the consideration of eternal things. He did entreat us to 
look to Christ. Now he is gone, our blood is not at his door if we perish.' 
God grant that you may not have to bear the bitter reproach of your own 
conscience! But, as I feel 'the time is short,' I will stir you up so lono- as I 
am in this Tabernacle." 

Though the scene along the route was striking, that presented at the cemetery 
was, in some respects, even more so. The long line of ministers, and students, and 
■other friends, all in mourning garb, reaching from the entrance to the grave itself, was 
a sight that could never be forgotten by those who saw it. At length, the vast 
throng clustered in a dense mass around and upon the slope outside the cemetery 
chapel, where the last service was to be conducted. The principal part in the closino- 
ceremony fell to the share of Pastor Archibald G. Brown, and nothing could have 
been more beautiful, or more suitable, than his solemn and touching words. They 
came straight from his heart : they entered thousands of other hearts. With o-reat 
pathos and many pauses, he said : — 

" Beloved President, Faithful Pastor, Prince of Preachers, Brother Beloved, 
Dear Spurgeon, — -We bid thee not ' farewell,' but only tor a little while 'good-night.' 
Thou shalt rise soon, at the first dawn of the resurrection day of the redeemed. Yet 
is not the 'good-night' ours to bid, but thine. It is we who linger in the 
darkness ; thou art in God's own light. Our night, too, shall soon be past, and 
with it all our weeping. Then, with thine, our songs shall greet the morning of a 
day that knows no cloud nor close, for there is no night there. 

" Hard Worker in the field, thy toil is ended ! Straight has been the furrow 
thou hast ploughed. No looking back has marred thy course. Harvests have 



376 c. H. spurgeon's autobiography. 

followed thy patient sowing, and Heaven is already rich with thine ingathered 
sheaves, and shall be still enriched through years yet lying in eternity. 

" Champion of God, thy battle long and nobly fought is over ! The sword, 
which clave to thine hand, has dropped at last ; the palm branch takes its place. 
No longer does the helmet press thy brow, oft weary with its surging thoughts of 
battle ; the victor's wreath from the Great Commander's hand has already proved 
thy full reward. 

" Here, for a litde while, shall rest thy precious dust. Then shall thy Well- 
beloved come, and at His voice thou shalt spring from thy couch of earth, fashioned 
like unto His glorious body. Then spirit, soul, and body shall magnify thy Lord's 
redemption. Until then, beloved, sleep ! We praise God for thee ; and, by the 
blood of the everlasting covenant, we hope and expect to praise God vjitli thee. 
Amen." 

The memorial number of The Sword and the Trowel contained the following- 
paragraphs, which will fitly close the account of that memorable season : — "While 
we gathered around the grave, a little patch of blue sky appeared, just over our 
heads, as if to remind us of the glory-land above ; and while Mr. Brown was 
speaking, a dove flew from the direction of the Tabernacle towards the tomb, and, 
wheeling in its flight over the crowd, almost seemed to pause. In ancient days, it 
would have been an augury : to us, it spoke only peace. As the service proceeded, 
a little robin poured forth its liquid note all the while from a neighbouring tomb- 
stone ; the redbreast made appropriate music, fabled as it was to have had its 
crimson coat ever since it picked a thorn from the Saviour's bleeding brow'. \\ ell, 
we do not believe that ; but we believe what we sang at the grave, the truth that 
Mr. Spurgeon lived to preach, and died to defend, — 

" ' Dear dying Lamb, Thy precious blood 
Shall never lose its power, 
Till all the ransomed Church of God 
Be saved to sin no more.' 

" Many remarked that the whole of the memorial services, unique as they were, were 
characterized by a simplicity and heartiness completely in harmony with the entire life 
of the beloved Pastor ; and it was most significant that, when the olive casket was 
lowered into the vault, not even the glorified preacher's name was visible ; — it was 
just as he would have wished it; — there was nothing to be seen but the text at the 
foot of the coffin, and the open Bible. Of course, the Bible was not buried ; it is 
not dead, it ' liveth and abideth for ever ; ' and who knows whether it may not prove, 
more than ever, the means of quickening the dead, now that he, who loved it dearer 
than his life, can no longer proclaim its blessed truths with the living voice ? God 
cjrant it ! " 



C. H. SPURGEON S AUTOBIOGRAPHY. "i^"]"] 

After the sorrowing crowd had dispersed, the accompanying view was taken. 











■■ ■^^;^ ' ' -'^J ■•?*'' 




Ji-^- "4:#»- 




""■f""— '■/:;>:^.^"^v. 



THE ULIVE CASKET IN THE lOMB AT NOKVVUOU CEMETERY. 

On the day that the Pastor said to his secretary, at Mentone, " My work is 
done," he added, with very pecuHar emphasis, " Remember, a plain slab, with 
C. H. S. on it ; nothing more." The allusion evidently was to a gravestone, and it 
was another indication of his humility. Those who were, at that time, responsible 
for the arrangements were unwilling to carry out his wish, so they gave instructions 
for the erection of the monument represented on the next page. The inscription on 

AA 4 



37^ 



C. H. SPUKGEONS AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 




C. H. SPUKGEONS MONUMENT AT NORWOOD CEMETERY. 



the lower part is copied from John Ploughman s Talk, with the substitution of Mr. 
Spurgeon's full name instead of "John Ploughman." On the right-hand side of the 
upper portion is the verse he always wrote in friends' album.s, when they asked for 
his autograph and a quotation, — 



" E'er since by faith I saw the stream 
Thy flowing wounds supply, 
Redeeming love has been my theme, 
And shall be till I die;" — 

with the following verse, describing- his present joyous employment, — 

■'Then in a nobler, sweeter song, 
111 sing thy power to save, 
When this poor lisping, stammering tojigue 
Lies silent in the grave." 

Thus, even from the tomb, he continues to preach the gospel he loved to proclaim 
while here, — the gospel of salvation by grace, through faith in the precious blood of 
Jesus, — the gospel that tells of "redeeming love" and Jesu's "power to save." Oh, 
that those who refused his message from the pulpit might accept it from the grave 
and from the g-lorv ! 



GENERAL INDEX TO VOLS. l-IV. 



M.B. — The illustrations in the Autobiography are not mentioned in tliis Index, as a separate list of them 

is given in each volume. 



Aberdeen, C. H. Spurgeon at, iii. 47 — 50 
Aberfeldy, C. H. Spurgeon at, ii. 24, 106, 107 
Abraham, Mr. Robert, iii. 365; iv. 115, 199, 200 
Addlestone, C. H. Spurgeon preaching at, iii. 368,369 
Advertisements in Australian newspapers, C. H. Spur- 

geon's sermons prmted as, ii. 164; iii. 324^328 
Agricultural Hall. C. H. Spurgeon preaching at the, 

iii 30, 94—96 ; iv. 247 
Alabaster, Mr. James, ii. 168, 169, 172 — 174; iii. 344; 

iv. 199. 342, 348 
Alabaster, Passmore, and Sons, Messrs., ii. 159, 168 — 

174; iv. 363 
Albert Hall, C. H. Spurgeon at the, iv. 192 
Aldis, Rev. John, i. 275; ii. 142; iv. 262 
.Allison, Deacon C. F., iv. 200, 350, 363, 371 
Allon, Dr. Henry, ii. 261 ; iv. 147 
Almshouses, Metropolitan Tabernacle, i. 313; ii- 126, 

127, 173; ii-i. 253,308; iv. 15, 16, 20, 51, 249, 250 
Alps, The, Holidays among, ii. 368 — 371, 374 — 376; 

iii. 97, 98, 101 — 111, 114; Stor)- of accident on 

glacier, ii. 2 
Anderson, Mr. John (Glasgow), ii. 103, 106, 113, 131 
Anderson, Rev. John (Helensburgh), ii. 103, 114 — 

116; iv. 93 
Angus. Dr. Josei>li, i. 241—244, 315. 347; ii. 173, 272, 

280; iii. 135; iv. 161, 262, 281, 282 
Antinomianism, i. 131, 177. 178, 192, 258 — 261 ; ii. 328 
Arminianism and Arminians, i. 95, 124, 129, 168, 169, 

170, 17G, 177, 259, 270, 271; ii. 105, 106, 150, 224, 

225, 328 ; iv. 102, 301 
Arnold, Matthew, iii. 61 
.Auckland Tabernacle, iii. 323, 324; iv. 249 
Augustine, i. 167, 177; ii. 87, 375 
Baifern, Rev. W. Poole, ii. 180, 187 
Panics, Rev. Charles Waters, ii. 35, 41, 262 
Baptism and Baptists, i. 48 — 50, 69, 118 — 125, 129, 

131, 133— '35. 138. 147— 155> ^11, 188, 288, 303; 

ii. 3, 9, 72, 117—120, 128—130, 144, 145, 153, 

i59,-i6o,_ 247, 248, 270, 274, 277, 327, 328, 354. 

370; iii. i, 6, 7, 8 — 10, 16, 47, 66, 67, 82 — 87, 131, 

139, ^62, 177, 178, 287—289, 318, 345, 352—355, 

3G7; iv. 139, 210 
Baptis-t Missionary Society (1858). ii. 338; (1S6S,) iii. 

89, 90; (1881 j 111. 346 



Baptist Union (1854), ii. 118; (1881,) ii. 219, iv. 150; 

(1882,) IV. 151, 152; (1887— S,) iv. 254, 255, 

262—264 
Bartlett, Mrs., and her son, iii. 36 — 38, 114, 120, 251 ; 

iv. 116 
Ba.xter, Richard, and his works, i. 68, 80, 104, 283; 

ii. 186, 264; iii. 43 
Bennet, Dr. Henry, and his Mentone garden, iii, 238, 

239; iv. 1, 3, II, 12, 196, 197, 200 — 203 
Benson, Archbishop and Mrs., iv. 85, 104, 1S8, 189, 

361 
Berridge, John, i. 36, 192, 359, 368; ii. 77 
Binney, Dr. Thomas, ii. 87, 88, 94, 261 
Blaikie, Dr. W. G., iii. 49; iv. 143 
Blessing on the printed sermons and books, ii. 153, 

155, 162—164; iii- 323—337; iv. 27, 28, 95, 139, 

156, 158, 160, 165, 173—175, 193, 246, 247, 309 
Blood, Rev. William, ii. 344—351 

Bonar, Dr. Andrew A., iv. 1Q3, 297 

Bonar, Dr. Horatius, iii. 92 ; iv. 298 

Boustead, Mr. E., iii. 162, 163 

"Boy-preacher, The," i. 152, 199 — 251, 253 — 267, 

269 — 284; ii. 5; iii. 49; iv. 41, 336 
Bradford, C. H. Spurgeon at, ii. 25, 82, 109 
Brady, Mr. Cheyne, iv. 47, 350 
Bristol, C. H. Spurgeon at, i. 57, 72; iii. 369 
Brock, Dr. \^'illiam, ii. 272; iii. 5, 16, 17, 85, 175/ 

287 
Brown, Dr. David, iii. 49; iv. 297 
Brown, Mr. Potto, i. 269 — 271 
Brown, Pastor Archibald G., iii. 130 — 134; iv. 81, 

246, 352. 375' ?>1^ 
Brown, Pastor Hugh D., ii. 26; iv. 332, i^t, 
Brown, Rev. Hugh Stowell, iii. 8, 243; iv. 150 — 152 
Brown, Rev. James Baldwin, ii. 260, 269 — 2S1 
Bullfinch, The piping, and the opal ring, iii. 183 — 185 
Bunyan, John, and his works, i. 23, 54, 86, 103, 154, 

168, 20S, 240, 257, 283, 359; ii. 6, 51, 131, 264; 

iii. 7, 47, 321 ; iv. 265, 268 
Burgoyne, Sir John and Lady, iii. 11, 317, 318 
Caird, Principal John, ii. 104, 115, 211 
Cairns, Earl, iii. 319 
Calvin, John, and his works, i. 113, 167, 176; ii. 11, 

87, 112, 226, 352, 371—375; iv. 240, 241 



;8o 



GENERAL INDEX TO VOLS. L — IV. 



Calvinism and Calvinists, i. 54, 55, 93 — 95, 121, 123 — 
125, 130, 140, 144, 167— 17S, 20S, 270, 273, 275, 
306 — 310, 340, 342; ii. 99, 105, 106, 116, 150, 225, 
229, 247, 24S, 255, =67, 328; iii. I, 3, 6, II, 136, 
137; iv. 102, 271 

Cambridge, i. ^S, 129, 145, 185 — 197, 199, 202, 207, 
208, 209, 211, 241—245, 253, 270, 271, 297, 29S, 
316,341 ; ii. 97, 100 

Campbell, Dr. John, ii. 201 — 204, 245, 262, 268, 269 
33S. 35I- 352- 356—361 ; iii- 8— II, 345 

Campbell, Lord Chief Justice, ii. 245 

Cantlow, Rev. W. W., and his son, i. 122, 135, 151 — 

153 
Carr, Deacon B. W., i. 347; ii. 123, 322; iii. 19; iv 

21, 25, 230—232, 246, 248 
Carter Lane Chapel, i. 309, 311, 314. 347; ii- 329 
Chaillu. M. Paul B. Du, and the gorilla, iii. 51 — 58; 

iv. 296 
Chalmers, Dr. Thomas, ii. 73, 77, 254; iii. 75 
Charlesworth, Rev. V. J., iii. 177 — 179 
Cheddar, C. H. Spurgeon preaching at, iii. 366, 367 
Cheltenham, ii. 3 ; iii. 24, 26, 370 
Christlieb, Professor, iv. 160 
Church and State, ii. 360; iii. 7, 86; iv. 130 
Church of England, Romanism in the, ii. 369, 

370; iii. 87, 161, 310, 368: iv. 122, 123 
Colchester, i. 8, 28, 31, 27, 44; 54) ic)4; I'lj 1S6, 211 ; 

ii. 17 
College [See Pastors' College) 
College course, C. H. Spurgeon's proposed, i. 241 — 

24S, 341. 343 ; iii- - 

Collins, Pastor John. iii. 13, 28, 2q 

Colportage Association, Metropolitan Tabernacle, ii. 
128. 223; iii. 153, 160 — 166, 297, 308; iv. 13, 
227, 249, 336 

" Come in, thou wife of Jeroboam," iii. 88 

Communion services. Tabernacle, iii. 11, 20; iv. 72, 
135. 230; ^Nlentone. iv. 216, 366 

Controversies (See C. H. Spurgeon as a contro- 
versialist) 

Conversions, Remarkaljle, i. 363 — 365; ii. 120, 159, 



220, 227, 



Ul. ^2C — 



J-3 JJ/ 



161 164, 2 

32-48 

Cook at Newmarket, The old, i. 53 — 55 

Co<jk. Deacon Thomas, ii. 316, ^^2^, 331, 332; iii. 31. 

35 
Cook, Dr. Joseph, iv. 98, 09 

Cook. Mr. Thomas, and Mr. J. M., iv. 57, 157, 363 
Cowper. William, i. 158, 282; ii. 153, 264; iii. 327; iv. 

6- 93 
"Cradled in the Holy Ghost,'' ii. 181 
Criticisms (See Slanders and criticisms) 
Cromwell, (jliver, iii. 46, 143, 189 
Cruden, Alexander, iii. 68 ; iv. 302 
Crystal Palace, i. 368; ii. 7, 13, 98, 107; iii. 55; iv. 

49, 50; Fast-day service at the, ii. 239, 240, 255; 

iii. 79, 94 
Cuff, Pastor \\"., iii. 347, 370, 371 
Cuyler, Dr. T. L., iv. 72, 172 



Darwin, Professor, ii. 54; iv. 133, 134 
D'Aubigne, Dr. Merle, ii. 371 — 374; iii. 76 — 78, 100 
Deacons, i. 245, 255 — 25S ; ii. 3 — 5, 123 — 128, 307, 
322, 323, 357, 358; iii. 5, 9, 15—23, 32—34, 38, 
'37—139. 150, 151- 172, 313, 340; iv. 23—25, 230 
—236, 237, 23S, 373 
Death, C. H. Spurgeon's definition of, iii. 195 
Deaths of — Alabaster, Mr. James, ii. 174; Albany, 
The Duke of, ii. 159; Bartlett, Mrs., iii. 251; 
Clarence, The Duke of, iv. 369; Cubitt, Professor 
W., iii. 139; Gay, Miss Fanny, iii. 253 ; Gracey, 
Principal David, iii. 130; iv. 330; Habershon, 
Dr. and Mrs., iv. 116, 117; Higgs, Mr. W., sen., 
iv. 113, 114; Keys, Mr. J. L., iii. 201; Lovejoy, 
George, iii. 202; Olney, Mr. H. P., iii. 251; 
Olney, Mr. Thomas, sen., iii. 117; Olney, Mr. 
William P., iv. 233; Passmore, 'Sir. Joseph, sen., 
ii. 174; Passmore, Mrs., ii. 174; Prince Consort, 
The, iii. 72 — 75 ; Punshon, Dr. W. Morley, iv. 26 ; 
Rogers, Principal George, iv. 330; son of Dr. 
John Campbell, ii. 352; Spurgeon, C. H., ii. 78, 

50, 103, 157; iii. 45, 178, 201, 202; iv. 5, 14, 163, 
371; Spurgeon's, C. H., grandson, ii. 103; iii. 
302; Spurgeon's, C. H., mother, iv. 177; Taber- 
nacle church-members, iv. 19, 20; Thorne, Mr., 
iii. 201 ; Wright, Dr. William, iv. 159 

Disestablishment, iii. 310, 359; iv. 130, 163 
Doddridge, Dr., and his works, i. 104, 123, 150, 168, 

282 ; ii. 153 
"Doth Spurgeon serve God for nought?" ii. 127 
Doudney, Dr. D. A., i. 254; iv. 106 
Doudney, Rev. D. A., iii. 370; iv. 48 
Dransfield, Elder, and the Misses, iii. 31, 242; iv. i 
Drummond's Natural Law in the Spiritual Worh^ 

iv. 273 
Dudgeon, Mrs., iv. 166, 210, 211, 215 
Dummy volumes. Titles of, iv. 291, 292 
Duncan, Mr. James, and " Benmore," iii. 356, 357, 

362—364, 371. 372; iv. loi, 164 
Early Closing Association, C. H. Spurgeon's sermon 

for, 11. 336—338 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners, iii. 153 
Edinburgh, C. H. Spurgeon at, ii. 25, 100 — 11 i, 336 
Elders, ii. 307, 357, 359; iii. 5, 22—25, 32—34. 3^; 

iv. 82, 230, 231, 235, 236 
Eliot, John, i. 35 

Elven, Rev. Cornelius, i. 249 — 251, 289 
Endowments, ii. 127; iv. 240, 233- 334 
Epsom, C. H. Spurgeon preaching on the Grand 

Stand at, ii. 339 
Evangelical Alliance, iii. 86, 87 
Everett, Professor J. D., i. 53 — 55, 251, 353; ii. 66 
Exeter Hall, i. 36; ii. 20, 21, 25, 31, 43, 44, 45, 47, 

51. 53. 55- 56. 59. 60, 64, 65, 67, 71, 75, 90—92, 
99, 109, no, 119, 124, 161, 197 — 199, 203, 210, 
211, 252, 27S, 313, 322, 341; iii. 2, 16, 30, 41, 
86, 299, 346; iv. 23- 155. iS7) 'S8; licensed for 
Dissenting worship, ii. 361 

Extempore addresses, i. 365 



GENERAL INDEX TO VOLS. L- 



-IV. 



381 



Facsimiles of C. H. Spurgeon's manuscripts, i. 58, 
215, 217, 236, 237, 267; ii. 7, II, 27, 32, 156, 157, 
168, 170, 298, 299; iii. 64, 65, 67, 72, 188, 344; 
iv. 24, 66, 67, 69, 75, 91, 206, 219, 316, 337, 369 

Fergusson, Professor A., ii. 297; iii. 140, 141, 354; 

iv. 330.331 
Fletcher, Dr. Alexander, i. 34; ii. 28 — 32, 102, 204; 

iv. 141, 159 
From t/ie Ushers Desk to the Tabcritaclc Pulpit, ii. 219, 

255,258 
Frojii the Pulpit to the Palm Branch, iv. 370, 374 
Fuller, Andrew, i. 131, 150, 152; ii. 271, 273 
Fullerton, W. Y., Evangelist and Pastor, iii. 356; 

iv. 334, 335 
Garfield, President, at the Tabernacle, iii. 89 
Gill, Dr. John, and his works, i. 148, 254, 308, 310, 

341 ; li. 72, 264, 329, 356, 359; iii. I ; iv. 262, 300, 

301 ; Dr. Gill's chair, iv. 262 ; Dr. Gill's pulpit, 

ii. 357; iii. 140 
Gladstone. Rt. Hon. W. E., ii. 238; iii. 341 — 343. 

359; IV. 126, 127, 183—185, 209, 223, 342, 343, 

358- 359 
Glasgow, li. 23—25, 73, 103—108, III — 115, 336; iii. 

5°' '3I5 357 
"God moves in a mysterious way," i. 34, 36, 37; iii. 

3^7 \ IV. 35 
Gough, Mr. J. B., ii. 243; iv. 60, 84, 171 
Gould, Mr. George, i. 299 
Gracey, Principal David, iii. 130, 131, 139, 141, 140, 

354, 355; iv- 269, 330, 331 
Grandpierre, Dr., ii. 345, 348, 349 
Grant, Mr. James, ii. 64 — 66, 71, 72, 117, 26c — 262, 

268, 269 
"Great-heart, Mr.," ii. 131; iii. 85; iv. 120 
Greek, the Baptist's language, ii. 327 
Greenwich, ii. 329; iii. 294, 295, 297 
Greenwood, Deacon Thomas, ii. 126, 128; iii. 19; 

iv. 200 
Greville Memoirs, The, ii. 245 

Hackney, Open-air services at, ii. 21, 92; iii. 364 
Haddon, The origin of Mr. Spurgeon's second 

Christian name, i. 9 
Haddon Hall, Bermondsey, i. 10 
Halifax, C. H. Spurgeon preaching at, ii. 218, 219 
Hall, Dr. Newman, ii. 261; iii. 177; iv. 103, 155, 248 
Hall, Rev. Robert, i. 187, 200; ii. 72, 73, 77, 271, 

'^11,\ 111- 7, 75 
Hamilton, Dr. James, i. 2 ; iv. 282 
Hanbur)', Mr. Thomas, iv. 8- — 11, 202, 210 
Harrald, J. W., ii. 82; iii. 179, 345, 371; iv. 77, 78, 

82, 118 — 120, 197, 199, 200, 2zo, 221, 223, 339, 

340, 348, 352, 363, 371 
Hartley Colliery explosion, iii. 75 
Harvesting Ants and Trap-door Spiders, iv. 206 
Havelock, Lady, iv. 182; Sir Henry, iii. 5; iv. 182 
Haverhill, C. H. Spurgeon at, ii. 86; iv. 357 
" Helensburgh House " and garden, i. ^^'iy, 368 ; ii. 

146, 282 — 289, 291 — 297; iii. 181 — 202, 342; iv. 

14, 49, 51, 73, 171, 194, 291 



Henry, Matthew, i. 250; ii. 115, 146; iii. 296 

Herbert, George, ii. 186, 263, 266; iv. 304 

Higgs, Mr. W., sen., ii. 321, 358; iii. 5, 14, '9, 170, 
171, 182, 252; iv. 113, 200, 249; Higgs, 'Sir. W., 
iii. 1S2; iv. 200, 357, 363 

Hill, Rev. Rowland, i. 34, 293, 359, 368 ; ii. 68, jj. 
104, 244 ; iii. 10, 6i 

Hillyard, Mrs., iii'. 167 — 172; iv. 321, 325 

Hinton, Rev. J. Howard, i. 152; ii. 269 — 273. 281 

Holland, C. H. Spurgeon preaching in, iii. 30, 81, 82 

Holme, Dr. J. Stanford, iv. 274 — 277 

Hood, Rev. E. Paxton, ii. 75 — 78 

Hosken, Rev. C. H., ii. 145 

Huntington, William, i. 2, 3, loi ; ii. 68 

Hyper-Calvinists, i. 178, 256, 25S — 261, 310, 342; 
ii. 37—41. 53, 83—86, 150, 224, 225 

" I'll kill old Roads," i. 23 

Infant sprinkling, i. 26, 49, 50, 14S, 150, 154, 153 ; 
iii. 82—87, 345 •- IV. 1 

Ireland, C. H. Spurgeon in, 11. 335, 339—342 

Irons, Rev. Joseph, ii. 154; iii. 243; iv. 301 

Isleham, i. 135, 147, 151 — 154, 275 

James, Rev. John Angell, and his works, i. 104, 208, 
209 ; ii. 326 

Jay, Rev. William, i. 208; ii. 68, 77, iio; iii. 316 

"Job," ii. 19, 37—41 

Johnson, Dr. Samuel, i. iii ; ii. 249 

Johnson, Mr. Samuel, iii. 25, 140 

Joynson, Mr. W., ii. 313, 317 

Keach, Benjamin, and his works, i. 305 ; ii. 159, 323. 
329, 356; iii- 27, 28 

Keys, J. L., ii. 82, 83; iii. 65, 200, 201; iv. 76, 270, 
341 

Kintore, The Earl of, iii. 47 

Knill, Rev. Richard, i. 6, ;}^ — -38, 108, 231 

Knowles', Sheridan, prophecy, i. 353 

Knox, John, i. 167; ii. 77, iii ; iii. 368; iv. 248 

Ladds, ^Ir. F. G., iii. 178; iv. 324 

Lancashire Famine Fund, iii. 79 

Lang, Mr. Andrew, re " Scrawls on Books," iv. 300 

Latimer, Bishop Hugh, ii. 77, 243, 24S 

Layard, Sir A. H., iii. 51 ; iv. 296 

Leeding, Mr. E. S., i. 44, 45, 60, 133, 145, 1S6 — 197, 
209 — 211, 244, 266 

Letters, — {See also, C. H. Spurgeon, Letters to and 
from,) Angus, Dr., to Mr. J. S. Watts, i. 243; 
Barnardo, Dr., to Mrs. C. H. Spurgeon, iv. 191 ; 
Bishop Bickersteth, to Mrs. C. H. Spurgeon, iv. 
360; Blondin, to M. (hoax), iii. 55; Brown, Rev. 
J. Baldwin, to The Freen,an, Ti. 280; Cuff, Pastor 
W., to ;\Irs. C. H. Spurgeon, iii. 370, 371 ; Glad- 
stone, Rt. Hon. W. E., to Mrs. C. H. Spurgeon, 
iv. 358 ; " Habitans in sicco," to The Times, ii. 
245, 247, 248; "Job," ii. 37—41; King, Deacon, 
to C. H. Spurgeon's father, i. 245 ; Knill, Rev. 
Richard, to C. H. Spurgeon's grandfather, i. 35 ; 
Leeding, Mr. E. S., to C. H. Spurgeon's father, 
i. 186, 209; re blessing through reading All of 
Grace, iv. 309 ; re sermons in Australian news- 



;S- 



GENERAL INDEX TO VOLS. I. IV. 



i6, 



^ 133- 



papers, iii. 325—327; Spurgeon, Mrs. C. H., to 

-Mr. Gladstone, iv. 359; Spurgeon, Pastor J. A., 

to the Tabernacle deacons and elders,- iii. 34; 

S. J. C, to Mrs. C. H. Spurgeon, ii. 235—239; 

Tabernacle deacons and elders, to Pastor J. A. 

Spurgeon, iii. 32—34; Taylor, Rev. Robert, to 

Mrs. C. H. Spurgeon, IV. 152 
Lewis, Mr. Henry, i. 44, 45, 1S6 
Lewis, Rev. W. G., ii. 272; iv. 161, 162 
Literary curiosities, ii. 164; iv. 194, 195 
Liverpool, C. H. Spurgeon preaching at, iv. 151, 152 
Livingstone, Dr. David, ii. 214, 215; iv. 143, 296 
London Association of Baptist Churches, ii. 87—89, 

119; London Baptist Association, iii. 30 
London Banks' Prayer Union, iv. 187 
"Look unto Me, and be ye saved," i. 60, 63, 103— 

106, 109; iv. 137, 374 
Lovejoy, George, iii. 201, 202; iv. i, 3, 6, 199 
Low, Deacon James, i. 345, 347^ 35') 35^; 

323) 350; iii- 16 

Luther, Martin, i. 113, 283, 361; ii. 18, 77, 

134, 352, 364; iii- 6, 137; iv- 248, 255, 257, 268, 
278, 300 

Lynch, Rev. T. T., ii. 260—269 

Maidstone, i. 47 — 53, 186, 211 

Marchant, Professor F. G., iv. 330, 331 

Martin, Rev. Samuel, ii. 261 ; iii. 283; iv. 141 

Maurice, Professor F. D., ii. 149, 271, 275, 281 ; 
iv. 303 

Maze Pond Chapel, ii. 91, 142 

INIcKinney, Pastor W. D., iii. 140, 313 

McLaren, Dr. Alexander, iii. 66, 238; iv. 257, 262, 
280, 281 

Medhurst, Pastor T. W., ii. 141 — 152, 183- 343; i"- 
85, 138, 348, 352, 353; iv. 114, 127, :i33 

Medical Prayer L'nion, iv. 187 

Mentone, i. i; ui. 116—124, 137, 179, 237, 238, 341, 
344, 350, 351 ; iv. 1 — 14. 16. 53' 61, 84, 106, 115, 
116, 153, 154, 179- '8') 196—224, 227—229, 231 — 
236, 256—264, 272, 294, 337— 353> 3(^3—373 

Metropolitan Tabernacle, The, i. 59, 254, 304; ii. 15. 
17, 34, 60, 82, 123—128, 173, 233, 238, 239, 293, 
304, 305, 30()—333' 335> 33^'' 346- 347, 350, 353— 
362. 375, 376; iii. I, 2, 4—13, 15—38, 45, 47. 5' — 
58, 61. 72—94, 113—125, 128, 130, 132, 136, 13S, 
152, 153, 159, 161, 167, 173, 191, 241—256, 295, 
296, 301, 303, 307, 308, 317—320, 322—324, 327, 
329, 330. 341, 342, 365; iv- 2, 4, 13- '4. 26, 30, 
32—48, 50, 61, 62, 70—74, 78—82, 84, 85, 102, 
105, 106, 112, 113, 123—125, 129, 130, 135, 137, 
144—146, 155—157) 162—166, 109— 173, 176, 177, 
182—184, 187, 188, 193, 224—236, 237—240, 242, 
2j6— 251, 253, 265, 268, 273, 309, 336, 351, 353— 
356, 358, 3^3, 374^ 375 

Metropolitan Tabernacle, The, A million contribu- 
tors to, ii. 361 ; architect of, ii. 319 — 321 ; iii. 5; 
builder of, ii. 321, 358 ; iii. 5 ; iv. 113 ; burning of, 
ii. 321; iii. 12, 153, 322; church-books, iii. 12; 



collections and contributions per C. H. Spur- 
geon, iii. 113; cost of, iii. 12; Country Mission, 
iii. 24; iv. 84, 335; Evangelists' Association, iii. 
24; iv. 84, 335; first meeting in, ii. 353 — 376; 
foundation stone laid, ii. 322 — 330; meaning of 
the name, ii. 361; "National Anthem," iv. 21; 
open to all comers, iv. 73, 74; opening of, iii. 1, 
2, 4 — 13, 16, 24, 27, 342, 344; piety and unity of 
church at, iii. 254 — 256 ; prayer-meetings, iv. 80, 
81; site for, ii. 316, 331, 332; iii. 13; size of. iii. 
12; smaller Societies at, iv. 79, 80, 82, 84; 
Sunday-school, iii. 152, 173; iv. 82; Sunday- 
schools, Ragged schools, and mission-stations, 

iv- 336 
Mildmay Conferences, iii. 86; iv. 192, 193 

^lills. Deacon W., iii. 19 

Monaco and Monte Carlo, iii. 238; iv. 8, 211, 212 

Moody, Mr. D. L., iv. 71, 160, 169, 170, 187, 246 — 24S 

:\Iorley, Mr. Arthur, i. 58, 59 

Morley, Mr. Samuel, iii. 68, 6g, 325 

Miiller, ;\Ir. George, ii. 319; iii. 170, 173, 238, 239; 

iv. 4, 13, 14, 173 
Nature, Worshipping the God of, ii. 266; iii. 197 
Naunt C. H. Spurgeon preaching at, iii. 370 
Ness, r.stor Thomas, iii. 29, 30 
New Kent Road, Mr. and Mrs. Spurgeon's first home 

in, i. 45 ; ii. 181 — 192, 284 
New Park Street Chapel, i. 229,250, 254, 299,315 — 321, 

339)344—349' 351—353-358, 361—369; ii- 3— 5- 9,- 
17, 20, 24, 28, 31, 32, 36. 42, 54, 56, 60, 63, 64, 66, 
67- 7'- 73^ 81, 82, 87 — 89, 94, 98, 102, 116 — 124, 
141, 145, 147, 150- '53- •54, 158, 173- 184, 189, 191, 
197—199, 223, 224, 237, 253, 259, 260, 273, 304— 
309. 311— 319, 322—324, 329, 330, 336, 353, 356; 
iii. II, 13, 14, 22, 28, 88, 243, 340, 346; iv. 159, 
275, 336; Sunday-school, iii. 36 

Newmarket, i. 53 — 55, 117 — 125, 129^144, 147, 148,. 
153, 182, 190 

Newton, John, i. 117; 170, 282 

Noel, Hon. and Rev. B. W., iii. 86 

" Not more than others I deserve," ii. 190, 191 

"Oak. The Question," at " Westwood," ii. 290; 
iii. 192, 194—196; iv. 56, 133, 283 

Olney, Mr. Henry P., i. 346; ii. 159; iii. 249, 251;, 
Olney, Mr. John T.. i. 346; Olney, Mr. Thomas, 
sen., i. 299; ii. 4 — 6, 82, 83, 198, 323; iii. 15 — 18, 
172, 249; Mrs., ii. 4, St iii- i73; Olney, Mr. 
Thomas H., ii. 126; iii. 17, 18, 19, 36, 187, 251;. 
Olney, Mr. William P., i. 346; ii. 6, 123 — 125, 
128, 142, 199) 323; iii- 19) 20, 31, 32, 35, 137, 
168, 249; iv. 22, 25, 232, 233, 236; Olney, Mr. 
William, iv. 246 

Orphanage, The Stockwell, ii. 126, 12S, 173, 223; 
iii. 30, 33, 119, 139, 161, i66 — 180, 242 — 244. 297, 
308; iv. 49,60, 61, ^3, 78, 120, 126, 152, 181, 210,. 
227, 249—251, 320-330 

Orsman, Mr. W. J., iii. 69; iv. 246 

" Over the water to Charlie ! " iv. 334 



GENERAL INDEX TO VOLS. I. — IV. 



383, 



Paris, ii. 176 — 180; iii. 30, 115, 240; C. H. Spurgeon 
preaching in, li. 344—351 

Passmoie, Mr. Joseph, sen., i. 319, 320; ii. 136, 
16S — 174, 362; iii. 19, 98, 102, 108, 186, 1S7, 211, 
237, 344; iv. 3, 6, 199, 368, 369; Passmore, Mr. 
Joseph, ii. 173; Passmore, Mr. James, ii. 173 

Pastors' College, ii. 82, 92, 126, 128, 141 — 152, 173, 
189, 223, 297, 309, 310, 356; lii. 4, 5. 30. 33' 53- 
57, 58, 62, 63, 83, 121, 125—159, 173, 175, 177, 
178—189, 192, 242, 249, 279, 281, 292—294, 297, 
298, 308, 313—315, 346, 34S— 351, 352—357, 371 ; 
iv. 6, 49, 53 — 57, 78, 84, 88, 89, 105, 120, 224, 
227, 246, 247, 249, 250, 251, 254, 256, 267, 2S2, 
283, 287, 314, 330 — 334; Pastors' College Evan- 
gelical Association, iii. 87; iv. 332; Pastors' Col- 
lege Library, ii. 146, 356;' iii. 355, 356; Pastors' 
College Missionary Association, ii. 223 ; iv. 335 ; 
Pastors' College Society of Evangelists, ii, 223, 
308 ; iv. 334 

Payne, Deacon W., iii. ig, 287 

Pearce, Deacon S. R., iii. 25 ; iv. 246, 357 

Perfectionists, i, 261 — 263 

Pets, Sir S. Morton, ii. 315, 322, 324 — 326, 329; iii. 6 

" Picking the angels' pockets! " i. 265 

Pierson, Dr. A. T., iv. 177, 363 

Pioneer Mission, The, iv. 335 

"Ploughman, John," ii. 175, 306; iv. 147, 285, 378 

Pocock, Mr. W. W. , ii. 319-^321 ; iii. 5 

Portsmouth, C. H. Spurgeon at, ii. 219; iv. 150 

Prayer, C. H. Spurgeon on, i. 77 — 79, 90 — 93, 115, 
118, 120, 124, 130, 13s, 139, 141—143, 163, 361; 
ii. 308,335; iii. 168, 173 — 176, 246 — 248, 28"!, 319, 

329.' 347 
Preachers and Preaching, C. H. Spurgeon on, i. 71 — 

74, 90, 102 — 106, 108 — III, 115, 122, 123, 129 — 

145, 147, 162, 169; ii. 165; iii. 48 
Prevost-Paradol, M. , ii. 349 
Primitive Methodists, C. H. Spurgeon and the, i. 105 

— Ill, 158 ; iv. 84 
Providential interpositions, ii. 96, 97, 183, 184, 218, 

219, 236, 289, 290, 332, 233, 3b^)i i'i- 168, 173— 

^77,. 183—185, 325—327) 329, 332; iv. 42—48, 51, 

257—260, 322 
Puritanorum, Ultinms, iv. 296 
Puritans and their works, i. 23, 68, 80, 104, 177; ii. 

19, 41, 55) 87, 149, 150, 158, 159, 225, 229, 257, 

264, 271, 273 ; iii. 41, 61, 138, 147, 189, 190, 301 ; iv. 

54, 146, 149, 203, 204, 265, 272, 280 — 283, 295, 296 
Radstock, Lord, iv. 151, 186 
Rainy, Principal Robert, iv. 163 
Ramsgate, C. H. Spurgeon preaching at, ii. 97 
Regent's Park College, i. 241, 315; iii. 135; iv. 161 
Rice, Pastor W. E., iv. 46, 47 
Richardson, Will, i. 290; iii. 313; iv. 286 
Rider, Pastor William, i. 304; iii. 27 
Rippon, Dr., i. 254, 303, 311, 317, 341, 347; ii. 72, 

126, 173, 323, 329, 357, 359; iii. 3,9 
Robertson, Rev. F. W., ii. 149 
Robinson, Rev. Robert, i. 200; ii. yy 



Rogers, Principal George, ii. 147, 148, 297, 356; iii. 5,, 
57, 125, 128, 138, 159, 177, 352—355; 'V. 330, J31 

Romanism, i. 57—66; ii. 362—365, 369, 370, 373,, 
375; iii- 3j 203, 218—221, 236 

Ritchie, Mr. J. Ewing (" Christo]5her Crayon ''), ii. 
253—255. 260 

Rothesay, C. H. Spurgeon at, iii. 371, 372 

Ruskin, Mr. John, ii. 235, 288 — 290] iii. 99, 194 — 
196; iv. 94, 185, 296 

Sabbath, Observance of the, i. 70 

Sawday, Pastor C. B., iii. 130, 134 — 136; iv. 3:;3 

Scotland, C. H. Spurgeon preaching in, ii. 23 — 25. 
73, 103— 114, 335, 336; lii. 30, 299, 371, 372 

Selway, Professor W. R., iii. 140, 141, 148, 177, 276 

Shaftesbury, The Earl of, iii. 238, 319, 325 ; iv. 90 — 
92, 98, 99, 179, 209, 248, 252 

Sherman, Rev. James, ii. 92, 118 

Shindler, Pastor R., ii. 219, 255, 368; iv. 332, ^,7,7, 

Shoreditch, C. H. Spurgeon preaching at, 11. luo 

Short, Pastor A. G., iii. 371 

Simpson, Sir James Y., iii. 1S5 

Slanders and criticisms, ii. 18, 19, 21. ^2) — 'j'. 'oo. 
120 — 122, 155, 159, 196, 200, 202, 207 — 212, 227, 
=36. 253—255, 309, 310, 346—348; iii. 10, 48, 49, 
56—58, 80, 335; IV. 17 

Smith, J. Manton, i. 29; iv. 314, 334 

Smith, Rev. James, i. 316, 347, 357; ii. 3, 173; iii. 24, 
26, 316 

Soul-winning, C. H. Spurgeon on, i. 230, 232; ii. 131 
— 139 

Southampton, ii. 219; iii. 29, 270, 271 ; iv. 150, 151 

Spurgeon, C. H., among the costermongers, iii. 69, 
70; and a cabman, ii. 131 ; and a coachman, ii. 
133; and a madman, iii. 196; iv. 2oq ; and a 
murderer, iv. 58; and a policeman, ii. iqi ; and 
a poor Frenchwoman, ii. 284 — 286; and a poor 
organ-grinder, iv. 209; and a stray dog, ii. 293; 
and a thief, iii. 88, 89; and a waterman, ii. 131 ; 
and an agnostic, iii. 360; and Canon JeflFreys, 
i. 50; and College applicants, iii. 143—146; and 
Dean Stanley, iii. 359; and "General" Booth, 
iii. 341 ; and George Tinworth, iii. 360, 361 ; and 
his bees, iv. 59, 60; and his dogs, iv. 60 — 62; 
and hydropathy, iv. 53 ; and politics, iii. 341, 342 ; 
iv. 125—127, 130, 132, 209, 342, 343; and Rev. 
Mark Guy Pearse, iv. 162, 163; and reporters, 
ii. 135 ; iv. 76 ; and rosemary, iii. 360 ; and 
sailors, ii. 341, 342; and the butchers, iv. 90 ; and 
the Jubilee Singers, iv. 84; and the judges, iii. 
351; and "the Whitey-Brown brotherhood," iii. 
132 

Spurgeon, C. H., as a controversialist, re Baptismal 
Regeneration, iii. 82 — 87, 346; iv. 115, 151, 107; 
re Rev. Baldwin Brown, ii. 270 — 28 1 ; re ■' The 
Down-grade," ii. 259, 269, 270, 2S1 ; iii. 86, 152, 
161 ; iv. 27, 104, 167, 168, 253—264, 310, 332. 34'S; 
re The Rivulet, ii. 262 — 26S ; as a father, iii. 273 — 
285,287—304; iv. 1 — 14 ; as a grandfather, ii. 103; 
iii. 302; as a husband, ii. 27, 175 — 193, 2^S3 — 286, 



584 



GENERAL INDEX TO VOLS. I. 



-IV. 



291 — 299; 'iii. 184 — 189, 203 — 240, 257 — 272; iv. 
337 — 352, 365, 366; as a literary man, i. 52, 60, 
187, 188, 192, 204, 210; iv. 159, 265 — 319; as a 
lover, ii. 7 — 11, 13 — 21, 23 — 27; r^s a Sunday- 
school teacher, i. 124, 134—138, 140 — 142, 144, 
181 — 183, 210; iii. 49; as a tract-distributor, i. 
118, 121. 124, 129, 132, 135, 137, 138, 140, 141, 

144, 180, 181; as an open-air preacher, ii. 21, 
92, 237, 343, 344, 363—372; as an usher, i. 54, 

145, 163, 253; as captain of the ship, iii. 21, 27; 
as the Delphic oracle, iii. 146; at a Quakers' 
meeting, iii. 271 

Spurgeon. C. H., founding the College, ii. 141 — 150; 
Colportage Association, iii. 161 — 166; Orphan- 
age, iii. 167 — 174; in the Colosseum at Rome, iii. 
214; invited to New Park Street, i. 344 — 352; 
killing a man by kindness, iii. 192, 194; listen- 
ing to one of his own sermons, iii. 337 ; on amuse- 
ments, iii. 40; on dancing, iii. 39; on gambling 
and games of chance, or skill, ii. 367 — 369 ; iii. 
39, 40, 238; iv. 211, 212; on giving advice, iii. 40, 
41; on success in life, iii. 47 — 50; on the opium 
traffic, iii. 44; on war, iii. 43, 44; preaching in 
his sleep, ii. 1S9; preaching in John Calvin's 
pulpit, ii. 372; iii. loo; preaching on an Ameri- 
can man-of-war, iv. 197, 198; preaching thirteen 
times a week, ii. 81 ; preaching till he was fifty- 
seven, ii. 103; preaching to children, ii. 91 — 93; 
refusing _;{^7,ooo, iv. 48 ; sleeping from Wednes- 
day to Friday, ii. 240 

Spurgeon's, C. H., addresses, special, iii. 66 — 71 ; be- 
trothal, ii. 9; birthday, twenty-first, ii. 159; 
thirty-seventh, iii. 246; thirty-ninth, iii. 268; 
fortieth, iii. 93, 94; fiftieth, iv. 115, 237 — 252; 
fifty-sixth, iv. 105, 120; brother and sisters, i. 10, 
41, 118 — ^125, 130, 188 — 190, 194, 197; iii. 19, 31 — 
30, 140, 141, 180, 194, 249; iv. 218, 246; child- 
hood and youth, i. 14 — 31, ^;^ — 45, 47 — 55, 57 — 
115, 117— 125, 127—155, 157—166, 179—197; ii. 
236, 317; iii. 92; iv. 265, 266, 326; conversion, 
i. 97 — 115; diary (1850), i. 127 — 146; early re- 
ligious experiences, i. 67 — 115, 117 — 125, 127 — 
153, 157 — 166, 178; essay on Popery, i. 57 — 66; 
iv. 266; father and mother, i. 31, 40, 41, 48, 49, 
54. 59. 67—71, 95, 102, 109, 117— 125, 133, 135, 
143, 148, 151, 169, 186 — 192, 194, 196, 209, 228, 
242—249, 286, 340—343; ii. 17, 26, 43, 44, 95, 
loS ; iii. 8; iv. 246, 247; grandfather and grand- 
mother, i. 15—31. 35—38. 43, 49, 77, 118, 119, 
124. 142, 144, 148, 160, 162, 189, 207, 211, 343; 
ii. 86, 94, 189; uncles and aunts, i. 10, 20, 23, 
25. 26, 29, 51, 190 — 193. 205, 211, 2S7 — 289, 291, 

349 
Spurgeon's, C. H., first convert, i. 232; first and last 
debt, i. --; ii. 183, 184, 361; iii. 1S3, 186; first 
publications, ii. 153, 154; first sermon, i. 199 — 
203; first sermon in the Tabernacle, iii. i, 5; 
first sermon outlines, i. 213 — 226, 229, 230, 236, 
-37j ^77 — 2S4, 296; first sermons in London, i. 
321—337; ii- 3 — 5; first speech, i. 55; first visit 



to Scotland, ii. 23 — 25, 73, 103 — 114; first words 
in the Tabernacle, iii. i ; funeral and memorial 
services, iv. ;^y^ — 378; generosity, ii. 123 — 128; 
iii. 10, 176 — 179, 302; iv. 371 ; holidays, i. 57 — 66; 
ii. 92, 93; iii. 203 — 240, 257 — 272, 281 ; iv. 86, 87, 
196 — 224; home-going, iv. 371; humour, i. 265; 
ii. 155, 170, 171, 172; iii. 68, 69, 178, 187, 1S8; 
iii. 339 — 361; iv. 101, 102, 222, 223; illness, last 
long, iii. 186; iv. 354 — 371; Jubilee, ii. 128; iv. 
237 — 252; Jubilee Album, iv. 252 ; last message, 
iv. 371; last service in the Tabernacle, iv. 356; 
last services at Mentone, iv. 370; lectures, iii. 39 
— 66; library, ii. 182, 183; iv. 280 — 304; mar- 
riage, ii. 28 — 32 ; mid-week Sabbath, iv. 84, 85 ; 
missionary, desire to be a, iii. 73 ; monument in 
Norwood cemetery, iv. 378 ; pastoral silver wed- 
ding, ii. 123 — 12S; iv. 15 — 22, 27, 144; poetry, i. 
219, 293, 294, 300; ii. 298, 299; iii. 110, 187; iv. 
223, 224, 313; punctuality, iii. 340, 341, 342; 
salary at Waterbeach, ii. 128; salary given to the 
Lord's work, ii. 125 ; sermon preparation, i. 206 — • 
208, 217, 218; iii. 42; iv. 64 — 70, 88; sermon re- 
vision, iv. 74 — 76, 78, 79, 81, 82, 239, 367; silver 
wedding, 23 — 26; sons, ii. 126, 1S2, 190, 191, 
193, 291, 295, 351, 352; iii. 16,91, 192, 273—283, 
287 — 292, 324; iv. I — 14. 236, 246, 249, 256 

Spurgeon's, C. H., letters concerning — Anglo-Israel- 
ism, iv. 132; Annihilationism, iv. 124; Arbitration 
versus war, iv. 135; attending banquets, iv. 104; 
bell-ringing at Newington, iv. 123, 124; Breth- 
ren and Brethrenism, iv. 137, 138; close-com- 
munion, iv. 131; Disestablishment, iv. 130; Evo- 
lution, iv. 133 ; Franchise Reform, iv. 132 ; 
Funeral Reform, iv. 13S ; Gospel Temperance, iv. 
12S, 129; grocers' licences, iv. 135, 136; Hebrews 
vi. 4 — 6, iv. 102 ; Home Rule, iv. 127 ; infant salva- 
tion, iv. 121, 122; lectures and sermons in the 
United States, iv. 190 — in ; legacies, iv. 107, 108; 
open-air baptisms, iv. 132 ; persecution of Jews in 
Russia, iv. 128; pigeon-shooting, iv. 130; regis- 
trars at Nonconformist weddings, iv. 127; Roman 
Catholic Viceroy of India, iv. 126; Romanism in 
the Church of England, iv. 122, 123; the theatre, 
iv. 136, 137 ; unfermented communion wine, iv. 
135; Vivisection, iv. 128; voting "as unto the 
Lord," iv. 125 

Spurgeon's, C. H., letters to — a former pupil, i. 195 ; 
a friend in Dublin, iv. 95 ; a greatly-tried lady, 
iv. 113; a motherless girl, iv. 118, 119; an afflicted 
lady in Bristol, iv. 95 ; an octogenarian, iv. 5 ; 
Anderson, Rev. John, iv. 93; Bartlett, Mr. E. H., 
iv. 116; Bartlett, Mrs., iii. 114; "Believers in our 
Lord Jesus Christ," re Pastors' College, iii. 127 — 
129 ; Bible-classes at Tabernacle, iii. 1 19, 120, 251 ; 
Blood, Rev. William, ii. 345 ; Blunson, The 
Misses, i. 350 ; boys at Stockwell Orphanage, iii. 
119; Brown, Dr. David, iv. 297; Brown, Pastor 
Archibald G., iii. 133 — 134; Culross, Dr., iv. 262 
— 264; Curme, Rev. Robert, iv. 115; Doudney, 
Dr. D. A., iv. 106; Editor of The Chelmsford 



GENERAL INDEX TO VOLS. L 



-IV. 



385 



Chronicle, ii. 52 ; Editor of North British Daily 
Mail, ii. 108; Editor of The Morning Star, ii. 
314; Feltham, Pastor F. J., iv. 116; Gladstone, 
Rt. Hon. W. E., iv. 359; friends in Paris, ii. 
351; Habershon, Miss Ada R., iv. ii6 — 117, 
120; Hall, Dr. Newman, iv. 108; Higgs, Mrs. 
W., sen., iv. 113, 114; his father and 
mother, i. 59, 117 — 125, 188 — 192, 194, 196, 228, 
242, 340 — 342; if. 44, 108; his sister Louisa, i. 
194; "household of faith, all the," ii. 160; Kee- 
vil, Mr. J., iv. 106; Knill, Rev. Richard, i. 37; 
Matthews, Rev. E. W., iv. 101 ; Medhurst, Pastor 
T. W., ii. 143, 144, 146; iv. 114, 127; ministers' 
children, iv. 118 — 120; Minton, Rev. Samuel, iv. 
124; Mitchinson, Rev. H. C, iv. 100; members 
of new church at James' Grove, Peckham, iii. 
254; Moubray, Mrs., iv. 101; New Park Street 
Church, i. 352; ii. 160, 301 — 309; New Park 
Street deacons, i. 317, 347, 356; New York Bap- 
tist Ministers' Conference, iv. 97 ; Newdegate., 
Mr. C. N., M.P., iv. 122; Olney, iMr. Thomas 
H., iii. 17, 18, 251 ; Olney, Mr. William P., iv. 
100; Palmer, Canon, iv. 123, 124; Passmore, Mr. 
Joseph, sen., i. 320; ii. 136, 170, 171; iv. 369; 
Passmore, Mrs., ii. 171 ; Pastors' College ministers 
and students, iii. 121, 155 — 159, 293; Peto, Sir 
Morton, ii. 324 ; Philadelphia Conference of Bap- 
tist ministers, iv. 252 ; re Lecture on the gorilla, 
iii. 56 — 58; Richard, Henry, Esq., M.P., iv. 96; 
Robins, Mr. E. Cookworthy, ii. 319; Ruskin, Mr. 
John, iv. 94; Sawday, Mr., sen., iii. 134; Shaftes- 
bury, The Earl of, iv. 98 ; Society of 
Friends. The, iii. 71 ; Spurgeon, Mrs. C. H., 
ii. 17; iii. 185 — 188, 203 — 240, 259 — 272; iv. 197, 
200, 207, 256, 257, 258 — 261, 337 — 352; Spurgeon, 
Pastor Charles, iii. 278, 2S1, 285, 287, 290, 291, 
294 — 300, 302 ; The Freeman and other papers, 
re "Rivulet" Controversy, ii. 270 — 272,276 — 280; 
Tabernacle Church, congregation, and deacons. 
The, ii. 309; iii. 122^124, 203, 243 — 247; iv. 225- — 
230, 233 — 236, 261, 362; Thompson, Miss, ii. 10, 
16 — 18, 23 — 27; Varley, Mr. Henry, iv. 97; 
Watts, Mr. J. S., ii. 97 — 102, 105, 126; Way- 
land, Dr. H. L., iv. 103; Walton, Pastor C, iv. 
95; Western Baptist Association, iv. 251; White, 
Pastor Frank H., iii. 132; )'oung people at the 
Tabernacle, iii. 115 — 118 
Spurgeon, C. H., Letters to, from — A German col- 
porteur, iv. 193; Allon, Dr. Henry, iv. 147; an 
old orphan girl, iv. 325 ; Angus, Dr. Joseph, iv. 
161, 281 ;. Bayley, Sir Emilius, iv. 297; Bayne, 
Dr. Peter, iv. 241 ; Beith, Dr. Alexander, iv. 149; 
Benson, Archbishop, iv. 361 ; Blake, Mr. 
Thomas, M.P., iv. 187; Brown, Rev. Hugh 
Stowell, iv. 151, 152; Chown, Rev. J. P., iv. 142; 
Cruse, Rev. Francis, iv. 167; Culross, Dr. James, 
iv. 146; Cutler, Mr. W., i. 345; Cuyler, Dr. T. 
L., iv. 172; Denny, Mr. T. A., iv. 187; Dibdin, 
Rev. R. W., iv. 159; Douglass, Mr. Frederick, 



iv. 176; Evans, Rev. W. Justin, iv. 168; Fer- 
guson, Dr. Fergus, iv. 299; Fletcher, Dr. Alex- 
ander, iv. 141; Fortescue, Earl, iv. 359; Foster, 
Rev. E. C. A., iv. 166; Garrett, Rev. Charles, iv. 
153; Gladstone, Rt. Hon, W. E., 183, 184; Gor- 
don, Dr. A. J., iv. 177; Gordon, Dr. J. F. S., iv. 
164; Gough, Mr. John B., iv. 171; his grand- 
father, i. 287; Hall, Sir W. King, iv. i.So; Har- 
ford, Canon, iv. 153 — 155; Havelock, Lady, iv. 
182, Haweis, Rev. H. R., iv. 167; Hodge, Dr. 
A. A., iv. 299; Hughes, Rev. Hugh Price, iv. 
148; Ladds, Mr. F. G., iv. 324; Lewis, Rev. W. 
G., iv. 162; Louson, Mr. John, iv. 173; Low, Mr. 
James, i. 351; Macgregor, Mr. John, iv. 180; 
Martin, Rev. Samuel, iv. r4i ; Medhurst, Pastor 
T. W., ii. 142; Mitchinson, Rev. H. C, iv. 100; 
Moody, Mr. D. L., iv. 169, 170; Aloore, Rev. E. 
W., iv. 166; Morton, Colonel R., iv. 193; Mouil- 
pied. Rev. A. de, iv. 165; New York Syndicate 
Bureau, iv. iii; Newdegate, ;Mr. C. N., ^LP., 
iv. 122; Nightingale, Miss Florence, iv. 178; 
Olney, Mr. J. T., 1. 346; Olney, Mr. W., i. 346; 
Pearse, Rev. Mark Guy, iv. 162; Perowne, Bishop, 
IV. 298, 360; Pierson, Dr. A. T., iv. 177; Pun- 
shon. Dr. W. Morley, iv. 25, 146; Radstock, 
Lord, iv. 186; Rainy, Principal Robert, iv. 163; 
re blessing on the printed sermons, ii. 162 — 164; 
111- 324. 3-5' 3-S- 331; i^'- -7; '"'' sermons in 
Australian news]3apers, iii. 324, 325 ; Reed, Sir 
Charles, iv. iSi, 182; Richardson, Bishop, iv. 
192; Rogers, Dr. J. Guinness, iv. 156; Ruskin, 
Mr. John, iv. 94; Ryle, Bishop, iv. 298; Samj)- 
son. Rev. W., iv, 149; Sankey, Mr. Ira D., iv. 
170; Shaftesbury, The Earl of, iv. 99, 179, 252; 
Sheldon, Mr. Smith, iv. 175 ; Simon, Rev. Henry, 
iv, 163, 164; Smith, Rev. G. {re Essay on 
Popery), i, 58, 59; Stanford, Dr. Charles, iv. 
144—146; Stead, Mr. W. T., iv. 239; Stephenson, 
Prebendary, iv. 168; Symes, Rev. Colmer B., 
iv. 155, 156; Tabernacle deacons and elders, iii. 
242; IV. 230—233, 234; The Redpath Lyceum 
Bureau, iv. 109; Thompson, Miss, ii. 18; Thomp- 
son, Mr. Samuel, iv. 190; Thorne, Sir R. 
Thome, iv. 1S6; Voysey, Rev. Charles, iv. 143; 
Watts, Mr. J. S., iv. 25; Wayland, Dr. H. L., 
iv. 172; Weitbrecht, Mrs., iv. 160; Welldon, 
Bishop, iv. 158; Wilberforce, Canon Basil, iv, 
151, 155; Williams, Mr. Alfred, iv. 1S4; Wil- 
liams, Sir George, iv. 188, 190; ^^■right, Dr, 
William, iv. 158, 159 
S]5urgeon's, C. H., Literary Works, i. 2, 57 — 66, 21^, 
214; ii. 19, 27, 42, 92, 94, 135, 136, 153, 155— 
161, 166, 167, 171, 174, 196, 197, 199, 214-217, 
297, 306, 322, 334, 33S; iii. 35, 41—45, 58—61, 62 
—65, 142, 165, 200, 253, 257, 263—269, 272, 276— 



27S3 305—307^ 3"- 



;iQ, 



339- 3^3 ; iv. 49- 86, 



105, 117, 146, 174, 170, 1S7, 103, 202, 204, 218, 
239, 26S-271, 276, 27S, 2S3, 285, 20S, 3'>5-3'9- 
353- 357' 3"-' 37'^ 



;86 



GENERAL INDEX TO VOLS. L 



-IV, 



Spurgeon, Mrs. C. H., at Brighton, iii. 182, 184— 
187; at the Metropolitan Tabernacle, ii. 15; iii. 
9, II, 287; iv. 242, 240; m Paris, li. 174—180, 
350; Introduction to C. H. S.'s Diary, i. 127— 
129; "A Traveller's Letters Home," iii. 203—. 
205 ; " A Holiday Drive to the New Forest," in. 
257 — 259; "My Last Letters from Mentone," iv. 
337 — 35- ' on " Love, Courtship, and Marriage," 
i. 4; ii. I — II, 13 — 21, 23 — 32; Saturday nights at 
"Westwood," iv. 64 — 70; "the Mother of the 
College," iii. 189; "Wedded Life," ii. 175— 193' 
283 — 286, 291 — 299 

Spurgeon's, Mrs. C. H., Book Fund, iv. 249, 293; 
illnesses, ii. 95; iv. i, 2, 13; Ten Years of my 
Life, iv. 70; Ten Years After! ii. 187; travels 
on the Continent, iii. 97 — 112 

Spurgeon, Charles, i. 9; iii. 192, 273 — 285, 287 — 304, 
306, 352; iv. I, 246, 249, 286 

" Spurgeon " in Chinese, i. 9 

Spurgeon, J. A., i. 10, 41, 118 — 125, 130, 188 — 190, 
194, 197; iii. 19, 31 — 36, 140, 141, iSo, 194, 249;. 
iv. 218, 246, 278, 363 

Spurgeon, Job, i. 8 

Spurgeon, Thomas, i. 9; iii. 192, 193, 324, 327; iv. 
I — 14, 236, 278, 371 

Stalker, Dr. James, iv, 277, 278 

Stambourne, i. 5, 6, 10, 13 — 31, ^2) — 3'^- 43i i44. i?'^- 
287, 289 — 291; ii. 94, 189, 236; iii. 313; iv. 205; 
ministers at, i. 19, 20, 24, 37, 290 

Stanford, Dr. Charles, ii. 272; iii. 339; iv. 21, 144— 
146 

Steane, Dr. Edward, ii. 272 ; iii. 5 

Stinton, Pastor Benjamin, i. 306; iii. 27, 28 

Stockton, C. H. Spurgeon at, ii. 25, 109 

"Stories" of C. H. Spurgeon, i. 368; ii. 43 — 47, 53, 
57, 60, 84, 190, 191 

Stowmarket, C. H. Spurgeon preaching at, iii. 371 

Surrey Gardens Memorial Hall, iv. 357; Surrey Gar- 
dens Music Hall, i. 36, 202 ; ii. 2,3' 43- 56, 60, 81, 
124, 162, 198, 199, 201—239, 241—255, 288, 303, 
310, 313, 313, 315, 318, 322—324, 335, 338, 339, 
353; iii. 2, 12, 16, 30, 39; "Jews" at the, ii. 237; 
Letter concerning services at the, ii. 235 — 239; 
The great catastrophe at the, ii. 191 — 1Q3, 195 — 
222, 242, 243, 303—305, 312; iii. 3, 80, 101 ; iv. 93 

Sutton, Mr., of Cottenham, i. 271—4 

Swindell, Mr. John, i. 54, 117—124 

Tait, Archbishop, iv. 85 

Tennyson, Lord, ii. 264; iv. 1S5 

Teversham, i. 199 — 202 

Text L'nion, The. iii. 306 

Thompson. Miss, ii. 9, 17; iv. 341 ; her baptism, ii. 
9; betrothal, ii. 9; marriage, 28 — 32 

Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. R. B., ii. 14, 15, 16, 17, 19,31 
Thorne, Miss E. H., iii. 201 ; iv. 363, 364, 371 
Thorold, Bishop, iii. 310; iv. 85, 86, 104 
Tollesbury, C. H. Spurgeon preaching at, ii. 95 
Toplady, Augustus, i. 94, 168, 282 ; ii. 264 
Translatirjn? rif C. H. Spurgeon's sermons and other 



works, ii. 92, 339, 342, 369; iii. 313, 315, 324; 

iv. 193, 241, 291, 306, 308, 311, 314, 319 
Tring, C. H. Spurgeon at, ii. 82 — 86, 97 
Trowbridge, C. H. Spurgeon at, ii. 93 
Tydeman, Pastor E. A., iv. 44 — 46 
Tyson, Mrs., iii. 172; iv. 49 
United States and Canada, Sale of C. H. Spurgeon's 

works in the, ii. 164 — 166; iii. 138, 313; iv. no — 

112, 175 
Usher, Dr. W., iii. 318; iv. 120 
Vinter, Mr. James, i. 200 
Wales, C. H. Spurgeon preaching in, ii. 93, 343, 344; 

iii. 30, 369 
W^alters_, Rev. William, i. 316; ii. 173 
Waterbeach, i. 36, 38, 59, 188, 205, 213, 227 — 230, 

232—240, 241—250, 253—267, 270, 271, 284, 287, 

293 — 297, 316, 351; ii. 128; iii. 7; backslider at, 

i. 238; deacons at, i. 245, 255 — 258; hypocrites 

at, i. 258 — 260; miser at, i. 253; salary at, ii. 

128 ; virago at, i. 235 
Watts, Mr. J. S., i. 190 — 192, 243; ii. 97 — 102; iv. 25 
Watts's, Dr., Catechism, i. 31 ; Hymns, i. 43, 275; ii. 

§3' '53' 196, 264, 376; 111. 319, 347; iv. 329 
Wayland, Dr. H. L., iv. 73, 103, 172, 176 
Welldon, Bishop, iv. 157, 158 
Wells, Rev. James, ii. 19, 36 — 41, 56, 142 
Wesley, Charles and John, i. 176, 282, 365 ; ii. 47, 

49, 51, 60, 91, 99; iii. 10, 47, 61, 362, 367; iv. 7,^, 

248 
Westminster Assembly's Confession, ii. 150; iii. 69 
"Westwood," ii. 182, 1S3, 193, 255, 2S9, 290; iii. 102, 

192, 194—196, 306; IV. 23, 49—62, 63—70, 73— 

79, 81—92, 152, 153, 155, 157—159, 184, 187, 

208, 234, 280-304, 343. 349. 364 
" What doest thou here, Elijah ? " i. 24 
"What doest thou there, Elijah? ' i. 178 
White, Edward, Rev., iii. 283 
White, Pastor Frank H., iii. 130 — 133, 157; iv. 193, 

333 
White's, Kirk, Letters, i. 117 
White's Natural History of Selhorne, i. 44; iii. 259, 

260 
Whitefield, George, i. 157, 176, 359, 365; ii. 47, 49, 

51, 60, 66, 67, 72, 77, 78, 91, 99, 104, 105, 114, 

116, 142, 165, 203, 211, 243. 252, 253; iii. 10, 45, 

367 ; iv. 26, 248, 304 
" Why so Popular? " ii. 78 
Wigney, Mr. Stephen, iii. 91, 163 
Wilberforce, Crnon Basil, iv. 151, 155, 248 
"Will his popularitt last?" ii. 60 
Williams, Pastor W., ii. 220; iii. 356 v iv. 24S, 284, 

311 
Wilson, Pastor J. A., i. 152—154 
Windermere, ii. 25, loq 

Winsor, Deacon George, ii. 193, 323; iii. 137 
Wotton, iii. 263, 300; iv. 372 
Wright, Dr. William, iv. 158, 159, 273, 274, 296 
Wycliffe, iii. 367, 369 
Young's Xip^ht Thoughts, ii. 2G3 " 



• i 



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